Authorizes cities in excess of two hundred thousand but less than two hundred twenty thousand and in excess of one million to provide by local law for the adjudication of traffic infractions.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to authorizing certain cities to adjudicate traffic infractions
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This legislation would allow the city of Buffalo the same authority offered to its surrounding suburbs to adjudicate traffic violations. Currently, the state of New York adjudicates all traffic violations in the city of Buffalo.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new paragraph (b) to section 225.
JUSTIFICATION: The purpose of this legislation is to allow the city of Buffalo to adjudicate traffic infractions. New York State currently holds all hearings in Buffalo without the option of a plea bargain system. If the City of Buffalo adjudicates traffic infractions they will implement a system that would allow traffic violators to have an option of a plea bargain, which could lead to traffic school. This system would offer two benefits to Buffalo residents now currently enjoyed by suburban residents; the violator would be allowed to attend traffic school thus hopefully becoming a safer and better driver and also after attending school would not receive any points on his/her license which in turn raises his/her insurance rates. City of Buffalo residents already pay higher insurance rates and this system only causes these rates to increase without any of the options that are offered in the surrounding areas.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.1156B Passed in 2010.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect January 1, 2014 provided that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date are authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 2353--B Cal. No. 660 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE January 19, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. GRISANTI -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation -- recom- mitted to the Committee on Transportation in accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- reported favorably from said committee and committed to the Committee on Finance -- reported favorably from said committee, ordered to first and second report, ordered to a third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to authorizing certain cities to adjudicate traffic infractions THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 155 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 628 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: S 155. Traffic infraction. The violation of any provision of this chapter, except articles forty-seven and forty-eight, or of any law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation regulating traffic which is not declared by this chapter or other law of this state to be a misdemeanor or a felony. A traffic infraction is not a crime and the punishment imposed therefor shall not be deemed for any purpose a penal or criminal punishment and shall not affect or impair the credibility as a witness or otherwise of any person convicted thereof. This definition shall be retroactive and shall apply to all acts and violations heretofore committed where such acts and violations would, if committed subsequent to the taking effect of this section, be included within the meaning of the term "traffic infraction" as herein defined. Except in those portions of Suffolk county for which a district court has been estab- lished, outside of cities having a population in excess of two hundred thousand BUT LESS THAN TWO HUNDRED TWENTY THOUSAND in which administra- tive tribunals have heretofore been established AND OUTSIDE OF CITIESEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD04701-05-2 S. 2353--B 2
HAVING A POPULATION IN EXCESS OF ONE MILLION IN WHICH ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN ESTABLISHED, courts and judicial officers heretofore having jurisdiction over such violations shall continue to do so and for such purpose such violations shall be deemed misdemeanors and all provisions of law relating to misdemeanors except as provided in section eighteen hundred five of this chapter and except as herein otherwise expressly provided shall apply except that no jury trial shall be allowed for traffic infractions. In those portions of Suffolk county for which a district court has been established, and in cities having a population in excess of two hundred thousand BUT LESS THAN TWO HUNDRED TWENTY THOUSAND in which administrative tribunals have heretofore been established AND IN CITIES HAVING A POPULATION IN EXCESS OF ONE MILLION IN WHICH ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN ESTABLISHED, the criminal courts of such cities or portions of Suffolk county in which a district court has been established shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any complaint alleging a violation constituting a traffic infraction, except that administrative tribunals heretofore established in such cities or portions of Suffolk county in which a district court has been established shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any charge of an offense which is a traffic infraction, except parking, standing or stopping. In cities having a population in excess of two hundred thousand in which administrative tribunals have heretofore been established, and any such administrative tribunal established by the city of Yonkers, the city of Peekskill, or the city of Syracuse, such tribunals shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any charge of an offense which is a parking, standing or stopping violation. Any fine imposed by an administrative tribunal shall be a civil penalty. For purposes of arrest without a warrant, pursuant to article one hundred forty of the criminal procedure law, a traffic infraction shall be deemed an offense. S 2. Subdivision 1 of section 225 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 173 of the laws of 1990, is amended to read as follows: 1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, all violations of this chapter or of a law, ordinance, order, rule or regulation relat- ing to traffic, except parking, standing, stopping or pedestrian offenses, which occur within a city having a population of two hundred thousand or more BUT LESS THAN TWO HUNDRED TWENTY THOUSAND in which administrative tribunals have heretofore been established, OR WITHIN A CITY HAVING A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE IN WHICH ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS HAVE HERETOFORE BEEN ESTABLISHED, or within that portion of Suffolk county for which a district court has been established, and which are classified as traffic infractions, may be heard and determined pursuant to the regulations of the commissioner as provided in this article. Whenever a crime and a traffic infraction arise out of the same transaction or occurrence, a charge alleging both offenses may be made returnable before the court having jurisdiction over the crime. Nothing herein provided shall be construed to prevent a court, having jurisdic- tion over a criminal charge relating to traffic or a traffic infraction, from lawfully entering a judgment of conviction, whether or not based on a plea of guilty, for any offense classified as a traffic infraction. S 3. Pending actions and proceedings. (a) No proceeding involving a charge of a traffic infraction pending at such time when an existing administrative tribunal shall cease to exist shall be affected or abated by the passage of this act or by anything herein contained or by the cessation of the existence of any administrative tribunal. All suchS. 2353--B 3
proceedings are hereby transferred to the court of appropriate jurisdic- tion in the city where such traffic infractions allegedly occurred. (b)(i) The agency, department, office, or person charged with the custody of the records of an existing administrative tribunal which is about to cease existing under, or in connection with, this act shall arrange for the transfer of the records of pending proceedings to the court of appropriate jurisdiction to which the proceedings shall be transferred. The presiding judge of such court shall enter an order providing for adequate notice consistent with due process of law to respondents in such pending proceedings regarding the transfer of such proceedings. (ii) In no event shall any difficulty or delay resulting from the transfer process, not caused by the respondent, increase the penalty required of the respondent appearing before the court due to a transfer of the traffic infraction proceeding or otherwise prejudice such respondent. Respondents before the court due to a transfer of the traf- fic infraction proceeding from an administrative tribunal to the court that fail to appear shall be permitted at least one adjournment before the penalties and procedures pursuant to subdivision 3 of section 226 of the vehicle and traffic law shall be available. The presiding judge of such court shall enter an order providing for adequate notice consistent with due process of law to respondents, including notice of the penal- ties and procedures available pursuant to subdivision 3 of section 226 of the vehicle and traffic law. S 4. This act shall take effect immediately; provided, however, that sections one and two of this act shall be deemed to have been in full force and effect on and after June 1, 2012, and provided, further, that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effec- tive date is authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.