Provides that no person shall be a passenger in the back seat of a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner of motor vehicles.
TITLE OF BILL:
An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to mandatory seat belt use
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
To improve the safety of motor vehicle occupants.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
The bill amends subdivision 3 of §1229-c of the Vehicle and Traffic Law to require the use of seat belts by all passengers sixteen years of age or older riding in any seating position in a motor vehicle.
The institution of a mandatory seat belt law for all front seat passengers has saved lives. According to the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles, in 1984, the year the law was enacted, approximately 16% of individuals wore seat belts. By 2008, 24 years after the law was enacted, the compliance rate was up to 89%. The Governor's Traffic Safety Committee has indicated that thirty percent of highway deaths in New York State occurred to occupants who were unrestrained. This is a greater factor than alcohol or excessive speed.
Recognizing the serious injuries that may be caused to other passengers or the driver of a motor vehicle by an unrestrained occupant of the vehicle in the event of a collision, 19 states have adopted legislation requiring all rear seat occupants to wear safety restraints.
Extensive research has shown that unbelted rear seat passengers can kill and injure others. A sixty pound unbelted passenger traveling in the rear seat would exert a force of approximately 2,700 pounds, or more than one ton, into the driver's seat in a head-on crash at 30 miles per hour.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that in fatal crashes, 76% of vehicle occupants who were totally ejected from the vehicle were killed. In 2007, only once percent of the occupants reported to' have been using restraints were totally ejected from the vehicle, compared with 31% of the unrestrained occupants. As a result, safety experts believe that the use of a rear seat belt could prevent over two thirds of fatalities and serious injuries resulting from motor vehicle crashes. Therefore, this legislation seeks to reduce automobile accident fatalities and casualties by requiring all occupants of a motor vehicle to buckle up.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
2011-12: S.1337/A.1306 - Passed Assembly; Advanced to 3rd Reading
in Senate 2009-10: S.1169B/A.225-A
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 389 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. DILAN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to mandatory seat belt use THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivision 3 of section 1229-c of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1984, is amended to read as follows: 3. No person shall operate a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner. No person sixteen years of age or over shall be a passenger in
[the front seat of]a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00669-01-3