Prohibits certain sex offenders from residing within 1,350 feet of school grounds, except that in cities having a population of one million or more, no such sex offender may reside within 500 feet of school grounds; a violation thereof shall be a class C felony.
Ayes (10): Nozzolio, DeFrancisco, Gallivan, Griffo, Maziarz, Ranzenhofer, Ritchie, Kennedy, Peralta, Espaillat
Ayes W/R (1): Little
Nays (3): Rivera, Hassell-Thompson, Montgomery
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the correction law, in relation to prohibiting certain sex offenders from residing near the boundaries of any school
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: No designated sex offender shall reside within one-thousand feet of the boundaries of any school that works with, instructs or treats children under the age of eighteen-year-old. However, no designated sex offender shall reside within five hundred feet of the boundaries of any school in a city having a population of one million or more.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Amends Section 168-W of the Correction Law by placing certain restrictions on where a designated sexual predator may establish a residence. "Designated sexual predator" means any sex offender who was convicted of any sex offense or sexually violent offense, where the victim of such offense was under the age of eighteen years.
Under this section, designated sexual predators would be prohibited from living within 1,000 feet of the grounds of any school, certified day care center, or similar educational institution where children are in daily attendance. These sex offenders are also prohibited from living within 500 feet of a school, daycare, etc. in a city with a population of one million or more, i.e. New York city.
Any designated sex offender who violates these terms shall be guilty of a class c felony.
JUSTIFICATION: This legislation is aimed at protecting innocent children from designated sex offenders. Sex offenders have one of the highest recidivism rates. I heard testimonies from many sexual predators while I chaired several task forces geared to protect women and children from sex predators. They may establish residences near schools, day care centers, etc. in an effort to find new victims. This behavior puts New York state's children at risk.
By prohibiting a designated sexual predator from living near schools or educational institutions, New York can prevent sexual offenders from preying on children and prevent these sexual predators from having easy access to children.
The difference in the size of the residence restriction for New York City is based on population density and the fact that there are more schools per square mile in New York City than in other areas of the State.
Ultimately, this will reduce the opportunity for sex offenders to engage in further occurrences of heinous sex crimes against our children. At the same time, individuals' rights are protected by making this limitation part of an offender's parole, probation, or conditional release.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: A.10298 of 2008
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: First of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 3204 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE February 11, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. NOZZOLIO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Crime Victims, Crime and Correction AN ACT to amend the correction law, in relation to prohibiting certain sex offenders from residing near the boundaries of any school THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 168-w of the correction law, as relettered by chap- ter 604 of the laws of 2005, is relettered section 168-x and a new section 168-w is added to read as follows: S 168-W. RESIDENCE NEAR SCHOOL BOUNDARY; PROHIBITION. 1. NO DESIGNATED SEX OFFENDER SHALL RESIDE WITHIN ONE THOUSAND FEET OF THE BOUNDARIES OF ANY SCHOOL THAT WORKS WITH, INSTRUCTS OR TREATS CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN YEARS; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT IN A CITY HAVING A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE, NO DESIGNATED SEX OFFENDER SHALL RESIDE WITHIN FIVE HUNDRED FEET OF THE BOUNDARIES OF ANY SCHOOL THAT WORKS WITH, INSTRUCTS OR TREATS CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN YEARS. 2. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION: (A) "BOUNDARIES OF ANY SCHOOL" MEANS IN, ON OR WITHIN ANY BUILDING, STRUCTURE, ATHLETIC PLAYING FIELD, PLAYGROUND OR LAND CONTAINED WITHIN THE REAL PROPERTY BOUNDARY LINE OF A CERTIFIED DAY CARE CENTER, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE ELEMENTARY, INTERMEDIATE, JUNIOR HIGH, VOCATIONAL OR HIGH SCHOOL, OR SIMILAR EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION WHERE CHILDREN ARE IN DAILY ATTENDANCE. (B) "DESIGNATED SEX OFFENDER" MEANS ANY SEX OFFENDER WHO WAS: (I) CONVICTED OF THE COMMISSION OF OR AN ATTEMPT TO COMMIT ANY VIOLATION OF SECTION 130.20, 130.25, 130.30, 130.35, 130.40, 130.45, 130.50, 130.55, 130.60, 130.65, 130.66, 130.67, 130.70, 130.75, 130.80 OR 255.25 OR ARTICLE TWO HUNDRED SIXTY-THREE OF THE PENAL LAW; OR (II) CONVICTED OF ANY SEX OFFENSE OR SEXUALLY VIOLENT OFFENSE, WHERE THE VICTIM OF SUCH OFFENSE WAS UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHTEEN YEARS.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD07825-01-1 S. 3204 2
3. ANY DESIGNATED SEX OFFENDER WHO VIOLATES ANY PROVISION OF SUBDIVI- SION ONE OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE GUILTY OF A CLASS C FELONY. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.