Restricts the residency of certain sex offenders; provides guidelines for the location of level two and level three sex offenders; allows municipalities to reject the placement of additional level two and level three sex offenders in such municipality if certain factors and requirements are met.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the correction law, in relation to restricting the residency of certain sex offenders
PURPOSE: Sex offenders often live in close proximity to one another, either in the same dwelling or in the same neighborhood. This legislation would restrict the number of level 2 and level 3 sex offenders that could live in an area if a high concentration of sex offenders were already living in the area or if the municipality lacked the support services to properly keep track of the offenders living in the community.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: The corrections law is amended by adding a new section 168-11
JUSTIFICATION: Oftentimes sex offenders will move in with, or near, other sex offenders, placing a greater burden on the municipality to keep track of all registered offenders.
A high concentration of sex offenders living in a community increases the risk of a re-offense and parents may be hesitant to raise their children in communities where high numbers of sex offenders are living.
This legislation would help to ensure that level 2 and level 3 sex offenders are not placed or located into communities where they cannot be monitored and where they will impose an increased risk to residents of the communities.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12 S.1856; 2009-2010 S.2097; 2007-08, S.3419.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ S. 3659--A A. 4748--A 2013-2014 Regular Sessions S E N A T E - A S S E M B L Y February 8, 2013 ___________IN SENATE -- Introduced by Sens. LAVALLE, MAZIARZ, YOUNG, ZELDIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Crime Victims, Crime and Correction -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee IN ASSEMBLY -- Introduced by M. of A. THIELE -- read once and referred to the Committee on Correction -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the correction law, in relation to restricting the resi- dency of certain sex offenders THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The correction law is amended by adding a new section 168- ll to read as follows: S 168-LL. GUIDELINES FOR LOCATION FOR LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS. THE DIVISION, IN CONSULTATION AND COOPERATION WITH THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF SEX OFFENDERS, THE DEPARTMENT, THE DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HYGIENE, AND LOCAL PROBATION DEPARTMENTS THROUGHOUT THE STATE SHALL DEVELOP GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES ON THE PLACEMENT, LOCATION, RELO- CATION, OR SETTLEMENT OF LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. SUCH GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES SHALL BE BASED UPON, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE FOLLOWING: 1. THAT MUNICIPALITIES BE ALLOWED TO REJECT THE PLACEMENT OF ADDI- TIONAL LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS IN SUCH MUNICIPALITY. FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN DETERMINING WHETHER A MUNICIPALITY SHALL ACCEPT ANY MORE SUCH INDIVIDUALS SHALL INCLUDE: (A) THAT SUCH INDIVIDUALS ARE NOT CURRENTLY OVERLY CONCENTRATED IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF ONE MUNICIPALITY OR PORTION OF A MUNICIPALITY; (B) ALL EFFORTS ARE BEING MADE TO LOCATE SUCH INDIVIDUALS IN AREAS THAT HAVE ADEQUATE SUPPORT SERVICES TO MINIMIZE THE RISK OF RE-OFFENSE;EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01710-02-3 S. 3659--A 2 A. 4748--A
(C) THAT FAMILY AND FRIENDS ARE LOCATED REASONABLY CLOSE TO SUCH INDI- VIDUALS TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIAL, AND MORAL SUPPORT TO SUCH INDIVIDUALS IN ORDER TO MINIMIZE THE RISK OF RE-OFFENSE; AND (D) MEASURES ARE TAKEN TO ENSURE THAT SUCH INDIVIDUALS ARE PLACED IN COMMUNITIES THAT CAN PHYSICALLY ACCOMMODATE SUCH INDIVIDUALS AND THAT SUCH INDIVIDUALS ARE NOT LOCATED NEAR RE-OFFENSE RISK CENTERS, INCLUD- ING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, SCHOOLS, DAY CARE CENTERS, PLAYGROUNDS, OR ANY OTHER FACILITY OR AREA THAT ATTRACTS CHILDREN OR IN WHICH CHILDREN CONGREGATE; 2. THAT MUNICIPALITIES SHALL BE PERMITTED TO ALLOW OR REJECT A SECURE COMMUNITY RESIDENCE FOR LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS WITHIN SUCH MUNICIPALITY; AND 3. THAT MUNICIPALITIES SHALL BE ALLOWED TO RESTRICT THE NUMBER OF LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS AT A RESIDENCE, UNLESS SUCH PERSONS ARE LEGALLY RELATED BY BLOOD, MARRIAGE OR ADOPTION, IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER: (A) IN A MULTIFAMILY DWELLING, MAY RESTRICT THE NUMBER OF LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS TO LESS THAN TEN PERCENT OF THE NUMBER OF DWELLING UNITS THAT ARE CONTAINED IN THE MULTIFAMILY DWELLING AND MAY RESTRICT THE NUMBER OF LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS IN A MULTIFAMILY DWELLING UNIT TO ONE; AND (B) IN ANY SINGLE FAMILY DWELLING, MAY RESTRICT THE NUMBER OF LEVEL TWO AND LEVEL THREE SEX OFFENDERS RESIDING THEREIN TO ONE; (C) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION: (1) "MULTIFAMILY DWELLING" MEANS A BUILDING OR BUILDINGS THAT ARE LOCATED IN AN AREA ZONED RESIDENTIAL, THAT ARE ATTACHED TO EACH OTHER, THAT CONTAIN TWO OR MORE DWELLING UNITS, INCLUDING TRIPLEXES, FOURPLEXES AND APARTMENTS, AND THAT HAVE AS THEIR PRIMARY ACCESS A COMMON HALLWAY OR CORRIDOR. (2) "MULTIFAMILY DWELLING UNIT" MEANS ONE OR MORE ROOMS WITHIN A BUILDING THAT ARE ARRANGED, DESIGNED OR USED FOR RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES AND THAT CONTAIN INDEPENDENT SANITARY AND COOKING FACILITIES. S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.