Resolution R338-2011

Establishes the rules of the Senate for the 2011-2012 session

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Actions

  • Jan 31, 2011: ADOPTED
  • Jan 31, 2011: MOTION TO AMEND LOST - ROLL CALL VOTE
  • Jan 31, 2011: MOTION TO AMEND LOST - ROLL CALL VOTE
  • Jan 31, 2011: MOTION TO AMEND LOST - VOICE VOTE
  • Jan 31, 2011: REPORTED
  • Jan 25, 2011: REFERRED TO RULES

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Text

RESOLVED, That the Rules of the Senate for the years 2011-2012 are here-
by adopted to read as follows

                           RULES OF THE SENATE

                        OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

                                2011-2012

                                 RULE I

THE PRESIDENT

  Section  1. The Lieutenant Governor of the State shall be President of
the Senate, but shall have only a casting vote therein.

                                 RULE II

THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT
  Section 1. The Senate shall be the judge of the elections, returns and
qualifications of its own members and the Senate shall choose  a  Tempo-
rary President, by resolution adopted upon the vote of a majority of the
members  of the Senate elected, who shall be the majority leader and who
shall preside, or designate some other member to preside, in case of the
absence from the Chamber or impeachment of the Lieutenant  Governor,  or
when  he or she shall refuse to act as President, or shall act as Gover-
nor.  The temporary president may not serve in such capacity longer than
eight years.
  º 2. He or she shall appoint the Deputy Majority Leader  for  Legisla-
tive  Operations,  the Deputy Majority Leader, the chair, vice-chair and
members of all committees and sub-committees,  except  when  the  Senate
shall otherwise order.
  º 3. He or she shall be the Chair of the Committee on Rules.
  º 4. He or she shall appoint such officers and employees of the Senate
as may be necessary for the work of the Senate.
  º  5.  He  or she shall designate the persons entitled to admission to
the floor as reporters for the news media.
  º 6. He or  she  shall  have  general  control,  except  as  otherwise
provided by law or in these rules, of the Senate Chamber and the lobbies
and  galleries thereof, and of the rooms, corridors and passages in that
part of the Capitol and Legislative Office Building assigned to the  use
of the Senate, and any other property leased or utilized by the Senate.
  º  7.  He or she shall appoint, in conjunction with the Speaker of the
Assembly and the Legislative Librarian, an Assistant Legislative Librar-
ian, to have charge and custody of all legislative documents, as defined
in this section, who shall be  responsible  for  collecting,  numbering,
indexing  and  retaining  the same in the legislative library in an area
designated for such use by  the  Legislative  Librarian.  At  least  two
copies  of all such documents shall be kept in such library at all times
and made available to Members of the Legislature and legislative employ-
ees for public inspection and duplication during library hours.
  The function of the Legislative Library is to  serve  the  information
and  research  needs of Members of the Legislature and legislative staff
as defined by the Legislative Law. The services provided  shall  include

professional  reference,  access to standard commercial online databases
and the availability of records of the Library's holding on the Legisla-
tive Retrieval System (LRS). The Library is charged with the  collection
and  custody  of  all Legislative and State documents as defined by this
section. Access to the collection shall be provided by  the  Legislative
Library  State  Documents  (LLSD)  database  on  LRS.  Documents  may be
retained in paper, microform, laser disk or any  other  medium  approved
for archiving documents.
  To  effectuate the purposes of this section, the Assistant Legislative
Librarian in charge  of  legislative  documents  may  request  from  any
committee,  commission, task force or office of the Legislature, and the
same are authorized to provide, such assistance, services  and  data  as
will  enable such librarian to carry out his or her duties as prescribed
in this section.
  For purposes of this section, the term legislative document shall mean
and include the Rules of the Senate, the Rules of the Assembly,  reports
of  the  Legislature and reports of every legislative committee, subcom-
mittee, task force or other adjunct of the Legislature and  all  reports
and  documents  required  by  law  or  regulation to be submitted to the
Legislature by any department, board, bureau, commission or other agency
of the State.
  The provisions of this section and paragraph ten of subdivision  c  of
section  one  of  Rule  I  of the Assembly are intended to result in the
appointment of a single Assistant Legislative Librarian  to  serve  both
Houses of the Legislature.
  º  8.  He or she shall represent the Senate, or engage legal represen-
tation on behalf of the  Senate,  in  any  legal  action  or  proceeding
involving  the interpretation or effect of any law of the federal, state
or local government or the constitutionality thereof or with  regard  to
the enforcement or defense of any right, privilege or prerogative of the
Senate.
  º  9. He or she shall, to the extent practicable, use the Internet and
other electronic media to provide access to the public  policy  debates,
decision-making process and legislative records of the Senate.

                                RULE III

PRESIDING OFFICER
  Section  1.  The  Presiding Officer of the Senate shall preserve order
and decorum in the Senate Chamber; ensure that debate is germane to  the
question  under discussion; in case of disturbance or disorderly conduct
in the lobby or galleries, he or she may cause the same to  be  cleared;
he  or she shall decide all questions of order, subject to appeal to the
Senate. On every appeal he or she shall have the right, in  his  or  her
place, to assign his or her reasons for his or her decision.
  º  2. Immediately upon the final passage by the Senate of any bill, or
concurrent resolution proposing amendments to the  Constitution  of  the
State,  and  concurrent resolutions proposing or ratifying amendments to
the Constitution of the United States he or she shall certify  that  the
same has been duly passed, with the date thereof, together with the fact
whether  passed  as a majority or two-thirds bill or resolution, or with
three-fifths of the members present, as the case may be, as required  by
the  Constitution and laws of the State, and deliver said bill or resol-
ution to the Secretary.
  º 3. When the Presiding Officer is other than  the  President  of  the
Senate,  such  Presiding  Officer shall be vested with all of the powers

and duties conferred by these rules and by any other rule  or  law  upon
the President.

                                 RULE IV

THE SENATE AND ITS OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
  Section  1.  The Senate shall not discriminate because of race, creed,
color, age, sex, marital status, sexual orientation,  or  disability  in
judging the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, or
in the appointment of any member to committee or other office, or in the
appointment of any of its officers or employees.
  º  2.  The  administration  and  operations  of  the  Senate  shall be
conducted in a fair and nonpartisan manner, including access to services
necessary to all members  and  their  offices,  without  regard  to  the
members conference.
  º  3. The minority leader shall not serve in such capacity longer than
eight years.
  º 4. The Senate may choose a Secretary, a  Sergeant  at  Arms  and  an
Official  Stenographer  who shall be elected for the term of the Senate.
Such employees may be appointed as shall be provided  for  by  appropri-
ation,  in  the manner provided by law. Each officer and employee of the
Senate shall perform such duties as may be  prescribed  by  law,  or  by
these  rules, or as may be incumbent upon them in their respective posi-
tions.
  º 5. It shall be the duty of  the  Secretary  to  have  the  journals,
bills,  calendars,  messages and other documents printed and distributed
in the manner provided by law. He or she shall present to the  Governor,
and  enter upon the journals, such bills as shall have originated in the
Senate and shall have been passed by  both  houses.  He  or  she  shall,
subject  to  the Rules of the Senate, transmit to the Assembly all bills
or concurrent resolutions which have passed the Senate.
  º 6. The Sergeant at Arms, under the jurisdiction  of  the  Secretary,
shall  be the security officer of the Senate, and, except when absent in
the discharge of his or her duties, shall be in constant attendance upon
the sessions of the Senate and shall assign Assistant Sergeants at  Arms
to act as doorkeepers and, under the direction of the Presiding Officer,
aid  in  enforcing order on the floor of the Senate, in the lobbies, and
in the rooms adjoining the Senate Chamber, and also see that  no  person
remains  on  the floor unless entitled to the privileges of the same. He
or she shall also assist in maintaining order at hearings of the  Senate
and in that part of the Capitol and Legislative Office Building assigned
to  the  use  of the Senate and on sites in New York State where members
are conducting the business of the Senate and security is deemed  neces-
sary by the Secretary.
  º  7. The Official Stenographer or designee shall attend every session
of the Senate and take stenographic notes of the debates of the  Senate.
He  or  she shall make a stenographic record of the proceedings and make
copies available to the Secretary of the Senate. In addition, the  Offi-
cial  Stenographer  shall  be  responsible,  under  the direction of the
Secretary, for making a stenographic record of public  hearings  at  the
request  of  the  Standing Committee Chair or appointed officer and make
copies available to the Committee Chair and the Secretary.

                                 RULE V

PROCEEDINGS

  Section 1. a. The Journal. The Senate shall  keep  a  journal  of  its
proceedings  and  publish  the  same,  except  such parts as may require
secrecy. The legislative and executive proceedings of the  Senate  shall
each be recorded in a separate journal.
  b.  Video  of  Senate  proceedings.  The Senate shall video record its
proceedings and make such video available through the Senate web site.
  º 2. Hours in session. No session shall be held between 12:00 A.M. and
8:00 A.M.; provided, however, that the Senate may remain in  session  to
complete  action  on  a  measure or measures upon which debate was begun
prior to 12:00 A.M. or to act on a  measure  or  measures  for  which  a
message  of  necessity  has  been  received  from the Governor or upon a
majority vote of all of the members elected to the Senate.
  º 3. Order of Business. a. The Presiding Officer shall take the  Chair
at  the  hour  to  which the Senate shall have adjourned and following a
recital of the pledge of allegiance to the flag, the first  business  of
the day shall be the reading of the journal of the preceding day, to the
end that any mistakes therein may be corrected.
  After  the reading and approving of the journal, the order of business
shall be as follows:
  (1) Presentation of petitions.
  (2) Messages from the Assembly.
  (3) Messages from the Governor.
  (4) Reports of standing committees.
  (5) Reports of select committees.
  (6) Communications and reports from State officers.
  b. A quorum being present the Senate shall proceed to:
  (1) Motions and resolutions.
  (2) The calendar.
  (3) Petition for chamber consideration.
  c. All questions relating to the priority of business shall be decided
without debate.
  º 4. Messages. Messages from the Governor and Assembly, communications
and reports from State officers, reports from a committee involving  the
right of a Senator to his or her seat, and reports from the Committee on
Rules shall be received at any time.
  º  5.  Special  orders.  Whenever  any  bill or other matter is made a
special order for a particular day, and it shall  not  be  completed  on
that  day,  it  shall, unless otherwise ordered, retain its place on the
calendar as a special order in the order of business  in  which  it  was
considered.  When  a special order is under consideration, it shall take
precedence over any special order for a subsequent hour of the same day;
but such subsequent order may be taken up immediately after disposal  of
the previous special order.
  º  6.  Calendar.  a.  The  matters  upon  the Senate Calendar shall be
arranged and acted upon in the following order:
  (1) Resolutions.
  (2) Bills on order of first report.
  (3) Bills on order of second report.
  (4) Bills on order of special report.
  (5) Bills starred after report.
  (6) Bills on third reading calendar from special report.
  (7) Bills on third reading.
  (8) Bills starred on third reading.
  (9) Resolution to amend the Senate Rules.
  (10) Motions for chamber consideration.
  b. Bills laid aside by the office of  the  Temporary  President  shall
continue  to retain their place in their regular order of business until
called for debate by the Temporary President.

  c. Except for bills reported from a standing committee and  placed  on
that part of the calendar designated as "order of special report," bills
reported  from  a standing committee shall be placed on the first report
calendar and, unless starred, shall be  automatically  advanced  to  the
second  report  part of the calendar after one calendar legislative day.
Bills on second report shall, unless starred, be advanced to  the  order
of  third reading after one calendar legislative day. No debate shall be
allowed on the advancement of bills on the  order  of  first  or  second
report  or  special  report. The order of special report shall be marked
with an asterisk to indicate that such bills will be subject  to  debate
on  the  next calendar legislative day. In the event that such bills are
not debated on such day, they shall be removed from the order of special
report and placed on that part of  the  calendar  designated  "bills  on
order of first report".
  º  7.  Executive  Session.  The  Senate shall go into consideration of
executive business at such times as may be ordered  by  a  vote  of  the
majority  of  the  Senators present. On motion to close the doors of the
Senate, on the discussion of  business  which  in  the  opinion  of  any
Senator  may  require secrecy, and during the consideration of all busi-
ness in executive  session,  the  Presiding  Officer  shall  direct  all
persons,  except  the Senators, the Counsel to the Majority, the Counsel
to the Minority, Secretary of the Senate,  his  or  her  messenger,  the
Journal Clerk and Sergeant at Arms of the Senate to withdraw; and during
the  discussion  of  said  motion the doors shall remain shut; and every
Senator and officer of the Senate shall keep secret  all  such  matters,
proceedings  and  things  which  shall  transpire while the doors remain
closed.
  º 8. Motions. a. When a  question  is  before  the  Senate,  only  the
following  motions  shall  be  made by a Senator, and such motions shall
have precedence in the order here stated, viz.:
  (1) For an adjournment.
  (2) For a call of the Senate.
  (3) For the previous question.
  (4) To lay on the table.
  (5) To postpone to a certain day.
  (6) To commit to a standing committee.
  (7) To commit to a select committee.
  (8) To change calendar arrangement.
  (9) To amend.
  b. The motion to adjourn, or for a call of  the  Senate,  or  for  the
previous  question,  or  to  lay  on the table, shall be decided without
debate, and shall always be in order except as provided in  Rules  five,
seven and nine.
  c.  Except  for  the  motions  enumerated in subdivision a hereof, all
other motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by  the  Presiding
Officer  or  any  five  Senators,  delivered  to the Secretary, and read
before the same shall be debated; and any motion may be withdrawn at any
time before decision or amendment.
  d. A motion for the previous question, or a motion to  postpone  to  a
certain  day,  or to commit, or refer to a standing or select committee,
until it is decided, shall preclude all debate of the main question.
  e. A motion for the previous question shall only be in order when made
by the Temporary President, the Minority Leader or their  designee.  The
"previous  question"  shall  be put as follows: "Shall the main question
now be put before the house?" and until it is  decided,  shall  preclude
all  amendments  or  debate.  When, on taking the previous question, the
Senate shall decide that the main question shall now be  put,  the  main
question shall be put to an immediate vote. When, on taking the previous

question,  the  Senate shall decide that the main question shall not now
be put, the main question shall be considered as still  remaining  under
debate.  The  "main question" shall be the advancement or passage of the
bill,  resolution or other matter under consideration. Such motion shall
require the affirmative vote of a majority of the Senators elected.
  º 9. Reconsideration. a.  When  a  question  has  once  been  put  and
decided,  it shall be in order for any Senator to move for the reconsid-
eration thereof; but no motion for the reconsideration of any vote shall
be in order after the  bill,  resolution,  message,  report,  amendment,
nomination or motion, upon which the vote was taken, shall have gone out
of  the  possession  of the Senate; nor shall any motion for reconsider-
ation be in order unless made on the same day  on  which  the  vote  was
taken, or within the next three days of the actual session of the Senate
thereafter.  Nor  shall any question be reconsidered more than once; but
when a bill or resolution shall have been recalled from the Assembly,  a
motion  for reconsideration may be made at any time thereafter while the
same is in the possession of the Senate, and all resolutions recalling a
bill or resolution from the Assembly shall be regarded as privileged. No
vote shall be reconsidered upon either of the following motions:
  To adjourn.
  To lay on the table.
  b. The vote on the final passage of any bill appropriating  moneys  or
property, or creating, continuing, altering or removing any body politic
or  corporate, shall not be reconsidered whenever any such bill shall be
lost, unless by a vote of a majority of all the  Senators  elected,  but
all other bills, when the same shall have been lost, may be reconsidered
by a vote of a majority of all the Senators present and voting.

                                 RULE VI

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS
  Section  1. Introduction. Bills and resolutions shall be introduced by
a Senator, or on the report of a  committee,  or  by  message  from  the
Assembly,  or  by  order  of  the Senate, or by the Governor pursuant to
Article VII of the Constitution.  Every  bill  introduced  shall  be  in
duplicate  and  shall  have endorsed thereon a title and the name of the
bill's sponsor and shall be accompanied by the  introducer's  memorandum
in  quadruplicate.  Such  memorandum  shall  contain  a statement of the
purposes and intent of the bill and, if the member deems it appropriate,
may set forth such other statements  that  the  member  feels  necessary
including,  but  not limited to, statements relating to economic impact,
environmental impact or the impact on the judicial system of the bill. A
Committee, where it deems necessary, may require that  the  introducer's
memorandum be amended to include such appropriate statements.
  Bills  introduced  by  Senators  shall  be deposited with the Revision
Clerk for the purpose of having such clerk examine and correct bills  to
avoid  repetition  of  introduction  and ensure accuracy in the text and
references. Upon introduction, each bill shall be deemed to have had its
first and second reading, unless otherwise ordered and shall be given  a
number and immediately referred to the appropriate standing committee by
the Temporary President or an officer designated by the Temporary Presi-
dent  in accordance with a set of guidelines to be published annually by
the Temporary President setting forth the respective statutes over which
each of the standing committees shall have subject  matter  jurisdiction
for  purposes  of  referral.  Such  referrals  shall reflect the subject
matter having predominance in the bill as determined  by  the  Temporary
President.

  º  2.  Multi-sponsorship.  Any Senator may join together in the multi-
sponsorship of a bill. If two or more Senators join together when a bill
is first introduced and before it is printed, the names  of  all  multi-
sponsors shall appear on the printed bill upon the following conditions:
  a.  Multi-sponsors shall file a written request in duplicate to act as
such, on forms provided, with the Revision  Clerk  of  the  Senate.  The
first  name appearing on the bill shall be deemed the introducer and all
others deemed multi-sponsors.
  b. The introducer shall at all times retain exclusive control  of  the
bill until formally acted upon by the Senate and any motion to discharge
a  bill  out  of  committee by a member who is not the introducer of the
bill shall be out of order.
  c. After a multi-sponsored bill has been  printed,  any  multi-sponsor
desiring  to  withdraw  from such multi-sponsorship shall file a written
request on a form provided so that his or her name will be stricken as a
multi-sponsor from the records of the Revision Clerk. The printed  bill,
however, shall not be reprinted.
  d.  Senators and Senators-elect may multi-sponsor bills that have been
pre-filed and bills introduced after the  opening  of  each  legislative
session upon the following conditions:
  (1)  After  a  bill  has been introduced and printed and before it has
been reported favorably out of the Committee to which it  was  referred,
any  Senator or Senators may file with the Revision Clerk a request on a
form provided to become a multi-sponsor of such bill. Such forms must be
signed by the multi-sponsor.
  (2) Such bill shall not be reprinted solely for the purpose of  adding
or deleting names of multi-sponsors.
  (3) Any Senator, having become a multi-sponsor of a bill, may withdraw
from  such  by filing a request on a form provided to the Revision Clerk
requesting that his or her name be stricken as a multi-sponsor from  the
record.
  (4) Any Senator who has become a multi-sponsor of a bill in the manner
set forth herein shall have the right to distribute such bill bearing an
endorsement  by rubber stamp or otherwise the words "multi-sponsored by"
and insert his or her own name as multi-sponsor.
  º 3. Printing. Every bill immediately upon its introduction  shall  be
printed and placed on the bill files on the desks of the Senators, where
it  shall remain for at least three calendar legislative days. All bills
reported favorably or for consideration, if  reported  with  amendments,
and  all  bills  amended  in  the  Senate, shall be immediately printed,
except that any bill which is amended by  restoring  it  to  an  earlier
form,  shall  not  be  required  to be printed again, and thereafter the
printed number of the bill in the form to which it has been so  restored
shall  constitute  the  final  form of such bill unless further amended.
Whenever a bill is amended and printed, a letter of the alphabet  start-
ing with "A" shall be added to its number.
  º  4.  Title  and  body of bill. The title of every bill shall briefly
state the subject thereof. The title of every bill amending or repealing
any provision of a consolidated law shall refer to such law.  The  title
of  every  bill amending or repealing any unconsolidated law shall refer
to such law by its short title, if it has one; if it has no short title,
the title of such bill shall state the chapter number, year of enactment
and the complete title of the original bill or a short  summary  of  the
provisions to which the law relates. If such bill is amending or repeal-
ing  a  proposed  provision of law contained in a bill that has not been
enacted into law, the title shall state the number of the bill  contain-
ing  the  proposed  provision  of  law  to  be amended or repealed, with
suffix, if there be one, and the subject of the provisions to which  the

amendatory  bill  relates.  No private or local bill may be passed which
shall embrace more than one subject which  shall  be  expressed  in  the
title.
  a.  In  any bill, each section proposing an amendment to or the repeal
of: (i) any consolidated law, or any part thereof; or  (ii)  the  Family
Court  Act, the Court of Claims Act, the Uniform District Court Act, the
Uniform Justice Court Act, the Uniform City Court Act, the New York City
Charter, the Administrative Code of the City of New York, the  New  York
City Civil Court Act, the New York City Criminal Court Act, or the Char-
ter of the City of Buffalo, or any part thereof shall refer to such law,
act,  charter  or code. In any bill, each section proposing an amendment
to or the repeal of an unconsolidated law having a short title,  or  any
part  thereof, shall refer to such law by its chapter number and year of
enactment and its short title. If an unconsolidated law  shall  have  no
short  title,  each  section  shall state the chapter number and year of
enactment of such law, and a short summary of the  provisions  to  which
the  law  relates  or  the  complete title of the original bill. If such
section amends or repeals a proposed provision of  law  contained  in  a
bill  that  has  not been enacted into law, each section shall state the
number of the bill containing such proposed  provisions  of  law  to  be
amended or repealed, with suffix, if there be one. If the portion of the
law  proposed  to be amended has been added, renumbered or amended since
the original enactment or last general revision of the law of  which  it
is  a part, such section shall also state the chapter number and year of
the last act adding, renumbering or amending the same, as the  case  may
be.  There shall be appended at the end of every bill which proposes the
repeal or extension of any existing law,  or  part  thereof,  merely  by
reference  thereto,  without setting forth the text thereof, an explana-
tory note which shall briefly and concisely state the subject matter  of
the  law,  or  part thereof, proposed to be repealed or extended, unless
such subject matter is stated in the title of such  bill.  The  Revision
Clerk of the Senate shall return any bill to the Senator introducing the
same  when  it  is called to his or her attention that the provisions of
this section, or of section one of this Rule,  have  not  been  complied
with, or when any copy of a bill is illegible or incomplete.
  b.  Every bill when introduced, and every amendment thereafter made to
such bill amending existing law, must have all new  matter  underscored,
and  all matter eliminated by amendment from existing law must appear in
its proper place enclosed in brackets. In  the  printed  bill  such  new
matter  shall be underscored and all matter eliminated by amendment from
existing law shall be enclosed in black-faced brackets. When any  exist-
ing  law  or part thereof is proposed to be repealed by a bill, the word
"repealed" as it appears in such bill shall  be  printed  in  bold-faced
type. When a printed bill is amended by eliminating new matter from such
bill,  the  same  shall  be omitted in the reprint of the original. When
amendments are offered to a printed bill, the proposed changes, indicat-
ing page and line numbers, shall be listed on four detail sheets and the
same changes shall be incorporated and marked on two copies of the bill;
provided, however, that no amendment shall be allowed to any bill  which
is  not  germane to the original object or purpose thereof. Furthermore,
when a printed bill is amended the accompanying introducer's memorandum,
required pursuant to section one of this Rule, shall also be amended  to
reflect any changes. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to direct the
Revision  Clerk  to  cause  any  bill  appearing on the calendar and not
complying with this section to be immediately amended and printed so  as
to comply with the same.
  º  5.  Final  date. a. The Temporary President may designate a date in
writing after which no bill or original resolution shall  be  introduced

except  by  message  from  the  Assembly, but no date prior to the first
Tuesday of March shall be so designated;  provided,  however,  that  all
bills  recommended  by a State department or agency must be submitted to
the  office  of  the Temporary President not later than the first day of
March. Bills proposed by the Governor, the Attorney General,  the  Comp-
troller,  the  Department  of  Education or the Office of Court Adminis-
tration must be submitted to the office of the  Temporary  President  no
later than the first Tuesday in April.
  b.  All bills introduced in the Senate after the second Friday in June
shall be introduced to the Committee on Rules.
  º 6. Budget bills. When a bill is submitted or proposed by the  Gover-
nor  by  authority  of Article VII of the Constitution, it shall become,
for all legislative purposes, a legislative bill, and upon receipt ther-
eof by the Senate it shall be endorsed "Budget  Bill"  and  be  given  a
number  by  the Secretary and shall be referred to the Finance Committee
and be printed.
  º 7. Program, departmental and agency bills. Every  bill  proposed  by
the  Governor, the Attorney General, the Comptroller or by state depart-
ments and agencies shall be submitted to the  office  of  the  Temporary
President and shall be forwarded for introduction purposes to the appro-
priate standing committee in accordance with section one of Rule VI. Any
such  bill which is not so forwarded within three weeks after receipt by
the Temporary President shall be offered by the office of the  Temporary
President  to the Minority Leader who may in accordance with section one
of Rule VI, forward such bills to any member for introduction purposes.
  º 8. Reintroduction. Any Senate bill introduced in the first  year  of
the term of the Senate which during that regular Legislative Session was
not  reported  from a Standing Committee or if reported and later recom-
mitted to a Standing Committee is deemed to  be  automatically  reintro-
duced  for  the  second  year of the term of the Senate. All bills which
remain on the calendar at the end of the first year of the term  of  the
Senate shall be recommitted to committee.
  º  9.  Resolutions. a. All original resolutions shall be in quadrupli-
cate, and no original resolution may be introduced unless copies thereof
first shall have been furnished forty-eight hours prior to the time  for
acting  on such resolution to the Temporary President and Minority Lead-
er. All resolutions, upon introduction, shall be referred to a  standing
or  select committee by the Temporary President or an officer designated
by the Temporary President and shall at  all  times  remain  within  the
exclusive  control of the introducer. Notwithstanding any of the forego-
ing provisions of this section,  resolutions  recalling  bills  from  or
returning  bills  to  the  Assembly,  or relating to adjournment, may be
introduced at any time for immediate consideration.
  b. A resolution supporting or condemning, or  proposing  or  urging  a
change  in  Federal  law  which  is not directly germane to the affairs,
business, rights, benefits and obligations of New York  State  shall  be
out  of order and shall not be reported and any resolution recommending,
urging, supporting, altering or  condemning  a  position  or  change  in
foreign  policy  of  the  United  States  Government  or the domestic or
foreign affairs of any other government of the World  shall  be  out  of
order and shall not be reported.
  c.  All resolutions which propose any amendment to the State Constitu-
tion shall be referred to the Attorney General as  provided  in  Article
XIX  of  the  Constitution,  and  shall  be  treated in the same form of
proceedings as that provided for bills; and resolutions which ratify any
proposed amendment to the Constitution of the  United  States  shall  be
treated  in  the same form of proceedings as provided for bills. After a
resolution to amend the State Constitution shall be  advanced  to  third

reading, no motion to amend the same shall be in order without unanimous
consent; and if such resolution to amend the State Constitution shall be
amended  after  the  opinion  of  the  Attorney General thereon has been
received  as provided in Article XIX of the Constitution, it shall again
be referred to the Attorney General. Any such resolution may be  commit-
ted prior to the final reading thereof.
  d.  All  resolutions  calling  for  the  expenditure of moneys must be
decided by a majority vote of all of the members elected to the  Senate,
upon a call of the roll.
  e.  All  resolutions  other  than  those  mentioned and treated in the
preceding subdivisions c and d of  this  section  and  reported  by  the
committee  of  reference  designated by the Temporary President shall be
placed upon the calendar. When in the order of business the  resolutions
are  reached,  the  Senate may adopt such resolutions as a group, by one
vote upon the question of the entire calendar of  resolution,  excepting
that  any  member may request that any one or more of the resolutions on
such calendar shall be voted upon or debated separately.  This  subdivi-
sion shall not apply to any resolution recalling bills from or returning
bills  to  the  Assembly,  or  relating to adjournment or to resolutions
pertaining to the rules of the Senate or to those  resolutions  regarded
as privileged.

                                RULE VII

STANDING COMMITTEES
  Section  1.  There  shall  be  the following standing committees which
shall serve and shall continue throughout the year:
  To consist of thirty-three Senators:
  Finance
  To consist of twenty-four Senators:
  Rules
  To consist of twenty-three Senators:
  Judiciary
  To consist of nineteen Senators:
  Banks
  Transportation
  To consist of eighteen Senators:
  Education
  Higher Education
  Insurance
  To consist of seventeen Senators:
  Health
  To consist of sixteen Senators:
  Codes
  Labor
  To consist of fourteen Senators:
  Crime Victims, Crime and Correction
  Environmental Conservation
  Cultural Affairs, Tourism, Parks and Recreation
  Veterans, Homeland Security and Military Affairs
  To consist of twelve Senators:
  Aging
  Civil Service and Pensions
  Commerce, Economic Development and Small Business
  Energy and Telecommunications
  To consist of ten Senators:
  Agriculture

  Consumer Protection
  Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities
  Racing, Gaming and Wagering
  To consist of eight Senators:
  Elections
  Housing, Construction and Community Development
  Investigations and Government Operations
  Local Government
  To consist of six Senators:
  Children and Families
  Cities
  Corporations, Authorities and Commissions
  Ethics
  Social Services
  Alcoholism and Drug Abuse
  a. The Temporary President, the Vice President Pro Tempore, the Deputy
Majority  Leader  for Legislative Operations and the Minority Leader and
Deputy Minority Leader shall be  nonvoting  ex-officio  members  of  all
standing  committees of the Senate of which they are not actual members.
As far as practicable, Senators shall be appointed to no more than seven
standing committees.
  b. Term limits for chairs and ranking members.  No  chair  or  ranking
member  of  a  committee  shall serve in such capacity longer than eight
consecutive years.
  c. Conference membership of committees. The membership of all  commit-
tees,  unless otherwise provided by the act or resolution creating them,
shall be composed, as nearly as may be, of majority and  minority  party
members  in  the  same proportion as the number of majority and minority
party members in the Senate bears to the total membership of the Senate.
For purposes of committee composition, in the event that the  proportion
of  majority  members would result in a fractional amount, the number of
majority members shall be rounded up to the next whole number.
  º 2. Committee on Rules. The Committee on Rules may sit  at  any  time
and  shall  report  bills  out of committee only if they shall have been
duly reported to the Committee on Rules from  a  standing  committee  of
origin,  or  from a committee of secondary reference, or if the chair of
such standing committee consents, or if the bill  was  referred  to  the
Committee  on  Rules  upon  introduction. Other than a motion to hold, a
motion to discharge, or a motion to report, no other motion shall be  in
order  in  the  Committee  on Rules without the consent of the Committee
Chair. The reception and consideration of its report shall always be  in
order;  debate  on its adoption shall not exceed one hour, one-half hour
for and one-half hour against, such time to be allotted by the Temporary
President and Minority Leader; and no other motion, except a  motion  by
the  Temporary  President  for  a  call  of the Senate, to adjourn or to
recess, shall be in order until the vote of the Senate is  had  thereon.
If  the  report  be  adopted, all inconsistent rules of the Senate shall
automatically be suspended until the subject of  such  report  has  been
disposed of, including final action thereon.
  º  3. Open Meetings of Standing Committees. a. (1) Standing committees
shall hold regular meetings at such time and on such day as scheduled by
the Deputy Majority Leader for Legislative  Operations  in  consultation
with  the chair and such schedule shall be published one week in advance
of the date of such meeting and shall be posted on the Senate  committee
board.  The attendance of the members of the committee shall be recorded
at each meeting, and a copy of such report shall be filed with the Jour-
nal Clerk of the Senate and made available to the public. Each chair  of
a  standing committee shall, no later than 3 p.m. the Thursday preceding

the regular meeting, furnish to the  Temporary  President  and  Minority
Leader,  and  make available to each member of such committee, a copy of
the agenda  of  such  regular  meeting  together  with  a  copy  of  the
introducer's  memorandum  for  each  bill listed on such agenda for such
regular meeting. In addition, copies of such  agenda  for  such  regular
meeting shall be made available to representatives of the news media and
to  the  general  public.  However, in case of necessity, the chair with
consent of the ranking member may add no more than  four  items  on  the
agenda  or  delete  items on the agenda up to 24 hours in advance of the
scheduled meeting and members shall be notified  of  such  additions  or
deletions.  Each  standing  committee  chair shall decide all procedural
issues which arise during meetings of standing committees.
  (2) Standing committees may hold special meetings in case of necessity
upon the call of the chair when the announcement is made from the  floor
during session, or the ranking minority member of the committee consents
thereto,  or  upon  the  call  of a majority of all the members thereof,
entry of which fact shall be made on the records of  the  committee  and
announced by the Secretary of the Senate.
  (3)  All  meetings of committees shall be open to authorized represen-
tatives of the news media and the general public as observers.
  (4) All meetings of committees shall be recorded by video and  to  the
extent  practicable  webcast live. Video of all committee meetings shall
be made available on the Senate website and updated daily.
  (5) Upon the personal vote of a majority  of  all  the  members  of  a
committee, taken in an open meeting pursuant to a motion identifying the
general  area  or  areas  of the subject or subjects to be considered, a
committee may conduct an executive session of which only members of such
committee are present for the following  enunciated  purposes  provided,
however,  that  no  action  by formal vote shall be taken to appropriate
public monies:
  (a) matters which will imperil the public safety if disclosed;
  (b) any matter which may disclose the identity of  a  law  enforcement
agent or informer;
  (c)  information relating to current or future investigation or prose-
cution of a criminal offense which would imperil effective law  enforce-
ment if disclosed;
  (d) discussions regarding proposed, pending or current litigation;
  (e)  collective negotiations pursuant to article fourteen of the Civil
Service Law;
  (f) the medical, financial, credit, character or employment history of
any person or  corporation,  or  matters  leading  to  the  appointment,
employment,  promotion,  demotion,  discipline, suspension, dismissal or
removal of any person or corporation;
  (g) the preparation, grading or administration of examinations; and
  (h) the proposed acquisition, sale or lease of real property, but only
when publicity would substantially affect the value of the property.
  (6) Attendance at an executive  session  shall  be  permitted  to  any
member  of the committee and any other persons authorized by the commit-
tee.
  b. (1) Minutes shall be taken at all open meetings of committees which
shall consist of a record or summary of all motions,  proposals,  resol-
utions and any other matter formally voted upon and the vote thereon.
  (2) Minutes shall be taken at executive sessions of any action that is
taken  by  formal vote which shall consist of a record or summary of the
final determination of such action,  and  the  date  and  vote  thereon;
provided,  however, that such summary shall not include any matter which
is not required to be made public by "the freedom of information law" as
added by Article six of the Public Officers Law.

  (3) Minutes of meetings of all committees shall be  available  to  the
public  in  accordance  with the provisions of Article six of the Public
Officers Law, "the freedom of information law", and  at  such  time  and
place  as prescribed by the Temporary President, provided, however, that
minutes  for executive session meetings shall be available to the public
within one week from the date of such executive session.
  c. The provisions of this section except paragraph three  of  subdivi-
sion a, and subdivision b shall not apply to the Committee on Rules.
  d. Committee presentations. The chair of a committee may invite inter-
ested  persons  to  offer a presentation for a given amount of time on a
bill on the meeting agenda with notice provided to the ranking member no
less than 72 hours in advance. Where a committee  chair  makes  such  an
invitation,  the  ranking  member  shall  be afforded an equal number of
speakers who may speak for an equal amount of  time.  In  addition,  the
ranker,  without  consent  of  the  chair,  shall  be able to schedule 3
committee presentations with notice provided to the chair  at  least  72
hours  in advance. The chair shall be afforded an equal number of speak-
ers who may speak for an equal amount of time.
  e. Motion for committee consideration. No motion for committee consid-
eration shall be in order after the first Monday in May. The sponsor  of
any  bill  may  file,  through the Journal Clerk, a motion for committee
consideration forty-five days after the bill has been referred  to  such
committee. Once a motion for committee consideration is filed, the chair
of the committee shall place the bill on a committee agenda and schedule
a vote on the bill within forty-five days. In the case of a bill that is
referred  to  a  standing committee having secondary reference, the bill
shall be considered within the next two committee meetings.
  º 4. Hearings. a. Committee hearings. Chairs  of  standing  committees
may  call public hearings to permit interested persons, groups or organ-
izations the opportunity to testify orally or in writing on  legislation
or  issues pending before such standing committee. Chairs are encouraged
to hold public hearings on legislation  of  important  public  interest,
where,  outside  of  the  budget, significant public money is allocated,
broad conduct is regulated or where the  proposal  has  a  broad  public
impact.  Chairs may request that the Official Stenographer make a steno-
graphic record of a public hearing. Official hearings may  be  conducted
in  accordance  with procedure established by law. No committee may take
testimony at a hearing unless at least two of its members are present at
such hearing. Prior notice of all public hearings shall be filed by  the
chair  or his or her designee with The Legislative Bill Drafting Commis-
sion and the Temporary President and such notice shall contain  informa-
tion as to subject matter, date and place.
  b.  Public  forums.  Notwithstanding  the public hearings conducted by
standing committees, any Senator may convene a public forum on  proposed
or pending legislation within the jurisdiction of a committee upon which
he  or  she  is a member, provided that any charge incurred attendant to
such forum be borne by said Senator or  his  or  her  party  conference.
Prior  notice of such forum shall be filed with the chair of the commit-
tee.
  c. Committee oversight function. Each standing committee  is  required
to conduct oversight of the administration of laws and programs by agen-
cies within its jurisdiction.
  d.  Each  standing committee is required to file with the secretary of
the senate an annual report, detailing  its  legislative  and  oversight
activities. Such report shall be posted to the Senate web site.
  e. Petition for a public hearing on a bill. By a petition of one-third
of  the  members assigned to a committee rounded up to the nearest whole
number, a public hearing shall be scheduled on a specific bill or number

of bills within the jurisdiction of a committee, unless the majority  of
members  of  the committee reject such petition. Such petitions shall be
submitted to the clerk of the committee for  presentation  at  the  next
committee meeting. Public hearings scheduled by petition will be held at
least  14  days  following the committee meeting at which it was consid-
ered.
  f. Hearings of standing committees shall be video recorded and to  the
extent  practicable  webcast live. Video of such hearing shall be posted
to the Senate web site within 24 hours.
  º 5. Reports. a. No committee shall vote to report  a  bill  or  other
matter  unless  a  majority  of all the members thereof vote in favor of
such report. Each report of a committee upon a bill shall have the  vote
of  each  Senator  attached  thereto  and  such report and vote shall be
available for public inspection. A member's vote on  any  matter  before
the committee shall be entered by the member on a signed official voting
sheet delivered to the Committee Chair.
  Any  standing  committee  having secondary subject matter jurisdiction
over a bill may request  the  chair  of  the  committee  having  primary
subject  matter  jurisdiction  over said bill (which is the committee to
which the said bill has been referred by the Temporary President  pursu-
ant  to  Rule  VI)  to  commit  the bill to the committee with secondary
subject matter jurisdiction either when the bill is still in the primary
committee or after it has been reported to the calendar. If the chair of
the primary committee refuses said request, then  the  committee  having
secondary  jurisdiction,  through  its  chair, may request the Temporary
President to consider such secondary referencing. If a secondary  refer-
ence  is so made, the secondary committee shall consider the bill forth-
with and return said bill to the primary committee or the  calendar,  as
the case may be, along with the secondary committee's recommendations.
  Any  bill  which  is  referred  to a standing committee other than the
Committee on Commerce, Economic Development and Small Business and which
imposes or changes any reporting requirements or mandates on  businesses
or  relates  to  the  procedure  by which such reporting requirements or
mandates are imposed or changed, shall, if  favorably  reported  by  the
committee  having original jurisdiction, be referred to the Committee on
Commerce, Economic Development and Small Business  for  the  purpose  of
reviewing  and considering the economic impact of the provisions of such
bill. In the event that such a bill is not referred to the Committee  on
Commerce,  Economic  Development  and  Small Business the chairperson of
such Committee may require such referral, subject to the approval of the
Temporary President or his designees.
  All committee reports, after the second Friday in June, shall be  made
directly  to  the  Committee  on Rules. Notwithstanding any provision of
Rule VI, the Committee on Rules shall have the  authority  to  introduce
and  refer bills to itself and shall also have the authority to refer to
itself any bill from any standing committee.
  Every report of a committee upon a bill which shall not be  considered
at  the  time  of making the same, or laid on the table by a vote of the
Senate, shall stand upon the calendar in the order of first report  with
the bill and be entered upon the journal.
  b.  Each bill reported by a standing committee shall be accompanied by
a report, and the minority shall file a minority committee report within
seven days of the bill being reported out of committee and said  reports
shall  be  filed  with the journal clerk. The report of a committee upon
any matter referred to it shall upon request include a  brief  statement
of  the  opinion  of  any  member  or members of the committee voting in
either the majority or minority.

  c. Where a "home rule" request is required as provided in any  section
of  Article IX of the Constitution, such request, certificate or message
must be filed with the Journal Clerk of the Senate before final  passage
of such bill.
  d.  Where  a  message of necessity is received from the Governor, such
message shall be filed with the Journal Clerk of the Senate  upon  final
passage of the bill.
  º  6. Nominations. Unless the Senate orders otherwise, all nominations
sent by the Governor for the appointment of any officer shall be submit-
ted to the Temporary President who shall  then  refer  such  nominations
simultaneously  to  the  Finance Committee, and the appropriate standing
committee,  for  consideration  and  recommendation  and  such  standing
committees, other than the Committee on Judiciary shall thereafter refer
such  nominations  to the Finance Committee of the Senate who shall take
whatever further actions it deems  necessary  and  thereafter  make  its
report  on  the nominations to the full Senate. Any Senator may submit a
request to the Chair of a Standing Committee considering  a  nomination,
to  speak  before  the  committee  for not more than five minutes on the
nomination. The granting of any  such  request  shall  be  at  the  sole
discretion  of  the Committee Chair. A nomination shall not be confirmed
without reference on the day on which it is received except by unanimous
consent. The names of those who voted for or against the nomination  may
be  entered  alphabetically on the journal, if any five Senators request
it.
  º 7. Finance Committee. A bill or resolution providing for  an  appro-
priation  or  creating  or  increasing  a charge upon the State Treasury
shall, when reported by any committee other than the Finance  Committee,
be  referred  to the Finance Committee, and the committee reporting such
bill or resolution shall, at the time of making such  report,  recommend
the  further  reference thereof to the Finance Committee. At the request
of the Temporary President or the Chair of the  Finance  Committee,  any
such  bill  or  resolution  shall,  at  any time before final reading or
adoption, be referred to the Finance Committee, which may  consider  and
report  upon any features in the bill or resolution creating or increas-
ing such charge.
  The sponsor of a bill providing for an increase or decrease  in  state
revenues or in the appropriation or expenditure of state moneys, without
stating  the amount thereof, must, before such bill is reported from the
Finance Committee or other committee to which referred,  file  with  the
Finance  Committee  and  such  other committee a fiscal note which shall
state, so far as possible, the amount  in  dollars  whereby  such  state
moneys,  revenues  or  appropriations  would  be  affected by such bill,
together with a similar estimate, if the same is  possible,  for  future
fiscal  years.  Such an estimate must be secured by the sponsor from the
Division of the Budget or the department or agency of  state  government
charged  with  the  fiscal  duties, functions or powers provided in such
bill and the name of such department or agency must be  stated  in  such
note.
  The  Finance  Committee  shall keep and maintain a file containing all
bills requiring fiscal notes and the notes appertaining  thereto,  which
shall  be  available  to Senators and officers of the Senate, accredited
representatives of the press, and other  responsible  persons  having  a
legitimate interest therein.

                                RULE VIII

PASSAGE OF BILLS

  Section  1.  Bills  on  desks. No bill shall be passed unless it shall
have been printed and upon the desk of each Senator in its final form at
least three calendar legislative days prior to its final passage, unless
the Governor or acting Governor shall have certified, under his  or  her
hand  and  the  seal of the State, the facts which in his or her opinion
necessitate an immediate vote thereon, in which case it  must  neverthe-
less  be  upon  the desks of all Senators in final form, not necessarily
printed, before its final passage. No bill shall be passed pursuant to a
message of necessity unless a majority of the Senators vote  to  approve
the use of such message.
  º  2.  Reading  of  bills.  a. Every bill shall receive three readings
previous to its being passed.
  b. Upon the third reading of a  bill,  the  question  upon  its  final
passage  shall  be taken immediately thereafter; provided, however, that
any bill may be committed prior to the final reading thereof.
  º 3. Third reading calendar. a. The Calendar of bills on the order  of
third  reading  shall consist of all bills which have been advanced to a
third reading from the order of second report or the  order  of  special
report.
  b.  All  Senate  bills,  when  advanced  to  a  third reading shall be
referred automatically to the Jacketing Clerk, who shall cause each such
bill to be readied for final passage in the same form as the last print-
ed copy thereof. All such bills shall be jacketed with the proper  jurat
for certification of final passage attached.
  º 4. Amendments. a. A non-sponsor may move to amend a bill at any time
prior  to the completion of its third reading provided that at least two
hours before the time for the Senate to convene, a copy of the  proposed
amendment  or amendments to any bill on the list of bills compiled under
subdivision a of section six of this Rule has been served upon the spon-
sor of the bill, and filed with the Journal Clerk. If a sponsor does not
accept such amendment, the question shall be put to the house whether  a
majority  of  members elected vote in favor of the non-sponsor motion to
amend, and such motion shall pass only if a majority of members  elected
vote  aye. If the sponsor accepts the amendment, such amended bill shall
be ordered printed without a vote, debate or explanation, and such  bill
shall retain its place on the Third Reading Calendar.
  b.  If  a majority of members elected vote in favor of the non-sponsor
motion to amend, the sponsor of the bill may make a motion  to  withdraw
their  name  from  sponsorship  to be substituted by a co-sponsor or the
Senator who moved to amend the bill.
  c. The introducer of any calendar  bill  may  offer  an  amendment  or
amendments  to  such  bill  and  such  amendment  or amendments shall be
accepted and the bill ordered printed without a vote, debate or explana-
tion, provided, however, that in such case such bill may be  recommitted
by  the chair of the standing committee that reported such bill and such
recommittal shall also be without a vote, debate or explanation.
  º 5. Substitution. When a bill is  received  as  a  message  from  the
Assembly, or at any time thereafter, and a Senate bill, identical there-
with,  is  on  the  order  of third reading, or in the order of first or
second report, the Assembly bill may be substituted for the Senate  bill
upon  a vote of a majority of the Senate. A motion for such substitution
shall be in order under the order  of  business  of  messages  from  the
Assembly, motions and resolutions, or the order of business in which the
Senate bill is.
  º  6.  Final  passage.  a.  Prior  to the reading of the third reading
calendar of any given day, the Temporary President  may  file  with  the
Journal  Clerk  an  active  list  of bills on the third reading calendar
which may be acted upon on that date and he or she  may  lay  aside  any

bill  upon which no final action may be taken, provided however, that no
bill shall be so laid aside for a period exceeding five calendar  legis-
lative  days. Such active list shall be published by 8 p.m. the previous
evening  or  within  two  hours  following the end of the previous days'
session, whichever is later.
  b. The question on the final passage of  every  bill  shall  be  taken
immediately  after  the  third  reading and without debate. On the final
passage of every bill and concurrent resolution a fast roll  call  shall
be  taken  by  the  Secretary calling the names of five Senators, two of
whom shall be the Temporary President and the Minority Leader  provided,
however, that each Senator's name shall be called on a slow roll call if
requested  by  five Senators. Each roll call, including the names of the
Senators who were absent shall be entered on the journal. Upon each roll
call vote, the Secretary shall announce the names of the Senators voting
in the negative and the names of the Senators who were absent. Such roll
calls shall be available for  public  inspection  upon  request  in  the
office  of  the Journal Clerk. When a bill or concurrent resolution does
not receive the number of votes required by the Constitution to pass it,
it shall be declared lost, except in cases provided for by subdivision d
of section two of Rule IX hereof.
  º 7. Starred bills. a.  A  bill  appearing  on  the  calendar  may  be
"starred"  only by or on behalf of the introducer, whereupon all further
action on such bill shall be suspended, although it retains its place on
the Calendar.
  b. Other than for the purpose of amendment or recommittal,  no  action
may  be taken on a bill from which a star has been removed until one day
after such removal.
  º 8. Recall and concurrence. All Senate bills amended by the Assembly,
and returned to the Senate, for its concurrence, and all  bills  amended
by  the  report  of  a  conference  committee,  shall  be subject to the
provisions of section one of this Rule.
  º 9. Transmittal of bills to the Governor. All Senate bills passed  by
the  Senate  and sent to the Assembly for action shall, upon passage and
return by the Assembly to the Senate, be transmitted by the Secretary to
the Governor within forty-five days after  receipt  from  the  Assembly;
except  that  upon  the  filing  of a request to hold such bill with the
Secretary by the sponsor of the bill, the bill shall be held until  such
time  as the sponsor rescinds the request to hold the bill and upon such
rescission the Secretary shall transmit the bill to the Governor  within
seven days.

                                 RULE IX

SENATORS
  Section  1.  Attendance  and  vote.  a. Every Senator shall be present
within the Senate Chamber during the sessions of the Senate, unless duly
excused or necessarily prevented, and shall vote on  each  question  for
which  a  vote  is  required stated from the Chair unless excused by the
Senate, or unless he or she has a direct personal or pecuniary  interest
in the event of such question. If any Senator refuses to vote, unless he
or she be excused by the Senate, or unless he or she be interested, such
refusal  shall  be  deemed a contempt. In order to vote on a bill on the
controversial calendar, a Senator, other than the Temporary President or
Minority Leader, must be present in the Senate chamber and vote from his
or her regularly assigned seat, except that  a  Senator  acting  as  the
Presiding  Officer, Temporary President or Minority Leader may vote from
the place assigned to such officer. No Senator absent from a  roll  call

vote  shall  be allowed to vote thereon; however, within the same day, a
Senator required to attend a public hearing or other meeting of a stand-
ing or conference committee, which the Temporary  President  has  desig-
nated as appropriate, may cast his or her vote at any time prior to 5:00
P.M. or the adjournment of the Senate, whichever shall be later.
  b.  A Senator desiring to be excused from voting for a direct personal
or pecuniary interest in the issue then before the Senate may, when  his
or  her  name  is called, state such desire and if there be an objection
make a brief statement, not occupying over two minutes, of  the  reasons
for  making  such request, and the question on excusing him or her shall
then be taken without debate and shall be  granted  by  the  consent  of
two-thirds  of the Senators present; and any Senator desiring to explain
his or her vote upon a bill, may, when his or her  name  is  called,  be
allowed a like opportunity.
  º  2.  Quorum. a. A majority of all the Senators elected shall consti-
tute a quorum to do business. In case a less number than a quorum of the
Senate shall convene, those present are authorized to send the  Sergeant
at Arms, or any other person, for the absent Senators.
  b. The assent of two-thirds of the Senators elected shall be requisite
to  every  bill appropriating the public moneys or property for local or
private purposes, and to the passage of bills returned by  the  Governor
without his or her approval.
  c.  On  the  final  passage  of  any  bill which imposes, continues or
revives a tax, or creates a debt  or  charge,  or  makes,  continues  or
revives  any  appropriation  of  public  or  trust money or property, or
releases, discharges or commutes any  claim  or  demand  of  the  State,
three-fifths of all the members elected to the Senate shall be necessary
to constitute a quorum therein.
  d.  If, on taking the final question on a bill, it shall appear that a
constitutional quorum is not present, or if the bill requires a vote  of
two-thirds  of  all the Senators elected to pass it, and it appears that
such number is not present, the bill  shall  retain  its  place  on  the
Calendar and be again taken up in its regular order.
  e.  When  any  bill  requiring  the  concurrence  of two-thirds of the
Senators, or a quorum of three-fifths thereof, is  under  consideration,
such  concurrence  or quorum, as the case may be, shall not be requisite
except on the question of its final passage.
  f. If at any time during the session of the Senate a question shall be
raised by any Senator as to the presence  of  a  quorum,  the  Presiding
Officer shall forthwith direct the Secretary to call the roll, and shall
announce the result, and such proceeding shall be without debate; but no
Senator while speaking shall be interrupted by any other Senator raising
the  question of a lack of a quorum, and the question as to the presence
of a quorum shall not be raised more  often  than  once  in  every  hour
unless  the  lack of a quorum shall be disclosed upon a roll call of the
ayes and nays.
  g. Whenever upon a roll call any Senator who is upon the floor of  the
Senate  Chamber refuses to make response when his or her name is called,
it shall be the duty of the Presiding Officer, either upon  his  or  her
own motion or upon the suggestion of any Senator, to request the Senator
so  remaining  silent to respond to his or her name, and if such Senator
fails to do so, the fact of such request and refusal shall be entered in
the journal, and such Senator  shall  be  counted  as  present  for  the
purpose of constituting a quorum.
  º  3.  Debate.  a. Debate shall only be in order when it is germane to
the question under discussion.

  b. If the question in debate contains several points,  a  Senator  may
have  the  same  divided,  provided  the  division called for embodies a
distinct principle or statement of fact.
  c.  When  any bill, resolution or motion is under consideration and it
appears that no Senator desires to be heard further, the Presiding Offi-
cer shall put the  question:  "Does  any  Senator  desire  to  be  heard
further?"  If  no  Senator  shall  rise to debate, the Presiding Officer
shall declare the debate closed; except  that  thereafter  the  Minority
Leader  may  speak  once,  or may yield the floor to any Senator who may
speak once, and may be followed by the Temporary President who may  also
speak  once,  or  may yield the floor to any Senator who may speak once.
The main question shall then be put immediately.
  d. Debate on motions or resolutions other than concurrent  resolutions
shall  be  limited  to  one  hour  with  one-half hour allocated to each
conference. Debate upon any  bill  or  concurrent  resolution  shall  be
limited  to  four  hours,  which  shall  include sufficient time for all
Senators to explain their votes. No single Senator shall debate any bill
or concurrent resolution for more than thirty minutes. When any bill  or
concurrent resolution shall have been under consideration for two hours,
including  all  amendments thereto, it shall be in order for any Senator
to move to close debate, and the Presiding Officer shall  recognize  the
Senator  who  wishes  to  make  such motion. Such motion to close debate
shall not be amendable or debatable and shall be immediately put, and if
it shall receive the affirmative vote of  a  majority  of  the  Senators
present,  the pending measure shall take precedence over all other busi-
ness.
  e. The vote shall thereupon be taken upon  such  bill,  resolution  or
motion  with  such  amendments  as  may  be  pending at the time of such
motion, according to the  Rules  of  the  Senate,  but  without  further
debate,  except  that  upon  the  roll call any Senator may speak not to
exceed two minutes in explanation of his or her vote. After such  motion
to  close  debate has been made by any Senator, no other motion shall be
in order until such motion has been voted upon by the Senate.
  f. After the Senate shall have adopted the motion to close debate,  as
hereinbefore  provided,  no  motion  shall be in order but one motion to
adjourn or for a call of the Senate by the Temporary  President,  and  a
motion  to commit. Should said motion to adjourn be carried, the measure
under consideration shall be the pending question when the Senate  shall
again  convene,  and  shall be taken up at the point where it was at the
time of such adjournment. The motion to close debate may be ordered upon
a single motion, a series of motions allowable under the  rules,  or  an
amendment  or  amendments,  or  may  be  made  to embrace all authorized
motions or amendments, and include the bill, resolution or motion to its
passage or rejection. All incidental  questions  of  order,  or  motions
pending  at  the  time  such motion is made to close debate, whether the
same be on appeal or otherwise, shall be decided without debate.
  º 4. Order and decorum. a. Prior to the order of business, the presid-
ing officer shall ask those in the chamber to rise and pledge allegiance
to the flag. Those in attendance shall remain standing during the  daily
invocation and until asked to take their seats by the presiding officer.
Senators  shall  not  interrupt  the business of the Senate, or read any
newspaper while the journals or public papers are being  read;  or  walk
out  of  or  across  the Chamber when the Presiding Officer is putting a
question; or when a Senator is speaking, pass between him or her and the
Chair. Cellular telephones and audible pagers shall not be used  in  the
Chamber  or  in  the Senate Galleries. No sign, placard or prop shall be
displayed, posted or carried in the Chamber.  Cellular telephones  shall
not  be  used  in  the lobby by members of the general public. No person

shall be introduced by a Senator during  the  regular  business  of  the
Senate,  except  that  it shall be permissible to introduce a person who
has served as a member of the New York State Legislature or a person who
is  present in the Chamber for the purpose of nomination to an office to
be confirmed by the Senate. On the nomination of any person to an office
which is subject to the  confirmation  of  the  Senate,  nominating  and
seconding speeches shall be limited to fifteen minutes per conference.
  b. Members are expected to uphold the highest standards of civility in
dealing  with  other  members. Debate should be dignified and lacking in
personal invective. A Senator rising to debate or present  a  paper,  to
give  a  notice, to make a motion or report, shall address the Presiding
Officer and shall not proceed further until recognized by the Chair;  he
or  she  shall  speak on the same subject but twice the same day without
leave of the Senate; and when two or more Senators  address  the  Chair,
the  Presiding  Officer  shall name the Senator who is first to speak. A
Senator, while speaking  after  recognition  by  the  Chair,  may,  upon
request  of  a  Senator, yield to him or her temporarily without thereby
relinquishing his or her prior right to the floor and,  thereafter,  may
terminate  such  interruption and resume speaking at any time; provided,
however, that it shall not be in order for a Senator to rise and request
that a Senator, other than the one with the right to the floor, yield to
a question. Furthermore, it shall not be in order for  a  Senator,  with
the  right  to the floor, to ask another Senator to yield to a question,
unless such Senator has previously  spoken  during  the  debate  on  the
matter. All questions and responses shall be directed through the chair,
and  the presiding officer shall not be interrupted when speaking. After
completion of the order of business for the day, and with the  unanimous
consent  of  the  Senate,  a Senator may make a statement, not exceeding
fifteen minutes in length, concerning a subject or  matter  not  pending
before the Senate for consideration.
  c.  When  a Senator shall be called to order, he or she shall take his
or her seat until the Presiding Officer shall have determined whether he
or she is in order or not; and if decided to be out of order, he or  she
shall  not proceed without the permission of the Senate; and every ques-
tion of order shall be decided by the Presiding Officer, subject  to  an
appeal  to  the  Senate  by any Senator. It shall require an affirmative
vote of a majority of all members elected to overrule a  ruling  of  the
Chair.  No  second  appeal shall be determined until the original appeal
shall be decided; and if a Senator shall be called to  order  for  words
spoken,  the  words excepted to shall be immediately taken down in writ-
ing.
  º 5. Presentation of papers. a. A Senator  presenting  a  paper  shall
endorse  the  same with his or her name and a brief written statement of
the subject of its contents.
  b. When the reading of a paper is called for,  except  petitions,  and
the same is objected to by any Senator, it shall be determined by a vote
of the Senate, without debate.
  º 6. Call of the Senate. For the purpose of securing the attendance of
Senators, a call of the Senate may be ordered at any time, but such call
shall  not  be  in order after the voting on any question has begun, nor
after the third reading of a bill has  been  completed,  nor  after  the
motion  to  close  debate  has been ordered pursuant to section three of
this Rule, unless it shall appear upon an actual count by the  Presiding
Officer that a quorum is not present.
  º 7. Absences. In all cases of absence of Senators during the sessions
of  the  Senate,  the  Temporary President or a majority of the Senators
elected may take such measures as they  deem  necessary  to  secure  the
presence  of  the  absentees,  and in addition to suspension for a given

period, may inflict such censure or penalty as they  may  deem  just  on
those who shall not render sufficient excuse for their absence.
  º  8. Staffing. All Senators shall receive the same base allocation of
funds for staffing their offices. Additional  funding  for  responsibil-
ities associated with committees and leadership positions shall be allo-
cated  within amounts available for committee and leadership staff; such
amounts shall include, at a minimum, a budget sufficient  to  appoint  a
staff  member  with  expertise  in the committee's subject matter.   The
funding for the minority conference central staff shall not be less than
thirty-three percent of the funds allocated for all central staff.
  º 9. Resources. All  Senators  shall  have  equitable  access  to  the
resources of the Senate, including, but not limited to, office supplies,
communications  and  audio  visual resources, mail privileges subject to
published guidelines, technology, including both hardware and  software,
and  equal access to the Legislative Bill Drafting Commission's Legisla-
tive Retrieval System.
  º 10. District Offices. All Senators will receive funds to maintain  a
district  office.  Rents  of  district  offices shall be based on a cost
formula of office rental costs of an equal class  of  commercial  office
space  based  on  the prevailing rent in the community where the Senator
chooses to have his or her district office. A Senator whose district has
geographic disparities such that traversing the district is  a  hardship
for  his  or her constituents, as determined by the Temporary President,
shall receive supplemental funding to maintain a satellite office.
  º 11. Allocation for Community Projects. Each conference shall receive
an allocation from any amounts to be awarded by the Senate for community
projects, capital spending, local  assistance  or  other  similar  allo-
cations  for  member driven initiatives. The Majority shall receive two-
thirds of such funds and the Minority shall  receive  one-third  of  the
such  funds;  provided  however  that such proportions shall increase or
decrease to reflect any changes in the membership of each conference.

                                 RULE X

SENATE CHAMBERS
  Section 1. Open doors. The doors of the Senate  shall  be  kept  open,
except when the public welfare shall require secrecy.
  º  2.  Admission to floor. Persons not members of the Senate, or offi-
cers or employees thereof, shall be admitted to the floor of the  Senate
only as follows:
  a. The Governor, his or her secretary and messenger.
  b. The members and Clerk of the Assembly, and clerks and messengers of
the Assembly in the exercise of an official duty directly connected with
the business of the Senate.
  c.  The  elected  State officers, heads of departments and their depu-
ties.
  d. Reporters of the Senate and of the Assembly  designated  under  the
rules, unless a designation theretofore given them has been revoked.
  e. Members of a Senator's family, or of the family of the President of
the Senate.
  f. Former members of the Senate.
  g.  Any  person not hereinbefore named may be admitted to the floor of
the Senate, with the permission of the Temporary President.
  h. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions a through g of  this
section,  no  person shall be admitted to the floor of the Senate who is
interested in pending or contemplated legislation, or who is employed by

or receives compensation from any public or private source for influenc-
ing legislation.
  i.  During  the sessions of the Senate, no person other than a Senator
shall occupy the chair of a Senator, or stand in or otherwise occupy any
part of the area between the last row of Senators' chairs  on  the  east
and  west  sides  of  the  Chamber, and the east and west walls thereof,
respectively. All persons in the Senate  Chamber  shall  observe  proper
rules of order and decorum.
  j.  It  shall  be the duty of the Sergeant at Arms strictly to enforce
the provisions of this section, and it shall be in order for any Senator
to call a breach thereof to the attention of the Presiding Officer.

                                 RULE XI

SUSPENSION OF THE RULES
  Section 1. Resolution to amend the Senate Rules. No amendment  to  the
Senate  Rules  shall be considered by the Senate unless a resolution for
such amendment, together with a memorandum specifying the purpose of the
proposed amendment, suspension, or rescission, shall  be  introduced  to
the  Committee  on  Rules  and  reported  therefrom to the Senate floor.
Passing of such rules change shall require an affirmative  vote  of  the
majority of all Senators elected.
  º 2. Motion for Chamber Consideration. a. It shall be in order for any
Senator,  who  is  the  sponsor  of a bill that is on the Senate's Third
Reading Calendar, to move for chamber consideration of such  bill.  Such
motion  shall  require  an  affirmative  vote  of  a majority of members
elected. Where a motion for chamber consideration is approved, such bill
shall be considered by the full Senate on the first calendar legislative
day after four days shall have  passed.  Provided  however,  where  such
motion  is  approved  within the last five scheduled days of the regular
legislative session, such bill shall be  considered  by  the  Senate  no
later than the next calendar legislative day.
  b. On any calendar legislative day, no more than two motions for cham-
ber  consideration  shall  be in order before the Senate. The sponsor of
such motion shall serve written notice of intent to bring such motion at
least one calendar legislative day before such  motion  shall  be  made,
specifying the date the motion is to be made.
  º  3.  Petition for Consideration. a. The sponsor of any bill may file
with the Journal Clerk, no less than forty-five days after  a  bill  has
been  referred  to  a committee, a petition requesting that such bill be
moved to the calendar for consideration. Such petition  shall  be  filed
with  the  Journal Clerk. Once the petition is signed by at least three-
fifths of the members elected, the petition shall  be  read  during  the
order  of  presentation  of petitions and the bill reported to the third
reading calendar. Such bill shall be considered by the  full  Senate  on
the first calendar legislative day after four days shall have passed.
  b.  No  petition  for  consideration shall be in order on or after the
first Monday in June.

                                RULE XII

ADJOURNMENT
  Section 1. The Senate shall not adjourn for more than two days without
the consent of the Assembly.

                                RULE XIII

GUIDELINES FOR A SYSTEM OF INTERNAL CONTROLS
  Section  1. Pursuant to Article 6 of the Legislative Law as enacted by
the New York  state  governmental  accountability,  audit  and  internal
control  act  of 1987, the following guidelines for a System of Internal
Control are hereby established:
  a. all financial transactions shall be executed in accordance with the
general or specific authorization of the Temporary President or  his  or
her designated representative;
  b.  all  financial  transactions  shall be recorded in conformity with
generally accepted accounting principles or  other  applicable  criteria
and to maintain accountability for assets;
  c.  access  to  assets  shall be permitted only in accordance with the
authorization of the Temporary President or his or her designated repre-
sentative;
  d. the recorded accountability for assets shall be compared  with  the
existing  assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action shall be
taken with respect to any differences; and
  e. the system of internal controls shall provide reasonable  assurance
that the foregoing are accomplished.
  º  2. Expenditure reporting. The Temporary President shall establish a
system of expenditure reporting whereby expenditures of the Senate shall
be reported by such categories as he or she shall determine. Reports  of
expenditures  by  such  system  shall  be  published  in  a  form  to be
prescribed by the Temporary President.

                                RULE XIV

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
  Section 1. a. Publication of records relating  to  Senate  legislative
and  administrative records. Recognizing that legislative records avail-
able by request under the "freedom of information law" are of  important
public  interest,  the  Senate shall make available through a searchable
and sortable database on the  Senate  website:  records  of  committees,
agendas,  votes, minutes, reports, attendance, fiscal notes, and records
of the chamber including, active lists, votes,  transcripts,  calendars,
the Senate payroll report and expenditure reports.
  b.  Furthermore  all  such  records  listed  in subdivision a shall be
available for public inspection  and  copying  in  accordance  with  the
provisions  of  Article  6  of  the Public Officers Law, "the freedom of
information law."
  c. It shall be the duty of the Temporary President  to  publish  rules
and  regulations  regarding  public  inspection  and  copying  of Senate
records. Such rules and regulations shall pertain to the times and plac-
es such records are available, the persons from whom such records may be
obtained, the fees for copies of such records and the procedures  to  be
followed.
  d. Nothing in this section shall be construed to increase the legisla-
tive  requirements  set forth in subdivision 2 or 3 of section 88 of the
public officers law.

                                 RULE XV

TELEVISING SENATE SESSION
  Section 1. Any televised proceedings of sessions of the  Senate  shall
be  made  available  for statewide television broadcast, pursuant to the
following:

  a. All televised proceedings of the Senate session shall be  unedited,
except  that  only  accredited  news  organizations,  educational insti-
tutions, and public affairs documentary programs may utilize any portion
of the Senate television feed.
  b.  No  portion  of  the  televised proceedings (either live or taped)
authorized pursuant to this section may be utilized for:
  (1) campaign or political purposes or to promote or  oppose  a  ballot
issue or the candidacy of any person for any elective office; or
  (2) any paid commercial advertisements.
  º  2.  The televised proceedings of sessions of the Senate as provided
for in section one of this Rule, in any form, shall be deemed the  prop-
erty of the New York State Senate.

            PERMANENT JOINT RULES OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY

                              JOINT RULE I

  Section  1.  Requirement  of  Fiscal Impact Notes. Fiscal impact notes
shall be required  for  all  bills  and  amendments,  other  than  those
excepted  as  provided in section four hereof, which would substantially
affect the revenues or expenses, or both, of  any  county,  city,  town,
village, school district or special district (hereinafter referred to as
"political  subdivisions").  For purposes of this Joint Rule and section
51 of the Legislative Law, the term  "special  district"  shall  mean  a
district  possessing  the  power  to  contract  indebtedness and levy or
require the levy of taxes or benefit assessments upon real property.
  º 2. Sufficiency and Contents of Fiscal Impact  Notes.  Fiscal  impact
notes  shall  be  deemed  sufficient  for purposes of this Joint Rule if
prepared in conformity with this section.
  A. Scope of fiscal estimates. Fiscal impact  upon  political  subdivi-
sions  shall be estimated on the basis of any one or more of the follow-
ing:
  (i) Individual political subdivisions; or
  (ii) Aggregates of political subdivisions (a) statewide or  by  lesser
geographic  area, or (b) by classification or subclassification of rele-
vant characteristics; or
  (iii) Representative political subdivisions with  relevant  character-
istics thereof quantitatively set forth, e.g., population, area, weight-
ed average daily attendance of pupils; or
  (iv) Any other appropriate, convenient or accessible grouping of poli-
tical subdivisions.
  B.  Units  of measurement. Fiscal impact measurements shall be made in
units of money, personal services, equipment, or any other  appropriate,
convenient or accessible units of measurement.
  C.  Negligible  Impact. A fiscal impact note filed by the sponsor of a
bill which states that the fiscal impact of the bill is negligible shall
be deemed to be in compliance with this Joint Rule.
  º 3. Procedure. A. (i) The Temporary President of the Senate  and  the
Speaker  of the Assembly shall each designate a person in such officer's
respective house to examine each bill in such house, without  regard  to
its  house  of  origin, for the purpose of ascertaining whether a fiscal
impact note is required pursuant to this Joint Rule, and if such note is
required, such person shall so notify the sponsor of such bill.
  (ii) The sponsor of such bill shall provide such fiscal impact note on
a separate form prescribed therefor by the Temporary  President  of  the
Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly jointly.
  (iii)  Such  fiscal  impact note shall state the source thereof, which
may be the sponsor; provided, however,  that  in  the  case  of  a  bill

proposed  by  a  state department or agency, such note shall be prepared
and furnished by such department or agency.
  (iv)  Such designated person in each house shall thereupon review each
fiscal impact note for compliance with  the  provisions  of  this  Joint
Rule.
  B.  No  bill  requiring  a fiscal impact note shall be reported to the
floor of the house unless accompanied by the appropriate  note  for  the
version  of  such  bill  so reported, except as provided in section four
hereof.
  C. If an amendment to a bill has a fiscal impact, the member  offering
such  amendment  shall  provide  the fiscal impact note required by such
amendment. If such amendment  prevails,  the  sponsor  shall  provide  a
fiscal  impact  note  for  the amended bill before final passage, unless
excepted pursuant to subdivision F of section four hereof.
  º 4. Exceptions. A fiscal impact note shall  not  be  required  for  a
bill:
  A. subject to the provisions of section 50 of the Legislative Law;
  B. requested by a county, city, town or village in accordance with the
provisions of paragraph two of subdivision (b) of section two of Article
IX of the Constitution;
  C. which provides discretionary authority to a political subdivision;
  D. submitted pursuant to section 24 of the State Finance Law;
  E.  reported to the floor of the House by the Rules Committee, if such
committee, in its discretion, determines that  such  action  is  in  the
public interest;
  F. which has been amended on the floor of either house, where a fiscal
impact  note would otherwise have been required for such amended bill by
this Joint Rule and section 51 of the Legislative Law, if the  Temporary
President of the Senate or the Speaker of the Assembly, respectively, in
such officer's discretion, determines that the amended bill may be acted
on in such officer's house without such note; or
  G.  which  inadvertently  passes the Legislature where a fiscal impact
note would otherwise have been required by this Joint Rule  and  section
51 of the Legislative Law.
  º 5. Effect of Inaccuracy. If the estimate or estimates contained in a
fiscal  impact  note  are  inaccurate, such inaccuracy shall not affect,
impair or invalidate such bill.
  º 6. Application. The provisions of this Joint  Rule  shall  apply  to
bills  and  amendments proposed for introduction at the nineteen hundred
eighty-five regular legislative session and permanently thereafter.

                              JOINT RULE II

  Section 1. Committee on Conference. The  Temporary  President  of  the
Senate  and  the  Speaker  of  the  Assembly may jointly convene a Joint
Committee on Conference to consider and report upon substantially  simi-
lar  but  not  identical  legislation  that has passed each House of the
Legislature. Such committee shall be constituted  by  the  filing  of  a
joint  certificate  by  the  Temporary  President  of the Senate and the
Speaker of the Assembly with the Secretary of the Senate and  the  Clerk
of  the  Assembly,  and shall consist of the same number of members from
each House. Unless otherwise provided in the certificate, there shall be
five members on such committee from each House to be  appointed  by  the
Temporary President of the Senate who shall appoint the members from the
Senate  and  the  Speaker  of the Assembly who shall appoint the members
from the Assembly; provided, however, that of each House's delegation at
least one member shall represent the minority in each House. The  Tempo-
rary  President of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly shall each

appoint a co-chairperson of the committee and such co-chairpersons shall
convene and recess meetings of the committee. Meetings jointly  convened
by  the  co-chairpersons shall be subject to the provisions of Article 7
of  the  Public  Officers Law. The committee shall file a written report
setting forth the joint recommendations of a majority  of  each  House's
delegation  with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the Assem-
bly or such other committees or officers as may  be  set  forth  in  the
certificate  and  such  report  may  include specific bill language that
would implement the joint committee's recommendations. No  report  shall
be  filed  except upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the members
of each House's delegation on the committee.

                             JOINT RULE III

  Section 1. Budget Consideration Schedule. In accordance  with  section
54-a  of  the  Legislative Law, within ten days of the submission of the
budget by the Governor pursuant to article VII of the Constitution,  the
Temporary  President of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly shall
promulgate a schedule of dates for  considering  and  acting  upon  such
submission.  Such  schedule  shall  include  the dates for those actions
required to be taken by the legislature pursuant to section  53  of  the
Legislative  Law,  dates  for the convening of a joint budget conference
committee or committees as provided herein, and a  date  by  which  such
committee or committees shall issue a final report or reports.
  º  2.  Joint  Budget  Conference Committee. In accordance with section
54-a of the Legislative Law, within ten days of the  submission  of  the
budget  by the Governor pursuant to article VII of the Constitution, the
Temporary President of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly  shall
jointly  establish a Joint Budget Conference Committee and, as they deem
necessary, any number of subcommittees subordinate to such Joint  Budget
Conference  Committee, to consider and reconcile such budget resolutions
or bills passed by, or as may be passed by,  the  Senate  and  Assembly.
Such   Joint  Budget  Conference  Committee  shall  be  constituted  and
conducted as prescribed in Joint Rule II  and  shall  file  its  written
report  in accord with the schedule established pursuant to section 1 of
this rule.

                              JOINT RULE IV

  Section 1. Joint Advisory  Board  on  Broadcast  of  State  Government
Proceedings.  The  Temporary  President of the Senate and the Speaker of
the Assembly shall convene  a  bi-partisan,  bi-cameral  joint  advisory
board  to oversee current and future broadcast of New York State Govern-
ment proceedings. This board shall consist  of  eight  members  of  whom
three shall be appointed by the Temporary President of the Senate, three
members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the Assembly and one member
shall  be  appointed by each of the minority leaders of each house.  The
appointments shall be of members of the respective houses of the  Legis-
lature.  The  Temporary  President  of the Senate and the Speaker of the
Assembly shall each appoint a co-chair of the board.
  º 2. Duties of the Joint Advisory  Board.  The  joint  advisory  board
shall  engage  in such activities as it deems necessary for the prepara-
tion and formulation of a report  to  review  the  efficacy  of  current
programming  and  explore future expansion of such to include additional
legislative and other governmental proceedings, as well as other related
public policy and educational material. The report shall include specif-
ic recommendations concerning the broadcast or webcast on  the  Internet
of  all  legislative  committee meetings. On or before November 1, 2009,

the report shall be submitted to the Temporary President of the  Senate,
the  Speaker  of the Assembly, the Minority Leader of the Senate and the
Minority Leader of the Assembly.

                      INDEX TO RULES OF THE SENATE

                                    A

ABSENTEES----- .................................................... Rule

  Censure or penalty for unexcused ........................... IX Sec. 7
  Excuse of .................................................. IX Sec. 1
  Suspension of unexcused ...................................  IX Sec. 7
  Securing presence of ....................................... IX Sec. 7
  Sergeant at arms may be sent for ..................... IX Sec. 2, sb a

ADJOURNMENT-----

  Limitation upon ........................................... XII Sec. 1
  Measure under consideration at ....................... IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Motion for, always in order, exceptions ............... V Sec. 8, sb b
  Debate not allowed on ................................. V Sec. 8, sb b
  One, only, in order after close of debate ............ IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Precedence of, when question pending .................. V Sec. 8, sb a
  Previous question .................................. V Sec. 8, sb a, d
  Reconsideration of, not in order ...................... V Sec. 9, sb a

ADMISSION TO FLOOR-----

  Persons entitled to ......................................... X Sec. 2
  Reporters entitled to ...................................... II Sec. 5
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb d
  Sergeant at arms to enforce rules respecting ............... IV Sec. 6
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb j

ALTER OR AMEND SENATE RULES (See "RULES OF SENATE")

AMENDMENTS-----

  Bills reported favorably, if amended to be reprinted ....... VI Sec. 3
  Constitutional, how treated .......................... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Filing of .......................................... VIII Sec. 4, sb a
  Germane, requirement respecting ...................... VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Matter added and eliminated by, how treated .......... VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Motion to amend by non-sponsor ........................... VIII Sec. 4
  Order of precedence of motion offering ................ V Sec. 8, sb a
  Pending, after debate, how vote taken ................ IX Sec. 3, sb e
  Preparation of ............................................. VI Sec. 4
  Proposed, to be filed with committee chairman ...... VIII Sec. 4, sb a
  Restoring bill to earlier form ............................. VI Sec. 3
  Third reading, allowed prior to completion of ...... VIII Sec. 4, sb a
  Two copies for introduction of ....................... VI Sec. 4, sb b

AMENDMENTS TO FEDERAL CONSTITUTION

(See "CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES")

AMENDMENTS TO STATE CONSTITUTION

(See "CONSTITUTION OF NEW YORK STATE")

APPEAL-----

  Decision of presiding officer subject to .................. III Sec. 1
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Motions or questions on, when not debatable ....... IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
  Second, not to be determined until original is decided IX Sec. 4, sb c

APPROPRIATIONS-----

  Employees provided for by, appointment of .................. IV Sec. 4
  Quorum required for certain bills making ............. IX Sec. 2, sb c
  Reconsideration of vote on bills making ............... V Sec. 9, sb b
  Reference of bills or resolutions providing for ........... VII Sec. 7
  Resolutions making, vote required .................... VI Sec. 9, sb d
  Vote required for certain bills making ............... IX Sec. 2, sb b

ASSEMBLY-----

  Bills, amended and returned by ........................... VIII Sec. 8
    Introduced by message from ............................... VI Sec. 1
    Recalled from, reconsideration of ................... V Sec. 9, sb a
    Substitution of, for Senate bills ...................... VIII Sec. 5
  Consent of, necessary for adjournment longer than two days  XII Sec. 1
  Messages from, shall be received at any time ................ V Sec. 4
  Resolution recalled from, reconsideration of .......... V Sec. 9, sb a
  Resolution recalling bill or resolution from ......... VI Sec. 9, sb a

AYES AND NAYS-----

  Final passage,to be taken on, and entered on journal.VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Five Senators may require "slow" roll call of ............. VII Sec. 6
                                                       VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Quorum, presence of, when determined by call of ...... IX Sec. 2, sb f

                                    B

BILLS-----

  Action on, Secretary's duty respecting ..................... IV Sec. 5
  Amended by restoring to earlier printed form ............... VI Sec. 3
  Amending Constitution, amendment and committal ....... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Amending existing laws, matter eliminated in brackets  VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Amending existing laws, new matter underscored ....... VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Amendments, how prepared ............................. VI Sec. 4, sb b
    Must be germane to original object of .............. VI Sec. 4, sb b
    Allowed any time prior to third reading .......... VIII Sec. 4, sb a
  Appropriating money, etc. ......................... IX Sec. 2, sb b, c
    Fiscal notes required ................................... VII Sec. 7
  Bill sections, requirements respecting ............... VI Sec. 4, sb a
  Budget bills, submission of, by Governor ................... VI Sec. 6
  Constitutional quorum on vote for certain ............ IX Sec. 2, sb c
    If absent retains place on calendar ................ IX Sec. 2, sb d
    Needed only for final passage ...................... IX Sec. 2, sb e
  Copies of, number required for introduction ................ VI Sec. 1
  Correction of, by revision clerk ........................... VI Sec. 1
  Daily calendar of .......................................... IV Sec. 5
  Debate on, generally ....................................... IX Sec. 3
  Desks of Senators, to be placed on ......................... VI Sec. 3

  Explanatory note to be appended to certain ........... VI Sec. 4, sb a
  Final date for introduction ................................ VI Sec. 5
  Final passage of, generally .............................. VIII Sec. 6
    Appropriating money, requirements for certain ... IX Sec. 2, sb b, c
    Appropriating money, when may be reconsidered ....... V Sec. 9, sb b
    Preparation for .................................. VIII Sec. 3, sb b
    Presiding officer to certify ............................ III Sec. 2
    Question on, not debatable after third reading ... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
    Question on, taken immediately after third reading VIII Sec. 6, sb b
    Quorum required for, certain bills ....................... IX Sec. 2
    Vote on, how taken ............................... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
    Vote required for, certain bills ......................... IX Sec. 2
    When declared lost ............................... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  "Home rule" requests necessary before bill passage .. VII Sec. 5, sb c
  Fiscal notes required, in certain cases ................... VII Sec. 7
  Illegible bills to be returned ....................... VI Sec. 4, sb a
  Introduction of ............................................ VI Sec. 1
    By Senator, committee, message, etc. ..................... VI Sec. 1
    Memos .................................................... VI Sec. 1
    Reading, first and second, prior to ...................... VI Sec. 1
    Two copies required for .................................. VI Sec. 1
    Time limit on ............................................ VI Sec. 5
  Jacketing of, by Jacketing Clerk ................... VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Laid aside, retain place, order of business ........... V Sec. 6, sb b
    Time restriction ................................. VIII Sec. 6, sb a
  Motions respecting (See "Motions")
  Multi-sponsorship .......................................... VI Sec. 2
  New matter, how shown ................................ VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Notice of public hearing on ............................... VII Sec. 4
  Official copy ...................................... VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Passage of, certification by presiding officer ............ III Sec. 2
  Passage of, certain requirements for final ............... VIII Sec. 1
  Petition out of committee, notice .......................... XI Sec. 3
  Printed immediately on introduction ........................ VI Sec. 3
  Program, departmental and agency,
    submitted to Temporary President ......................... VI Sec. 7
    Offered to Minority Leader ............................... VI Sec. 7
  Placed on bill files on desks of Senators .................. VI Sec. 3
  Private or local, one subject only, expressed in title ..... VI Sec. 4
  Public hearing on ......................................... VII Sec. 4
  Quorum, three-fifths, required for passage
    of certain ...................................... IX Sec. 2, sb c, e
    Reading, first and second ................................ VI Sec. 1
    Recalled from Assembly, etc., subject to certain rules . VIII Sec. 8
    For amendment, or amended by Assembly .................. VIII Sec. 8
    For reconsideration ................................. V Sec. 9, sb a
  Reconsideration of .......................................... V Sec. 9
    When not in order ................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
  Referred to Revision Clerk ................................. VI Sec. 1
  Referred to Jacketing Clerk ........................ VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Reintroduction for second year of term ..................... VI Sec. 8
  Repealing existing laws .................................... VI Sec. 4
  Report of committee to which bill referred ........ VII Sec. 5 sb a, b
  Reported favorably, with amendments, to be reprinted ....... VI Sec. 3
  Reprinting, when not complying with rules ............ VI Sec. 4, sb b
  Restored to earlier form, not to be reprinted .............. VI Sec. 3
  Revision Clerk shall return, if illegible ............ VI Sec. 4, sb a
  Special order, if incompleted, bill retains place ........... V Sec. 5

  Starred bills ............................................ VIII Sec. 7
  State department bills, last day for submission ............ VI Sec. 5
  Subject matter jurisdiction, primary, secondary ..... VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Substitution of Assembly bills ........................... VIII Sec. 5
  Third reading calendar, what constitutes ........... VIII Sec. 3, sb a
    Provisions regarding ............................. VIII Sec. 6, sb a
  Third reading, no amendments allowed on completion ofVIII Sec. 4, sb a
    Order of precedence ................................. V Sec. 6, sb a
  Three day rule, before passage ........................... VIII Sec. 1
  Three-fifths quorum required for passage of certain IX Sec. 2, sb c, e
  Three readings required before passage ............. VIII Sec. 2, sb a
  Time limit on introduction of .............................. VI Sec. 5
  Titles of, amending certain laws, what to contain .......... VI Sec. 4
  To amend Constitution, limitation on amendment ....... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Two-thirds vote required for passage of certain ... IX Sec. 2, sb b, e
  Two year "carry over" ...................................... VI Sec. 8
  Vetoed by Governor, vote for passage ................. IX Sec. 2, sb b

BUDGET BILLS (See also "APPROPRIATIONS")-----

  Consideration of ........................................... VI Sec. 6
  Reference of ............................................... VI Sec. 6

BUFFALO-----

  Amendments to charter of ............................. VI Sec. 4, sb a

BUSINESS-----

  Interruption of, prohibited .......................... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Invocation, daily .................................... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Journal to be read and approved, first business ....... V Sec. 3, sb a
  Order of .................................................... V Sec. 3
  Pledge of allegiance to the flag ...................... V Sec. 3, sb a
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Quorum necessary to do ................................ V Sec. 3, sb b
                                                         IX Sec. 2, sb a

                                    C

CALENDAR-----
  Bills, acted upon in their order on ................... V Sec. 6, sb a
    Certain, to retain place on ........................ IX Sec. 2, sb d
    Daily .................................................... IV Sec. 5
  General, how constituted .................................... V Sec. 6
  Resolutions, acted upon in their order on ............. V Sec. 3, sb b
                                                         VI Sec. 9, sb e
  Secretary's duty respecting bills on ....................... IV Sec. 5
  Special orders, when unfinished ............................. V Sec. 5
  Third reading, what bills to constitute ............ VIII Sec. 3, sb a

CALL OF SENATE-----

  Motion for, and order of precedence ................... V Sec. 8, sb b
  When may be ordered ........................................ IX Sec. 6
  When not in order .......................................... IX Sec. 6

CLOSE DEBATE, MOTION TO-----

  May be ordered on single motion, etc. .......... IX Sec. 3, sb d, e, f
  May embrace all pending motions or amendments ..... IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
  Motions in order after adoption of ................ IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
  Not amendable or debatable ........................... IX Sec. 3, sb d
  To be immediately put ................................ IX Sec. 3, sb d

COMMIT, MOTION TO-----

  Allowable after adoption of motion to close debate ... IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Order of precedence of certain ........................ V Sec. 8, sb a
  Until decided, precludes debate on main question ...... V Sec. 8, sb d

COMMITTEE-----

  Bills introduced on report of, to be referred to ........... VI Sec. 1
    Jurisdiction over, secondary, primary ............. VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Official hearings, testimony .............................. VII Sec. 4
  Petition, motion to ........................................ XI Sec. 2
    Notice required; exceptions .............................. XI Sec. 2
  Public hearing by, prior notice required .................. VII Sec. 4
  Report from, involving seat of Senator, always in order ..... V Sec. 4
  Report, disposition of .............................. VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Shall be entered upon journal ..................... VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Shall be made by majority of ...................... VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Shall be made directly to Committee on Rules, when  VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Committee presentations ........................... VII Sec. 3, sb d
    Motion for committee consideration ................ VII Sec. 3, sb e
    Committee oversight function ...................... VII Sec. 4, sb c
    Petition for a public hearing on a bill ........... VII Sec. 4, sb e

COMMITTEE ON CONFERENCE-----

  Joint Committee created .................................. PJR* Sec. 1
  * PJR = Permanent Joint Rule of Senate and Assembly

COMMITTEES-----

  Chairs of, appointment by Temporary President .............. II Sec. 2
  Deputy Majority Leader for Legislative Operations,
    ex officio member of all ................................ VII Sec. 1
  Deputy Minority Leader, ex officio member of all .......... VII Sec. 1
  Executive sessions, conduct ............ VII Sec. 3, sb a Par (5), (6)
    Minutes required; exception .......... VII Sec. 3, sb b Par (2), (3)
  Meeting of scheduled, open .......................... VII Sec. 3, sb a
    Minutes required; available to public  VII Sec. 3, sb b Par (1), (3)
  Members of, appointment by Temporary President ............. II Sec. 2
  Minority Leader, ex officio member of all ................. VII Sec. 1
  Select, reports of .................................... V Sec. 3, sb a
  Standing, list of, and number of members
    composing, continuing ................................... VII Sec. 1
    Special meetings, when may be held ........ VII Sec. 3, sb a Par (2)
    Temporary President, ex officio member of all ........... VII Sec. 1
    Vice President Pro Tempore, ex officio member of all .... VII Sec. 1

CONCURRENT RESOLUTION (See "RESOLUTIONS")

CONSTITUTION OF NEW YORK STATE-----

    Resolution to amend, amendment of, further reference to
    Attorney General ................................... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Amendment of, limitation on, after
    ordered to third reading ........................... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  After final passage, duty of Presiding Officer ............ III Sec. 2
  Final reading of, may be committed prior to .......... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Treated same as bill ................................. VI Sec. 9, sb c

CONSTITUTION OF UNITED STATES-----

  Resolutions ratifying amendment to ................... VI Sec. 9, sb c
    Duty of Presiding Officer upon final passage ............ III Sec. 2
    Must be germane to affairs of the state ............ VI Sec. 9, sb b

CONTEMPT-----

  Refusal of Senator to vote, may be deemed; exception . IX Sec. 1, sb a

                                    D

DEBATE-----

  Closing ........................................... IX Sec. 3, sb d, e
  Germane to the question .............................. IX Sec. 3, sb a
  Limitation upon speaking in ....................... IX Sec. 3, sb d, e
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb b
  Minority Leader may speak once after close of ........ IX Sec. 3, sb c
  Motion to close, when in order .............. IX Sec. 3, sb c, d, e, f
  What motions in order after adoption of ........... IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
  Question in, when may be divided ..................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
  Question not debatable, call of Senate ................ V Sec. 8, sb b
  Main question, until certain motions are decided ...... V Sec. 8, sb d
  Objections to reading paper other than petitions ..... IX Sec. 5, sb b
  Of presence of quorum ................................ IX Sec. 2, sb f
  On final passage ................................... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Priority of business .......................... V Sec. 3, sb a par (3)
  To adjourn ............................................ V Sec. 8, sb b
  To close debate ................................... IX Sec. 3, sb d, e
  To commit, when motion to close debate is pending .... IX Sec. 3, sb f
  To lay on table .................................... V Sec. 8, sb a, b
  Of order, after motion to close debate ............... IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Temporary President to close ......................... IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Vote taken after, with amendments pending ......... IX Sec. 3, sb e, f

DOORS OF SENATE-----

  Matters discussed when closed, to be kept secret ............ V Sec. 7
  Motion to close ............................................. V Sec. 7
    During discussion of, doors to remain shut ................ V Sec. 7
  Open except when public welfare requires secrecy ............ X Sec. 1

                                    E

EMPLOYEES-----

  Appointment of, generally .................................. IV Sec. 4
  Certain, to be appointed by Temporary President ............ II Sec. 4
  Duties of, generally ....................................... IV Sec. 4

EXECUTIVE SESSION-----

  Committee may call, certain cases ........... VII Sec. 3, sb a Par (5)
  When Senate shall go into ................................... V Sec. 7
    All to withdraw, except Senators, etc ..................... V Sec. 7

                                    F

FINANCE, STANDING COMMITTEE ON-----

  Certain bills and resolutions to be referred to ........... VII Sec. 7
  Fiscal notes, to keep file of bills requiring ............. VII Sec. 7
  Certain bills not to be reported without .................. VII Sec. 7
  Nominations by Governor, to be submitted to; exception .... VII Sec. 6

FISCAL NOTES-----

  Certain bills require ..................................... VII Sec. 7
  Contents of ............................................... VII Sec. 7
  Filing prior to report by committee ....................... VII Sec. 7
  Finance committee to maintain file of ..................... VII Sec. 7

FISCAL IMPACT NOTES-----

  Applicable for ......................................... PJR* I Sec. 6
  Exceptions to .......................................... PJR* I Sec. 4
  Inaccuracy, effect thereof ............................. PJR* I Sec. 5
  Procedure for .......................................... PJR* I Sec. 3
  Requirements for on bills and amendments ............... PJR* I Sec. 1
  Sufficiency and contents of ............................ PJR* I Sec. 2
  *PJR= Permanent Joint Rule of Senate and Assembly

FLOOR-----

  Admission to, persons entitled to ........................... X Sec. 2
  Reporters entitled to admission ............................ II Sec. 5
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb d
  Sergeant at arms to enforce rules respecting ............... IV Sec. 6
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb i
  Assistant Sergeant at arms, doorkeepers .................... IV Sec. 6
  Yielding, temporarily ................................ IX Sec. 4, sb b

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION-----

  Freedom of Information Law ................................ XIV Sec. 1

                                    G

GALLERIES-----

  Disturbance in, presiding officer may clear ............... III Sec. 1

GOVERNOR-----

  Admission to floor .................................... X Sec. 2, sb a
  Bills returned from, without approval, vote to repass  IX Sec. 2, sb b
  Budget bills submitted by .................................. VI Sec. 6
  Messages from, for passage of certain bills ......... VII Sec. 5, sb c

                                                             VIII Sec. 1
  Order of business of .......................... V Sec. 3, sb a Par (3)
    Shall be received at any time ............................. V Sec. 4
  Nominations sent by, reference and confirmation of ........ VII Sec. 6

                                    H

"HOME RULE" REQUESTS-----

  Requirement respecting, bill ........................ VII Sec. 5, sb c

                                    J

JACKETING CLERK-----

  Shall cause bills to be jacketed ................... VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Shall cause official copies readied ................ VIII Sec. 3, sb b

JOINT RULES-----

  Motion to amend, suspend, etc., requires
    written notice or unanimous consent ...................... XI Sec. 2
    Order of business in which received ...................... XI Sec. 2
    When to be made .......................................... XI Sec. 2
  Permanent joint rules of the Senate and Assembly
  (see *COMMITTEE ON CONFERENCE and/or FISCAL IMPACT NOTES)
  Vote required to amend, suspend, etc. ...................... XI Sec. 1

JOURNAL-----

  Correction of ......................................... V Sec. 3, sb a
  Executive and legislative proceedings to be in separate ..... V Sec. 1
  Question on final passage of bills to be entered on  VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Reading and approval of, first business ............... V Sec. 3, sb a
  Report of committee on bill, when entered upon ...... VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Roll Call .......................................... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Senate shall keep and publish ............................... V Sec. 1
  Senator's refusal to respond, to be entered on ....... IX Sec. 2, sb g
  To be printed, distributed, etc. ........................... IV Sec. 5

JUDICIARY, STANDING COMMITTEE ON-----

  Nominations referred to ................................... VII Sec. 6

                                    L

LEGISLATIVE LIBRARIAN ........................................ II Sec. 7

LEGISLATIVE LIBRARY .......................................... II Sec. 7

  Function of ................................................ II Sec. 7

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR (See also "PRESIDENT")-----

  Shall be President of Senate ................................ I Sec. 1
  Shall have only casting vote in Senate ...................... I Sec. 1

LIMITATION UPON SPEAKING (See "SPEAKING")-----

                                    M

MAJORITY-----

  Quorum is majority of senators elected ............... IX Sec. 2, sb a
  Reconsideration of certain bills requires ............. V Sec. 9, sb b
  Resolutions for expenditure of money, require ........ VI Sec. 9, sb d
  Suspension of rules requires ............................... XI Sec. 1

MESSAGES-----

  From Assembly, shall be received at any time ................ V Sec. 4
  From Governor, shall be received at any time ................ V Sec. 4
  For passage of certain bills ........................ VII Sec. 5, sb c
                                                             VIII Sec. 1
  Order of business of, from Governor, and Assembly ..... V Sec. 3, sb a

MINORITY LEADER-----

  Closing debate, may speak when ....................... IX Sec. 3, sb c
  Ex Officio member of all committees ....................... VII Sec. 1
  Resolutions, copies to be furnished to ............... VI Sec. 9, sb a
  Room, assignment of ........................................ II Sec. 6
  Seat in Senate chamber ..................................... II Sec. 6

MOTIONS-----

  For call of the Senate, after close of debate,
    one in order .................................... IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Always in order; exceptions ......................... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Not debatable ....................................... V Sec. 8, sb b
  Precedence of ......................................... V Sec. 8, sb a
  Previous question, of ................................. V Sec. 8, sb a
  Question pending, when, what motions in order ............... V Sec. 8
  To adjourn, after close of debate, one
    in order ........................................... IX Sec. 3, sb f
    Always in order; exceptions ......................... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Not debatable ....................................... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Not to be reconsidered .............................. V Sec. 9, sb a
  To adopt report of Committee on Rules, no other motion
    in order, until decided; exceptions ..................... VII Sec. 2
  To amend rule of Senate or joint rule, when in order ....... XI Sec. 1
  To certain day, precludes debate on main question ..... V Sec. 8, sb d
  To close debate, in order after bill, etc., considered
      two hours ....................................... IX Sec. 3, s b d
    May be ordered on single motion, series of
      motions, etc. ................................. IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
    May embrace all authorized motions,
      amendments, etc. .............................. IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
    No other motion in order until voted
      on; exceptions ................................ IX Sec. 3, sb e, f
    Not amendable or debatable ......................... IX Sec. 3, sb d
    Presiding Officer shall recognize Senator
      wishing to make .................................. IX Sec. 3, sb d
  To be immediately put ................................ IX Sec. 3, sb d
  To close doors, doors shall remain closed during
    discussion of ............................................. V Sec. 7
  To commit, after close of debate, one in order ....... IX Sec. 3, sb f

    Precludes debate on main question ................... V Sec. 8, sb d
    To select committee, order of precedence .... V Sec. 8, sb a Par (7)
    To standing committee, order of precedence .. V Sec. 8, sb a Par (6)
  To excuse from voting, to be decided by consent, ...two-thirds present
                                                         IX Sec. 1, sb b
  To lay on table, always in order; exceptions .......... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Not debatable ....................................... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Not to be reconsidered .............................. V Sec. 9, sb a
    To postpone to certain day, order of
    precedence .................................. V Sec. 8, sb a Par (5)
  To petition a bill, when out of order ................ VI Sec. 2, sb b
  To petition a bill or resolution out of committee .......... XI Sec. 2
    Agreement required ....................................... XI Sec. 2
    Notice required .......................................... XI Sec. 2
    When not in order ........................................ XI Sec. 2
  To reconsider, bill recalled from Assembly ............ V Sec. 9, sb a
    Not in order, when bill not in possession of Senate . V Sec. 9, sb a
    Vote necessary in certain cases ..................... V Sec. 9, sb b
    Vote to adjourn or lay on table, not in order ....... V Sec. 9, sb a
    When in order ....................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
    When required to be made ............................ V Sec. 9, sb a
    To refer, until decided, precludes debate on main question
                                                          V Sec. 8, sb d
  To rescind rule or Senate or joint rule, when in order ..... XI Sec. 1
  To substitute Assembly for Senate bill, when in order .... VIII Sec. 5
  To suspend rule of Senate or joint rule,
    Notice required .......................................... XI Sec. 2
    Vote required ............................................ XI Sec. 1
  Withdrawal of, before decision or amendment ........... V Sec. 8, sb c
  Written, may be required .............................. V Sec. 8, sb c

                                    N

NEW YORK, CITY OF-----

  Amendments to charter and administrative code of ..... VI Sec. 4, sb a

NOMINATIONS, CONFIRMATION BY SENATE .................... IX Sec. 4, sb a

NOMINATIONS BY GOVERNOR-----

  Reference and confirmation of ............................. VII Sec. 6

NOTICE; REQUIREMENTS RESPECTING-----
  Of motion to amend, suspend or rescind rules ............... XI Sec. 1
  Of motion to petition committee ............................ XI Sec. 2
  Of public hearings by committees .......................... VII Sec. 4

                                    O

OFFICERS-----

  Appointment of certain, by Temporary President ............. II Sec. 5
  Certain, to be present during executive sessions ............ V Sec. 7
    To keep secret proceedings of executive sessions .......... V Sec. 7
  Duties of, generally ....................................... IV Sec. 4
  Election of certain, by Senate ............................. IV Sec. 4
  Nominations of, sent by Governor, proceedings upon ........ VII Sec. 6

  State, communications and reports from, always in order ..... V Sec. 4
  Order of business of .................................. V Sec. 3, sb a
                                                                V Sec. 4

ORDER-----

  Of business ................................................. V Sec. 3
  Cellular phones, audible pagers; use prohibited ...... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Questions of, after motion to close debate,
  not debatable ........................................ IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Decision by presiding officer on, subject to appeal ....... III Sec. 1
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Senator called to, must take his seat ................ IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Senator out of, must not proceed without permission .. IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Words on which called to, must be taken in writing ... IX Sec. 4, sb c

                                    P

PAPERS, PETITIONS, MEMORIALS, ETC.-----

  Objection to reading of, how decided ................. IX Sec. 5, sb b
  Presented by Senator, shall be endorsed .............. IX Sec. 5, sb a

PASSAGE OF BILLS (See "BILLS")

PETITION BILL OR RESOLUTION OUT OF COMMITTEE-----

  Agreement required to ...................................... XI Sec. 2
  Motion to .................................................. XI Sec. 2
    Limitation on ............................................ XI Sec. 2
    Notice required .......................................... XI Sec. 2
    When not in order ........................................ XI Sec. 2

PETITIONS-----

  Endorsement of, required ............................. IX Sec. 5, sb a
  Presentation of, first order of business ...... V Sec. 3, sb a Par (1)
  Subject of, to be endorsed thereon ................... IX Sec. 5, sb a

POSTPONE-----

  To certain day, motion to, order of precedence ........ V Sec. 8, sb d
    Until decided, precludes debate on main question .... V Sec. 8, sb d

PRECEDENCE-----

  Of motions .................................................. V Sec. 8
  Of special order under consideration ........................ V Sec. 5
  Pending measure to have, after close of debate ....... IX Sec. 3, sb d

PRESIDENT-----

  Lieutenant Governor shall be ................................ I Sec. 1
  Vote, shall have only casting ............................... I Sec. 1

PRESIDING OFFICER-----

  Bills and certain resolutions, shall certify vote by

    which passed ............................................ III Sec. 2
  Debate, when shall declare closed .................... IX Sec. 3, sb c
  Debate, shall recognize Senator desiring to close .... IX Sec. 3, sb d
  Decisions, may assign reasons for, if appealed from ....... III Sec. 1
  Executive session, shall direct withdrawal of all except
    members, during ........................................... V Sec. 7
    Lobbies and galleries, may clear ........................ III Sec. 1
    Motions, may require to be reduced to writing ....... V Sec. 8, sb c
    Order, shall decide all questions of subject to appeal .. III Sec. 1
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Order and decorum, shall preserve ......................... III Sec. 1
  Passage of bills and certain resolutions, shall certify ... III Sec. 2
  Quorum, on questions of, shall direct calling of
    roll ............................................... IX Sec. 2, sb f
  Roll call, shall request Senator to respond at ....... IX Sec. 2, sb g
  Senate, shall take the chair at hour to which
    adjourned ........................................... V Sec. 3, sb a
  Senator to speak, when two or more address chair, to
    be named by ........................................ IX Sec. 4, sb b
  When other than President ................................. III Sec. 3

PRINTING OF BILLS-----

  General provisions relative to ............................. VI Sec. 3

PRIORITY OF BUSINESS-----

  Questions relating to, not debatable .......... V Sec. 3, sb b, par(3)

PRIVATE OR LOCAL BILLS-----

  "Home rule" message required before committee report  VII Sec. 5, sb c
  One subject, only, to be expressed in title ... VI Sec. 4, opening Par

PRIVILEGES OF THE FLOOR-----

  Persons entitled to ......................................... X Sec. 2
  Reporters entitled to ...................................... II Sec. 6
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb d

PUBLIC MONEYS-----

  Bills appropriating, limitation upon reconsideration .. V Sec. 9, sb b
    Referred to finance committee ........................... VII Sec. 7
    Three-fifths quorum necessary, passage of certain IX Sec. 2, sb c, e
    Vote necessary for passage of certain .............. IX Sec. 2, sb b
  Resolutions calling for expenditure of, how decided .. VI Sec. 9, sb d
  Reference to finance committee ............................ VII Sec. 7
  Vote necessary for passage ........................... VI Sec. 9, sb d

                                    Q

QUESTION-----

  Division of, in debate ............................... IX Sec. 3, sb b
  Germane to, under discussion ......................... IX Sec. 3, sb a
  Main, when debate precluded ........................... V Sec. 8, sb d
  Motion to reconsider, when in order ................... V Sec. 9, sb a

  Of priority of business, decided without debate V Sec. 3, sb b, par(3)
  Reconsideration of, allowed only once, limitations .......... V Sec. 9
  When before Senate, only certain motions in order ........... V Sec. 8
  When put and decided .................................. V Sec. 9, sb a

QUORUM-----

  Lack of, Senator not to be interrupted by question of  IX Sec. 2, sb f
  Majority of Senators elected constitute .............. IX Sec. 2, sb a
  Order of business, when necessary to proceed .......... V Sec. 3, sb b
    Presence of, how determined, not debatable ......... IX Sec. 2, sb f
    How secured ........................................ IX Sec. 2, sb a
    Question of, how often may be raised ............... IX Sec. 2, sb f
  Senator refusing to respond, counted present for ..... IX Sec. 2, sb g
  Three-fifths, required for passage of certain bills IX Sec. 2, sb c, e
    Bill retains place in absence of ................... IX Sec. 2, sb d
  When less than, convenes, absentees may be sent for .. IX Sec. 2, sb a

                                    R

RECOMMIT, MOTION TO-----

  Until decided, preclude debate on main question ....... V Sec. 8, sb d

RECONSIDERATION-----

  Motions for, bills recalled from Assembly ............. V Sec. 9, sb a
    Limitations upon .................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
    Time within which to be made ........................ V Sec. 9, sb a
    Vote necessary for certain .......................... V Sec. 9, sb b
    When in order ....................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
    When not in order ................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
  Question subject to, only once ........................ V Sec. 9, sb a
  Vote to adjourn or lay on table, not subject to ....... V Sec. 9, sb a

REFERENCE-----

  Bills, providing for appropriation ........................ VII Sec. 7
    To appropriate committee, upon introduction .............. VI Sec. 1
    To revision and jacketing clerks ................. VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Nominations ............................................... VII Sec. 6
  Resolutions providing for appropriations .................. VII Sec. 7

REPORTS-----

  Committee, certain, to be received at any time .............. V Sec. 4
    Majority of members necessary for ................. VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Order of business of ................................ V Sec. 3, sb a
  Expenditure .............................................. XIII Sec. 2
  From state officers ......................................... V Sec. 4

REPORTERS FOR NEWS MEDIA-----

  Admission to floor of Senate ............................... II Sec. 5
                                                          X Sec. 2, sb d

RESCIND RULES (See "RULES OF SENATE")-----

RESOLUTIONS-----

  Action on, Secretary's duty respecting ..................... IV Sec. 5
  Appropriating money, reference to finance committee ....... VII Sec. 7
  Federal law, must be germane to state ................ VI Sec. 9, sb b
    When out of order .................................. VI Sec. 9, sb b
  Introduction of, limitation upon ..................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
  Order of business of .................................. V Sec. 3, sb b
  Original, limitation upon introduction of ............ VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Copies to be supplied Temporary President and Minority
      Leader ........................................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
    To be in quadruplicate ............................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
  Petition from committee, notice ...................... XI Sec. 2, sb b
  Privileged, certain, always in order ................. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    Certain, regarded as privileged ..................... V Sec. 9, sb a
  Proposing amendment to Constitution, how treated ..... VI Sec. 9, sb c
    Passage certified by Presiding Officer .................. III Sec. 2
    Reference to Attorney General ...................... VI Sec. 9, sb c
  Reconsideration of, after out of possession of Senate . V Sec. 9, sb a
    Limitation upon ..................................... V Sec. 9, sb a
  Reference to committee; exceptions ................... VI Sec. 9, sb a
  Senator presenting, must endorse ..................... IX Sec. 5, sb a
  Vote necessary for certain, calling for
    expenditure of money ............................... VI Sec. 9, sb d

REVISION CLERK-----

  Multi-sponsorship .......................................... VI Sec. 2
  Shall receive, examine and correct bills ................... VI Sec. 1
  Shall return bills incorrectly prepared to introducer ................
                                                         VI Sec. 4, sb a

ROOMS OF SENATORS-----

  Assignment of .............................................. II Sec. 6

RULES-----

  Standing committee on .............................. VII Secs. 1, 2, 3
    Authority to introduce and refer bills ............ VII Sec. 5, sb a
    Consideration of report of, always in order ............. VII Sec. 2
    May sit at any time ..................................... VII Sec. 2
    Meeting of .............................................. VII Sec. 3
    Exclusion from certain provisions ................. VII Sec. 3, sb c
    News media, open to ....................... VII Sec. 3, sb a Par (3)
    Report from may be received at any time ................. VII Sec. 2
    Debate on adoption of ................................... VII Sec. 2
  Suspension, upon adoption of report of .................... VII Sec. 2

RULES OF SENATE (See also "MOTIONS")-----

  Bills and amendments not complying with ........... VI Sec. 4, sb a, b
  Breach of certain, any Senator may point out .......... X Sec. 2, sb i
  Motion to amend, suspend, etc. ............................. XI Sec. 2
    Notice required .......................................... XI Sec. 2
    Order of business in which received ......... V Sec. 3, sb b Par (3)
                                                               XI Sec. 2
    When to be made .......................................... XI Sec. 2

  Suspension, upon adoption of report of
  Rules Committee ........................................... VII Sec. 2
  Vote required to amend, suspend, etc. ...................... XI Sec. 1

                                    S

SEATS IN SENATE-----

  Assignment of .............................................. II Sec. 6

SECRETARY OF SENATE-----

  Assembly, shall deliver certain bills to ................... IV Sec. 5
  Bills, duties respecting action on certain ................. IV Sec. 5
    Direct Revision Clerk to cause certain to be amended VI Sec. 4, sb b
    General orders calendar of, shall prepare ................ IV Sec. 5
    Governor, shall present certain bills to ................. IV Sec. 5
    Journals, shall make entries respecting certain in ....... IV Sec. 5
    Presiding Officer shall deliver certain, to ............. III Sec. 2
  Budget bills to be given introductory number by ............ VI Sec. 6
  Committee hearings, notice to be announced by ............. VII Sec. 3
  Duties of, generally ....................................... IV Sec. 5
  Election of, by Senate ..................................... IV Sec. 4
  Executive business of Senate, to remain during .............. V Sec. 7
  General orders calendar, to print and distribute ........... IV Sec. 5
  Governor, shall present certain bills to ................... IV Sec. 5
  Journal, shall have printed, distributed, etc. ............. IV Sec. 5
  Motions, when written and delivered to ................ V Sec. 8, sb c
  Quorum, shall call roll on question of ............... IX Sec. 2, sb f
  Senate may choose .......................................... IV Sec. 4
  Stenographer, under direction of, copies of records from ... IV Sec. 7
  Term of .................................................... IV Sec. 4
  Third reading calendar, to print and distribute ............ IV Sec. 5

SENATE (See also "SENATORS")-----

  Admission to floor of ....................................... X Sec. 2
  Call of .................................................... IX Sec. 6
    Always in order; exceptions .............................. IX Sec. 6
    Not debatable ....................................... V Sec. 8, sb b
    Order of precedence ......................... V Sec. 8, sb a Par (2)
  Committees of ............................................. VII Sec. 1
  Doors of, to be kept open; exception ........................ X Sec. 1
  Executive session of ........................................ V Sec. 7
  Hours in session ............................................ V Sec. 2
  Journal, shall keep and publish ............................. V Sec. 1
  Motions received by, precedence of .......................... V Sec. 8
  Presiding Officer to call to order .......................... V Sec. 3
  Rules (see "RULES OF SENATE")
  Secretary, may be chosen by ................................ IV Sec. 4
  Sergeant at arms, may be chosen by ......................... IV Sec. 4
  Stenographer, may be chosen by ............................. IV Sec. 4
  Temporary President, shall be chosen by .................... II Sec. 1

SENATE CHAMBER-----

  Standing prohibited in certain areas .................. X Sec. 2, sb h
  Temporary President shall have general control over ........ II Sec. 6

SENATORS-----

  Absence of, may be punished ................................ IX Sec. 7
  Appeals of, from decision of Presiding Officer ............ III Sec. 1
                                                         IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Presiding Officer may assign reasons ...................... III Sec. 1
  Attendance of, call of Senate to secure .................... IX Sec. 6
  Other measures to secure, Temporary President or
  majority of elected ........................................ IX Sec. 7
  Bills must be placed on bill files on desks of ............. VI Sec. 3
  Business of Senate, not to interrupt ................. IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Called to order ...................................... IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Chairs of, not to be occupied by others ............... X Sec. 2, sb h
  Excused from voting, may state reasons ............... IX Sec. 1, sb b
  Executive session, shall keep secret proceedings of ......... V Sec. 7
  Explaining vote upon roll calls ...................... IX Sec. 3, sb e
  Floors, may yield temporarily ........................ IX Sec. 4, sb b
  Hours in session ............................................ V Sec. 2
  Limitation upon speaking during same day ............. IX Sec. 4, sb b
  List of bills etc., to be supplied with .................... IV Sec. 5
  Majority of elected, constitute quorum ............... IX Sec. 2, sb a
  Motions, may require in writing ....................... V Sec. 8, sb c
  Order of, during reading of journal .................. IX Sec. 4, sb a
  When Presiding Officer is putting question ........... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  While another Senator is speaking .................... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Out of order, shall not proceed ...................... IX Sec. 4, sb c
  Personal or pecuniary interest of, in outcome of vote ...... IX Sec. 1
  Papers presented by, must be endorsed ................ IX Sec. 5, sb a
  Presence of, during sessions required; exceptions .... IX Sec. 1, sb a
  Presiding, vested with powers of President ................ III Sec. 3
  Question, shall vote on each ......................... IX Sec. 1, sb a
  Quorum, raising question of .......................... IX Sec. 2, sb f
  Refusing to respond at roll call ..................... IX Sec. 2, sb g
  Refusing to vote deemed a contempt ................... IX Sec. 1, sb a
  Rising to debate, etc. ............................... IX Sec. 4, sb b
  Rooms of, assignment ....................................... II Sec. 6
  Seats of, assignment ....................................... II Sec. 6
  Speaking, limitation upon (See "SPEAKING")
  Statements, may make, in certain cases ............... IX Sec. 4, sb b
  Vote, may explain .................................... IX Sec. 3, sb e
    Vote, regularly assigned seat ...................... IX Sec. 1, sb a
    Not to, if financially interested ............... IX Sec. 1, sb a, b
    Refusal to, may be contempt ........................ IX Sec. 1, sb a
    Required to, unless excused ..................... IX Sec. 1, sb a, b
  Voting, motion to excuse from, granted by consent .... IX Sec. 1, sb b
  Funds for staffing ......................................... IX Sec. 8
  Resources .................................................. IX Sec. 9
  District offices .......................................... IX Sec. 10
  Allocation for community projects ......................... IX Sec. 11

SERGEANT AT ARMS -----

  Absentees, may be sent for ........................... IX Sec. 2, sb a
  Assistant Sergeant at Arms, doorkeepers, shall assign ...... IV Sec. 6
  Attendance of, upon sessions of Senate ..................... IV Sec. 6
  Hearings of Senate, maintain order ......................... IV Sec. 6
  Jurisdiction, under ........................................ IV Sec. 6
  Order, shall enforce, under direction of Presiding Officer . IV Sec. 6

  Privileges of floor, shall enforce rule respecting ......... IV Sec. 6
  Senate floor, to enforce rules respecting admission to  X Sec. 2, sb i
  Senate may choose .......................................... IV Sec. 4

SPEAKING-----

  Limitation upon ...................................... IX Sec. 4, sb a
  Statements allowed in certain cases .................. IX Sec. 4, sb b
  Vote, explanation of or to be excused ................ IX Sec. 1, sb b
                                                         IX Sec. 3, sb e

SPECIAL ORDERS----

  When not completed, to retain place ......................... V Sec. 5
  When under consideration, shall take precedence ............. V Sec. 5

STATE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES-----

  Bills recommended by, last day for introduction ............ VI Sec. 5
  Procedure for introduction purposes ........................ VI Sec. 7

STENOGRAPHER-----

  Attendance of, required at sessions of Senate .............. IV Sec. 7
  Debates of Senate .......................................... IV Sec. 7
  Public hearings, duties respecting ......................... IV Sec. 7
  Secretary of Senate, under direction of .................... IV Sec. 7
  Senate may choose .......................................... IV Sec. 4

SUBSTITUTION OF ASSEMBLY BILLS-----

  When in order ............................................ VIII Sec. 5

SUSPENSION OF THE RULES (See also "RULES OF SENATE")-----

  Motion for ................................................. XI Sec. 2
    To petition committee .................................... XI Sec. 3
    When in order ............................................ XI Sec. 3
    Notice required .................................... XI Sec. 2, sb b

                                    T

TELEVISING SESSION-----

  Statewide public broadcast ................................. XV Sec. 1
  Proprietary rights ......................................... XV Sec. 2

TEMPORARY PRESIDENT-----

  Attendance of Senators at sessions, secure ................. IX Sec. 7
  Bills, may designate last day for introduction ............. VI Sec. 5
    Final passage, duties regarding ........................ VIII Sec. 6
    Laid aside, duties respecting ....................... V Sec. 6, sb b
    May require further reference of certain ................ VII Sec. 7
    Program, departmental and agency bills, duties respecting  VI Sec. 7
    Secondary, referencing, requests for consideration  VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Chosen by Senate ........................................... II Sec. 1
  Committee reports, establish date for referral of all to Rules

                                                        VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Committees, member, ex officio, of all .............. VII Sec. 1, sb a
    Shall appoint chairs and members of all .................. II Sec. 2
    Shall establish set of guidelines for referral ........... VI Sec. 1
  Debate, may speak once ............................... IX Sec. 3, sb c
  Employees, may appoint certain ............................. II Sec. 4
  Expenditure reporting .................................... XIII Sec. 2
  Legal actions or proceedings ............................... II Sec. 8
  Legislative librarian, assistant ........................... II Sec. 7
  Majority leader, shall be .................................. II Sec. 1
  Motions, certain, may be made only by ..................... VII Sec. 2
                                                         IX Sec. 3, sb f
  Preside, when he shall ..................................... II Sec. 1
    Designation of other member to ........................... II Sec. 1
  Records of Senate, duties regarding ....................... XIV Sec. 1
  Reporters, shall designate those entitled
    to admission to floor .................................... II Sec. 5
    Resolutions, copies to be furnished to ............. VI Sec. 9, sb a
    May fix final day for introduction ....................... VI Sec. 5
  Rooms, assignment by ....................................... II Sec. 6
  Rules committee, shall be chairman of ...................... II Sec. 3
  Seat of, in Senate chamber ................................. II Sec. 6
  Senate chamber, etc., shall have general control over ...... II Sec. 6
  Senators to preside, designation by ........................ II Sec. 1

THIRD READING -----

  Amendment of bill allowed prior to completion of ... VIII Sec. 4, sb a
  Bills advanced to, to be jacketed .................. VIII Sec. 3, sb b
  Bills to have three readings ....................... VIII Sec. 2, sb a
  Calendar of bills on ............................... VIII Sec. 3, sb a
  List of, when to be laid aside ..................... VIII Sec. 6, sb a
  Question to be taken immediately after ............. VIII Sec. 2, sb b

THREE-FIFTHS QUORUM-----

  Bills requiring, for final passage ................ IX Sec. 2, sb c, e
    Not required except for final passage .............. IX Sec. 2, sb e
    To retain place on calendar, if absent ............. IX Sec. 2, sb d

TITLES OF BILLS-----

  Amending certain laws, what to contain ..................... VI Sec. 4

TWO-THIRDS VOTE (See "VOTE")-----

                                    V

VETO-----

  Two-thirds vote necessary to pass after .............. IX Sec. 2, sb b

VOTE-----

  Bills lost unless receiving required ............... VIII Sec. 6, sb b
  Committee reports required majority, of committee ... VII Sec. 5, sb a
  Explanation of (See "VOTING")
  Majority, of all Senators elected, necessary to pass certain resolutions

                                                         VI Sec. 9, sb d
    To reconsider vote on certain bills ................. V Sec. 9, sb b
    To suspend rules ......................................... XI Sec. 1
  Majority, of Senators present, necessary to close debatIX Sec. 3, sb d
    To consider executive business ............................ V Sec. 7
    To reconsider, on certain bills ..................... V Sec. 9, sb b
  Reconsideration of .......................................... V Sec. 9
  Senators shall, unless excused ....................... IX Sec. 1, sb a
  Two-thirds, of all Senators elected necessary to pass bills after veto
                                                         IX Sec. 2, sb b
  Two-thirds, of all Senators elected necessary to pass certain bills
                                                         IX Sec. 2, sb b
  Bills to retain place on calendar if absent .......... IX Sec. 2, sb d

VOTING-----

  Excused from ......................................... IX Sec. 1, sb b
  Explanation of ....................................... IX Sec. 3, sb e

                                    W

WITHDRAWAL OF MOTION-----

  When in order ......................................... V Sec. 8, sb b

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