Sponsor: Moya / Multi-sponsor(s): Arroyo, Barclay, Boyland, Brennan, Castro, Crespo, DenDekker, Gabryszak, Gibson, Glick, Johns, Lavine, Magee, Maisel, Markey, McEneny, Nolan, Peoples-Stokes, Ra, Ramos, Rivera P, Roberts, Rodriguez, Scarborough, Schimel, Schimminger, Sweeney, Weprin, Zebrowski
Law Section: Resolutions, Legislative
- Jun 20, 2012: adopted
LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commemorating the 202nd Anniversary of Chile's first national government on September 18, 2012 WHEREAS, 10,000 years ago, southward migrating Indians settled in the fertile valleys and along the Coast of Chile; Chile was shortly ruled, in part, by the Incan empire, but proved too barren for extensive settlement; and WHEREAS, Spanish conquest began in the 1500s when Diego de Almagro and later Pedro de Valdivia encountered hundreds of thousands of Indians; and
WHEREAS, Santiago, the long-standing seat of Chilean government was founded in February of 1541; and WHEREAS, Although the Spanish did not find the extensive gold and silver they sought, they recognized the agricultural potential of Chile's central valley, and Chile became part of the Viceroyalty of Peru; and WHEREAS, Due to the weakening of Spain during the Napoleonic wars, Chile, like most Spanish colonies, began their own quest for sovereign ty; and WHEREAS, A national junta in the name of Ferdinand formed on September 18, 1810, proclaiming Chile an autonomous republic within the Spanish monarchy, though a movement for full independence was supported by most of Chile; and WHEREAS, Spanish attempts to regain control during what was called the "Reconquista" led to a prolonged struggle; intermittent warfare contin ued until 1817, when an army led by Bernardo O'Higgins, Chile's most renowned patriot, and Jose de San Martin, hero of Argentine independ ence, crossed the Andes into Chile and defeated the royalists; and WHEREAS, On February 12, 1818, Chile, an independent republic, was proclaimed and led by Bernardo O'Higgins, though Chile continues to honor September 18, 1810, the day of separation from Spanish rule, as their national holiday; and WHEREAS, Many Chileans have made New York their home, and this Legis lative Body is justly proud to thank the Chilean people for their contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause in its deliberations to commemorate the 202nd Anniversary of Chile's first national government on September 18, 2012.