Bill S1776-2013

Relates to promoting understanding, awareness and enforcement of animal crimes laws; repealer

Relates to promoting understanding, awareness and enforcement of animal crime laws.

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  • Jan 9, 2013: REFERRED TO AGRICULTURE

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BILL NUMBER:S1776

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the agriculture and markets law and the penal law, in relation to promoting understanding, awareness and enforcement of animal crimes laws; and to repeal sections 351, 353, 353-a, 353-b, 353-d, 355, 360, 361, 362 and subdivision 8 of section 374 of the agriculture and markets law relating thereto

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF THE BILL: This bill seeks to clarify, modernize, and restructure the animal crimes laws of New York State. It does so by transplanting certain sections of the Agriculture and Markets Law into the Penal Law, re-defining statutory terms, re-titling animal crimes offenses, altering the classification of certain animal crimes offenses, delineating specific sentencing provisions for animal crimp. offenses, introducing various new animal crimes offenses. Additionally, this bill serves to create a hierarchy of offenses for charging, plea-bargaining, and cross-referencing purposes. Finally, this bill serves to address and rectify the many antiquated passages, vague definitions and concepts, and outmoded language contained in the current Agriculture and Markets statutes. Ultimately, the purpose of this bill is to promote sound enforcement and consistent interpretation of animal crimes by members of law enforcement and the court system.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Article 26 of the Agriculture and Markets Law is amended by removing the most common patrol-scenario provisions. These provisions are transplanted into a new Penal Law Title (Q), discussed below. Additionally, Article 26 is generally amended to incorporate appropriate cross-referencing provisions.

The existing section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law is modified by adding subdivision 6, which provides the definition of an "animal cruelty offense;" a term used to help define the scope of various other proposed and existing statutes involving evidence collection, animal disposition, and sentencing. The term also goes beyond enumerated crimes to include any offense by which an animal is victimized (e.g. reckless endangerment of property; criminal mischief). The existing section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law is further modified adding subdivision 7, which provides the definition of a "duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals," which is a cross-reference to the provisions providing for the creation and powers of such entity as contained in the not-for-profit corporation law.

The existing sections 351, 353, 353-a, 355, 360, 361, and 362 of the Agriculture and Markets Law are removed entirely and variations of these statutes appear in the proposed Penal Law Title Q. Sections 353-b and 353-d are removed and inserted verbatim in the proposed Penal Law Title Q.

The existing sections 369 and 371 of the Agriculture and Markets Law are given language which helps to incorporate them and otherwise make them applicable to the provisions of the proposed Penal Law Title Q.

The existing subdivision 6 of section 373 of the Agriculture and Markets Law is amended to add other agencies to qualify as impounding

organizations for the purposes of petitioning for a security bond in order to obtain reasonable boarding expenses pending criminal litigation. The addition of the other agencies comports with the fact that these agencies may become responsible for the impound if the animal were seized or impounded pursuant to a search warrant obtained under article 690 of the criminal procedure law. For consistency, the term "impounding organization" is further regularized in later subsections of subdivision 6.

The existing section 374 of the Agriculture and Markets Law is modified by detaching the special sentencing provisions contained, but somewhat obscured by their placement in subdivision 8. These special sentencing provisions are moved to a new section, 380, which makes cross-referencing to these provisions much easier. Additionally, the special sentencing provisions are made to apply to all "animal cruelty offenses" (as that term is now defined in the proposed subdivision 6 of section 350), instead of continuing an itemized listing of applicable statutes. The proposed section 380 of the Agriculture and Markets Law then reorganizes the special sentencing provisions into subdivisions for greater clarity.

Finally, subdivisions 1, 2, and 6 of section 380 add language which would permit the court to order forfeiture of the animal to an animal shelter, pound, sheriff, police officer, or district attorney, in addition to a society for the prevention of cruelty to animals. As the law is currently written, it stands to limit the forfeiture to a society for the prevention of cruelty to animals only, which may cause problems if either the society is overwhelmed or overburdened with animal wards at that point in time or if the county is without such a society. The presence of a such a society is not mandated by law. By incorporating additional law enforcement entities and animal shelters, there would be additional outlets for animal placement.

Subdivision 3 of the proposed section 380 eliminates the wording "or any person dwelling in the same household who conspired, aided or abetted in the unlawful act which was the basis of the conviction, or who knew or should have known of the unlawful act." This is due to the simple fact that this present language, if acted upon, would constitute a gross violation of the due process rights on an unaccused party that is not under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court. If, indeed, there were such a person, that person would have been or should have been separately charged under accomplice liability or otherwise, and received an individual determination under section 380. Subdivision 5, which represents a possible sale restriction for farm animals, is likewise modified to eliminate possible constitutional concerns. The language is amended to reflect a possible court restriction on sale or transfer to a charged, but not adjudicated, co-defendant or co-conspirator.

Additionally, language has been added to subdivision 3 in an effort to alleviate the constitutional cloud over the term "reasonable. " The language and criteria is thusly elaborated: "In making its determination of what period of time is reasonable, the court shall take into account the totality of the circumstances before it and be bound to no single factor. Such order must be in writing and specifically state the period of time imposed."

Subdivision 4 of the proposed section 380 adds the term "used" in regards to scientific testing. As the language of section 374 stands presently, the absence of this term is an oversight that would permit the shelter, pound, or duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals to experiment on the animals themselves, while prohibiting their sale or transfer for that purpose.

The gravamen of the bill is the amendment of the Penal Law by adding a new Title Q, which is comprised of animal cruelty offenses and largely based upon the former provisions of Article 2,5 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. The Title consists of a new Article 280, which is captioned "Offenses against Animals."

Section 280.00 is introduced to the Penal Law and contains the bulk of the definitions for the proposed Article 280. Subdivision 1 is a verbatim reproduction of subdivision 1 of section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 2 is a reproduction of subdivision 2 of section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law with an important addition that serves to outsource clutter from the proposed section 280.20. This additional language is based on passages from the existing section 353 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Importantly, the definitions of "cruelty" and "torture," which appeared together in subdivision 2 of section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Laws, are now severed. The definition of "torture" now appears in subdivision 4 of the proposed definitions section and derives entirely from a segment of the present definition of "aggravated cruelty," as that term currently appears in section 353-a of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 3 is a near-verbatim reproduction of language found in subdivision 1 of section 353-a of the Agriculture and Markets Law, the only difference being the aforementioned severance of verbiage which is transferred as the definition of the term "torture." Subdivision 5 is based up on subdivision 3 of section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 6 is a near-verbatim reproduction of subdivision 4 of section 350f the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 7 is a near-verbatim reproduction of subdivision 5 of section 350 of the Agriculture and Markets Law with a minor change in sequencing on the second couplet of "companion animal "or "pet." Subdivision 8 is a verbatim reproduction of language which appears in subdivision 1 of section 351 of the Agriculture and. Markets Law. Subdivision 9 was composed to provide a concrete definition of "abandons" as that term is used in the proposed section 280.20 of the Penal Law. Subdivision 10 provides a definition of "restrain" and was substantially based on subdivision 1 of section 135.00 of the Penal Law. Subdivision 11 provides a definition of "abduct" and was substantially based on subdivision 2 of the section 135.00 of the Penal Law.

Section 280.05 is introduced as one of two statutes taken from section 351 of the Agriculture a ad Markets Law. The current section 351 of the Agriculture and Markets Law covers multiple crimes, both misdemeanors and felonies. This bill splits the conglomerate into two separate statutes, Section 280.05 and Section 280.10, for clarity and comprehensibility. Subdivision 1 of section 280.05 is based on subparagraph (e) of subdivision 2 of section 351 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 2 of section 280.05 is loosely based on subparagraph (b) of subdivision 4 of section 351 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, but modifies the measure component for clarity of

what is required for commission of the offense. Section 280.10 is introduced to replace the felony components of section 351 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. It is a substantial reproduction of the statute, with few structural changes. Subdivision 3 of section 280.10 amends its predecessor statute with the inclusion of the word "transfers" which was a broad oversight in previous drafting. Subdivision 5 of section 280.10 is amended to remove a troublesome element involving the proof of training of the by-standing animal such animal possibly being a "bait animal" which was not trained to fight.

It is notable that, pursuant to section 160.10 of the Criminal Procedure Law, the transplant of the misdemeanor portion of animal fighting to the Penal Law causes this offense to now be a printable offense for law enforcement (the same can be said for all transplanted agriculture and markets law misdemeanors). As it currently stands, a violation of subparagraph (b) of subdivision 3 of section 351 (misdemeanor animal fighting) is not a printable offense for purposes of Article 160 of the Criminal Procedure Law, which is another major oversight in the existing legislative drafting. Finally, as crimes in the Penal Law must be classified pursuant to Title E, Article 55, the misdemeanor component of animal fighting, now housed in section 280.05, is designated as a class A misdemeanor and the felony component of animal fighting, now housed in section 280.10, is designated as a class D felony. The special fine schedules, which were previously enacted for animal fighting, are retained by enacting an authorized dispositions section, contained in section 60.22 of the Penal Law.

Section 280.20 is introduced to replace various components of sections 353, 355, and 360 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 1 outlines the standard of care to be provided by an owner, possessor, custodian, or caregiver of an animal. The vague term "sustenance," as it appeared in section 353 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, with the un-codified case law definition on that term (i.e. "food, drink, veterinary care, or shelter adequate to maintain the animal's health and comfort"), provided in a litany of cases that include, but is not limited to People v. Richardson, 15 Misc. 3d 138A (App. Term 9th & 10th Jud. Dist. 2007) and People v. Mahoney, 9 Misc.3d 101 (App. Term 9th & 10th Jud. Dist. 2008). Apart from codification, the terms "food" and "drink" are replaced by the more modem concepts of "nutrition" and "hydration." The former presence of "necessary" in section 353 of the agriculture and markets law (i.e. "necessary sustenance"), is replaced with the expanded provision of adequacy The adequacy of all four elements - nutrition, hydration, veterinary care, and shelter - is required.

Subdivision 2 is based upon section 355 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, except that duplicative language is dropped after the first clause regarding abandonment. "Abandons" is defined in the revised subdivision (9) of section 280.00.

Subdivision 3 outlines the standard of care to be applied to animals in general, regardless of personal connection, and pulls heavily on the enhanced definition of "cruelty" as it appears in subdivision 2 of the proposed section 280.00. It is a successor-clause to the existing final clause of section 353 of the agriculture and markets law. The term "willfully," however, was relaxed to "knowingly," which more

clearly comports with the expansion of the term "cruelty," both as currently defined and under the proposed definition.

Subdivision 4 is based on section 360 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, with structural changes for clarity and a mental intent to injure added.

Section 280.25 is introduced to replace section 353 -a of the Agriculture and Markets Law. It differs from section 353-a of the Agriculture and Markets Law in that it enhances the classification and punishment on the proscribed conduct a violation of section 280.25 is a class. D felony, whereas a violation of section 353-a of the Agriculture and Markets Law is an unclassified felony with a limited sentencing range (a 80called "E Minus" felony). The section is re-titled to match its counterpart, section 280.20. The definition of the term "aggravated cruelty," as it appears in section 280.25, appears in section 280.00, and it amended to split acts of torture from acts of cruelty. The practical effect is negligible as both definitions remain under the force of the statute.

Subdivisions 1 and 2 are based upon language in subdivision 1 of section 353-a of the Agriculture and Markets Law, however, they are worded more akin to assault and homicide statutes elsewhere in the penal law. Subdivision 3 of section 280.25 proposes a sanction for acts of "aggravated cruelty" and "torture" committed against any animal and not just "companion animals" which is long overdue and based upon the sentiment that this law should be meant to focus on the extremely disturbing conduct of an individual and not the human emotion or affection towards the affected animal. Whether the individual sadistically tortured a wild turtle or a pet turtle, the criminal sanction on that type of behavior should be the same. Subdivision 4 is based upon provisions found in the existing section 360 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Subdivision 5 is an additional sanction for repeat offenders of section 280.20, modeled after statutory language which appears elsewhere in the Penal Law.

Section 280.30 is based loosely on the existing section 361 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. The new statute is re-titled for clarity and serves to enhance the penalty for interference with competitive or exhibited animals. The term "domestic," which had no definition, was removed as its inclusion had de minimis practicality or legal significance.

Section 280.35 is introduced to subsume and rectify the constitutional problems with the existing section 362 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, The existing section 362 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, as written, effectively makes littering a misdemeanor, has an incorrectly-positioned mens rea, and is not often used. Section 280.35 incorporates certain language from subdivision 7 of section 240.20 of the Penal Law to adjust for the mens rea of the statute. It also more appropriately categorizes the offense as a violation, which is intended play a crucial role in any plea bargaining of animal offenses and serve as a lesser-included offense of the various provisions of Article 280. Subdivision 1 acts as a "catch-all" provision that bridges the gap between non-culpability and conduct which violates section 280.20. Subdivision 2 incorporates language from section 362 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, but clarifies the mens rea,

obviating constitutional concerns. As a violation-level offense, a perpetrator could be subjected to fifteen days incarceration, in addition to other sentencing possibilities, the most notable of which are the special sentencing provisions in the proposed section 380 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, discussed above.

Sections 280.40, 280.45, and 280.50 are introduced to allow prosecution in the event of unlawful restraint or taking of an animal. Currently, the only other statutes designed to cover this type of conduct are the larceny provisions contained in Article 155 of the Penal Law. As society is moving away from treating pets as chattel or property, statutes need to adjust for the humanistic approach to prosecution. These sections must be read in conjunction with the definitions of "restrains" and "abducts," which are listed in the proposed section 280.00. Section 280.40 is based upon language found in section 135.05 of the Penal Law. Section 280.45 is based upon language found in section 135.20 of the Penal Law. Section 280.50 is based upon language found in 135.25 of the Penal Law. The classification of these crimes, as proposed, would greatly enhance the penalty for such conduct. For example, currently, an individual who steals another person's adopted non-purebred dog, drives it to a far away location, and leaves it there to die, could only be charged with petit larceny, in violation of section 155.25 of the Penal Law, and Abandonment of Animals, in violation of section 355 of the Agriculture and Markets Law. Both of those crimes are class A misdemeanors. The proposed section 280.50 would potentially make the same conduct punishable as a class D felony.

Section 280.55 contains a presumption applicable to prosecutions of sections 280.40.280.45; and 280.50.

Sections 280.60 and 280.65 are verbatim reproductions of the current sections 353-b and 353-d of the Agriculture and Markets Law, respectively.

Section 280.70 is a verbatim reproduction of the current section 367 of the Agriculture and Markets Law.

Section 280.75 is a cross-referencing tool to the evidentiary, disposition, and care provisions which appear in various sections of the Agriculture and Markets Law.

Section 280.80 is an important cross-referencing tool to ensure that the courts are empowered to sentence in accordance with the special needs of an animal cruelty prosecution.

Section ten of this bill contains a proposed section 60,22 of the Penal Law, which is the vehicle by which the special fine sentencing provisions enacted for animal fighting, under the current section 351 of the Agriculture and Markets Law, survive the transfer to the Penal Law.

Section eleven modifies paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 70.02 of the Penal Law to incorporate select provisions of the proposed "animal cruelty in the first degree," in violation of proposed section 280.25, into the list of violent felony offenses. The excluded provisions are the aggregation offense for twice

violating animal cruelty in the second degree (subdivision 5) and the aggravating-factor poisoning offense (subdivision 4).

Section twelve of this bill modifies section 195.06 of the Penal Law to enhance the offense classification and penalty for killing or injuring a police animal. A violation of this section would now be a class D felony, which comports this statute to the level of offense of Animal Cruelty in the First Degree, under the proposed section 280.25 of the Penal Law.

Section thirteen of this bill modifies section 195.11 of the Penal Law to enhance the offense classification and penalty for harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree. A violation of this section would now be a class A misdemeanor, which comports this statute to the level of offense of Animal Cruelty in the Second Degree, under the proposed section 280.20 of the Penal Law (or the existing offense of Overdriving, torturing and injuring animals; failure to provide proper sustenance, under section 353 of the Agriculture and Markets Law).

Section fourteen of this bill modifies section 195.12 of the Penal Law to enhance the offense classification and penalty for harming and animals trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree. A violation of this section would now be a class E felony.

Section fifteen of this bill modifies subdivision 2 of section 265.01 of the Penal Law in two ways. Firstly, it converts it to gender neutrality. Secondly, it adds animals as a protected class against unlawful weapon use. This will be particularly helpful for law enforcement where there is clear evidence of a beating with an instrument but, due to unfamiliarity with field examinations of animals for injury, a charge can be made upon implementation alone.

JUSTIFICATION: This bill markedly improves the accessibility and comprehensibility of animal crime statutes, thereby promoting enforcement of this category of crime. The bill endeavors to take patrol-scenario crimes, faced by municipal law enforcement, and structure them alongside the bulk of criminal law. By placing animal crime shoulder-to-shoulder with other categories of crime in the Penal Law, there will be a streamlining of criminal procedure, training, legal terminology, arid judicial philosophy.

As the law currently stands, commercial, industrial, and patrol-scenario offenses are housed together in a body of law that has proven to be inaccessible by police. Not only is a patrol officer unlikely to have a copy of the Agriculture and Markets Law in their radio car, but the precinct desk officer is also unlikely to have a copy at headquarters. Furthermore, police academies primarily focus training on Penal Law and Vehicle and Traffic Law provisions, without any education or training whatsoever on Agriculture and Markets Law provisions. While there may be crimes housed outside the Penal Law for example, tax crimes there is seldom, if ever, a patrol dispatch requiring urgent response and action on a violation of the tax law. Animal crimes occur in the field and often require emergency response.

An ancillary benefit to that main objective will be a harmonizing of this crime with others as far as the applicability of the criminal

procedure law. Matters such as search warrants, fingerprinting, collection of DNA, recordkeeping, court surcharges, and other procedural aspects of law enforcement become applicable.

Beyond the mere transplant, however, this bill modernizes statutory language and structure to more aptly match its sister crimes. Within the bill text, there is heavy borrowing from terminology and format from other areas of Penal Law. This was done not only for clarity, familiarity, and comprehensibility, but also so that case interpretations of terminology and structure become immediately applicable.

Offenses have been re-titled for clarity and order of precedence. Offenses have been restructured into manageable subdivisions. Offenses have been given appropriate and clear mental states If there were a prevailing case law interpretation of a term, the term was codified into the statute itself in order to obviate time-wasting motion practice over the issue.

In short, the average police officer will now be able to find the law, read the law, understand the law, and apply the law all while standing at a crime scene in the middle of the night. Prosecutors and defense attorneys will spend markedly less time in needless motion practice over the definition of obsolete terms or general applicability of passages. Judges will be better equipped to dispense justice an accused individuals. Finally, the average member of the public will be better apprised of the standards that apply to the treatment of animals.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2012: Codes Committee (S. 6730A/A. 9917A)

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Penal Law surcharges become applicable to animal crimes offenses, potentially enhancing state revenue.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act will take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall become a law.


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STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 1776 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sens. FUSCHILLO, GRISANTI, DeFRANCISCO, GOLDEN, KENNEDY, LARKIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Agriculture AN ACT to amend the agriculture and markets law and the penal law, in relation to promoting understanding, awareness and enforcement of animal crimes laws; and to repeal sections 351, 353, 353-a, 353-b, 353-d, 355, 360, 361, 362 and subdivision 8 of section 374 of the agriculture and markets law relating thereto THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 350 of the agriculture and markets law, as added by chapter 1047 of the laws of 1965, subdivision 3 as added by chapter 619 of the laws of 1987, subdivision 4 as added by chapter 569 of the laws of 1995, subdivision 5 as amended by chapter 118 of the laws of 1999, is amended to read as follows: S 350. Definitions. 1. "Animal[,]", as used in this article, includes every living creature except a human being; 2. ["Torture" or "cruelty"] "CRUELTY" includes every act, omission, or neglect, whereby unjustifiable physical pain, suffering or death is caused or permitted AND SHALL INCLUDE BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO, ANY ACT OF OVERDRIVING, OVERLOADING, INJURING, MAIMING, MUTILATING OR KILLING AN ANIMAL. 3. "TORTURE" MEANS CONDUCT THAT IS INTENDED TO CAUSE EXTREME PHYSICAL PAIN. 4. "Adoption" means the delivery [to any natural person eighteen years of age or older, for the limited purpose of harboring a pet, of any dog or cat, seized or surrendered] OF ANY ANIMAL FORFEITED, SEIZED OR SURRENDERED, TO ANY NATURAL PERSON EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER, FOR THE PURPOSE OF THAT PERSON PERMANENTLY HARBORING SUCH ANIMAL AS A PET. [4]5. "Farm animal", as used in this article, means any ungulate, poultry, species of cattle, sheep, swine, goats, llamas, horses or fur- bearing animals, as defined in section 11-1907 of the environmental conservation law, which are raised for commercial or subsistence
purposes. Fur-bearing animal, AS REFERENCED IN THIS ARTICLE, shall not include dogs or cats. [5]6. "Companion animal" or "pet" means any dog or cat, and shall also mean any other domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household of the owner or person who cares for such other domesticated animal. ["Pet" or "companion] "COMPANION animal" OR "PET" shall not include a "farm animal" as defined in this section. 7. "ANIMAL CRUELTY OFFENSE" MEANS ANY VIOLATION OF THIS ARTICLE OR OF ARTICLE TWO HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE PENAL LAW, OR ANY OTHER UNLAWFUL ACT BY WHICH HARM IS INTENTIONALLY, KNOWINGLY, RECKLESSLY OR NEGLIGENTLY CAUSED OR PERMITTED TO OCCUR TO AN ANIMAL. 8. "DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS," AS USED IN THIS ARTICLE, SHALL MEAN A CORPORATION CONSTITUTED PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION (G) OF SECTION FOUR HUNDRED FOUR AND SECTION FOURTEEN HUNDRED THREE OF THE NOT-FOR-PROFIT CORPO- RATION LAW. S 2. Sections 351, 353, 353-a, 353-b, 353-d, 355, 360, 361 and 362 of the agriculture and markets law are REPEALED. S 3. Section 365 of the agriculture and markets law, as amended by chapter 458 of the laws of 1985, is amended to read as follows: S 365. Clipping or cutting the ears of dogs. 1. Whoever clips or cuts off or causes or procures another to clip or cut off the whole or any part of an ear of any dog unless an anaesthetic shall have been given to the dog and the operation performed by a licensed veterinarian, is guil- ty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment for not more than one year, or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or by both. 2. [The provisions of this section shall not apply to any dog or person who is the owner or possessor of any dog whose ear or a part thereof has been clipped or cut off prior to September first, nineteen hundred twenty-nine. 3.] Each applicant for a dog license must state on such application whether any ear of the dog for which he applies for such license has been cut off wholly or in part. [4.] 3. Nothing herein contained shall be construed as preventing any dog whose ear or ears shall have been clipped or cut off wholly or in part, not in violation of this section, from being imported into the state exclusively for breeding purposes. S 4. Section 369 of the agriculture and markets law, as amended by chapter 458 of the laws of 1985, is amended to read as follows: S 369. Interference with officers. Any person who shall interfere with or obstruct any constable or police officer or any officer or agent of any duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals in the discharge of his duty to enforce the laws relating to animals, INCLUDING THOSE PROVISIONS CONTAINED IN ARTICLE TWO HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE PENAL LAW, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprison- ment for not more than one year, or by a fine of not more than one thou- sand dollars, or by both. S 5. Section 371 of the agriculture and markets law, as amended by chapter 573 of the laws of 1978, is amended to read as follows: S 371. Powers of peace officers. A constable or police officer must, and any agent or officer of any duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals may issue an appearance ticket pursuant to section 150.20 of the criminal procedure law, summon or arrest, and bring before a court or magistrate having jurisdiction, any person offending against any of the provisions of article twenty-six of the agriculture and markets law OR ANY PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE TWO HUNDRED
EIGHTY OF THE PENAL LAW. Any officer or agent of any of said societies may lawfully interfere to prevent the perpetration of any act of cruelty upon any animal in his OR HER presence. Any of said societies may prefer a complaint before any court, tribunal or magistrate having jurisdic- tion, for the violation of any law relating to or affecting animals and may aid in presenting the law and facts before such court, tribunal or magistrate in any proceeding taken. S 6. Subdivision 6 of section 373 of the agriculture and markets law, as amended by chapter 256 of the laws of 1997, paragraph a as amended by chapter 586 of the laws of 2008, subparagraph 2 of paragraph b as amended by section 24 of part T of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 6. a. If any animal is seized [and] OR impounded pursuant to the provisions of this section, [section three hundred fifty-three-d of this article] or section three hundred seventy-five of this article, OR PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE SIX HUNDRED NINETY OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW, for any violation of this article, ANY VIOLATION OF ARTI- CLE TWO HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE PENAL LAW, OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ARREST ON AN ANIMAL CRUELTY OFFENSE, THEN, upon arraignment of charges [the], A duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, humane society, pound, animal shelter, SHERIFF, MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENT, OR DISTRICT ATTORNEY, or any authorized agents there- of, hereinafter referred to for the purposes of this section as the "impounding organization", may file a petition with the court requesting that the person from whom an animal is seized or the owner of the animal be ordered to post a security. The security shall be in an amount suffi- cient to secure payment for all reasonable expenses expected to be incurred by the impounding organization in caring and providing for the animal pending disposition of the charges. Reasonable expenses shall include, but not be limited to, estimated medical care and boarding of the animal for at least thirty days. The amount of the security, if any, shall be determined by the court after taking into consideration all of the facts and circumstances of the case including, but not limited to the recommendation of the impounding organization having custody and care of the seized animal and the cost of caring for the animal. If a security has been posted in accordance with this section, the impounding organization may draw from the security the actual reasonable costs to be incurred by such organization in caring for the seized animal. b. (1) Upon receipt of a petition pursuant to paragraph a of this subdivision the court shall set a hearing on the petition to be conducted within ten business days of the filing of such petition. The petitioner shall serve a true copy of the petition upon the defendant and the district attorney. The petitioner shall also serve a true copy of the petition on any interested person. For purposes of this subdivi- sion, interested person shall mean an individual, partnership, firm, joint stock company, corporation, association, trust, estate or other legal entity who the court determines may have a pecuniary interest in the animal which is the subject of the petition. The petitioner shall have the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that the person from whom the animal was seized violated a provision of this article. The court may waive for good cause shown the posting of securi- ty. (2) If the court orders the posting of a security, the security shall be posted with the clerk of the court within five business days of the hearing provided for in subparagraph one of this paragraph. The court may order the immediate forfeiture of the seized animal to the impound-
ing organization if the person ordered to post the security fails to do so. Any animal forfeited shall be made available for adoption or euthan- ized subject to subdivision seven-a of section one hundred seventeen of this chapter or section three hundred seventy-four of this article. (3) In the case of an animal other than a companion animal or pet, if a person ordered to post security fails to do so, the court may, in addition to the forfeiture to [a duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, humane society, pound, animal shelter or any authorized agents thereof] THE IMPOUNDING ORGANIZATION, and subject to the restrictions of sections three hundred fifty-four, three hundred fifty-seven and three hundred seventy-four of this article, order the animal which was the basis of the order to be sold, provided that all interested persons shall first be provided the opportunity to redeem their interest in the animal and to purchase the interest of the person ordered to post security, subject to such conditions as the court deems appropriate to assure proper care and treatment of the animal. The court may reimburse the person ordered to post security and any inter- ested persons any money earned by the sale of the animal less any costs including, but not limited to, veterinary and custodial care. Any animal determined by the court to be maimed, diseased, disabled or infirm so as to be unfit for sale or any useful purpose shall be forfeited to [a duly incorporated society for the prevention of cruelty to animals or a duly incorporated humane society] THE IMPOUNDING ORGANIZATION or authorized agents thereof, and be available for adoption or shall be euthanized subject to section three hundred seventy-four of this article. (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or restrict in any way the rights of a secured party having a security interest in any animal described in this section. This section expressly does not impair or subordinate the rights of such a secured lender having a security interest in the animal or in the proceeds from the sale of such animal. c. In no event shall the security prevent the impounding organization having custody and care of the animal from disposing of the animal pursuant to section three hundred seventy-four of this article prior to the expiration of the thirty day period covered by the security if the court makes a determination of the charges against the person from whom the animal was seized prior thereto. Upon receipt of a petition from the impounding organization, the court may order the person from whom the animal was seized or the owner of the animal to post an additional secu- rity with the clerk of the court to secure payment of reasonable expenses for an additional period of time pending a determination by the court of the charges against the person from whom the animal was seized. The person who posted the security shall be entitled to a refund of the security in whole or part for any expenses not incurred by such impound- ing organization upon adjudication of the charges. The person who posted the security shall be entitled to a full refund of the security, includ- ing reimbursement by the impounding organization of any amount allowed by the court to be expended, and the return of the animal seized and impounded upon acquittal or dismissal of the charges, except where the dismissal is based upon an adjournment in contemplation of dismissal pursuant to section 215.30 of the criminal procedure law. The court order directing such refund and reimbursement shall provide for payment to be made within a reasonable time from the acquittal or dismissal of charges. S 7. Subdivision 8 of section 374 of the agriculture and markets law is REPEALED.
S 8. The agriculture and markets law is amended by adding a new section 380 to read as follows: S 380. SPECIAL SENTENCING PROVISIONS. IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER PENAL- TY PROVIDED BY LAW, A COURT MAY IMPOSE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES UPON A CONVICTION FOR ANY ANIMAL CRUELTY OFFENSE: 1. THE CONVICTED PERSON MAY, AFTER A DULY HELD HEARING PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION SIX OF THIS SECTION, BE ORDERED BY THE COURT TO FORFEIT, TO AN ANIMAL SHELTER, POUND, SHERIFF, MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS OR A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY OR AUTHORIZED AGENTS THER- EOF, THE ANIMAL OR ANIMALS WHICH ARE THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION. UPON SUCH AN ORDER OF FORFEITURE, THE CONVICTED PERSON SHALL BE DEEMED TO HAVE RELINQUISHED ALL RIGHTS TO THE ANIMALS WHICH ARE THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION, EXCEPT THOSE GRANTED IN SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION. 2. IN THE CASE OF FARM ANIMALS, THE COURT MAY, IN ADDITION TO THE FORFEITURE TO AN ANIMAL SHELTER, POUND, SHERIFF, MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS OR A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY OR AUTHORIZED AGENTS THEREOF, AND SUBJECT TO THE RESTRICTIONS OF SECTIONS THREE HUNDRED FIFTY-FOUR AND THREE HUNDRED FIFTY-SEVEN OF THIS ARTICLE, ORDER THE FARM ANIMALS WHICH WERE THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION TO BE SOLD. IN NO CASE SHALL FARM ANIMALS WHICH ARE THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION BE REDEEMED BY THE CONVICTED PERSON WHO IS THE SUBJECT OF THE ORDER OF FORFEITURE OR BY ANY PERSON CHARGED WITH AN ANIMAL CRUELTY OFFENSE FOR CONSPIRING, AIDING OR ABETTING IN THE UNLAWFUL ACT WHICH WAS THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION, OR OTHERWISE ACTING AS AN ACCOMPLICE IF SUCH CHARGE HAS NOT YET BEEN ADJUDICATED. THE COURT SHALL REIMBURSE THE CONVICTED PERSON AND ANY DULY DETERMINED INTERESTED PERSONS, PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION SIX OF THIS SECTION, ANY MONEY EARNED BY THE SALE OF THE FARM ANIMALS LESS ANY COSTS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, VETERINARY AND CUSTODIAL CARE, AND ANY FINES OR PENALTIES IMPOSED BY THE COURT. THE COURT MAY ORDER THAT THE SUBJECT ANIMALS BE PROVIDED WITH APPROPRIATE CARE AND TREATMENT PENDING THE HEARING AND THE DISPOSITION OF THE CHARG- ES. ANY FARM ANIMAL ORDERED FORFEITED BUT NOT SOLD SHALL BE REMANDED TO THE CUSTODY AND CHARGE OF AN ANIMAL SHELTER, POUND, SHERIFF, MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS OR DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY OR ITS AUTHORIZED AGENT THEREOF AND DISPOSED OF PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION FIVE OF THIS SECTION. 3. THE COURT MAY ORDER THAT THE CONVICTED PERSON SHALL NOT OWN, HARBOR, OR HAVE CUSTODY OR CONTROL OF ANY OTHER ANIMALS, OTHER THAN FARM ANIMALS, FOR A PERIOD OF TIME WHICH THE COURT DEEMS REASONABLE. IN MAKING ITS DETERMINATION OF WHAT PERIOD OF TIME IS REASONABLE, THE COURT SHALL TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE TOTALITY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES BEFORE IT AND BE BOUND TO NO SINGLE FACTOR. SUCH ORDER MUST BE IN WRITING AND SPECIF- ICALLY STATE THE PERIOD OF TIME IMPOSED. 4. NO DOG OR CAT IN THE CUSTODY OF A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS, A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY OR ITS AUTHORIZED AGENTS THEREOF, OR A POUND OR SHELTER, SHALL BE SOLD, TRANSFERRED OR OTHERWISE MADE AVAILABLE TO ANY PERSON FOR THE PURPOSE OF RESEARCH, EXPERIMENTATION OR TESTING. NO AUTHORIZED AGENT OF A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS, NOR OF A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY, SHALL USE ANY ANIMAL PLACED IN ITS CUSTODY BY THE DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS OR DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY FOR THE PURPOSE OF RESEARCH, EXPERIMENTATION OR TESTING.
5. AN ANIMAL SHELTER, POUND, SHERIFF, MUNICIPAL POLICE DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS OR A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY IN CHARGE OF ANIMALS FORFEITED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OR TWO OF THIS SECTION MAY, IN ITS DISCRETION, LAWFULLY AND WITHOUT LIABILITY, ADOPT THEM TO INDIVIDUALS OTHER THAN THE CONVICTED PERSON OR PERSON CHARGED WITH AN ANIMAL CRUELTY OFFENSE FOR CONSPIRING, AIDING OR ABETTING IN THE UNLAW- FUL ACT WHICH WAS THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION, OR OTHERWISE ACTING AS AN ACCOMPLICE IF SUCH CHARGE HAS NOT YET BEEN ADJUDICATED, OR HUMANELY DISPOSE OF THEM SUBJECT TO SECTION THREE HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THIS ARTICLE. 6. (A) PRIOR TO AN ORDER OF FORFEITURE OF FARM ANIMALS, A HEARING SHALL BE HELD WITHIN THIRTY DAYS OF CONVICTION TO DETERMINE THE PECUNI- ARY INTERESTS OF ANY OTHER PERSON IN THE FARM ANIMALS WHICH WERE THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION. WRITTEN NOTICE SHALL BE SERVED AT LEAST FIVE DAYS PRIOR TO THE HEARING UPON ALL INTERESTED PERSONS. IN ADDITION, NOTICE SHALL BE MADE BY PUBLICATION IN A LOCAL NEWSPAPER AT LEAST SEVEN DAYS PRIOR TO THE HEARING. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SUBDIVISION, INTER- ESTED PERSONS SHALL MEAN ANY INDIVIDUAL, PARTNERSHIP, FIRM, JOINT STOCK COMPANY, CORPORATION, ASSOCIATION, TRUST, ESTATE, OR OTHER LEGAL ENTITY WHO THE COURT DETERMINES MAY HAVE A PECUNIARY INTEREST IN THE FARM ANIMALS WHICH ARE THE SUBJECT OF THE FORFEITURE ACTION. (B) ALL INTERESTED PERSONS SHALL BE PROVIDED AN OPPORTUNITY AT THE HEARING TO REDEEM THEIR INTEREST AS DETERMINED BY THE COURT IN THE SUBJECT FARM ANIMALS AND TO PURCHASE THE INTEREST OF THE CONVICTED PERSON. THE CONVICTED PERSON SHALL BE ENTITLED TO BE REIMBURSED HIS OR HER INTEREST IN THE FARM ANIMALS, LESS ANY COSTS, FINES OR PENALTIES IMPOSED BY THE COURT, AS SPECIFIED UNDER SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION. IN NO CASE SHALL THE COURT AWARD CUSTODY OR CONTROL OF THE ANIMALS TO ANY INTERESTED PERSON WHO CONSPIRED, AIDED OR ABETTED IN THE UNLAWFUL ACT WHICH WAS THE BASIS OF THE CONVICTION, OR WHO KNEW OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN OF THE UNLAWFUL ACT. 7. NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT OR RESTRICT IN ANY WAY THE RIGHTS OF A SECURED PARTY HAVING A SECURITY INTEREST IN ANY FARM ANIMAL DESCRIBED IN THIS SECTION. THIS SECTION EXPRESSLY DOES NOT IMPAIR OR SUBORDINATE THE RIGHTS OF SUCH A SECURED LENDER HAVING A SECU- RITY INTEREST IN FARM ANIMALS OR IN THE PROCEEDS FROM THE SALE OF SUCH FARM ANIMALS. S 9. The penal law is amended by adding a new title Q to read as follows: TITLE Q OFFENSES AGAINST ANIMALS ARTICLE 280 OFFENSES AGAINST ANIMALS SECTION 280.00 DEFINITIONS. 280.05 PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE SECOND DEGREE. 280.10 PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE FIRST DEGREE. 280.20 ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE. 280.25 ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FIRST DEGREE. 280.30 UNLAWFUL DEALING WITH ANIMALS USED FOR RACING, BREEDING, OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED OR STAMINA. 280.35 ENDANGERING THE WELFARE OF ANIMALS. 280.40 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE THIRD DEGREE. 280.45 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE SECOND DEGREE. 280.50 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE FIRST DEGREE.
280.55 UNAUTHORIZED POSSESSION OF ANIMAL PRESUMPTIVE EVIDENCE OF RESTRAINT AND ABDUCTION. 280.60 APPROPRIATE SHELTER FOR DOGS LEFT OUTDOORS. 280.65 CONFINEMENT OF COMPANION ANIMALS IN VEHICLES; EXTREME TEMPERATURES. 280.70 LEAVING NEW YORK STATE TO AVOID PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTI- CLE. 280.75 EVIDENTIARY AND IMPOUNDMENT PROCEDURES BY MEMBERS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT. 280.80 SPECIAL SENTENCING PROVISIONS APPLICABLE. S 280.00 DEFINITIONS. THE FOLLOWING DEFINITIONS ARE APPLICABLE TO THIS ARTICLE: 1. "ANIMAL" INCLUDES EVERY LIVING CREATURE EXCEPT A HUMAN BEING. 2. "CRUELTY" INCLUDES EVERY ACT, OMISSION, OR NEGLECT, WHEREBY UNJUS- TIFIABLE PHYSICAL PAIN, SUFFERING OR DEATH IS CAUSED OR PERMITTED AND SHALL INCLUDE BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO, ANY ACT OF OVERDRIVING, OVERLOAD- ING, INJURING, MAIMING, MUTILATING, OR KILLING AN ANIMAL. 3. "AGGRAVATED CRUELTY" SHALL MEAN AN ACT OF CRUELTY THAT IS DONE OR CARRIED OUT IN A DEPRAVED OR SADISTIC MANNER. 4. "TORTURE" MEANS CONDUCT THAT IS INTENDED TO CAUSE EXTREME PAIN. 5. "ADOPTION" MEANS THE DELIVERY OF ANY ANIMAL, SEIZED OR SURRENDERED, TO ANY NATURAL PERSON EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER, FOR THE LIMITED PURPOSE OF HARBORING SUCH ANIMAL AS A PET. 6. "FARM ANIMAL" MEANS ANY UNGULATE, POULTRY, SPECIES OF CATTLE, SHEEP, SWINE, GOATS, LLAMAS, HORSES OR FUR-BEARING ANIMALS, AS DEFINED IN SECTION 11-1907 OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION LAW, WHICH ARE RAISED FOR COMMERCIAL OR SUBSISTENCE PURPOSES. "FUR-BEARING ANIMAL" SHALL NOT INCLUDE DOGS OR CATS. 7. "COMPANION ANIMAL" OR "PET" MEANS ANY DOG OR CAT, AND SHALL ALSO MEAN ANY OTHER DOMESTICATED ANIMAL NORMALLY MAINTAINED IN OR NEAR THE HOUSEHOLD OF THE OWNER OR PERSON WHO CARES FOR SUCH OTHER DOMESTICATED ANIMAL. "COMPANION ANIMAL" OR "PET" SHALL NOT INCLUDE A "FARM ANIMAL" AS DEFINED IN THIS SECTION. 8. "ANIMAL FIGHTING" SHALL MEAN ANY FIGHT BETWEEN COCKS OR OTHER BIRDS, OR BETWEEN DOGS, BULLS, BEARS OR ANY OTHER ANIMALS, OR BETWEEN ANY SUCH ANIMAL AND A PERSON OR PERSONS, EXCEPT IN EXHIBITIONS OF A KIND COMMONLY FEATURED AT RODEOS. 9. "ABANDONS" MEANS ANY ACTION TAKEN THAT REFLECTS WILLFUL DEPARTURE FROM THE OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OF AN ANIMAL, WITHOUT MAKING ADEQUATE PROVISIONS FOR THE ANIMAL'S FUTURE CARE. 10. "RESTRAIN" MEANS TO RESTRICT AN ANIMAL'S MOVEMENTS INTENTIONALLY AND UNLAWFULLY IN SUCH MANNER AS TO INTERFERE SUBSTANTIALLY WITH ITS LIBERTY BY MOVING IT FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER, OR BY CONFINING IT EITHER IN THE PLACE WHERE THE RESTRICTION COMMENCES OR IN A PLACE TO WHICH IT HAS BEEN MOVED, WITH KNOWLEDGE THAT THE RESTRICTION IS UNLAW- FUL. 11. "ABDUCT" MEANS TO RESTRAIN AN ANIMAL WITH INTENT TO PREVENT ITS LIBERATION BY SECRETING OR HOLDING IT IN A PLACE WHERE IT IS NOT LIKELY TO BE FOUND. 12. "ANIMAL FIGHTING PARAPHERNALIA" SHALL MEAN EQUIPMENT, PRODUCTS, OR MATERIALS OF ANY KIND THAT ARE USED, INTENDED FOR USE, OR DESIGNED FOR USE IN THE TRAINING, PREPARATION, CONDITIONING OR FURTHERANCE OF ANIMAL FIGHTING. ANIMAL FIGHTING PARAPHERNALIA INCLUDES: (I) A BREAKING STICK, WHICH MEANS A DEVICE DESIGNED FOR INSERTION BEHIND THE MOLARS OF A DOG FOR THE PURPOSE OF BREAKING THE DOG'S GRIP ON ANOTHER ANIMAL OR OBJECT; (II) A CAT MILL, WHICH MEANS A DEVICE THAT ROTATES AROUND A CENTRAL
SUPPORT WITH ONE ARM DESIGNED TO SECURE A DOG AND ONE ARM DESIGNED TO SECURE A CAT, RABBIT, OR OTHER SMALL ANIMAL BEYOND THE GRASP OF THE DOG; (III) A TREADMILL, WHICH MEANS AN EXERCISE DEVICE CONSISTING OF AN ENDLESS BELT ON WHICH THE ANIMAL WALKS OR RUNS WITHOUT CHANGING PLACES; (IV) A SPRINGPOLE, WHICH MEANS A BITING SURFACE ATTACHED TO A STRETCHA- BLE DEVICE, SUSPENDED AT A HEIGHT SUFFICIENT TO PREVENT A DOG FROM REACHING THE BITING SURFACE WHILE TOUCHING THE GROUND; (V) A FIGHTING PIT, WHICH MEANS A WALLED AREA, OR OTHERWISE DEFINED AREA, DESIGNED TO CONTAIN AN ANIMAL FIGHT; AND (VI) ANY OTHER INSTRUMENT COMMONLY USED IN THE FURTHERANCE OF PITTING AN ANIMAL AGAINST ANOTHER ANIMAL. S 280.05 PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE SECOND DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE SECOND DEGREE WHEN SUCH PERSON: 1. OWNS, POSSESSES, OR KEEPS ANY ANIMAL UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE EVINCING AN INTENT THAT SUCH ANIMAL ENGAGE IN ANIMAL FIGHTING; OR 2. PAYS AN ADMISSION FEE, MAKES A WAGER, OR IS OTHERWISE PRESENT AT ANY PLACE WHERE AN EXHIBITION OF ANIMAL FIGHTING IS BEING CONDUCTED, AND SUCH PERSON HAS KNOWLEDGE THAT SUCH AN EXHIBITION IS BEING CONDUCTED. 3. OWNS, POSSESSES, SELLS, TRANSFERS OR MANUFACTURES ANIMAL FIGHTING PARAPHERNALIA UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCE EVINCING AN INTENT THAT SUCH PARAPHERNALIA BE USED TO ENGAGE IN OR OTHERWISE PROMOTE OR FACILITATE ANIMAL FIGHTING. PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE SECOND DEGREE IS A CLASS A MISDEMEA- NOR. S 280.10 PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE FIRST DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE FIRST DEGREE WHEN SUCH PERSON: 1. INTENTIONALLY CAUSES AN ANIMAL TO ENGAGE IN ANIMAL FIGHTING; OR 2. TRAINS AN ANIMAL UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES EVINCING AN INTENT THAT SUCH ANIMAL ENGAGE IN ANIMAL FIGHTING; OR 3. BREEDS, TRANSFERS, SELLS OR OFFERS FOR SALE AN ANIMAL UNDER CIRCUM- STANCES EVINCING AN INTENT THAT SUCH ANIMAL ENGAGE IN ANIMAL FIGHTING; OR 4. PERMITS ANY ACT DESCRIBED IN SUBDIVISION ONE, TWO OR THREE OF THIS SECTION TO OCCUR ON PREMISES UNDER HIS OR HER CONTROL; OR 5. OWNS, POSSESSES OR KEEPS ANY ANIMAL ON PREMISES WHERE AN EXHIBITION OF ANIMAL FIGHTING IS BEING CONDUCTED UNDER CIRCUMSTANCES EVINCING AN INTENT THAT SUCH ANIMAL ENGAGE IN ANIMAL FIGHTING. PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING IN THE FIRST DEGREE IS A CLASS D FELONY. S 280.20 ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE WHEN: 1. HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OF AN ANIMAL, HE OR SHE DEPRIVES SUCH ANIMAL OF, OR NEGLECTS TO FURNISH SUCH ANIMAL WITH, NUTRITION, HYDRATION, VETERINARY CARE, OR SHELTER ADEQUATE TO MAINTAIN THE ANIMAL'S HEALTH AND COMFORT, OR CAUSES, PROCURES, OR PERMITS SUCH ANIMAL TO BE DEPRIVED OF NUTRITION, HYDRATION, VETERINARY CARE, OR SHELTER ADEQUATE TO MAINTAIN THE ANIMAL'S HEALTH AND COMFORT, AND HE OR SHE KNOWS OR REASONABLY SHOULD KNOW THAT SUCH ANIMAL IS NOT RECEIVING ADEQUATE NUTRITION, HYDRATION, VETERINARY CARE OR SHEL- TER; OR 2. HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OF AN ANIMAL, HE OR SHE ABANDONS SUCH ANIMAL; OR 3. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE, HE OR SHE KNOWINGLY INSTIGATES, ENGAGES IN, OR IN ANY WAY FURTHERS CRUELTY TO AN ANIMAL, OR ANY ACT TENDING TO PRODUCE SUCH CRUELTY; OR
4. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE, HE OR SHE ADMINISTERS OR EXPOSES ANY POISONOUS OR NOXIOUS DRUG OR SUBSTANCE TO AN ANIMAL, WITH INTENT THAT THE ANIMAL TAKE THE SAME AND WITH INTENT TO INJURE THE ANIMAL. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO PROHIBIT OR INTERFERE IN ANY WAY WITH ANYONE LAWFULLY ENGAGED IN HUNTING, TRAPPING, OR FISHING, AS PROVIDED IN ARTICLE ELEVEN OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVA- TION LAW, THE DISPATCH OF RABID OR DISEASED ANIMALS, AS PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TWENTY-ONE OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, OR THE DISPATCH OF ANIMALS POSING A THREAT TO HUMAN SAFETY OR OTHER ANIMALS, WHERE SUCH ACTION IS OTHERWISE LEGALLY AUTHORIZED. NOTHING HEREIN CONTAINED SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO PROHIBIT OR INTERFERE WITH ANY PROPERLY CONDUCTED SCIENTIF- IC TESTS, EXPERIMENTS, OR INVESTIGATIONS INVOLVING THE USE OF LIVING ANIMALS, PERFORMED OR CONDUCTED IN LABORATORIES OR INSTITUTIONS, WHICH ARE APPROVED FOR THESE PURPOSES BY THE STATE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH. THE STATE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH SHALL PRESCRIBE THE RULES UNDER WHICH SUCH APPROVALS SHALL BE GRANTED, INCLUDING THEREIN STANDARDS REGARDING THE CARE AND TREATMENT OF ANY SUCH ANIMALS. SUCH RULES SHALL BE PUBLISHED AND COPIES THEREOF CONSPICUOUSLY POSTED IN EACH SUCH LABORATORY OR INSTITUTION. THE STATE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH OR HIS OR HER DULY AUTHOR- IZED REPRESENTATIVE SHALL HAVE THE POWER TO INSPECT SUCH LABORATORIES OR INSTITUTIONS TO INSURE COMPLIANCE WITH SUCH RULES AND STANDARDS. EACH SUCH APPROVAL MAY BE REVOKED AT ANY TIME FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH SUCH RULES AND IN ANY CASE THE APPROVAL SHALL BE LIMITED TO A PERIOD NOT EXCEEDING ONE YEAR. ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE IS A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR. S 280.25 ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FIRST DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FIRST DEGREE WHEN: 1. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE AND WITH INTENT TO CAUSE THE DEATH OF A COMPANION ANIMAL, HE OR SHE CAUSES THE DEATH OF SUCH ANIMAL; OR 2. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE AND WITH INTENT TO CAUSE SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY TO A COMPANION ANIMAL, HE OR SHE CAUSES SUCH INJURY TO SUCH ANIMAL; OR 3. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE, HE OR SHE INTENTIONALLY TORTURES AN ANIMAL OR KNOWINGLY INSTIGATES, ENGAGES IN, OR IN ANY WAY FURTHERS AGGRAVATED CRUELTY TO AN ANIMAL, OR ANY ACT TENDING TO PRODUCE SUCH AGGRAVATED CRUELTY; OR 4. COMMITS THE CRIME OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION FOUR OF SECTION 280.20 AND SUCH ANIMAL IS A HORSE, MULE, OR DOMESTIC CATTLE; OR 5. COMMITS THE CRIME OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE IN VIOLATION OF SECTION 280.20 OF THIS ARTICLE AND HAS PREVIOUSLY BEEN CONVICTED, WITHIN THE PRECEDING TEN YEARS, OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO PROHIBIT OR INTERFERE IN ANY WAY WITH ANYONE LAWFULLY ENGAGED IN HUNTING, TRAPPING, OR FISHING, AS PROVIDED IN ARTICLE ELEVEN OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVA- TION LAW, THE DISPATCH OF RABID OR DISEASED ANIMALS, AS PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TWENTY-ONE OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, OR THE DISPATCH OF ANIMALS POSING A THREAT TO HUMAN SAFETY OR OTHER ANIMALS, WHERE SUCH ACTION IS OTHERWISE LEGALLY AUTHORIZED, OR ANY PROPERLY CONDUCTED SCIENTIFIC TESTS, EXPERIMENTS, OR INVESTIGATIONS INVOLVING THE USE OF LIVING ANIMALS, PERFORMED OR CONDUCTED IN LABORATORIES OR INSTITUTIONS APPROVED FOR SUCH PURPOSES BY THE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH PURSUANT TO SECTION 280.20 OF THIS ARTICLE. ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FIRST DEGREE IS A CLASS D FELONY.
S 280.30 UNLAWFUL DEALING WITH ANIMALS USED FOR RACING, BREEDING, OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED OR STAMINA. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF UNLAWFUL DEALING WITH ANIMALS USED FOR RACING, BREEDING, OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED, OR STAMINA WHEN SUCH PERSON: 1. COMMITS THE CRIME OF ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE SECOND DEGREE IN VIOLATION OF SECTION 280.20 OF THIS ARTICLE, AND SUCH ANIMAL IS AN ANIMAL USED FOR THE PURPOSES OF RACING, BREEDING OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBI- TION OF SKILL, BREED, OR STAMINA; OR 2. HAVING NO JUSTIFIABLE PURPOSE, HE OR SHE TAMPERS WITH AN ANIMAL USED FOR THE PURPOSES OF RACING, BREEDING, OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED, OR STAMINA, OR OTHERWISE INTERFERES WITH SUCH AN ANIMAL DURING A RACE OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED, OR STAMINA. UNLAWFUL DEALING WITH ANIMALS USED FOR RACING, BREEDING OR COMPETITIVE EXHIBITION OF SKILL, BREED OR STAMINA IS A CLASS E FELONY. S 280.35 ENDANGERING THE WELFARE OF ANIMALS. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ENDANGERING THE WELFARE OF ANIMALS WHEN, WITH THE INTENT TO CAUSE INJURY TO AN ANIMAL, OR RECKLESSLY CREATING A RISK THEREOF, SUCH PERSON: 1. CREATES A HAZARDOUS OR PHYSICALLY OFFENSIVE CONDITION FOR ANY ANIMAL BY ANY ACT THAT SERVES NO LEGITIMATE PURPOSE; OR 2. THROWS, DROPS OR PLACES, OR CAUSES TO BE THROWN, DROPPED OR PLACED IN A PUBLIC PLACE, A SUBSTANCE THAT MIGHT WOUND, DISABLE, OR INJURE ANY ANIMAL. ENDANGERING THE WELFARE OF ANIMALS IS A VIOLATION. S 280.40 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE THIRD DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE THIRD DEGREE WHEN SUCH PERSON RESTRAINS A COMPANION ANIMAL WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE INDIVID- UAL HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OVER SAID COMPANION ANIMAL. ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE THIRD DEGREE IS A CLASS B MISDEMEANOR. S 280.45 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE SECOND DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE SECOND DEGREE WHEN SUCH PERSON ABDUCTS A COMPANION ANIMAL WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OVER SAID COMPANION ANIMAL. ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE SECOND DEGREE IS A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR. S 280.50 ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE FIRST DEGREE. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE FIRST DEGREE WHEN SUCH PERSON ABDUCTS OR RESTRAINS A COMPANION ANIMAL WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OVER SAID COMPANION ANIMAL, AND WHEN: 1. SUCH PERSON'S INTENT IS TO COMPEL THE PAYMENT OR DELIVERANCE OF MONEY OR PROPERTY AS RANSOM, OR TO ENGAGE IN OTHER PARTICULAR CONDUCT, OR TO REFRAIN FROM ENGAGING IN PARTICULAR CONDUCT; OR 2. SUCH PERSON CAUSES PHYSICAL INJURY TO THE COMPANION ANIMAL; OR 3. THE COMPANION ANIMAL DIES DURING THE ABDUCTION OR BEFORE IT IS ABLE TO RETURN OR BE RETURNED TO SAFETY. SUCH DEATH SHALL BE PRESUMED FROM EVIDENCE THAT THE INDIVIDUAL HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OVER SAID COMPANION ANIMAL DID NOT SEE THE ANIMAL FOLLOWING THE TERMINATION OF THE ABDUCTION AND PRIOR TO TRIAL AND RECEIVED NO RELIABLE INFORMATION DURING SUCH PERIOD PERSUASIVELY INDI- CATING THAT SUCH ANIMAL WAS ALIVE. ANIMAL ABDUCTION IN THE FIRST DEGREE IS A CLASS D FELONY. S 280.55 UNAUTHORIZED POSSESSION OF ANIMAL PRESUMPTIVE EVIDENCE OF RESTRAINT AND ABDUCTION.
THE UNAUTHORIZED POSSESSION OF A COMPANION ANIMAL BY ANY PERSON WITH- OUT THE CONSENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL HAVING OWNERSHIP, POSSESSION, CARE, CONTROL, CHARGE OR CUSTODY OVER SAID COMPANION ANIMAL, FOR A PERIOD EXCEEDING TEN DAYS, WITHOUT NOTIFYING EITHER SAID INDIVIDUAL, THE LOCAL POLICE AUTHORITIES, THE LOCAL MUNICIPAL SHELTER OR POUND OR THE OFFICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE STATE POLICE LOCATED IN ALBANY, NEW YORK, OF SUCH POSSESSION, SHALL BE PRESUMPTIVE EVIDENCE OF RESTRAINT AND ABDUCTION. S 280.60 APPROPRIATE SHELTER FOR DOGS LEFT OUTDOORS. 1. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION: (A) "PHYSICAL CONDITION" SHALL INCLUDE ANY SPECIAL MEDICAL NEEDS OF A DOG DUE TO DISEASE, ILLNESS, INJURY, AGE OR BREED ABOUT WHICH THE OWNER OR PERSON WITH CUSTODY OR CONTROL OF THE DOG SHOULD REASONABLY BE AWARE. (B) "INCLEMENT WEATHER" SHALL MEAN WEATHER CONDITIONS THAT ARE LIKELY TO ADVERSELY AFFECT THE HEALTH OR SAFETY OF THE DOG, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO RAIN, SLEET, ICE, SNOW, WIND, OR EXTREME HEAT AND COLD. (C) "DOGS THAT ARE LEFT OUTDOORS" SHALL MEAN DOGS THAT ARE OUTDOORS IN INCLEMENT WEATHER WITHOUT READY ACCESS TO, OR THE ABILITY TO ENTER, A HOUSE, APARTMENT BUILDING, OFFICE BUILDING, OR ANY OTHER PERMANENT STRUCTURE THAT COMPLIES WITH THE STANDARDS ENUMERATED IN PARAGRAPH (B) OF SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION. 2. (A) ANY PERSON WHO OWNS OR HAS CUSTODY OR CONTROL OF A DOG THAT IS LEFT OUTDOORS SHALL PROVIDE IT WITH SHELTER APPROPRIATE TO ITS BREED, PHYSICAL CONDITION AND CLIMATE. ANY PERSON WHO KNOWINGLY VIOLATES THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE GUILTY OF A VIOLATION, PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF NOT LESS THAN FIFTY DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR A FIRST OFFENSE, AND A FINE OF NOT LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN TWO HUNDRED FIFTY DOLLARS FOR A SECOND AND SUBSEQUENT OFFENSE. BEGINNING SEVENTY-TWO HOURS AFTER A CHARGE OF VIOLATING THIS SECTION, EACH DAY THAT A DEFENDANT FAILS TO CORRECT THE DEFICIENCIES IN THE DOG SHELTER FOR A DOG THAT HE OR SHE OWNS OR THAT IS IN HIS OR HER CUSTODY OR CONTROL AND THAT IS LEFT OUTDOORS, SO AS TO BRING IT INTO COMPLIANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION SHALL CONSTITUTE A SEPARATE OFFENSE. (B) THE COURT MAY, IN ITS DISCRETION, REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF ANY FINE IMPOSED FOR A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION BY THE AMOUNT WHICH THE DEFEND- ANT PROVES HE OR SHE HAS SPENT PROVIDING A DOG SHELTER OR REPAIRING AN EXISTING DOG SHELTER SO THAT IT COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION. NOTHING IN THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL PREVENT THE SEIZURE OF A DOG FOR A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORITY GRANTED IN THIS ARTICLE. 3. MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING WHETHER SHELTER IS APPROPRIATE TO A DOG'S BREED, PHYSICAL CONDITION AND THE CLIMATE SHALL INCLUDE: (A) FOR DOGS THAT ARE RESTRAINED IN ANY MANNER OUTDOORS, SHADE BY NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL MEANS TO PROTECT THE DOG FROM DIRECT SUNLIGHT AT ALL TIMES WHEN EXPOSURE TO SUNLIGHT IS LIKELY TO THREATEN THE HEALTH OF THE DOG. (B) FOR ALL DOGS THAT ARE LEFT OUTDOORS IN INCLEMENT WEATHER, A HOUS- ING FACILITY, WHICH MUST: (1) HAVE A WATERPROOF ROOF; (2) BE STRUC- TURALLY SOUND WITH INSULATION APPROPRIATE TO LOCAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND SUFFICIENT TO PROTECT THE DOG FROM INCLEMENT WEATHER; (3) BE CONSTRUCTED TO ALLOW EACH DOG ADEQUATE FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT TO MAKE NORMAL POSTURAL ADJUSTMENTS, INCLUDING THE ABILITY TO STAND UP, TURN AROUND AND LIE DOWN WITH ITS LIMBS OUTSTRETCHED; AND (4) ALLOW FOR EFFECTIVE REMOVAL OF EXCRETIONS, OTHER WASTE MATERIAL, DIRT AND TRASH. THE HOUSING FACILITY AND THE AREA IMMEDIATELY SURROUNDING IT SHALL BE
REGULARLY CLEANED TO MAINTAIN A HEALTHY AND SANITARY ENVIRONMENT AND TO MINIMIZE HEALTH HAZARDS. 4. INADEQUATE SHELTER MAY BE INDICATED BY THE APPEARANCE OF THE HOUS- ING FACILITY ITSELF, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, SIZE, STRUCTURAL SOUNDNESS, EVIDENCE OF CROWDING WITHIN THE HOUSING FACILITY, HEALTHFUL ENVIRONMENT IN THE AREA IMMEDIATELY SURROUNDING SUCH FACILITY, OR BY THE APPEARANCE OR PHYSICAL CONDITION OF THE DOG. 5. UPON A FINDING OF ANY VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION, ANY DOG OR DOGS SEIZED PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE THAT HAVE NOT BEEN VOLUNTARILY SURRENDERED BY THE OWNER OR CUSTODIAN OR FORFEITED PURSUANT TO COURT ORDER SHALL BE RETURNED TO THE OWNER OR CUSTODIAN ONLY UPON PROOF THAT APPROPRIATE SHELTER AS REQUIRED BY THIS SECTION IS BEING PROVIDED. 6. NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO AFFECT ANY PROTECTIONS AFFORDED TO DOGS OR OTHER ANIMALS UNDER ANY OTHER PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. FAILURE TO PROVIDE APPROPRIATE SHELTER FOR DOGS LEFT OUTDOORS IS A VIOLATION. S 280.65 CONFINEMENT OF COMPANION ANIMALS IN VEHICLES; EXTREME TEMPER- ATURES. 1. A PERSON SHALL NOT CONFINE A COMPANION ANIMAL IN A MOTOR VEHICLE IN EXTREME HEAT OR COLD WITHOUT PROPER VENTILATION OR OTHER PROTECTION FROM SUCH EXTREME TEMPERATURES WHERE SUCH CONFINEMENT PLACES THE COMPANION ANIMAL IN IMMINENT DANGER OF DEATH OR SERIOUS PHYSICAL INJURY DUE TO EXPOSURE TO SUCH EXTREME HEAT OR COLD. 2. WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH A VEHICLE CANNOT BE PROMPTLY LOCATED, A POLICE OFFICER, PEACE OFFICER, OR PEACE OFFICER ACTING AS AN AGENT OF A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY MAY TAKE NECESSARY STEPS TO REMOVE THE ANIMAL OR ANIMALS FROM THE VEHICLE. 3. POLICE OFFICERS, PEACE OFFICERS OR PEACE OFFICERS ACTING AS AGENTS OF A DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY REMOVING AN ANIMAL OR ANIMALS FROM A VEHICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL PLACE A WRITTEN NOTICE ON OR IN THE VEHICLE, BEARING THE NAME OF THE OFFICER OR AGENT, AND THE DEPART- MENT OR AGENCY AND ADDRESS WHERE THE ANIMAL OR ANIMALS WILL BE TAKEN. 4. AN ANIMAL OR ANIMALS REMOVED FROM A VEHICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL, AFTER RECEIPT OF ANY NECESSARY EMERGENCY VETERINARY TREATMENT, BE DELIVERED TO THE DULY INCORPORATED HUMANE SOCIETY OR SOCI- ETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS, OR DESIGNATED AGENT THERE- OF, IN THE JURISDICTION WHERE THE ANIMAL OR ANIMALS WERE SEIZED. 5. ANY PERSON WHO KNOWINGLY VIOLATES THE PROVISIONS OF SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE GUILTY OF A VIOLATION, PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF NOT LESS THAN FIFTY DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR A FIRST OFFENSE, AND A FINE OF NOT LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN TWO HUNDRED FIFTY DOLLARS FOR A SECOND AND SUBSEQUENT OFFENSES. 6. OFFICERS SHALL NOT BE HELD CRIMINALLY OR CIVILLY LIABLE FOR ACTIONS TAKEN REASONABLY AND IN GOOD FAITH IN CARRYING OUT THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION. 7. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO AFFECT ANY OTHER PROTECTIONS AFFORDED TO COMPANION ANIMALS UNDER ANY OTHER PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. CONFINEMENT OF COMPANION ANIMALS IN VEHICLES; EXTREME TEMPERATURES IS A VIOLATION. S 280.70 LEAVING NEW YORK STATE TO AVOID PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. A PERSON WHO LEAVES THIS STATE WITH INTENT TO ELUDE ANY OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS ARTICLE OR TO COMMIT ANY ACT OUT OF THIS STATE WHICH IS PROHIBITED BY THEM OR WHO, BEING A RESIDENT OF THIS STATE, DOES ANY
ACT WITHOUT THIS STATE, PURSUANT TO SUCH INTENT, WHICH WOULD BE PUNISHA- BLE UNDER SUCH PROVISIONS, IF COMMITTED WITHIN THIS STATE, IS PUNISHABLE IN THE SAME MANNER AS IF SUCH ACT HAD BEEN COMMITTED WITHIN THIS STATE. S 280.75 EVIDENTIARY AND IMPOUNDMENT PROCEDURES BY MEMBERS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT. MATTERS RELATING TO THE SEIZURE, ADOPTION, CARE, DISPOSITION AND DESTRUCTION OF ANIMALS BY MEMBERS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND MEMBERS OF A DULY INCORPORATED SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS CHARGED TO ENFORCE THIS ARTICLE, ANCILLARY TO SUCH ENFORCEMENT OF THIS ARTICLE, SHALL BE GOVERNED BY ARTICLE TWENTY-SIX OF THE AGRICULTURE AND MARKETS LAW AND ARTICLE SIX HUNDRED NINETY OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW. S 280.80 SPECIAL SENTENCING PROVISIONS APPLICABLE. IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER PENALTY PROVIDED BY LAW, THE SENTENCING PROVISIONS CONTAINED IN SECTION THREE HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE AGRICULTURE AND MARKETS LAW SHALL BE APPLICABLE TO VIOLATIONS OF THIS ARTICLE. S 10. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 60.22 to read as follows: S 60.22 AUTHORIZED DISPOSITIONS; PROMOTING ANIMAL FIGHTING. WHEN A PERSON IS CONVICTED OF AN OFFENSE DEFINED IN SECTION 280.05 OF THIS CHAPTER, IN ADDITION TO THE OTHER PENALTIES AS PROVIDED IN THIS CHAPTER, THE COURT MAY IMPOSE A FINE WHICH SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS. WHEN A PERSON IS CONVICTED OF AN OFFENSE DEFINED IN SECTION 280.10 OF THIS CHAPTER, THE COURT MAY IMPOSE A FINE WHICH SHALL NOT EXCEED TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS. S 11. Paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 70.02 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 405 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: (c) Class D violent felony offenses: an attempt to commit any of the class C felonies set forth in paragraph (b); reckless assault of a child as defined in section 120.02, assault in the second degree as defined in section 120.05, menacing a police officer or peace officer as defined in section 120.18, stalking in the first degree, as defined in subdivision one of section 120.60, strangulation in the second degree as defined in section 121.12, rape in the second degree as defined in section 130.30, criminal sexual act in the second degree as defined in section 130.45, sexual abuse in the first degree as defined in section 130.65, course of sexual conduct against a child in the second degree as defined in section 130.80, aggravated sexual abuse in the third degree as defined in section 130.66, facilitating a sex offense with a controlled substance as defined in section 130.90, criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree as defined in subdivision five, six, seven or eight of section 265.02, criminal sale of a firearm in the third degree as defined in section 265.11, intimidating a victim or witness in the second degree as defined in section 215.16, soliciting or providing support for an act of terrorism in the second degree as defined in section 490.10, and making a terroristic threat as defined in section 490.20, falsely reporting an incident in the first degree as defined in section 240.60, placing a false bomb or hazardous substance in the first degree as defined in section 240.62, placing a false bomb or hazardous substance in a sports stadium or arena, mass transportation facility or enclosed shopping mall as defined in section 240.63, [and] aggravated unpermitted use of indoor pyrotechnics in the first degree as defined in section 405.18, AND ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FIRST DEGREE AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION ONE, TWO OR THREE OF SECTION 280.25.
S 12. Section 195.06 of the penal law, as added by chapter 42 of the laws of 1986, is amended to read as follows: S 195.06 Killing or injuring a police animal. A person is guilty of killing or injuring a police animal when such person intentionally kills or injures any animal while such animal is in the performance of its duties and under the supervision of a police or peace officer. Killing or injuring a police animal is a class [A misdemeanor] D FELO- NY. S 13. Section 195.11 of the penal law, as added by chapter 344 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows: S 195.11 Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree. A person is guilty of harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree when such person intentionally causes physical injury to such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability, and thereby renders such animal incapable of providing such aid to such person, or to another person with a disabili- ty. For purposes of this section and section 195.12 of this article, the term "disability" means "disability" as defined in subdivision twenty- one of section two hundred ninety-two of the executive law. Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree is a class [B] A misdemeanor. S 14. Section 195.12 of the penal law, as added by chapter 344 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows: S 195.12 Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree. A person is guilty of harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree when such person: 1. intentionally causes physical injury to such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability, and thereby renders such animal permanently incapable of providing such aid to such person, or to another person with a disability; or 2. intentionally kills such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability. Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree is a class [A misdemeanor] D FELONY. S 15. Subdivision 2 of section 265.01 of the penal law, as amended by chapter 220 of the laws of 1988, is amended to read as follows: (2) He OR SHE possesses any dagger, dangerous knife, dirk, razor, stiletto, imitation pistol, or any other dangerous or deadly instrument or weapon with intent to use the same unlawfully against another PERSON OR ANIMAL; or S 16. Severability clause. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdi- vision, section or part of this act shall be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judg- ment shall have been rendered. It is hereby declared to be the intent of the legislature that this act would have been enacted even if such invalid provisions had not been included herein. S 17. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.

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