Establishes pilot grant program to enable overage, under-credit youth to obtain high school diploma or equivalent.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to establishing a pilot program for overage, under-credit students to prepare these students for post secondary education or training and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 establishes a new article 100 in the education law which creates a pilot program for overage, under-credited students as follows:
*Section 4950 *
1. Legislative Intent
2. The program is directed at ages 12 to 22, overage, under-credited youth in grades seven to twelve, with continuous Support after graduation or GED attainment. Eligible youth typically will have one or more research-based risk factors.
*Section 4951 *
Creates a pilot program to support a research-driven, comprehensive program for overage, under-credited youth in the Big Five City school districts to obtain a high school diploma or equivalent, as well as make an effective transition to employment or postsecondary level training. The program will be piloted with 1,200 students; 600 will be in New York City, and 150 in each in Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, and Yonkers.
*Section 4952 *
Each school district application must include a consortia of community-based organizations, postsecondary institutions, businesses, unions, adult education programs or other organizations to connect neighborhood services with youth and families.
*Section 4953 *
Activities in the program shall include:
1. A full-time paid advocate
2. Academic and after-school support
3. Wrap-around support services
4. Part-time paid, year-round employment and scholarships
5. Workplace supervisor and mentor
6. A clear pathway to postsecondary education or career
7. Family engagement and strengthening
*Section 4954 * Cost of the program:
-$2,500 per pupil for advocacy, scholarships, work experience and mentoring - $3,500 per pupil for wrap-around support services, academic support, and family engagement
-$700 per parent to participate in adult education
-Employment preparation education state aid for eligible parents over age 21 used as a match
-$500,000 for outcome evaluation
* Section 4955 *
1. All students graduate high school or obtain a GED
2. Students are prepared for the workforce
3. Increased number of students successfully transitioning to postsecondary education
4. Reduces turnover costs for employers
5. Keeps New York State talent in New York State
6. Stabilizes families
7. Lowers the incarceration rate
Section 2 appropriates the sum of $8,450,000.
Section 3 states the effective date (immediately) and provides that the act be repealed 5 years from the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Overage, under-credited students are concentrated in schools and communities with the greatest challenges in improving student achievement. In fact, according to the NYC Department of Education's Office of Multiple pathways, there are approximately 140,000 under-credited students between the ages of 16-21 in New York City alone. These students represent 20% of all high school students enrolled in city schools. In the state's Big Five School Districts, nearly 70% of minority and limited English proficient 7th graders fail to graduate by the 12th grade.
The vast majority of over-aged, under-credited students end up dropping out of school, going to jail, or aging out of the system without earning a high school diploma or GED. In fact, 75% of all state prison inmates have not completed high school and individuals without a high school diploma are 60% more likely to use TANF, 80% more likely to use food stamps, and more likely to use public housing
than are high school graduates. In addition, for each cohort of 18 year-olds that do not complete high school, the U.S. loses $192 billion dollars (1.6% of the GDP) in tax revenues alone. This puts an enormous burden not only on these students and their families but on their communities, the state, and the nation as well.
This bill is an outgrowth of continual discussions I have had with the NYS Department of Education to address over-aged, under-credited students. This bill establishes a comprehensive program targeting high risk, over-aged, under-credited students ages 12-22 in the Big Five City School Districts. The program will provide academic and after-school support; community based social, health, and career services; employment and workplace mentoring; and family engagement to support students and ensure they graduate from high school and are prepared for postsecondary education or the workforce.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.7494 of 2008 04/08/08 REFERRED TO EDUCATION 01/11/11 REFERRED TO EDUCATION 01/04/12 REFERRED TO EDUCATION
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: The State Education Department estimates the cost of this program to be $8.54 million.
EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately and shall expire and be deemed repealed 5 years after such effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 251 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to establishing a pilot program for overage, under-credit students to prepare these students for post secondary education or training and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Legislative intent. The legislature hereby finds and declares it necessary to increase the graduation rate in this state, particularly New York City, Yonkers, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse, where the drop-out rate is exceptionally high particularly with minority and limited English proficient students. To do so, the legislature finds it necessary to create a research-based pilot program to assist overage, under-credit students, who are typically at risk of not graduating, obtain a high school diploma or general equivalency diploma (GED), and to prepare these students for post-secondary education or training. The legislature recognizes that a variety of individual, familial, and community-based factors may contribute to a student's failure to gradu- ate, including, but not limited to, the student's poor academic perform- ance or attendance, parents' academic history, alcohol and/or substance abuse in the home, upbringing in a single parent household or teen parent household, neglect and/or abuse in the home, insufficient parental interest or involvement in students' academic performance, or otherwise, limited English proficiency in the home, limited access to health care, or limited economic means, poverty or parental unemploy- ment. The pilot program will examine the relationship between the aforemen- tioned risk factors and the students' academic progress as well as the influence of the program's academic and after school support services onEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02199-01-3 S. 251 2
the student's academic progress, post-secondary education or training, and employability. The pilot program is expected to engage one thousand two hundred eligible students in academic and after-school services. The pilot program will provide assistance and support to selected students to assist them to obtain a high school diploma or GED and to prepare them for post-secondary education or training. The program will further provide assistance and support to the students for two years after the students' attainment of such a diploma. This research-based pilot program will provide a comprehensive look at the needs of and adverse influences on overage, under-credit students and provide a fundamental plan for remediation. S 2. The education law is amended by adding a new article 100 to read as follows: ARTICLE 100 OVERAGE AND UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS SECTION 4950. DEFINITIONS. 4951. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS; ESTAB- LISHED. 4952. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY. 4953. PURPOSE OF PROGRAM. 4954. REPORTS AND EVALUATION OF THE PILOT PROGRAM. 4955. PROGRAM COSTS. S 4950. DEFINITIONS. THE FOLLOWING TERM SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING MEAN- ING WHEN USED IN THIS ARTICLE: "OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENT" SHALL MEAN A STUDENT WHO IS AT LEAST TWO YEARS BEHIND STANDARD PROGRESS RELA- TIVE TO THE EXPECTED AGE AND CREDIT ACCUMULATION FOR EARNING A DIPLOMA. S 4951. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS; ESTABLISHED. 1. THERE IS HEREBY ESTABLISHED UNDER THE EXERCISE OF AUTHORITY AND CONTROL OF THE COMMISSIONER A RESEARCH-BASED PILOT PROGRAM NAMED AND REFERRED TO AS THE PILOT PROGRAM FOR OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS. THIS RESEARCH-BASED PILOT PROGRAM SHALL SERVE ONE THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED STUDENTS WHO ARE ELIGIBLE FOR THE PROGRAM UNDER SECTION FORTY-NINE HUNDRED FIFTY-TWO OF THIS ARTICLE. SIX HUNDRED OF THESE STUDENTS SHALL BE ENROLLED IN THE NEW YORK CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT AND ONE HUNDRED FIFTY STUDENTS SHALL BE ENROLLED IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SCHOOL DISTRICTS: YONKERS, BUFFALO, ROCHESTER, AND SYRACUSE. 2. THE PURPOSE OF THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL BE TO ASSIST OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS ATTAIN A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA OR GENERAL EQUIVALEN- CY DIPLOMA (GED), EFFECTIVELY PREPARE FOR AND TRANSITION INTO POST-SEC- ONDARY EDUCATION OR TRAINING, AND/OR OBTAIN EMPLOYMENT OR OTHER SUCH MEANINGFUL POST-SECONDARY OPPORTUNITIES. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT TO SUCH STUDENTS FOR TWO YEARS SUCCEEDING EACH STUDENT'S ATTAINMENT OF SUCH A DIPLOMA. 3. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL EXAMINE THE NEEDS OF OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS AND ANALYZE THE FACTORS WHICH CAUSE OR CONTRIBUTE TO THE STUDENTS' FAILURE TO GRADUATE OR WHICH ADVERSELY INFLUENCE THEIR ACADEM- IC PROGRESS. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL FURTHER ANALYZE THE EFFECT OF THE PILOT PROGRAM ON THE STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PROGRESS, COMPLETION OF POST-SECONDARY COURSES OR TRAINING, AND THE STUDENTS' EMPLOYABILITY. S 4952. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY. 1. STUDENTS MAY BE ELIGIBLE FOR THE PILOT PROGRAM ESTABLISHED IN SECTION FORTY-NINE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE OF THIS ARTICLE IF THEY ARE (A) ENROLLED IN A PUBLIC SCHOOL WITHIN AN ELIGIBLE SCHOOL DISTRICT, (B) OF THE AGE OF TWELVE TO TWENTY-ONE YEARS, (C) ENROLLED IN ANY OF THE GRADES SEVEN THROUGH TWELVE, OR IF ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, ENROLLED IN ANY OF THE GRADES NINE THROUGH TWELVE, AND (D) IDENTIFIED WITH AT LEAST ONE OF THES. 251 3
FOLLOWING RISK FACTORS, INCLUDING, BUT NEED NOT BE LIMITED TO, POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OR ATTENDANCE, PARENT'S POOR ACADEMIC HISTORY, ALCOHOL AND/OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN THE HOME, SINGLE PARENT HOUSEHOLD OR TEEN PARENT HOUSEHOLD, NEGLECT AND/OR ABUSE IN THE HOME, INSUFFICIENT PARENTAL INTEREST OR INVOLVEMENT IN STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, OR OTHERWISE, LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY IN THE HOME, LIMITED ACCESS OR NO ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE, LIMITED ECONOMIC MEANS, POVERTY OR PARENTAL UNEM- PLOYMENT. 2. AN ELIGIBLE SCHOOL DISTRICT SHALL APPLY TO THE DEPARTMENT FOR A GRANT AWARD UNDER THE PILOT PROGRAM ON AN APPLICATION PRESCRIBED BY THE COMMISSIONER, WHICH SHALL INCLUDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PILOT PROGRAM, WHICH MAY INCLUDE, BUT NEED NOT BE LIMITED TO, THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS: (A) LIST OF COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS TO FACILITATE EFFECTIVE PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIPS OR PARENT-TEACHER RELATIONSHIPS, SUCH AS PARENTING CLASSES OR ANGER MANAGEMENT CLASSES; (B) LIST OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE OFFICES OR ORGANIZATIONS THROUGH WHICH TO OBTAIN PUBLIC ASSISTANCE BENEFITS, INCLUDING CASH ASSISTANCE, FOOD STAMPS, MEDICAID OR CHILD HEALTH INSURANCE, OR EARNED-INCOME TAX CRED- ITS, OR WHICH TO FACILITATE PARENTAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY AND STABILITY; (C) ADULT EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS, INCLUDING THOSE FOR LITERACY OR INSTRUCTION IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE OR FOR FINANCIAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY OR STABILITY; (D) POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING RESOURCES AND CONTACTS, INCLUDING BUSINESSES OR UNIONS; (E) WORKFORCE OR LABOR TRAINING PROGRAMS AND CAREER COUNSELING SERVICES; (F) OTHER LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS USED TO ENCOURAGE, FACILITATE, AND DEVELOP RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE PILOT PROGRAM AND THE STUDENT AND STUDENT'S FAMILY. S 4953. PURPOSE OF PROGRAM. THE PILOT PROGRAM SHALL PROVIDE THE FOLLOWING SERVICES TO ELIGIBLE OVERAGE, UNDER-CREDIT STUDENTS: 1. SUPPORT AND ADVOCACY SERVICES IN THE HOME, SCHOOL AND/OR WORK ENVI- RONMENT WHICH SHALL BE PROVIDED BY ONE FULL-TIME ADVOCATE PER EVERY THIRTY ELIGIBLE STUDENTS; 2. REMEDIATION SERVICES, INCLUDING TUTORIAL SERVICES; 3. MENTORING SERVICES; 4. ACADEMIC SUPPORT SERVICES, WHICH SHALL BE AGE AND CULTURALLY APPRO- PRIATE; 5. WRAP-AROUND-SUPPORT SERVICES THROUGH PARTNERSHIP WITH COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND THE SCHOOL DISTRICT, INCLUDING YOUTH DEVELOPMENT, JOB READINESS TRAINING, CAREER EXPLORATION AND HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES; 6. PART-TIME PAID, YEAR-ROUND EMPLOYMENT AND SCHOLARSHIPS AS INCEN- TIVES TO HELP STUDENTS SUCCEED IN SCHOOL AND PREPARE FOR THE WORKFORCE. SUCH INCENTIVES WOULD INCLUDE FUNDING FOR EMPLOYER INCENTIVES FOR BUSI- NESS AND ORGANIZATIONS WHICH DO NOT TRADITIONALLY HIRE YOUTH; 7. POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION AND CAREER COUNSELING SERVICES; 8. LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS AND SERVICE LEARNING. S 4954. REPORTS AND EVALUATION OF THE PILOT PROGRAM. UPON THE COMPLETION OF TWO YEARS OF OPERATION, AND ON AN ANNUAL BASIS THEREAFTER, THE COMMISSIONER SHALL EVALUATE AND ASSESS THE RESULTS OF THE PILOT PROGRAM TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE FOLLOWING FACTORS: 1. THE GRADUATION RATE AND PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS WHO ATTAIN A DIPLO- MA, INCLUDING A REGENTS DIPLOMA OR A GENERAL EQUIVALENCY DIPLOMA (GED); 2. RATE OF ADMISSION TO POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION OR TRAINING PROGRAMS;S. 251 4
3. ACADEMIC PROGRESS IN COMPLETING POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION OR TRAIN- ING; 4. EMPLOYABILITY OF STUDENTS; 5. RATE OF EMPLOYMENT, AND RATE OF EMPLOYMENT OF STUDENTS IN NEW YORK STATE; 6. REDUCTION IN TURNOVER COSTS FOR EMPLOYERS PARTICIPATING IN THE PROGRAM; 7. PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS INCARCERATED DURING OR AFTER PARTICIPATION IN THE PROGRAM; 8. LEVEL OF PARENTAL PARTICIPATION IN THE PROGRAM AND INVOLVEMENT IN STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OR POST-SECONDARY OPPORTUNITIES; 9. PARENTAL LITERACY OR ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY; 10. PARENTAL IMPROVEMENT, INCLUDING EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE, AND RECEIPT OF PUBLIC ASSISTANCE BENEFITS. S 4955. PROGRAM COSTS. TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS PER PUPIL PER YEAR SHALL BE ALLOCATED FOR ADVOCACY, SCHOLARSHIPS, WORK EXPERIENCE AND MENTORING PROGRAMS OR SERVICES. THIRTY-FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS PER PUPIL PER YEAR SHALL BE ALLOCATED FOR WRAP-AROUND SUPPORT SERVICES, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT. AID IN AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO SEVEN HUNDRED DOLLARS PER PARENT OF EACH PUPIL SHALL BE ALLOCATED, ANNUALLY, FOR EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR PARENTS TO ASSIST PARENTS TO ACHIEVE FINANCIAL STABILIZATION, WHICH SHALL INCLUDE SERVICES TO FACILITATE AND/OR PROVIDE ACCESS TO A FULL RANGE OF BENEFITS AS SPECIFIED IN THIS ARTICLE. EMPLOYMENT PREPARATION EDUCATION STATE AID MUST BE GENERATED FOR ELIGI- BLE PARENTS AGE TWENTY-ONE AND OVER AND USED AS A MATCH. PRIORITY SHALL BE GIVEN TO LEVERAGING MULTIPLE SERVICES AND FUNDING STREAMS. FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE SPENT FOR OUTCOME EVALUATION BY AN INDEPENDENT RESEARCHER. S 3. This act shall take effect immediately and shall expire and be deemed repealed 5 years after such effective date.