Requires automobile dealers display a fuel economy label on all new vehicles.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to requiring automobile dealers display a "Gallons-Per-Mile (GPM) Fuel Savings Guide"
PURPOSE: To require posting of a "Gallons-per-Mile (GPM) Fuel Savings Guide" sign at dealerships selling or leasing new vehicles.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Adds a new section 3-0319 to the environmental conservation law to require vehicle manufacturers to display a gallons per thousand miles fuel impact statement. Such guide shall set forth Miles-per-Gallon (MPG) in increments, the average number of gallons the vehicle is expected to use when traveling a distance of one thousand miles, and the cost savings between vehicles.
EXISTING LAW: New legislation.
JUSTIFICATION: Gallons-per-miles (GPM) driven is a much more useful measure of fuel efficiency than the current miles per gallon standard. It enables a vehicle purchaser to more easily compare the fuel efficiency between various models of automobiles. This bill, which would require a prominent notice explaining and showing conversions to gallons per one thousand miles, will allow consumers to know accurately at a glance the cost of operating a vehicle over one thousand miles. Additionally, this allows environmentally conscious consumers to identify the relative environmental effect of different vehicles. Encouraging consumers to buy more fuel efficient vehicles can help save money, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve energy security and oil dependence costs, and increase energy sustainability. GPM is an important step in that direction.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2010: S.6141B (Squadron) - Passed Senate, A.9132B (Kavanagh) Environmental Conservation 2009: S.6141B (Squadron) - Rules, A.9132B (Kavanagh) - Environmental Conservation 2012: Referred to Environmental Conservation
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None to the state.
EFFECTIVE DATE: The first of January next succeeding the date upon which it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 203 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Environmental Conservation AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to requiring automobile dealers display a "Gallons-Per-Mile (GPM) Fuel Savings Guide" THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Legislative intent. It is the purpose of this act to encourage the purchase of more efficient vehicles through the provision of clear and accessible information to the public regarding cost savings and fuel usage comparisons between vehicles by emphasizing the gallons of gasoline used by a vehicle rather than the number of miles driven. S 2. The environmental conservation law is amended by adding a new section 3-0319 to read as follows: S 3-0319. CONSUMER FUEL CONSUMPTION INFORMATION. 1. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL DEVELOP A MODEL SIGN WHICH PROVIDES CONSUMER FUEL CONSUMPTION INFORMATION. THE MODEL SIGN SHALL BE ENTITLED "GALLONS-PER-MILE (GPM) FUEL SAVINGS GUIDE". THE MODEL SIGN AND INFORMA- TION REGARDING POSTING REQUIREMENTS SHALL BE AVAILABLE ON THE DEPART- MENT'S WEBSITE. 2. THE "GALLONS-PER-MILE (GPM) FUEL SAVINGS GUIDE" SIGN SHALL BEAR THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: (A) THE TITLE HEADING "GALLONS-PER-MILE (GPM) FUEL SAVINGS GUIDE" WITH A SUBTITLE HEADING "WHY USE GPM?"; (B) AN EXPLANATION OF HOW TO CALCULATE GPM AND THE PURPOSE OF THE GPM MEASUREMENT; (C) A CHART WITH FOUR COLUMNS INCLUDING THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: (I) MILES-PER-GALLON (MPG) FROM TEN MPG TO FIFTY MPG IN INCREMENTS OF FIVE; (II) THE CORRESPONDING GALLONS PER ONE THOUSAND MILES;EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00248-01-3 S. 203 2
(III) THE COST OF FUEL PER ONE THOUSAND MILES BASED ON THE MOST RECENT UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE PRICE OF GAS; (IV) THE INCREMENTAL SAVINGS PER ONE THOUSAND MILES AS COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS INCREMENT, BASED ON THE MOST RECENT UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE PRICE OF GAS; (D) SUCH OTHER INFORMATION AS THE DEPARTMENT DEEMS NECESSARY, INCLUD- ING APPROPRIATE DISCLAIMERS. 3. AUTOMOBILE DEALERS THAT OFFER FOR SALE OR LEASE NEW PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLES SHALL DISPLAY THE "GALLONS-PER-MILE (GPM) FUEL SAVINGS GUIDE" ON A SIGN NOT LESS THAN EIGHTEEN INCHES BY TWENTY-FOUR INCHES IN SIZE WITH FONT OF A SIZE NOT LESS THAN ONE INCH IN HEIGHT. THE SIGN SHALL BE DISPLAYED IN A PROMINENT AND CONSPICUOUS LOCATION INSIDE THE DEALERSHIP. 4. ANY AUTOMOBILE DEALER WHO VIOLATES SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION, SHALL UPON THE FIRST VIOLATION BE PROVIDED A WRITTEN WARNING, AND SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A CIVIL PENALTY OF NOT MORE THAN FIFTY DOLLARS FOR A SECOND VIOLATION AND NOT MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED FIFTY DOLLARS FOR A THIRD AND ANY SUBSEQUENT VIOLATION. S 3. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- ing the date upon which it shall have become a law; provided, however, that subdivision 4 of section 3-0319 of the environmental conservation law, as added by section two of this act, shall take effect one year after such effective date.