Resolution J1125-2013

Commending Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique upon the occasion of its 39th Anniversary of Independence



  • Apr 17, 2013: ADOPTED
  • Apr 5, 2013: REFERRED TO FINANCE


LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION commending Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique
upon the occasion of its 39th Anniversary of Independence

WHEREAS,  It  is  the  sense  of this Legislative Body to pay tribute to
those of true purpose and worthy accomplishment who foster a  spirit  of
community  and  service and, simultaneously, work diligently to preserve
their rich cultural heritage; and
  WHEREAS, Attendant to such concern, and in full accord with its  long-
standing  traditions,  this  Legislative Body is justly proud to commend
Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique upon the  occasion  of  its  39th
Anniversary of Independence; and
  WHEREAS,  The  State  of  Grenada  consists of three islands- Grenada,
Carriacou and Petite Martinique which form the southern end of the Wind-
ward Islands; with a population over 100,000, it lies  between  Trinidad
and  Tobago to the south and St. Vincent and the Grenadines to the north
in the Eastern Caribbean; it is also 100 miles north  of  Venezuela  and
158 miles southwest of Barbados; and
  WHEREAS,  Formerly  colonized  for many years, first by the French and
then by the British, the islands of Grenada still retain traces of these
European influences in their culture, architecture and place names;  its
capital,  St. George's, is located on the southwest coast of Grenada and
is the seat of government and the main commercial center; and
  WHEREAS, Before the 14th century, the Carib Indians who displaced  the
earlier  population  of  Arawak  Indians settled in Grenada; Christopher
Columbus during his third voyage to the new  world  in  1498  sited  the
island and named it Concepcion; and
  WHEREAS, The origin of the name "Grenada" is ambiguous but it is like-
ly  that  Spanish  sailors renamed the island for the city of Granada in
Spain; the French then adapted  Granada  to  Grenade,  and  the  British
followed suit, changing Grenade to Grenada; and
  WHEREAS,  European  settlement  was  slow  to follow due to the fierce
resistance of the warlike Carib Indians; the island  remained  un-colon-
ized  for  more  than  150  years although Britain and France fought for
control; the French gained control of the island in 1672 and  held  onto
it  until the British successfully invaded the island in 1762 during the
Seven Years' War and acquired Grenada by the Treaty of  Paris  in  1763;
although the French regained control in 1779, the island was restored to
Britain in 1783 by the Treaty of Versailles; and
  WHEREAS,  During the 18th century, the British established sugar plan-
tations and slave labor was brought  in  from  Africa  to  work  on  the
estates;  natural disasters in the late 18th century destroyed the sugar
fields and paved the way for the introduction  of  other  crops;  cacao,
cotton,  nutmeg  and  other  valuable spices were introduced and Grenada
assumed a new importance to European traders; and
  WHEREAS, Slavery was outlawed in 1834 at which  the  slave  population
had reached 24,000; national political consciousness took shape through-
out  the  labor  movement  and Grenada joined the Federation of the West
Indies in 1958; and
  WHEREAS, When the Federation was dissolved in  1962,  Grenada  evolved
first  into  an  Associated State with internal self government in 1967;
Grenada's independence was attained in 1974 and it  became  a  constitu-
tional monarchy, with a Prime Minister and Queen Elizabeth II as Head of
State, represented by the Governor General; and
  WHEREAS,  Through  their long and sustained commitment to freedom, the
people of Grenada, Carriacou &  Petite  Martinique  have  so  heroically
advanced  that  spirit of united purpose and shared concern which is the
unalterable manifestation of our shared humanity; now, therefore, be it

  RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause  in  its  deliberations  to
commend  Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique upon the occasion of its
39th Anniversary of Independence.


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