Bill S1290-2013

Relates to training and education for sustainable wage jobs and traditional and nontraditional employment in public assistance employment programs

Relates to training and education for sustainable wage jobs and traditional and non-traditional employment in public assistance employment programs.

Details

Actions

  • Jan 8, 2014: REFERRED TO SOCIAL SERVICES
  • Jan 9, 2013: REFERRED TO SOCIAL SERVICES

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S1290

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the social services law, in relation to training and education for sustainable wage jobs and traditional and nontraditional employment in public assistance employment programs

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section 1 defines "nontraditional employment" and "sustainable wage."

Section 2 requires that local social services district plans-for public assistance employment programs emphasize training for sustainable wage jobs and promote understanding of nontraditional employment opportunities for participants.

Section 3 requires that participant orientations include information on education and training for sustainable wage jobs and non-traditional employment opportunities available under the local plan.

Sections 4 and 5 require participant employability plans to take into account the potential for available employment that pays a sustainable wage such as apprentice-able, technical and professional occupations and nontraditional employment.

JUSTIFICATION: In the rush to reduce welfare rolls under federal welfare reform, many welfare recipients have been placed in low-paying jobs. In particular, initial studies of women moving from welfare to work indicate that the vast majority of women move into jobs that do not lift them and their children out of poverty. These jobs are typically in industries, such as food service and home health care, which are traditionally populated by women workers.

A 2001 study of job training for low-income people, particularly women leaving welfare, found a clear pattern of gender segregation in job training referral and placements. Programs training for jobs as bank teller and nail technician had 100% female enrollment, while programs training for higher paying jobs such as appliance technician and automotive technician had overwhelming male enrollments.

Overall, women comprise 25% or less of total workers in many fields, such as skilled trade occupations - carpenter, electrician, millwright, plumber, sheet metal worker; technical jobs drafter, rigger, computer technician; service jobs - taxi driver, furniture mover and truck driver; public service jobs, such as firefighter, police officer and ambulance driver, and professions chemist, aerospace engineer, and city manager.

Nontraditional employment can help women achieve economic independence: nontraditional jobs offer women wages paying 20% to 30% more on average than traditionally female occupations, as well as good benefits and opportunities for advancement.

As welfare reform continues, increased emphasis needs to be placed on services that will move participants into sustainable wage jobs to permanently lift families out of poverty, and prevent them from cycling in and out of dependence on public assistance. This becomes especially critical as the 60 month lifetime limit for federally-funded public assistance is reached. For women in particular, a crucial but underutilized route to a sustainable wage job is through nontraditional employment. The provisions of this bill will ensure that local social services districts increase their emphasis on counseling, education and training for nontraditional employment and sustainable wage jobs.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2007: A.3366/S.3201 Veto #94; 2008: A.9197-A/S.6256-A; 2009/2010: S.2098-A, Died in Committee 2011-2012: S.72 Died in Committee

EFFECTIVE DATE: The one hundred twentieth day after it shall have become law and shall apply to employability plans made or updated on and after such effective date.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 1290 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sen. MONTGOMERY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Social Services AN ACT to amend the social services law, in relation to training and education for sustainable wage jobs and traditional and nontraditional employment in public assistance employment programs THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivision 1 of section 330 of the social services law, as amended by section 148 of part B of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, paragraphs a and b as amended by section 2 of part C of chapter 57 of the laws of 2005, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever used in this title: a. the term "commissioner" means the commissioner of the state office of temporary and disability assistance; [and] b. the term "department" means the state office of temporary and disa- bility assistance; C. THE TERM "NONTRADITIONAL EMPLOYMENT" MEANS OCCUPATIONS OR FIELDS OF WORK, INCLUDING CAREERS IN THE SKILLED TRADES, OR COMPUTER SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND OTHER EMERGING HIGH SKILL OCCUPATIONS, FOR WHICH ANY ONE GENDER COMPRISES LESS THAN TWENTY-FIVE PERCENT OF THE INDIVIDUALS EMPLOYED IN EACH SUCH OCCUPATION OR FIELD OF WORK ACCORDING TO FEDERAL DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATISTICS; AND D. THE TERM "SUSTAINABLE WAGE" MEANS A WAGE THAT IS AT LEAST ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE PERCENT OF THE POVERTY LINE AND THAT IS ADJUSTED FOR REGIONAL FACTORS. S 2. The second undesignated paragraph of section 333 of the social services law, as amended by section 148 of part B of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows: Such plan shall be developed in cooperation and coordination with public and private education institutions, child care providers, child
care resource and referral agencies if available in the district, labor unions, libraries, public and private employers, employment and training agencies and organizations, and private industry councils established in service delivery areas defined in subdivision five of section nine hundred seventy-one of the executive law. SUCH PLAN SHALL STRONGLY CONSIDER, FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE OBTAINED A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR A GENERAL EQUIVALENCY DIPLOMA (GED), TRAINING FOR SUSTAINABLE WAGE JOBS AND PROMOTE NONTRADITIONAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR SUCH PARTIC- IPANTS; PROVIDED THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL'S PREPARATION FOR EMPLOYMENT SHALL BE CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL AND STATE WORK PARTICIPATION REQUIREMENTS. S 3. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 1 of section 334 of the social services law, as amended by section 148 of part B of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows: (a) education, employment and training opportunities available under the local plan, including: (I) EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR SUSTAINABLE WAGE JOBS AND NONTRADITIONAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES; AND (II) educa- tional and training opportunities available at no cost to the partic- ipant as well as the responsibilities associated with the repayment of student financial aid; S 4. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 of section 335 of the social services law, as amended by section 148 of part B of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows: (a) Based on the assessment required by subdivision one of this section, the social services official, in consultation with the partic- ipant, shall develop an employability plan in writing which shall set forth the services that will be provided by the social services offi- cial, including but not limited to child care and other services and the activities in which the participant will take part, including child care and other services and shall set forth an employment goal for the participant. To the extent possible, the employability plan shall reflect the preferences of the participant in a manner that is consist- ent with the results of the participant's assessment and the need of the social services district to meet federal and state work activity partic- ipation requirements, and, if such preferences cannot be accommodated, the reasons shall be specified in the employability plan. The employa- bility plan shall also take into account the participant's supportive services needs, available program resources, local employment opportu- nities, AND SHALL STRONGLY CONSIDER, FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE OBTAINED A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR A GENERAL EQUIVALENCY DIPLOMA (GED), THE POTEN- TIAL FOR AVAILABLE EMPLOYMENT THAT PAYS A SUSTAINABLE WAGE; PROVIDED THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL'S PREPARATION FOR EMPLOYMENT SHALL BE CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL AND STATE WORK PARTICIPATION REQUIREMENTS; and where the social services official is considering an educational activity assign- ment for such participant, the participant's liability for student loans, grants and scholarship awards. The employability plan shall be explained to the participant. Any change to the participant's employa- bility plan required by the social services official shall be discussed with the participant and shall be documented in writing. S 5. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 of section 335-a of the social services law, as amended by section 148 of part B of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows: (a) Based on the assessment required by subdivision one of this section, the social services official, in consultation with the partic- ipant, shall develop an employability plan in writing which shall set forth the services that will be provided by the social services official and the activities in which the participant will take part, including
supportive services and shall set forth an employment goal for the participant. A local social services district may assign recipients in households without dependent children to any activity. The employability plan also shall take into account the participant's supportive services needs, available program resources, local employment opportunities, AND SHALL STRONGLY CONSIDER, FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE OBTAINED A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR A GENERAL EQUIVALENCY DIPLOMA (GED), THE POTENTIAL FOR AVAIL- ABLE EMPLOYMENT THAT PAYS A SUSTAINABLE WAGE; PROVIDED THAT ANY INDIVID- UAL'S PREPARATION FOR EMPLOYMENT SHALL BE CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL AND STATE WORK PARTICIPATION REQUIREMENTS; and where the social services official is considering an educational activity assignment for such participant, the participant's liability for student loans, grants and scholarship awards. The employability plan shall be explained to the participant. Any change to the participant's employability plan required by the social services official shall be discussed with the participant and shall be documented in writing. S 6. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after it shall have become a law, and shall apply to employability plans made or updated on and after such effective date.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.

Discuss!

blog comments powered by Disqus