Permits recording officers to require that conveyances of real property presented for recording be presented as digitized paper documents in the form of digitized images of original paper records.
Ayes (62): Adams, Addabbo, Alesi, Avella, Ball, Bonacic, Breslin, Carlucci, DeFrancisco, Diaz, Dilan, Duane, Espaillat, Farley, Flanagan, Fuschillo, Gallivan, Gianaris, Golden, Griffo, Grisanti, Hannon, Hassell-Thomps, Huntley, Johnson, Kennedy, Klein, Krueger, Kruger, Lanza, Larkin, LaValle, Libous, Little, Marcellino, Martins, Maziarz, McDonald, Montgomery, Nozzolio, O'Mara, Oppenheimer, Parker, Peralta, Perkins, Ranzenhofer, Ritchie, Rivera, Robach, Saland, Sampson, Savino, Serrano, Seward, Skelos, Smith, Squadron, Stavisky, Stewart-Cousin, Valesky, Young, Zeldin
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the state technology law and the real property law, in relation to permitting electronic recording of instruments affecting real property
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: Authorizes recording officers to accept conveyance of real property presented for recording as electronic records
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 of this bill would amend State Technology Law (STL), Section 307 to remove a provision that makes the Electronic Signature and Records Act (ESRA) inapplicable to conveyances or other instruments recordable under Real Property Law (RPL) Article 9.
Section 2 of the bill amends RPL Section 290, to include definitions or terms used in the new RPL. Section 291-1, added by Section 3 of this bill.
Section 3 of the bill amends RPL Article 9 to add a new Section 291-1 that would confirm the validity of digitized paper documents, electronic records, electronic signatures and electronic notarization, as follows:
RPL Section 291-1 (1) would provide that where a law, rule or regulation requires, as a condition of recording, that an instrument be assigned and notarized paper original, the requirement is satisfied by a digitized paper document or an electronic record that had been electronically signed and notarized.
RPL Section 291-1 (2) would require electronic submissions to utilize specific technology which does not permit changes without leaving a trail of evidence.
RPL Section 291-1 (3) would authorize recording officers [County Clerks] to opt to permit electronic recording in their county. Once a clerk opts to allow electronic recording, the County must offer the option to all filers.
RPL Section 291-1 (4) requires a recording officer who permits electronic recording to obey the rules and regulations of the electronic facilitator.
RPL Section 291.1 (5) requires the State Office for Technology to assume the role of the electronic facilitator and to write rules and regulations to govern the computer technology aspects of such filings.
RPL Section 291-1 (6) would provide that recording officers must continue to furnish the State Office of Real Property Services (ORPS) with paper documents of reports required by Real Property Tax Law Section 574, unless ORM agrees to accept data submissions in lieu
thereof or has provided for the electronic transmission of such data pursuant to law.
Section 4 of this bill amends RPL Section 317 to provide that a digitized paper document or an electronic record would be considered delivered for purposes of RPL Section 317 of the date and at the time such document or record is successfully transmitted to a recording office. Such delivery stamp would be limited to the regular business hours of the recording officer.
Section 5 of the bill makes it effective 365 days after it becomes a law, provided, however, that OFT would be authorized to promulgate rules, regulations, guidelines, standards and policies to effectuate the bill prior to such effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: This bill responds to the ongoing challenge of local governments to deliver more services with fewer resources. County clerks are continually seeking ways to improve efficiency, enhance services, and save taxpayer dollars. This bill permits, but not mandate, the application of information and communication technologies to support their activities related to the recording of instruments affecting real property.
In the past several years, virtually all businesses have become, to some degree or another, "e-businesses." Internet technology and readily available solutions have made e-business ubiquitous. Government has experienced a parallel trend. For example, the New York State Unified Court System has established "NYSCEF", a program that permits the filing and service of legal papers by electronic means with certain county clerks, and with courts in certain types of cases. This bill seeks to achieve similar efficiencies in the realm of real property conveyances by enabling county governments to modernize the manner in which real estate professional and recording officers conduct their business together. By implementing electronic recording, a local government would be able to reduce the volume of paper documents coming into the recorders' offices. Moreover, local governments that permit electronic recording stand to save considerable money of personnel and postage for returning documents.
Owners of real property, real estate professionals and local government taxpayers would benefit from the more accurate and efficient land records system that this bill would facilitate. This bill will also eliminate the need for persons seeking to record land documents to appear at the offices of recording officers to file hard copy originals, and it would provide for a more efficient and streamlined storage and retrieval system. Ultimately, electronic recording will improve the recording process from the point of origin (e.g. title companies, banks, attorneys' offices) to county clerks' offices. It will improve work flow, increase productivity, speed up the recording process and improve data accuracy.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2010 - S.8318 (Died Rules)
None to the State. Depending on the level of participation in each county, the receipt of electronic records or digitized documents for recording will enable county clerk offices to attain significant savings from the elimination of document scanning and the reduction in time and supplies necessary to return documents to their custodians after the original copies have been recorded.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This bill would take effect 365 days after it becomes a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 2373--A Cal. No. 142 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE January 19, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sens. STEWART-COUSINS, AVELLA, MAZIARZ, OPPENHEIMER, RITCHIE -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Energy and Telecommunications -- reported favorably from said committee, ordered to first and second report, ordered to a third reading, passed by Senate and delivered to the Assembly, recalled, vote reconsidered, restored to third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading AN ACT to amend the state technology law and the real property law, in relation to permitting electronic recording of instruments affecting real property THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivisions 3 and 4 of section 307 of the state technology law, such section as renumbered by chapter 437 of the laws of 2004, are amended to read as follows: 3.
[To any conveyance or other instrument recordable under article nine of the real property law. 4.]To any other document that the electronic facilitator has specif- ically excepted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the electronic facilitator, from the application of this article. S 2. Section 290 of the real property law, subdivision 4 as amended by chapter 569 of the laws of 1925, subdivision 5 as amended by chapter 317 of the laws of 1943 and subdivision 6 as renumbered by chapter 227 of the laws of 1926, is amended to read as follows: S 290. Definitions; effect of article. 1. The term "real property," as used in this article, includes lands, tenements and hereditaments and chattels real, except a lease for a term not exceeding three years. 2. The term "purchaser" includes every person to whom any estate or interest in real property is conveyed for a valuable consideration, and every assignee of a mortgage, lease or other conditional estate.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD07544-11-1 S. 2373--A 2
3. The term "conveyance" includes every written instrument, by which any estate or interest in real property is created, transferred, mort- gaged or assigned, or by which the title to any real property may be affected, including an instrument in execution of a power, although the power be one of revocation only, and an instrument postponing or subor- dinating a mortgage lien; except a will, a lease for a term not exceed- ing three years, an executory contract for the sale or purchase of lands, and an instrument containing a power to convey real property as the agent or attorney for the owner of such property. 4. The term "recording officer" means the county clerk of the county, except in a county having a register, where it means the register of the county. 5. "Recording" or "recorded" means the entry, at length, upon the pages of the proper record books in a plain and legible hand writing, or in print or in symbols of drawing or by photographic process or partly in writing, partly in printing, partly in symbols of drawing or partly by photographic process or by any combination of writing, printing, drawing or photography or either or any two of them, OR BY AN ELECTRONIC PROCESS BY WHICH A RECORD OR INSTRUMENT AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY, AFTER DELIVERY IS INCORPORATED INTO THE PUBLIC RECORD. "Recording" or "recorded" also means the reproduction of instruments by microphotogra- phy or other photographic process on film which is kept in appropriate files. 6. "ELECTRONIC" MEANS OF OR RELATING TO TECHNOLOGY HAVING ELECTRICAL, DIGITAL, MAGNETIC, WIRELESS, OPTICAL, ELECTROMAGNETIC OR SIMILAR CAPA- BILITIES. 7. "ELECTRONIC RECORD" MEANS INFORMATION EVIDENCING ANY ACT, TRANS- ACTION, OCCURRENCE, EVENT OR OTHER ACTIVITY, PRODUCED OR STORED BY ELEC- TRONIC MEANS AND CAPABLE OF BEING ACCURATELY REPRODUCED IN FORMS PERCEP- TIBLE BY HUMAN SENSORY CAPABILITIES. 8. "ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE" MEANS AN ELECTRONIC SOUND, SYMBOL, OR PROC- ESS, ATTACHED TO OR LOGICALLY ASSOCIATED WITH AN ELECTRONIC RECORD AND EXECUTED OR ADOPTED BY A PERSON WITH THE INTENT TO SIGN THE RECORD. 9. "PAPER DOCUMENT" MEANS A DOCUMENT IN A FORM THAT IS NOT ELECTRONIC. 10. "DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT" MEANS A DIGITIZED IMAGE OF A PAPER DOCUMENT THAT ACCURATELY DEPICTS THE INFORMATION ON THE PAPER DOCUMENT IN A FORMAT THAT CANNOT BE ALTERED WITHOUT DETECTION. 11. "WET SIGNATURE" MEANS A SIGNATURE AFFIXED IN INK OR PENCIL OR OTHER MATERIAL TO A PAPER DOCUMENT. 12. This article does not apply to leases for life or lives, or for years, heretofore made, of lands in either of the counties of Albany, Ulster, Sullivan, Herkimer, Dutchess, Columbia, Delaware or Schenectady. S 3. The real property law is amended by adding a new section 291-i to read as follows: S 291-I. VALIDITY OF ELECTRONIC RECORDING. 1. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY LAW TO THE CONTRARY, (A) WHERE A LAW, RULE OR REGULATION REQUIRES, AS A CONDITION FOR RECORDING, THAT AN INSTRUMENT AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY BE AN ORIGINAL, BE ON PAPER OR ANOTHER TANGIBLE MEDIUM OR BE IN WRITING, THE REQUIREMENT IS SATISFIED BY A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OR AN ELEC- TRONIC RECORD OF SUCH INSTRUMENT; (B) WHERE A LAW, RULE OR REGULATION REQUIRES, AS A CONDITION FOR RECORDING, THAT AN INSTRUMENT AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY BE SIGNED, THE REQUIREMENT IS SATISFIED, WHERE THE INSTRUMENT EXISTS AS A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT, IF THE DIGITIZED IMAGE OF A WET SIGNATURE OF THE PERSON EXECUTING SUCH INSTRUMENT APPEARS ON SUCH DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OR,S. 2373--A 3
WHERE THE INSTRUMENT EXISTS AS AN ELECTRONIC RECORD, IF THE INSTRUMENT IS SIGNED BY USE OF AN ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE; (C) WHERE A LAW, RULE OR REGULATION REQUIRES, AS A CONDITION OF RECORDING, THAT AN INSTRUMENT AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY OR A SIGNATURE ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH AN INSTRUMENT BE NOTARIZED, ACKNOWLEDGED, VERIFIED, WITNESSED OR MADE UNDER OATH, THE SIGNATURE REQUIREMENT IS SATISFIED IF: (I) THE DIGITIZED IMAGE OF A WET SIGNATURE OF THE PERSON AUTHORIZED TO PERFORM THAT ACT AND ANY STAMP, IMPRESSION OR SEAL REQUIRED BY LAW TO BE INCLUDED, APPEARS ON A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OF SUCH INSTRUMENT; OR (II) THE ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE OF THE PERSON AUTHORIZED TO PERFORM THAT ACT, AND ALL OTHER INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE INCLUDED, IS ATTACHED TO OR LOGICALLY ASSOCIATED WITH AN ELECTRONIC RECORD OF SUCH INSTRUMENT, PROVIDED, HOWEVER THAT NO PHYSICAL OR ELECTRONIC IMAGE OF A STAMP, IMPRESSION OR SEAL SHALL BE REQUIRED TO ACCOMPANY SUCH ELECTRONIC SIGNA- TURE. (D) WHERE A LAW, RULE OR REGULATION REQUIRES, AS A CONDITION OF RECORDING AN INSTRUMENT AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY, THAT ANY ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENT BE FILED THEREWITH, THE REQUIREMENT IS SATISFIED IF, IN THE CASE OF RECORDING BY ELECTRONIC MEANS, A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OR ELECTRONIC RECORD OF ANY SUCH ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENT IS PRESENTED TO THE RECORDING OFFICER AT THE SAME TIME AS SUCH INSTRUMENT IS RECORDED BY ELECTRONIC MEANS; PROVIDED THAT EACH SUCH DOCUMENT OR RECORD SHALL BE PRESENTED TO THE RECORDING OFFICER AS A SEPARATE DIGITIZED PAPER DOCU- MENT OR ELECTRONIC RECORD UNTO ITSELF. 2. A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OR DOCUMENTS SHALL BE CREATED USING A SOFTWARE APPLICATION OR OTHER ELECTRONIC PROCESS WHICH STORES AN IMAGE OF THE ORIGINAL PAPER DOCUMENT OR DOCUMENTS, AND WHICH DOES NOT PERMIT ADDITIONS, DELETIONS OR OTHER CHANGES TO THE DIGITIZED IMAGE, OR IF ADDITIONS, DELETIONS OR CHANGES ARE PERMITTED, A MEDIA TRAIL EXISTS WHICH CREATES AN ELECTRONIC RECORD WHICH MAKES IT POSSIBLE TO IDENTIFY THESE CHANGES. 3. NOTHING IN THIS SECTION OR ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO REQUIRE THE RECORDING BY ELECTRONIC MEANS OF INSTRUMENTS AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY. THE DECISION BY EACH COUNTY CLERK TO PARTIC- IPATE IN ELECTRONIC RECORDING IS DISCRETIONARY. ONCE A COUNTY CLERK PERMITS ELECTRONIC RECORDING, THE COUNTY SHALL ACCEPT SUCH ELECTRONIC RECORDINGS. 4. WHERE ANY RECORDING OFFICER PERMITS INSTRUMENTS AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY AND ANY ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS TO BE PRESENTED FOR RECORDING OR FILING AS DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENTS OR ELECTRONIC RECORDS PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, SUCH RECORDING BY ELECTRONIC MEANS SHALL BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULES AND REGULATIONS ESTABLISHED BY THE ELECTRONIC FACILITATOR PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION FIVE OF THIS SECTION. 5. IN ORDER TO ENSURE CONSISTENCY IN THE STANDARDS AND PRACTICES OF, AND THE TECHNOLOGY USED BY RECORDING OFFICERS IN THE STATE, THE ELEC- TRONIC FACILITATOR, AS DESCRIBED IN SECTION THREE HUNDRED THREE OF THE STATE TECHNOLOGY LAW, SHALL, CONSISTENT WITH THE PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE THREE OF THE STATE TECHNOLOGY LAW, PROMULGATE RULES AND REGULATIONS, AND AMENDMENTS THERETO, AS APPROPRIATE GOVERNING THE USE AND ACCEPTANCE OF DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENTS, ELECTRONIC RECORDS AND ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES UNDER THIS ARTICLE. SUCH AUTHORITY SHALL ADDRESS AND BE LIMITED TO STANDARDS REQUIRING ADEQUATE INFORMATION SECURITY PROTECTION TO ENSURE THAT ELECTRONIC RECORDS OF INSTRUMENTS AFFECTING REAL PROPERTY DOCUMENTS ARE ACCURATE, AUTHENTIC, ADEQUATELY PRESERVED FOR LONG-TERM ELECTRONIC STORAGE AND RESISTANT TO TAMPERING. WHEN PROMULGATING RULES AND REGU- LATIONS, THE ELECTRONIC FACILITATOR MAY TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION: (A) THES. 2373--A 4
MOST RECENT STANDARDS PROMULGATED BY NATIONAL STANDARD-SETTING BODIES SUCH AS, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE PROPERTY RECORDS INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION; (B) THE VIEWS OF INTERESTED PERSONS AND GOVERNMENTAL OFFICIALS AND ENTI- TIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO RECORDING OFFICERS AND REPRESEN- TATIVES OF THE STATE TITLE, LEGAL AND BANKING INDUSTRIES; AND (C) THE NEEDS OF COUNTIES OF VARYING SIZE, POPULATION, AND RESOURCES. 6. NOTHING CONTAINED IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO AUTHORIZE A RECORDING OFFICER TO FURNISH DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENTS OF THE REPORTS REQUIRED BY SECTION FIVE HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE REAL PROPERTY TAX LAW. SUCH REPORTS SHALL BE FURNISHED AS PAPER DOCUMENTS WITH THE REQUI- SITE NOTATIONS THEREON, EXCEPT WHERE THE STATE BOARD OF REAL PROPERTY SERVICES HAS AGREED TO ACCEPT DATA SUBMISSIONS IN LIEU THEREOF OR HAS PROVIDED FOR THE ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION OF SUCH DATA PURSUANT TO LAW. S 4. Section 317 of the real property law is amended to read as follows: S 317. Order of recording. Every instrument, entitled to be recorded, must be recorded by the recording officer in the order and as of the time of its delivery to him OR HER therefor, DURING BUSINESS HOURS MAIN- TAINED BY THE RECORDING OFFICER, and is considered recorded from the time of such delivery; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCU- MENT OR AN ELECTRONIC RECORD SHALL BE CONSIDERED DELIVERED FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION AT THE DATE AND TIME OF RECEIPT INDICATED ON AN ELEC- TRONIC OR OTHER WRITTEN NOTIFICATION WHICH SHALL BE PROVIDED BY THE RECORDING OFFICER IMMEDIATELY UPON RECEIPT OF A DIGITIZED PAPER DOCUMENT OR ELECTRONIC RECORD. S 5. This act shall take effect on the three hundred sixty-fifth day after it shall have become a law; provided, however that the electronic facilitator shall be authorized to promulgate rules, regulations, guide- lines, standards and policies to effectuate this act prior to such effective date.