Provides that bicycle operators and the businesses affiliated with such operators shall be liable for such operator's failure to carry an identification card or certain other violations regarding the use of a bicycle for commercial purposes; changes violations for the failure to carry an identification card or certain other violation procedures and fines by a commercial bicycle operator.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to the use of bicycles for commercial purposes
PURPOSE: To provide that businesses using bicycles for commercial purposes in the city of New York shall be responsible for certain traffic infractions of bicycle operator's riding on their behalf Also to provide that motor-assisted bicycles are not permitted to be ridden on sidewalks in the city of New York.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill designates it as the "Commercial Bicycle Safety Act."
Section 2 of the bill amends section 10-157 of the Administrative Code to facilitate enforcement of traffic laws with respect to businesses using a bicycle for commercial purposes.
Subdivision a of section 10-157 is amended to make changes to the definition of "bicycle" and "business using a bicycle for commercial purposes," and to define "bicycle operator" for purposes of section 10-157.
Subdivisions b through f, h, and i of section 10-157 are amended to make various minor changes
Subdivision g of section 10-157 is amended to eliminate certain criminal penalties for violation of section 10-157, in favor of certain civil penalties already available in section 10-157.
A new subdivision k is added to provide that any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall be vicariously liable for civil penalties imposed as a result of certain traffic violations of bicycle operators riding on behalf of such a business.
Section 3 of the bill amends paragraph one of subdivision a of Section 19-176 of the administrative code of the city of New York to include motor-assisted bicycles within the definition of "bicycle" for the purpose of prohibiting bicycle riding on sidewalks.
Section 4 of the bill sets forth the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Bicycles are frequently used for commercial purposes in parts of the city of New York, especially to make deliveries. While this can be an efficient means of providing services to customers, many bicycle operators working on behalf of businesses fail to follow basic traffic laws, such as obeying traffic signals, and one way signs, and avoiding riding on sidewalks. The city of New York has taken steps to improve safety and compliance with the law, to protect pedestrians and the bicycle operators themselves. These steps include local laws to make commercial cyclists, and the businesses on whose behalf they ride more clearly identifiable, requirements of reflective clothing and safety features on bicycles, and training by city staff to promote compliance.
However, success in addressing safety concerns has been limited by the simple fact that businesses often put a premium on making deliveries as quickly as possible and have little incentive to ensure that bicycle operators working on their behalf follow traffic laws or avoid reckless behavior. By assigning penalties to businesses using bicycles for commercial purposes when bicycle operators violate certain traffic laws, this bill will give authorities in the city the tools needed to address this problem.
FISCAL IMPACT ON THE STATE: Some increased revenue for the city of New York through better collection of penalties
EFFECTIVE DATE:. This act shall take effect on the one hundred fiftieth day after it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 3461--A Cal. No. 926 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE February 4, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. KRUEGER, SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Cities -- reported favorably from said committee, ordered to first and second report, amended on second report, ordered to a third reading, and to be reprinted as amended, retaining its place in the order of third reading AN ACT to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to the use of bicycles for commercial purposes THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Commercial Bicycle Safety Act". S 2. Section 10-157 of the administrative code of the city of New York, as amended by local law number 56 of the city of New York for the year 2012, paragraph 3 of subdivision e as added by local law number 54 of the city of New York for the year 2012, subdivision i as added by local law number 52 of the city of New York for the year 2012, and subdivision j as added by local law number 55 of the city of New York for the year 2012, is amended to read as follows: S 10-157 Bicycles used for commercial purposes. a. For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) "bicycle" shall have the same meaning as in section 19-176 of this code, and shall also mean any wheeled device propelled exclusively by human power
[as well as any motor-assisted device that is not capable of being registered by the New York state department of motor vehicles]; (2) "business using a bicycle for commercial purposes" shall mean a person, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, or other entity which engages in the course of its business, either on behalf of itself or others, in delivering packages, parcels, papers, FOOD, GROCERIES, or articles of any type by bicycle. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as applying to persons under the ageEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02317-07-3 S. 3461--A 2
of sixteen who use a bicycle only to deliver daily newspapers or circu- lars
[.]; (3) "BICYCLE OPERATOR" SHALL MEAN A PERSON WHO RIDES A BICYCLE ON BEHALF OF A BUSINESS USING A BICYCLE FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES, AND IS AN EMPLOYEE OF SUCH BUSINESS OR RECEIVES DIRECT COMPENSATION OR PAYMENT FROM SUCH BUSINESS AS AN INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR, PROVIDED THAT A PERSON, FIRM, PARTNERSHIP, JOINT VENTURE, ASSOCIATION, CORPORATION, OR OTHER ENTITY THAT CONTRACTS WITH ANOTHER BUSINESS ENTITY OTHER THAN THE BICY- CLE OPERATOR TO PROVIDE DELIVERY AND MESSENGER SERVICES SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION WITH RESPECT TO SUCH SERVICES. b. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall provide identification of such business by requiring every bicycle to be identi- fied by affixing to the rear of each bicycle, bicycle seat or both sides of the delivery basket, a metal or plastic sign measuring no less than three inches by five inches, with the name of [the]SUCH business and an identification number unique to that particular bicycle in lettering and numerals no less than one inch in height so as to be plainly readable at a distance of not less than ten feet and maintaining same in good condi- tion thereon. A sign is no longer in good condition if it is missing any of its component parts or is otherwise damaged so as to impair its func- tionality. c. Every business using a bicycle for commercial purposes must assign to every bicycle operator [employed by such business]a three digit identification number. Such business must issue to every bicycle opera- tor an identification card which contains the name, three digit iden- tification number and photo of the bicycle operator and the name, address and telephone number of [the]SUCH business [by which the bicy- cle operator is employed]. Such business shall ensure that such iden- tification card is carried by the bicycle operator while such bicycle operator is making deliveries, or otherwise riding a bicycle on behalf of the business, and such bicycle operator shall carry such identifica- tion card while [operating]RIDING a bicycle on behalf of such business. Such bicycle operator shall be required to produce such identification upon the demand of an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law. d. Every business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall main- tain a roster of EVERY bicycle [operators employed by]OPERATOR WHO RIDES A BICYCLE ON BEHALF OF such business. Such roster shall include the name and place of residence address of every [employee operating a bicycle on behalf of such business]SUCH BICYCLE OPERATOR, the date [of employment and discharge of each such]SUCH BICYCLE OPERATOR BEGINS AND ENDS RIDING A BICYCLE ON BEHALF OF SUCH BUSINESS WHETHER AS AN employee OR INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR, every such [employee's]BICYCLE OPERATOR'S three digit identification number, and whether such [employee]BICYCLE OPERATOR has completed the bicycle safety course required by paragraph 3 of subdivision e of this section. The owner of any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall be responsible for maintaining such roster. Such roster shall be made available for inspection during regular and usual business hours or any other [such]time that such entity is open for business upon request of an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law. e. (1) The owner of any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall provide, at its own expense, protective headgear suitable for each bicycle operator. Such headgear shall:S. 3461--A 3
(i) meet the standards set forth by the consumer product safety commission in title 16, part 1203 of the code of federal regulations; (ii) be readily available at each site of the business using a bicycle for commercial purposes for use by each bicycle operator; and (iii) be replaced if such headgear is no longer in good condition. Headgear is no longer in good condition if it is missing any of its component parts or is otherwise damaged so as to impair its functionali- ty. (2) Each bicycle operator shall wear protective headgear that meets the requirements of paragraph 1 of this subdivision while making deliv- eries or otherwise operating a bicycle on behalf of such business. The term "wear such protective headgear" means having the headgear fastened securely upon the head with the headgear straps. (3) Each bicycle operator shall be required to complete a bicycle safety course. For purposes of this section, "bicycle safety course" shall mean information provided by the department of transportation, regarding safe bicycling and adherence to traffic and commercial bicycle laws. Such requirement shall include, but not be limited to, the follow- ing: (i) Each bicycle operator shall complete a bicycle safety course prior to operating a bicycle on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes; (ii) Each business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall indi- cate on the roster required to be maintained by subdivision d of this section that each bicycle operator
[employed by such business]has completed such bicycle safety course; (iii) The owner of any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall ensure that all bicycle operators [employed by such busi- ness]shall complete such bicycle safety course prior to operating a bicycle on behalf of such business, shall maintain records of such oper- ators' completion of such bicycle safety course, and shall make such records available for inspection during regular business hours or any other time such business is open for business upon request of an author- ized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law; and (iv) The commissioner of transportation shall post on the department of transportation's website the content of the bicycle safety course required by this section on or before the effective date of this section. f. The owner of any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes, notwithstanding that a bicycle may be provided by [an employee thereof]A BICYCLE OPERATOR, shall provide at its own expense and ensure that each bicycle is equipped with a lamp; a bell or other device capable of giving an audible signal from a distance of at least one hundred feet, provided however that a siren or whistle shall not be used; brakes; reflective tires or, alternately, a reflex reflector mounted on the spokes of each wheel; as well as other devices or material in accordance with section 1236 of the vehicle and traffic law. g. Any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall be responsible for the compliance with the provisions of this section of any [employees]BICYCLE OPERATORS it shall retain. Violation of any of the provisions of this section by any such business, or of any of the rules or regulations that may be promulgated pursuant hereto, shall be [a violation triable by a judge of the criminal court of the city of New York and upon conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine]LIABLE FOR A CIVIL PENALTY of not less than one hundred dollars [nor]AND NOTS. 3461--A 4
more than two hundred fifty dollars
[or imprisonment for not more than fifteen days or both such fine and imprisonment. In addition, any busi- ness using a bicycle for commercial purposes that violates any of the provisions of this section or any of the rules promulgated pursuant hereto shall be subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars]. Any such business that violates a provision of this section or rule promul- gated pursuant hereto more than thirty days AND NOT MORE THAN TWO YEARS after such business has already violated the same provision or rule shall be subject to an additional civil penalty of two hundred fifty dollars. Such civil penalties [may be in addition to any criminal penalty imposed, and]shall be recoverable against such business in an action or proceeding in any court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction or the environmental control board. h. Any [person who makes deliveries or otherwise]BICYCLE OPERATOR WHO operates a bicycle [on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commer- cial purposes]without carrying the identification sign required by subdivision b of this section or without carrying the identification card required by subdivision c of this section or who fails to produce such identification sign or card upon demand pursuant to such subdivi- sions, or who fails to wear protective headgear required by subdivision e of this section or the retro-reflective apparel required by subdivi- sion i of this section, shall be guilty of a traffic infraction and upon conviction thereof shall be liable for a fine of not less than twenty- five dollars nor more than fifty dollars. It shall be an affirmative defense to such traffic infraction that such business did not provide the protective headgear, the identification or the retro-reflective apparel required by subdivisions b, c, e or i of this section. Such traffic infraction may be adjudicated by such an administrative tribunal as is authorized under article two-A of the vehicle and traffic law. i. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall provide for and require each bicycle operator [employed by such business]to wear and each such bicycle operator shall wear a retro-reflective jack- et, vest, or other wearing apparel on the upper part of such operator's body as the outermost garment while making deliveries, or otherwise riding a bicycle on behalf of such business, the back of which shall indicate such business' name and such bicycle operator's individual identification number as assigned pursuant to subdivision c of this section in lettering and numerals not less than one inch in height so as to be plainly readable at a distance of not less than ten feet. j. The provisions of this section shall be enforceable by an author- ized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law. K. ANY BUSINESS USING A BICYCLE FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES SHALL BE VICARIOUSLY LIABLE FOR ANY CIVIL PENALTY IMPOSED ON ANY BICYCLE OPERATOR OPERATING A BICYCLE ON BEHALF OF SUCH BUSINESS WHEN SUCH PENALTY IS THE RESULT OF A VIOLATION OF ANY PROVISION OF THIS SECTION, SECTION 19-176 OF THIS CODE, OR SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN, SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED TWENTY-SEVEN, SECTION TWELVE HUNDRED THIRTY-SIX, SECTION TWELVE HUNDRED FORTY, OR SECTION TWELVE HUNDRED FORTY-ONE OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW. S 3. Paragraph 1 of subdivision a of section 19-176 of the administra- tive code of the city of New York, as added by local law number 6 of the city of New York for the year 1996, is amended to read as follows: (1) The term "bicycle" shall mean a two or three wheeled device upon which a person or persons may ride, propelled by human power through a belt, a chain or gears, with such wheels in a tandem or tricycle, ANDS. 3461--A 5
SHALL ALSO MEAN ANY WHEELED MOTOR-ASSISTED DEVICE WHICH A PERSON OR PERSONS MAY RIDE THAT IS NOT CAPABLE OF BEING REGISTERED BY THE NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES, except that it shall not include such a device having solid tires and intended for use only on a sidewalk by a child. S 4. This act shall take effect on the one hundred fiftieth day after it shall have become a law.