Provides for the regulation of aquaculture for the purpose of developing fish-farming businesses as an alternative cash crop for farms across the state and appoints a task force relating thereto.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law and the agriculture and markets law, in relation to the regulation of aquaculture; and to repeal section 11-1909 of the environmental conservation law relating to private trout and black bass hatcheries
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To change the regulatory authority over farm raised fish from the Department of Environmental Conservation to the Department of Agriculture and Markets in an effort to better regulate and promote this aspect of agriculture.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section one repeals Section 11-1909 of the Environmental Conservation Law.
Section two amends section 11-1319 of the Environmental Conservation Law. Sections three and four amend the Agriculture and Markets Law by authorizing the Department of Agriculture and Markets to regulate trout and black bass hatcheries. Section five is the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Agriculture is one of the top industries in New York State, returning over $3 billion dollars to the farm economy, and agriculture products, such as domestically raised fish, continue to contribute significantly to that industry-wide value.
According to the New York State Aquaculture Society, in 2007, 154 fish farms generated $16,267,169 in sales statewide. The Cornell Cooperative Extension reported in the same year that aquaculture generated $20 million in farm-gate sales. In order to foster the economic opportunities and best utilize this innovative technology, state agencies are increasing state investment for fish farming. In 2009, the Division of Housing and Community Renewal awarded a $175,000 grant for the construction of a Columbia county fish farm. In 2010, the New York State Energy Research and Development Agency awarded a $400,000 grant to SUNY Morrisville for a combination fish-farming and hydroponics project. SUNY Morrisville's innovative technology has the potential to generate $400 to $600 million annually in the future according to NYSERDA.
Through effective regulation this industry can realize its potential for increased revenue, job production, and technological advancement, bringing New York to the forefront of leadership in this burgeoning agricultural industry.
This legislation will give oversight jurisdiction of this sub-industry of agriculture to the State Department of Agriculture which is the agency best suited to oversee it given its experience in other agricultural industries.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011,2012: S.748/A.7461-A Referred to Environmental Conservation 2009,2010: S.2438-A Referred to Environmental
Conservation 2007,2008: S.5680 Referred to Environmental Conservation 2006: S.7774/A.8537 Referred to Environmental Conservation
EFFECTIVE DATE: Effective immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 2195 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE January 14, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. YOUNG, RANZENHOFER -- read twice and ordered print- ed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Environmental Conservation AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law and the agriculture and markets law, in relation to the regulation of aquaculture; and to repeal section 11-1909 of the environmental conservation law relating to private trout and black bass hatcheries THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 11-1909 of the environmental conservation law is REPEALED. S 2. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 11-1319 of the environ- mental conservation law, as amended by chapter 193 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as follows: a. This section governs possession, transportation and sale of all fish taken in waters of the state, including the marine and coastal district except (1) trout and black bass raised under permit from the department and identified as provided in section
[11-1909]ONE HUNDRED ONE OF THE AGRICULTURE AND MARKETS LAW, (2) fish taken from a farm fish pond licensed as provided in section 11-1911, and (3) fish taken from licensed fishing preserve waters as provided in section 11-1913. S 3. Subdivision 1 of section 11-1501 of the environmental conserva- tion law, as amended by chapter 193 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as follows: 1. This title 15 of the Fish and Wildlife Law and regulations adopted pursuant hereto do not apply to (a) the taking of fish by angling as permitted in title 13; (b) the taking of fish or the use of nets in the marine and coastal district as defined in section 13-0103, or in a trout or black bass hatchery operated under permit from the department as provided in section [11-1909]ONE HUNDRED ONE OF THE AGRICULTURE AND MARKETS LAW, or in a farm fish pond licensed as provided in sectionEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD06498-01-3 S. 2195 2
11-1911 or in a fishing preserve licensed as provided in section 11-1913; (c) the sale or taking for sale of bait fish named in section 11-1315. S 4. The agriculture and markets law is amended by adding a new arti- cle 6 to read as follows: ARTICLE 6 REGULATION OF AQUACULTURE SECTION 100. LEGISLATIVE INTENT. 101. PRIVATE TROUT AND BLACK BASS HATCHERIES. 102. EXAMINATION OF REGULATORY POLICIES. 103. AQUACULTURE TASK FORCE. S 100. LEGISLATIVE INTENT. THE LEGISLATURE FINDS AND DECLARES THAT AQUACULTURE IS AMONG THE FASTEST GROWING SEGMENTS OF THE GLOBAL AGRICUL- TURE MARKETS, WITH NEW YORK'S FISH-FARMING INDUSTRY SUPPLYING FISH TO A VARIETY OF MARKETS, AND THAT THIS BODY SHOULD SEEK WAYS TO DEVELOP THE FISH-FARMING BUSINESS AS AN ALTERNATIVE CASH CROP FOR FARMS ACROSS THE STATE. S 101. PRIVATE TROUT AND BLACK BASS HATCHERIES. 1. THE DEPARTMENT IN ITS DISCRETION MAY ISSUE TO ANY PERSON A HATCHERY PERMIT, VALID DURING THE CALENDAR YEAR OF ISSUE, TO PROPAGATE, RAISE AND SELL TROUT. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL ESTABLISH BY ORDER REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE IDENTIFI- CATION AND TRANSPORTATION OF TROUT RAISED UNDER SUCH A PERMIT, OTHER THAN BY INDIVIDUAL TAGGING, WHICH ARE OFFERED FOR SALE, SOLD OR TRANS- PORTED. 2. THE DEPARTMENT IN ITS DISCRETION MAY ISSUE TO ANY PERSON A HATCHERY PERMIT, VALID DURING THE CALENDAR YEAR OF ISSUE, TO PROPAGATE, RAISE AND SELL BLACK BASS. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL ESTABLISH BY ORDER REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE IDENTIFICATION AND TRANSPORTATION OF BLACK BASS RAISED UNDER SUCH A PERMIT, OTHER THAN BY INDIVIDUAL TAGGING, WHICH ARE OFFERED FOR SALE, SOLD OR TRANSPORTED. S 102. EXAMINATION OF REGULATORY POLICIES. IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THE GOALS SET FORTH IN SECTION ONE HUNDRED OF THIS ARTICLE, THE STATE SHALL EXAMINE AVAILABLE REGULATORY AND POLICY CHANGES THAT WOULD IMPROVE THE PROFITABILITY OF AQUACULTURE IN NEW YORK AND ADOPT ONLY POLICIES THAT: 1. ALLOW FOR THE SALE OF LIVE FISH TO DOMESTIC MARKETS LEGALLY AND SAFELY; 2. ARE NOT OVERLY BURDENSOME TO THE OPERATOR OF AN AQUACULTURE FACILI- TY; AND 3. DO NOT REQUIRE INDIVIDUAL IDENTIFICATION OR TAGGING AS A METHOD OF TRACKING DOMESTICALLY-RAISED FISH. S 103. AQUACULTURE TASK FORCE. 1. AN AQUACULTURE TASK FORCE IS HEREBY CREATED TO CONDUCT THE EXAMINATION DESCRIBED IN SECTION ONE HUNDRED TWO OF THIS ARTICLE AND DETERMINE THE VIABILITY OF ADOPTING A REGULATORY SYSTEM WITH PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY AS ITS GOAL FOR THE STATE. 2. THE TASK FORCE SHALL CONSIST OF TEN MEMBERS, EACH TO SERVE FOR A TERM OF TWO YEARS, TO BE APPOINTED AS FOLLOWS: ONE SHALL BE APPOINTED BY THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE AND ONE BY THE MINORITY LEADER OF THE SENATE; ONE SHALL BE APPOINTED BY THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY AND ONE BY THE MINORITY LEADER OF THE ASSEMBLY; AND SIX SHALL BE APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR. THE APPOINTEES SHALL BE BROADLY REPRESENTATIVE OF THE GEOGRAPHIC AREAS OF THE STATE AND INCLUDE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE AQUA- CULTURE INDUSTRY, ETHNIC POPULATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND THE PUBLIC AT LARGE. NO MORE THAN FOUR APPOINTEES SHALL BE LEGISLATORS. COMMIS- SIONERS OF THE DEPARTMENT AND THE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVA- TION SHALL BE EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS. THE GOVERNOR SHALL DESIGNATE THES. 2195 3
CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN FROM AMONG HIS APPOINTEES. VACANCIES IN THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION AND AMONG ITS OFFICERS SHALL BE FILLED IN THE MANNER PROVIDED FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS. 3. THE TASK FORCE MAY EMPLOY AND AT PLEASURE REMOVE SUCH PERSONNEL AS IT MAY DEEM NECESSARY FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF ITS FUNCTIONS AND FIX THEIR COMPENSATION WITHIN THE AMOUNTS MADE AVAILABLE THEREFOR. 4. THE TASK FORCE MAY MEET WITHIN AND WITHOUT THE STATE AND SHALL HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS, AND SHALL HAVE ALL THE POWERS OF A LEGISLATIVE COMMIT- TEE PURSUANT TO THE LEGISLATIVE LAW. 5. THE MEMBERS OF THE TASK FORCE SHALL RECEIVE NO COMPENSATION FOR THEIR SERVICES, BUT SHALL BE ALLOWED THEIR ACTUAL AND NECESSARY EXPENSES INCURRED IN THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR DUTIES PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE. 6. TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT FEASIBLE, THE TASK FORCE SHALL BE ENTITLED TO REQUEST AND RECEIVE AND SHALL UTILIZE AND BE PROVIDED WITH SUCH FACILI- TIES, RESOURCES, AND DATA OF ANY COURT, DEPARTMENT, DIVISION, BOARD, BUREAU, COMMISSION, OR AGENCY OF THE STATE OR ANY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION THEREOF AS IT MAY REASONABLY REQUEST TO CARRY OUT PROPERLY ITS POWERS AND DUTIES PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE. 7. THE APPOINTING AUTHORITIES SHALL APPOINT THE MEMBERS OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TASK FORCE ON OR BEFORE NINETY DAYS AFTER THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION AND THE TASK FORCE SHALL CONVENE ITS FIRST MEETING ON OR BEFORE SIXTY DAYS THEREAFTER. 8. THE TASK FORCE SHALL MAKE A PRELIMINARY REPORT TO THE GOVERNOR AND THE LEGISLATURE OF ITS FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS BY APRIL FIRST OF THE CALENDAR YEAR NEXT SUCCEEDING THE CALENDAR YEAR IN WHICH THIS ARTICLE TOOK EFFECT AND A FINAL REPORT OF ITS FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS NOT LATER THAN DECEMBER THIRTY-FIRST OF THE CALENDAR YEAR NEXT SUCCEEDING THE CALENDAR YEAR IN WHICH THIS ARTI- CLE TOOK EFFECT, AND SHALL SUBMIT WITH ITS REPORTS SUCH LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS AS IT DEEMS NECESSARY TO IMPLEMENT ITS RECOMMENDATIONS. S 5. This act shall take effect immediately.