Law Section: Resolutions, Legislative
Co-sponsor(s): ADAMS, ADDABBO, ALESI, AVELLA, BALL, BONACIC, BRESLIN, CARLUCCI, DEFRANCISCO, DIAZ, DILAN, ESPAILLAT, FARLEY, FLANAGAN, FUSCHILLO, GALLIVAN, GIANARIS, GOLDEN, GRIFFO, GRISANTI, HANNON, HASSELL-THOMPSON, HUNTLEY, JOHNSON, KENNEDY, KLEIN, KRUEGER, LANZA, LARKIN, LAVALLE, LIBOUS, LITTLE, MARCELLINO, MARTINS, MAZIARZ, MCDONALD, MONTGOMERY, NOZZOLIO, O'MARA, OPPENHEIMER, PARKER, PERALTA, PERKINS, RANZENHOFER, RITCHIE, RIVERA, ROBACH, SALAND, SAMPSON, SAVINO, SERRANO, SEWARD, SKELOS, SMITH, SQUADRON, STAVISKY, STEWART-COUSINS, VALESKY, YOUNG, ZELDINCommittee: FINANCE
Law Section: Resolutions, Legislative
- Mar 27, 2012: ADOPTED
- Mar 27, 2012: REPORTED TO CALENDAR FOR CONSIDERATION
- Mar 20, 2012: REFERRED TO FINANCE
ATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 101st Anniversary of the Trian- irtwaist Factory Fire on March 25, 2012 S, It is the sense of this Legislative Body to commemorate the Anniversary of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire on March 25, and EAS, It is the further intent of this Legislative Body to recog- he ongoing efforts of Workers United (formerly the International ' Garment Workers Union), in striving to make working conditions e American people the safest in the world; and EAS, Each year, Workers United, together with the New York City Department and the United Federation of Teachers, commemorates the rsary of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire at the original site tragedy with a wreath, speeches and the laying of 146 flowers in of the fire victims; members of Ladder Company 20, the first to d to the fire, toll their bell and raise their ladder to the sixth this year the ceremony will take place on Friday, March 23, 2012, corner of Washington Place and Greene Street; and EAS, With the terrible attack on our Nation of September 11, 2001, so painfully fresh in our hearts and minds, it is more important ever that we reflect on the strength and heritage of our great y; we owe a debt of gratitude and remembrance to our immigrant ars and, while the Triangle toll was a grievous wound for our and Italian grandparents and ancestors, all should join together cord, remember and memorialize the sacrifices and courage of all migrants who built this nation so that their children and descend- ould reap the rewards of their achievements and enjoy the benefits e and liberty in America, the greatest country in the world; and EAS, At the turn of the century, urban working conditions in the States were appalling; no place else were these conditions more able than in New York's garment industry; here, young women, most- ent immigrants, toiled from dawn to dusk; in the winter of 1909, a was organized; the Union believed that if it could get 3,000 s to go out on strike, the strike would be successful; amazingly, women, including workers from the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, the strike, but despite their courageous efforts, conditions in iangle Shirtwaist Factory did not improve; and EAS, By the early 1890s, shirtwaists were being made in modern ies, at long rows of sewing machines powered by electricity; Max and Isaac Harris, owners of the million-dollar Triangle Shirt- Co., with operations in New York and Philadelphia, were "the aist kings"; their biggest factory occupied the top three floors ew, fireproof building, a block from Washington Square in New York ployed approximately 600 people; and EAS, The employees were putting on their hats and coats at quit- ime on Saturday, March 25, 1911, when someone noticed smoke curl- rom the long rag bin under the cutting tables along the windows on ghth floor; the month's accumulation of linen and muslin scraps fire, then the fabric that was laid out on the tables, then the patterns strung open on the wire about them, then the big wicker s full of bundled work that stood by each sewing machine; and EAS, There were no sprinklers; only three weeks before, an associ- of property owners had met to oppose the fire department's gn to require them; and EAS, In the Triangle Fire, all but one of the terrified seam- es and cutters on the eighth floor escaped, whether by one of the all elevators or down one of the building's two narrow stairways, wide enough for only one person to descend at a time; somebody oned a warning to the executives on the 10th floor, where the fire y spread, and many from the offices and the pressing and shipping on the 10th floor, including the shirtwaist owners themselves, an elevator or escaped over the roof; and EAS, Tragically, nobody told the ninth floor; by the time they they were caught between fires above and below them; some ran for evators, others for the doors to the stairs; one set of doors was to keep girls from leaving early; the doors to the other stairway inward, and almost immediately the terrified crush made it impos- to open them; soon the stairs were cut off by the fire; and EAS, The elevator operators did their best, each making seven or trips through smoke and flames, but as the fire grew, it forced fter another of the desperate waiting crowds of girls and young to leap into the open shaft, until finally the elevators could not ecause they were jammed by bodies; and EAS, The rest of the ninth-floor workers were forced to the s; they stood on the ledges as long as they could, waiting for the ladders, but the city's longest ladder reached only to the sixth and as the fire reached out the windows after them, they began to many holding hands, to their deaths on the sidewalks and fences and EAS, The date March 25th holds a special significance for all g people because of this tragic Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire w York City that took the lives of 146 garment workers, a tragedy ccurred on March 25, 1911; and EAS, Research has determined that the majority of the tragic s were Jewish and Italian immigrants; and EAS, Among those lost were many sisters, mothers, daughters and groups, including Mrs. Caterina Maltese, and her daughters, Lucia saria; and EAS, Recent research has determined the names and ages of the l of previously unidentified victims; and EAS, The complete list now includes: Lizzie Adler (24 years old), ltman (16), Annina Ardito (25), Rose Bassino (31, sister of Cathe- iannattasio), Vincenza Benanti (22), Yetta Berger (18), Essie ein (19), Jacob Bernstein (38), Morris Bernstein (19), Gussie n (22), Vincenza Biliota (16), Abraham Binowitz (30), Rosie Bren- 3, sister of Sarah Brenman), Sarah Brenman (17), Ida Brodsky (15), Brodsky (21), Ada Brooks (18), Laura Brunetti (17), Josephine ata (17), Francesca Caputo (17), Josephine Carlisi (31), Albina (20), Annie Ciminello (36), Rosina Cirrito (18), Anna Cohen (25), Colletti (30), Sarah Cooper (16), Michelina Cordiano (25), Bessie sky (25), Josie Del Castillo (21), Clara Dockman (19), Kalman (24), Celia Eisenberg (17), Dora Evans (18), Rebecca Feibisch Yetta Fichtenholtz (18), Daisy Lopez Fitze (26), Mary Floresta Max Florin (23), Jennie Franco (16), Rose Friedman (18), Molly in (17), Catherine Giannattasio (22, sister of Rose Bassino), Gitlin (17), Esther Goldstein (20), Lena Goldstein (22, sister of oldstein), Mary Goldstein (18), Yetta Goldstein (20), Rosie Grasso Bertha Greb (25), Diana Gerjuoy (18), Rachel Grossman (18), Mary (40), Esther Hochfeld (21), Fannie Hollander (18), Pauline Horow- 19), Ida Jukofsky (19), Ida Kanowitz (18), Tessie Kaplan (18), Kessler (19), Jacob Klein (23), Beckie Koppelman (16), Bertha (19), Tillie Kupferschmidt (16), Benjamin Kurtz (19), Annie te (16), Fannie Lansner (21), Maria Giuseppa Lauletti (33, sister abella Tortorelli), Jennie Lederman (21), Max Lehrer (18, brother Lehrer), Sam Lehrer (19), Kate Leone (14), Mary Leventhal (22), Levin (19), Pauline Levine (19), Nettie Liebowitz (23), Rose rk (19), Bettina Maiale (18, sister of Frances Maiale), Frances (21), Caterina Maltese (39, mother of Lucia and Rosaria Maltese), Maltese (20), Rosaria Maltese (14), Maria Manaria (27), Rose sky (22), Rose Mehl (15), Yetta Meyers (19), Gaetana Midolo (16), Miller (16), Beckie Neubauer (19), Annie Nicholas (18), Michelina si (21), Sadie Nussbaum (18), Julia Oberstein (19), Rose Oringer Beckie Ostrovsky (20), Annie Pack (18), Provindenza Panno (43), etta Pasqualicchio (16), Ida Pearl (20), Jennie Pildescu (18), za Pinelli (30), Emilia Prato (21), Concetta Prestifilippo (22), Reines (18), Fannie Rosen (21), Israel Rosen (17, son of Julia , Julia Rosen (35), Louis Rosen (33), Yetta Rosenbaum (22), Jennie erg (21), Gussie Rosenfeld (22), Nettie Rosenthal (21), Emma Roth- (22), Theodore Rotner (22), Sarah Sabasowitz (17), Santina Salemi Sarafina Saracino (25, sister of Teresina Saracino), Teresina no (20), Gussie Schiffman (18), Theresa Schmidt (32), Ethel der (20), Violet Schochet (21), Golda Schpunt (19), Margaret tz (24), Jacob Seltzer (33), Rosie Shapiro (17), Ben Sklover (25), Sorkin (18), Annie Starr (30), Jennie Stein (18), Jennie Stellino Jennie Stiglitz (22), Sam Taback (20), Clotilde Terranova (22), la Tortorelli (17), Meyer Utal (23), Catherine Uzzo (22), Frieda fsky (20), Bessie Viviano (15), Rosie Weiner (19), Sarah Weintraub Tessie Weisner (21), Dora Welfowitz (21), Bertha Wendorff (18), Wilson (22) and Sonia Wisotsky (17); and EAS, This tragedy became the most vivid symbol of the need for ace safety and spawned the labor movement; the Factory Investigat- mmission was formed following the fire to study and make recommen- s on working conditions; this marked the beginning of auspicious cal careers for both the Chairman, Robert T. Wagner, Sr., who went become a U.S. Senator, and its Vice Chairman, Alfred E. Smith, who New York State Governor; in addition, among the investigating tors were Frances Perkins and Rose Schneiderman, women who were l in the history of American labor; the findings of the Commission the basis for far-reaching safety laws across the nation and the New York State Department of Labor; the Triangle Shirtwaist y Fire started a movement to fight sweatshops which continues to ay; and EAS, The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire serves as a sad reminder orker safety laws are necessary to ensure a safe working place for ericans; we honor the memory of the 146 immigrant victims of this ty, and their loved ones, by remaining vigilant to ensure that a r tragedy never happens again; and EAS, Upon the occasion of the 101st Anniversary of the Triangle aist Factory Fire, it is the sense of this Legislative Body to ith Workers United, the New York State Department of Labor and the rk State Legislature, in commemoration of a tragic event of such gful significance to the history and purpose of the American Labor nt; now, therefore, be it LVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to orate the 101st Anniversary of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory and to acknowledge the efforts of Workers United, Governor Andrew mo, the Commissioner of Labor, Colleen Crawford Gardner, and the rk State Legislature; and be it further LVED, That copies of this Resolution, suitably engrossed, be tran- d to Noel Beasley, President of Workers United, Robert E. Belo- hair of the New York State Workers' Compensation Board; Salvatore ssano, New York City Fire Commissioner; Vincent C. Maltese, Board an, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Memorial Society; Serphin e; and New York State Commissioner of Labor, Colleen Crawford r.