Authorizes enrollment grants for medical education programs of non-public institutions for minorities, as a plan to increase the number of minority students entering and completing educational programs leading to professional licensure in medicine; increases grants based upon percentage of minority students enrolled at such institution; appropriates $258,000 to education department for payment of such grants.
BILL NUMBER S2758
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to authorizing enrollment grants to increase the participation and retention in medical education programs of New York state residents from groups historically underrepresented and making an appropriation therefor
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To increase the number of minority students entering and completing educational programs leading to professional licensure in medicine.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: This bill would add a new section 6402-a to the Education Law authorizing the award of grants to independent institutions of higher education offering registered programs in medicine as an incentive to increase minority enrollment and retention in such programs. The bill provides that if a medical school's enrollment comprises at least 8% (present mean enrollment) under-represented minorities, the school would receive an additional capitation or enrollment grant of $1,000 for each such minority student. If minority enrollment reaches 12% or higher, the capitation bonus would be $2,000 per minority student; at 16% or higher, the bonus would be $4,000 per minority student. As a further inducement for schools to develop programs aimed at supporting retention of minorities, capitation payments for fourth-year students would be awarded at double the normal level ($2,000, $4,000 or $8,000 depending on enrollment percentage for that year). The bill would appropriate $258,000 to fund the program. The bill would authorize the Commissioner of Education to promulgate regulations to implement the program and establish a payment schedule with the approval of the Director of the Budget. The Commissioner would be required to review the effectiveness of the grant program, including a review of the programs developed by the medical schools.
JUSTIFICATION: In New York, as in the Nation, there is an acute under-representation of minorities in medical education programs and, as a consequence, in the licensed profession. Statistics show, for example, that in New York, Blacks and Hispanics account for approximately 25% of the total population, 30% of the public school enrollment and 17% of the undergraduate enrollment; but only 6% of first professional degrees awarded in medicine go to members of those minority groups. Research indicates that the provision of adequate medical services to minority populations is closely related to the number of minority physicians. The provision of such services has been cited as a compelling State interest and stated as an expressed goal by the Board of Regents. New York medical schools have not been successful in attracting the available qualified minority candidates, and in some instances have fallen below national averages and comparable States in enrollment of minorities.
Throughout the past several years New York State's medical schools have repeatedly cited the lack of adequate resources as being a major obstacle in their attempts to attract and retain larger numbers of qualified minority students. It is anticipated that a modified New York State program of capitation assistance, which includes incentive awards tied to minority enrollments, will provide the necessary additional resources to medical schools which can then implement better programs to aid in increasing enrollment and retention of qualified minority students. An increase in the number of minority medical school graduates will improve the availability of medical services in many areas of the State.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 1985-86: A.7727, Higher Education 1987-88: A.7935, Higher Education 1989-90: A.2617, Higher Education 1991-92: A.890, Higher Education 1993-94: A.3099, Higher Education 1995-96: A.5315, Higher Education 1997-98: A.5315, Higher Education 1999-00: A.1660 Higher Education 2005-06: A.9669 Higher Education 2009-10: S.5035/A.5240 - Referred to Higher Education
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: It is estimated that this bill would require the following appropriations in the fiscal years indicated:
2001-02 $ 501,000 2002-03 $ 915,000 2003-04 $1,476,000 2004-05 $1,873,000
EFFECTIVE DATE: The first of October next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 2758 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE February 1, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. HASSELL-THOMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Finance AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to authorizing enrollment grants to increase the participation and retention in medical educa- tion programs of New York state residents from groups historically underrepresented and making an appropriation therefor THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Legislative findings and purpose. The legislature hereby finds and declares that individuals from certain minority groups, prima- rily Blacks, Hispanics and Native Americans, have been historically underrepresented in medical education programs and, as a consequence, in the medical profession. A vast human resource remains largely untapped at a time when medical services in urban areas are inadequate and the urban poor continue to be underserved. The medical schools of the state have not been successful in attract- ing the available qualified minority candidates, and in some instances have fallen below national averages and comparable states in enrollment of minorities. Medical schools have repeatedly cited the lack of adequate resources as being a major obstacle in their attempts to attract and retain larger numbers of qualified minority students. The legislature therefore declares that a modified program of capita- tion assistance is needed for the purpose of expanding opportunities to underrepresented minority students to participate in medical education programs leading to licensure and a career in the medical profession. S 2. The education law is amended by adding a new section 6402-a to read as follows: S 6402-A. MINORITY ENROLLMENT GRANTS TO MEDICAL SCHOOLS. 1. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL ANNUALLY APPORTION TO EACH NON-PUBLIC INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION OFFERING AN APPROVED PROGRAM IN MEDICINE AN ADDITIONAL ENROLLMENT GRANT FOR THE PURPOSE OF EXPANDING EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIESEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD06433-01-1 S. 2758 2
FOR MINORITY STUDENTS, WHICH FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION SHALL MEAN STATE RESIDENTS WHO ARE BLACK, HISPANIC OR NATIVE AMERICAN, IN A SUM TO BE DETERMINED AS FOLLOWS: (A) ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FULL-TIME MINORITY STUDENT ENROLLED, PROVIDED THAT NOT LESS THAN EIGHT PERCENT OF THE STUDENTS ENROLLED AT THE INSTITUTION ARE MINORITY STUDENTS. AN ADDI- TIONAL ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FOURTH-YEAR MINORITY STUDENT. (B) TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FULL-TIME MINORITY STUDENT ENROLLED, PROVIDED THAT NOT LESS THAN TWELVE PERCENT OF THE STUDENTS ENROLLED AT THE INSTITUTION ARE MINORITY STUDENTS. AN ADDI- TIONAL TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FOURTH-YEAR MINORITY STUDENT. (C) FOUR THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FULL-TIME STUDENT ENROLLED, PROVIDED THAT NOT LESS THAN SIXTEEN PERCENT OF THE STUDENTS ENROLLED AT THE INSTITUTION ARE MINORITY STUDENTS. AN ADDI- TIONAL FOUR THOUSAND DOLLARS SHALL BE APPORTIONED FOR EACH FOURTH-YEAR MINORITY STUDENT. 2. INSTITUTIONS WHICH RECEIVE GRANTS PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL SUBMIT TO THE COMMISSIONER SUCH REPORTS OR DOCUMENTS IN SUCH FORM AND AT SUCH TIME AS HE OR SHE MAY REQUIRE BY REGULATION IN ORDER TO CARRY OUT THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION. THE COMMISSIONER PERIODICALLY SHALL REVIEW THE INSTITUTIONS WHICH RECEIVE STATE FUNDS PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INSTITUTIONS' MINORITY RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION PROGRAMS. 3. THE COMMISSIONER MAY PROMULGATE RULES AND REGULATIONS TO ACCOMPLISH THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION. 4. FUNDS APPROPRIATED FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE PAID IN ACCORDANCE WITH A PAYMENT SCHEDULE TO BE ESTABLISHED BY THE COMMIS- SIONER AND APPROVED BY THE DIRECTOR OF THE BUDGET. S 3. The sum of two hundred fifty-eight thousand dollars ($258,000), or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated to the education department out of any moneys in the state treasury in the general fund to the credit of the local assistance account, not other- wise appropriated, for the payment of capitation grants to increase the participation and retention of minority students in medical education programs. Such sum shall be payable on the audit and warrant of the state comptroller on vouchers certified or approved by the commissioner of education, in the manner prescribed by law. S 4. This act shall take effect on the first of October next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.