Resolution J1141-2013

Commemorating the 34th Anniversary of the Independence of St. Vincent and the Grenadines



  • Apr 17, 2013: ADOPTED
  • Apr 5, 2013: REFERRED TO FINANCE


LEGISLATIVE  RESOLUTION  commemorating the 34th Anniversary of the Inde-
pendence of St. Vincent and the Grenadines

WHEREAS, It is the sense of this Legislative Body to recognize  and  pay
just  tribute  to  the  cultural  heritage  of  the  ethnic groups which
comprise and contribute to the richness and diversity of  the  community
of the State of New York; and
  WHEREAS,  Attendant  to such concern, and in keeping with its time-ho-
nored traditions, it is the intent of this Legislative Body  to  commem-
orate  the  34th  Anniversary of the Independence of St. Vincent and the
Grenadines; and
  WHEREAS, The people of this great State and nation and St. Vincent and
the Grenadines enjoy a deep and abiding relationship rooted  in  kinship
and culture; and
  WHEREAS,  The  island  now  known  as St. Vincent was originally named
Hairouna ("The Land of the Blessed") by the native  Caribs;  the  Caribs
aggressively  prevented  European  settlement on St. Vincent until 1719;
  WHEREAS, Prior to this, formerly enslaved  Africans,  who  had  either
been  shipwrecked  or  who  had  escaped  from Barbados, Saint Lucia and
Grenada and sought refuge in mainland St. Vincent, intermarried with the
Caribs and became known as Garifuna or Black Caribs; and
  WHEREAS, St. Vincent has a French and British colonial history and  is
now  part  of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, CARICOM, and
the Commonwealth of Nations; from 1763 until its independence  in  1979,
St. Vincent and the Grenadines passed through various stages of colonial
status under the British; and
  WHEREAS,  A  representative  assembly  was authorized in 1776, a Crown
Colony government was installed  in  1877,  a  legislative  council  was
created in 1925, and universal adult suffrage was granted in 1951; and
  WHEREAS,  During  the  period  of  its  control of St. Vincent and the
Grenadines, the British made several unsuccessful attempts to  affiliate
the  island  with  other  Windward  Islands;  this would have simplified
Britain's control over the region through a unified administration; and
  WHEREAS, In the 1960s, several regional islands under British control,
including St. Vincent, also made an independent attempt  to  unify,  and
this  unification  was to be called the West Indies Federation; this was
driven by a desire to gain freedom from British rule,  but  the  attempt
collapsed in 1962; and
  WHEREAS,  St.  Vincent  was  granted  "associate  statehood" status by
Britain on October 27, 1969; this gave  it  complete  control  over  its
internal affairs, but was short of full independence; and
  WHEREAS,  On  October  27,  1979,  following a referendum under Milton
Cato, St. Vincent and the Grenadines became the  last  of  the  Windward
Islands to gain its independence; it came on the 10th anniversary of St.
Vincent's associate statehood status; and
  WHEREAS, The 34th Anniversary of St. Vincent and the Grenadines' Inde-
pendence  provides  an  opportunity to recognize the significance of its
contributions to the quality and character of life, and, through  events
and  activities,  for  all  people to gain a greater appreciation of its
history and traditions, and of the role it has played, and will continue
to play, in our society; and
  WHEREAS, This Legislative Body is pleased to have this opportunity  to
recognize  such  events  of  significance  which foster ethnic pride and
exemplify the cultural diversity that  represents  and  strengthens  the
fabric of the people and the State of New York; now, therefore, be it

  RESOLVED,  That  this  Legislative  Body pause in its deliberations to
commemorate the 34th Anniversary of the Independence of St.  Vincent and
the Grenadines.


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