Resolution J2270-2013

Commemorating 110 years of Panamanian Independence from Spain



  • Jun 11, 2013: ADOPTED
  • Jun 7, 2013: REFERRED TO FINANCE


LEGISLATIVE  RESOLUTION  commemorating 110 years of Panamanian Independ-
ence from Spain on November 3, 2013

WHEREAS, Prior to Spanish colonization,  Panama  was  inhabited  by  the
Cuevas and Coele tribes who were largely decimated by disease and fight-
ing upon arrival of the Spanish in the 1500s; and
  WHEREAS, The Spanish came to Panama in pursuit of gold and other valu-
ables; the first to land in Panama was Rodrigo de Bastidas, and one year
later, Christopher Columbus, who established a short-lived settlement in
the Darien; and
  WHEREAS,  The  first  trans-Panamanian  trek  by Vasco Nunez de Balboa
proved that the Isthmus was the path between the seas and would  be  for
centuries to come; and
  WHEREAS,  Panama became the path for gold and silver which were hauled
by ship from  South  America,  by  land  across  the  Isthmus  and  then
reshipped  to  Spain;  this  route  became known as the Camino Real, the
Royal Road, though it was more commonly known as the Road of the  Cross-
es; and
  WHEREAS,  Panama  would  remain  a part of the Spanish empire for more
than 300 years and their  identity  would  be  based  on  the  sense  of
"geographic  destiny";  the Isthmus was of paramount importance to Spain
and the rest of the world; and
  WHEREAS, On November 28, 1821, Panama was liberated  from  Spain,  but
was assumed under Colombian rule; and
  WHEREAS,  Between  1880  and 1890, a French company under Ferdinand de
Lesseps made an unsuccessful attempt  to  construct  a  sea-level  canal
where the U.S. developed canal now sits; and
  WHEREAS,  On  November  3,  1903, Panama entered the Hay/Bunau-Varilla
treaty with the United States which granted a  significant  right-of-way
to  a  zone  10  miles  wide  and  50  miles long in which the canal was
dredged, operated and fortified by U.S.  forces; and
  WHEREAS, Signing the November 3, 1903, treaty with the  United  States
occurred  parallel  to a proclamation of separation from Colombia, known
as "Separation Day" in Panama; Panama also celebrates the anniversary of
their independence from Spain on November 28th; and
  WHEREAS, Many Panamanians have made New  York  their  home,  and  this
Legislative  Body  is  justly  proud  to thank the Panamanian people for
their contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
  RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause  in  its  deliberations  to
commemorate  110 years of Panamanian Independence from Spain on November
3, 2013.


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