Resolution J4823-2013

Commemorating the celebration of Cinco de Mayo

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  • May 2, 2014: REFERRED TO FINANCE

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LEGISLATIVE  RESOLUTION  commemorating the celebration of Cinco de Mayo,
May 5, 2014

WHEREAS, It is the sense of this Legislative Body, in keeping  with  its
time-honored  traditions,  to  recognize and pay tribute to those events
which foster ethnic pride and enhance the profile of the cultural diver-
sity which strengthens the fabric of the communities of New York  State;
and
  WHEREAS,  Attendant to this concern, and in full accord with its long-
standing traditions, this Legislative Body is justly  proud  to  commem-
orate the celebration of Cinco de Mayo, May 5, 2014; and
  WHEREAS,  Cinco  de  Mayo  is a date of importance for the Mexican and
Chicano communities; it marks the victory of the Mexican army  over  the
French at the Battle of Puebla; and
  WHEREAS, The "Batalla de Puebla" came to represent a symbol of Mexican
unity  and  patriotism;  with  this  victory, Mexico demonstrated to the
world that Mexico and all of Latin America were willing to defend  them-
selves  from any foreign intervention, especially those from imperialist
states bent on world conquest; and
  WHEREAS, Cinco de Mayo's history has its roots in the  French  occupa-
tion of Mexico; and
  WHEREAS, On July 17, 1861, President Benito Juarez issued a moratorium
in which all foreign debt payments would be suspended for a brief period
of  two  years,  with the promise that after this period, payments would
resume; and
  WHEREAS, The English, Spanish and French refused  to  allow  President
Juarez to do this, and instead decided to invade Mexico and get payments
by  whatever  means  necessary; the Spanish and English eventually with-
drew, but the French refused to leave; and
  WHEREAS, On May 5, 1862, the French  army  began  its  advance;  under
General  Ignacio  Zaragoza  Seguin,  5,000  Mestizo  and Zapotec Indians
defeated the French army in what came to be known  as  the  "Batalla  de
Puebla" on the fifth of May; and
  WHEREAS,  A year later, the French occupied Mexico; the French occupy-
ing forces placed Maximilian I, Emperor of  Mexico,  on  the  throne  of
Mexico in 1864; the French, under pressure from the United States, even-
tually withdrew in 1866-1867; Maximilian was deposed by President Benito
Juarez and executed, five years after the Battle of Puebla; and
  WHEREAS,  The Battle of Puebla was significant in that the 4,000 Mexi-
can soldiers were greatly outnumbered by the French army of  8,000  that
had not been defeated for almost 50 years; and
  WHEREAS,  In  the  United  States,  the "Batalla de Puebla" came to be
known as simply "5 de Mayo"; and
  WHEREAS, Cinco de  Mayo  is  celebrated  in  the  United  States  with
parades, folkloric dancing, and other types of festive activities; and
  WHEREAS, The celebration of Cinco de Mayo has contributed to the Mexi-
can-American  experience  and to the preservation and enhancement of the
Mexican culture and heritage, adding so much to the rich mosaic of which
our great State and Nation are comprised; now, therefore, be it
  RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause  in  its  deliberations  to
commemorate the celebration of Cinco de Mayo, May 5, 2014.

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