Resolution J5727-2013

Commemorating the 189th Anniversary of the Independence of Bolivia



  • Jun 10, 2014: ADOPTED
  • Jun 5, 2014: REFERRED TO FINANCE


LEGISLATIVE  RESOLUTION commemorating the 189th Anniversary of the Inde-
pendence of Bolivia on August 6, 2014

WHEREAS, The Bolivian region in the Andes has likely been inhabited  for
nearly  20,000  years;  it was home to the Tiwanakan culture, the Moxos,
Mollos, and later the Incas until the Spanish conquest in 1525; and
  WHEREAS, What is today Bolivia was long deemed a part of  the  Spanish
Viceroyalty of Peru, known as Alto Peru; and
  WHEREAS, There was a long conflict in authority between Upper Peru and
Peru, and the colonies with the Spanish crown; this conflict of authori-
ty  resulted  in  a  local power struggle in Upper Peru between 1808 and
1810, which constituted the first steps taken toward autonomy; and
  WHEREAS, In 1808, the President of the Audiencia, Ramon Garcia Leon de
Pizarro, leaned towards affiliation with Carlotta, but  the  oidores  of
the  Audiencia  favored  the Supreme Central Junta; on May 25, 1809, the
oidores deposed President Garcia Leon de Pizarro and established a junta
to govern in the name of Ferdinand VII; and
  WHEREAS, During the following  seven  years,  Upper  Peru  became  the
battleground  for  forces of the United Provinces of the River Plate and
royalist troops from Peru; although the royalists repulsed three  Argen-
tine  invasions,  guerrillas  controlled parts of the countryside, where
they formed six major republiquetas; and
  WHEREAS, By 1817, Upper  Peru  was  relatively  quiet  and  under  the
control of the Viceroyalty of Peru; and
  WHEREAS, By the early 1820s, General Simon Bolivar succeeded in liber-
ating  both  Venezuela and Colombia from Spanish domination; in 1822, he
dispatched Antonio Jose de Sucre to Ecuador to defeat the  Royalists  at
the battle of Pichincha; and
  WHEREAS,  After  years of guerrilla action against the Spanish and the
victories of Bolivar and Sucre in the battles  of  Junin  and  Ayacucho,
Peru won its independence; and
  WHEREAS,  At  this  point, Sucre incited a declaration of independence
for Alto Peru, and exactly one year later, on August 6,  1825,  the  new
Republic of Bolivia was founded by a constitutional congress in honor of
Simon Bolivar; and
  WHEREAS, Bolivar and Sucre served as Bolivia's first and second presi-
dents; and
  WHEREAS, Many Bolivians have made New York their home, and this Legis-
lative  Body  is  justly  proud  to  thank the Bolivian people for their
contributions to this great Empire State; now, therefore, be it
  RESOLVED, That this Legislative Body pause  in  its  deliberations  to
commemorate  the  189th  Anniversary  of  the Independence of Bolivia on
August 6, 2014.


Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.


blog comments powered by Disqus