This bill has been amended

Bill S3756-2013

Authorizes physicians, optometrists and ophthalmic dispensers to establish professional service corporations, limited liability companies and registered partnerships

Authorizes optometrists and ophthalmic dispensers to establish limited liability companies.

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  • Feb 13, 2013: REFERRED TO CORPORATIONS, AUTHORITIES AND COMMISSIONS

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BILL NUMBER:S3756

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the business corporation law, the limited liability company law and the partnership law, in relation to authorizing certain health care providers to form professional service entities

PURPOSE:

To authorize persons licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing to jointly establish practices that provide a broader range of professional medical services.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 of the bill would amend Business Corporation Law g 1503(a) to authorize one or more individuals licensed in New York State to practice medicine, optometry or ophthalmic, dispensing to organize a professional service corporation.

Section 2 would amend Business Corporation Law § 1529 to provide that foreign professional service corporations organized to practice ophthalmology, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing shall not be authorized to be a member or partner of a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability partnership or a foreign limited liability Partnership unless all of its shareholders, directors and officers are licensed to practice medicine, optometry, and/or ophthalmic dispensing in this state.

Section 3 would amend Limited Liability Company Law § 1203(a) to authorize individuals providing ophthalmologic, optometric or ophthalmic dispensing services to organize a professional service limited liability company, provided they are licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing.

Section 4 would amend Limited Liability Company Law § 1207(b) to authorize individuals providing ophthalmologic, optometric or ophthalmic dispensing services to organize a professional service limited liability company, provided they are licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing.

Section 5 would amend Limited Liability Company Law § 1301 (a) to authorize individuals providing ophthalmologic, optometric or ophthalmic dispensing services to organize a foreign professional service limited liability company, provided they are licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing.

Section 6 would amend Partnership Law § 121-1500(q) to authorize individuals providing ophthalmologic, optometric or ophthalmic dispensing services to organize a registered limited liability partnership,

provided they are licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing.

Section 7 would amend Partnership Law § 121-1502(q) to authorize individuals providing ophthalmologic, optometric or ophthalmic dispensing services to organize a foreign limited liability partnership, provided they are licensed to practice medicine, optometry and/or ophthalmic dispensing.

Section 8 provides the effective date.

EXISTING LAW:

Current law provides that one or more individuals who render the same professional service may organize a professional service corporation. In addition, while the law generally permits members of different professions to form a single professional limited liability company or partnership, the statute currently prohibits certain professionals, including physicians, from forming limited liability entities with licensed professionals from other disciplines.

JUSTIFICATION:

The purpose of this bill is to authorize these separately licensed professionals - ophthalmologists, optometrists, and ophthalmic dispensers - to join together to own and operate a single professional practice where patients can seek treatment and care. A number of multi-disciplinary practices have already been established throughout the State that permit "one-stop" shopping for eye care services. Practitioners who have entered into these practices believe patients may benefit from being able to access the full array of eye care services at a single location, where an ophthalmologist, an optometrist and an ophthalmic dispenser (or optician) practice collaborative/y. Although these practitioners are currently permitted to practice together, current law precludes physicians (including ophthalmologists) from entering into practices that would be jointly owned with other professionals, such as optometrists and opticians.

The current law is unreasonably restrictive and serves no legitimate public purpose. There is no evidence that jointly owned practices are any less committed to the best interests of their patients than single profession-owned practices or existing multi-disciplinary practices. In the absence of any legitimate public health or patient protection concern, the decision whether health care professionals should jointly own a practice is properly a decision for the relevant professionals. This bill would not require professionals to form multi-disciplinary professional corporations or limited liability companies or partnerships, and many professionals from each of these licensing categories may prefer to maintain separate practices. This bill would merely remove an artificial impediment to joint ownership and permit those who would choose to provide their professional services in a collaboratively owned

and operated practice to do so, consistent with a growing majority of other states.

This bill would make New York law consistent with the practice in at least twenty-six other states, including New Jersey, Ohio, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and New Hampshire, which allow optometrists to form professional corporations with other health care professionals. As the trend to authorize such Multi-disciplinary professional corporations among health care professionals increases _ particularly in the northeast United States - it is vital that New York continue its national leadership in providing these professionals with the option to form practices that may be best suited to meeting the needs of their patients.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

2011-2012: S.2932-A 2010: S.3101 2008: S.7269

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This act shall take effect immediately.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 3756 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE February 13, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sen. RANZENHOFER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Corporations, Author- ities and Commissions AN ACT to amend the business corporation law, the limited liability company law and the partnership law, in relation to authorizing certain health care providers to form professional service entities THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Paragraph (a) of section 1503 of the business corporation law, as amended by chapter 550 of the laws of 2011, is amended to read as follows: (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, one or more individ- uals duly authorized by law to render the same professional service within the state may organize, or cause to be organized, a professional service corporation for pecuniary profit under this article for the purpose of rendering the same professional service, [except] PROVIDED that one or more individuals duly authorized by law to practice profes- sional engineering, architecture, landscape architecture or land survey- ing within the state may organize, or cause to be organized, a profes- sional service corporation or a design professional service corporation for pecuniary profit under this article for the purpose of rendering such professional services as such individuals are authorized to prac- tice, AND, FURTHER, PROVIDED THAT ONE OR MORE INDIVIDUALS DULY LICENSED BY LAW TO PRACTICE MEDICINE AND WHO ARE CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND INDIVIDUALS LICENSED BY LAW TO PRACTICE OPTOMETRY AND/OR OPHTHALMIC DISPENSING WITHIN THE STATE MAY ORGANIZE, OR CAUSE TO BE ORGANIZED, A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE CORPORATION FOR PECUNIARY PROFIT UNDER THIS ARTICLE FOR THE PURPOSE OF RENDERING PROFESSIONAL SERVICES AS SUCH INDIVIDUALS ARE AUTHORIZED TO PRACTICE. S 2. Section 1529 of the business corporation law, as amended by chap- ter 576 of the laws of 1994, is amended to read as follows:
S 1529. Business corporation law applicable. Except for the provisions of sections thirteen hundred three, thirteen hundred four, thirteen hundred sixteen, thirteen hundred seventeen and thirteen hundred twenty, this chapter shall be applicable to a foreign professional service corporation to the extent that the provisions ther- eof are not in conflict with the provisions of this article. A foreign professional service corporation may practice in this state, or may consolidate or merge with another corporation, or may be a member of a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability part- nership or foreign limited liability partnership, only if all of the professions practiced by such corporations, limited liability companies or limited liability partnerships could be practiced by a single profes- sional service corporation organized in this state; and, further, only if such foreign professional service corporation is domiciled in a state or territory of the United States the laws of which, at the time of application by such corporation under section fifteen hundred thirty of this article, contain a reciprocal provision under which professional service corporations domiciled in this state may similarly apply for the privilege of doing business in any such state or territory[; provided further however, that nothing herein]. (A) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION shall authorize a foreign professional service corporation practicing professional engineering, land surveying, architecture and/or landscape architecture to be a member or partner of a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability part- nership or a foreign limited liability partnership unless all of the shareholders, directors and officers of such foreign professional service corporation are licensed to practice one or more of such professions in this state. (B) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL AUTHORIZE A FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL SERVICE CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PRACTICE MEDICINE WITH OPTOMETRY AND/OR OPHTHALMIC DISPENSING TO BE A MEMBER OR PARTNER OF A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, A FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMIT- ED LIABILITY COMPANY, A REGISTERED LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP OR A FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP UNLESS ALL OF THE SHAREHOLDERS, DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS OF SUCH FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL SERVICE CORPORATION ARE LICENSED TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT ANY SHAREHOLDER, DIRECTOR OR OFFICER LICENSED TO PRACTICE MEDICINE IN THIS STATE SHALL ALSO BE CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. S 3. Subdivision (a) of section 1203 of the limited liability company law, as separately amended by chapters 420 and 676 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: (a) Notwithstanding the education law or any other provision of law, one or more professionals each of whom is authorized by law to render a professional service within the state, or one or more professionals, at least one of whom is authorized by law to render a professional service within the state, may form, or cause to be formed, a professional service limited liability company for pecuniary profit under this arti- cle for the purpose of rendering the professional service or services as such professionals are authorized to practice. With respect to a profes- sional service limited liability company formed to provide medical services as such services are defined in article 131 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 131 of the education law to practice medicine in
this state; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT WITH RESPECT TO A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY FORMED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 131 OF THE EDUCATION LAW WITH SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW, EACH MEMBER OF SUCH LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY MUST BE LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 131 AND CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND/OR LICENSED PURSU- ANT TO ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide dental services as such services are defined in article 133 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 133 of the education law to practice dentistry in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide veterinary services as such services are defined in article 135 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 135 of the educa- tion law to practice veterinary medicine in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide professional engineering, land surveying, architectural and/or landscape architectural services as such services are defined in article 145, article 147 and article 148 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 145, article 147 and/or article 148 of the education law to practice one or more of such professions in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide licensed clinical social work services as such services are defined in article 154 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company shall be licensed pursuant to article 154 of the education law to practice licensed clinical social work in this state. With respect to a profes- sional service limited liability company formed to provide creative arts therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice crea- tive arts therapy in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide marriage and family therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice marriage and family therapy in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide mental health counseling services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice mental health counseling in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide psychoanalysis services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice psychoanalysis in this state. In addi- tion to engaging in such profession or professions, a professional service limited liability company may engage in any other business or activities as to which a limited liability company may be formed under section two hundred one of this chapter. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a professional service limited liability company (i) authorized to practice law may only engage in another profession or business or activities or (ii) which is engaged in a profession or other business or activities other than law may only
engage in the practice of law, to the extent not prohibited by any other law of this state or any rule adopted by the appropriate appellate divi- sion of the supreme court or the court of appeals. S 4. Subdivision (b) of section 1207 of the limited liability company law, as separately amended by chapters 420 and 676 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: (b) With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide medical services as such services are defined in arti- cle 131 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 131 of the education law to practice medicine in this state; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT WITH RESPECT TO A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY FORMED TO PROVIDE SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 131 OF THE EDUCATION LAW WITH SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW, EACH MEMBER OF SUCH LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY MUST BE LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 131 AND CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND/OR LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide dental services as such services are defined in article 133 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 133 of the education law to practice dentistry in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide veterinary services as such services are defined in article 135 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 135 of the education law to practice veterinary medicine in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide professional engineering, land surveying, architectural and/or landscape architectural services as such services are defined in article 145, article 147 and article 148 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 145, article 147 and/or article 148 of the education law to practice one or more of such professions in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide licensed clinical social work services as such services are defined in article 154 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company shall be licensed pursuant to article 154 of the education law to practice licensed clinical social work in this state. With respect to a profes- sional service limited liability company formed to provide creative arts therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice crea- tive arts therapy in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide marriage and family therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice marriage and family therapy in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide mental health counseling services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice mental health counseling in this state. With respect to a professional service limited liability company formed to provide psychoanalysis services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of
such limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice psychoanalysis in this state. S 5. Subdivision (a) of section 1301 of the limited liability company law, as separately amended by chapters 420 and 676 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: (a) "Foreign professional service limited liability company" means a professional service limited liability company, whether or not denomi- nated as such, organized under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state, (i) each of whose members and managers, if any, is a profes- sional authorized by law to render a professional service within this state and who is or has been engaged in the practice of such profession in such professional service limited liability company or a predecessor entity, or will engage in the practice of such profession in the profes- sional service limited liability company within thirty days of the date such professional becomes a member, or each of whose members and manag- ers, if any, is a professional at least one of such members is author- ized by law to render a professional service within this state and who is or has been engaged in the practice of such profession in such professional service limited liability company or a predecessor entity, or will engage in the practice of such profession in the professional service limited liability company within thirty days of the date such professional becomes a member, or (ii) authorized by, or holding a license, certificate, registration or permit issued by the licensing authority pursuant to, the education law to render a professional service within this state; except that all members and managers, if any, of a foreign professional service limited liability company that provides health services in this state shall be licensed in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides veterinary services as such services are defined in arti- cle 135 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company shall be licensed pursuant to article 135 of the education law to practice veterinary medicine. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides medical services as such services are defined in article 131 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 131 of the education law to practice medicine in this state; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT WITH RESPECT TO A FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY FORMED TO PROVIDE SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 131 OF THE EDUCA- TION LAW WITH SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW, EACH MEMBER OF SUCH FOREIGN PROFESSIONAL SERVICE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY MUST BE LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 131 AND CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND/OR LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides dental services as such services are defined in article 133 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 133 of the education law to practice dentistry in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides professional engineer- ing, land surveying, architectural and/or landscape architectural services as such services are defined in article 145, article 147 and article 148 of the education law, each member of such foreign profes- sional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 145, article 147 and/or article 148 of the education law to
practice one or more of such professions in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides licensed clinical social work services as such services are defined in article 154 of the education law, each member of such foreign profes- sional service limited liability company shall be licensed pursuant to article 154 of the education law to practice clinical social work in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides creative arts therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice crea- tive arts therapy in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides marriage and family therapy services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the educa- tion law to practice marriage and family therapy in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides mental health counseling services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice mental health counseling in this state. With respect to a foreign professional service limited liability company which provides psychoanalysis services as such services are defined in article 163 of the education law, each member of such foreign professional service limited liability company must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice psychoanalysis in this state. S 6. Subdivision (q) of section 121-1500 of the partnership law, as separately amended by chapters 420 and 676 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: (q) Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide medical services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 131 of the education law to practice medicine in this state and each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide dental services in this state must be licensed pursuant to arti- cle 133 of the education law to practice dentistry in this state; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT WITH RESPECT TO A REGISTERED LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP FORMED TO PROVIDE SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 131 OF THE EDUCATION LAW WITH SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW, EACH MEMBER OF SUCH REGISTERED LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP MUST BE LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 131 AND CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND/OR LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE. Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide veterinary services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 135 of the education law to practice veterinary medicine in this state. Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide professional engineer- ing, land surveying, architectural and/or landscape architectural services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 145, article 147 and/or article 148 of the education law to practice one or more of such professions in this state. Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide licensed clinical social work services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 154 of the education law to practice clinical social work in this state. Each part-
ner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide creative arts therapy services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice creative arts therapy in this state. Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide marriage and family therapy services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to prac- tice marriage and family therapy in this state. Each partner of a regis- tered limited liability partnership formed to provide mental health counseling services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice mental health counseling in this state. Each partner of a registered limited liability partnership formed to provide psychoanalysis services in this state must be licensed pursu- ant to article 163 of the education law to practice psychoanalysis in this state. S 7. Subdivision (q) of section 121-1502 of the partnership law, as amended by chapter 230 of the laws of 2004, is amended to read as follows: (q) Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides medical services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 131 of the education law to practice medicine in the state and each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides dental services in the state must be licensed pursuant to article 133 of the education law to practice dentistry in this state; PROVIDED, HOWEV- ER, THAT WITH RESPECT TO A FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP FORMED TO PROVIDE SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 131 OF THE EDUCATION LAW WITH SERVICES DEFINED IN ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW, EACH MEMBER OF SUCH FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP MUST BE LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 131 AND CERTIFIED BY THE AMERICAN BOARD OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, AND/OR LICENSED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 143 AND/OR ARTICLE 144 OF THE EDUCATION LAW TO PRACTICE ONE OR MORE OF SUCH PROFESSIONS IN THIS STATE. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides veterinary service in the state shall be licensed pursu- ant to article 135 of the education law to practice veterinary medicine in this state. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides professional engineering, land surveying, architectural and/or landscape architectural services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 145, article 147 and/or article 148 of the education law to practice one or more of such professions. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides licensed clinical social work services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 154 of the education law to practice licensed clinical social work in this state. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides creative arts therapy services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice crea- tive arts therapy in this state. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides marriage and family therapy services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice marriage and family therapy in this state. Each partner of a foreign limited liability partnership which provides mental health counseling services in this state must be licensed pursu- ant to article 163 of the education law to practice mental health coun- seling in this state. Each partner of a foreign limited liability part- nership which provides psychoanalysis services in this state must be licensed pursuant to article 163 of the education law to practice psychoanalysis in this state. S 8. This act shall take effect immediately.

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