This bill has been amended

Bill S399-2013

Enacts Clarente's Law, imposing a mandatory surcharge and crime victim assistance fee for a moving violation occurring within a school traffic safety and speed zone

Enacts Clarente's Law, imposing a mandatory surcharge and crime victim assistance fee for a moving violation occurring within a school traffic safety and speed zone.

Details

Actions

  • Jan 8, 2014: REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION
  • Jun 21, 2013: COMMITTED TO RULES
  • May 6, 2013: ADVANCED TO THIRD READING
  • May 1, 2013: 2ND REPORT CAL.
  • Apr 30, 2013: 1ST REPORT CAL.499
  • Jan 9, 2013: REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION

Meetings

Calendars

Votes

VOTE: COMMITTEE VOTE: - Transportation - Apr 30, 2013
Ayes (14): Fuschillo, Robach, Carlucci, Larkin, Nozzolio, Ranzenhofer, Young, Dilan, Diaz, Kennedy, Perkins, Squadron, Stavisky, Gipson
Ayes W/R (4): Gallivan, Maziarz, O'Mara, Zeldin

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S399

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to surcharges for moving violations in school traffic safety and speed zones

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: Increases the mandatory surcharge on certain moving violations committed within School Traffic Safety and Speed Zones.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: The bill amends subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law to establish a mandatory surcharge of $75.00 and a crime victims assistance fee of $5.00, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, where certain moving violations occur within school traffic safety and speed zones as defined therein.

JUSTIFICATION: On September 26, 2008, Clarente Turner, a six year old boy, was truck and killed while waiting to cross the street with his mother on a walk home from school. The diver of the vehicle responsible for the crash that ultimately killed Clarente was speeding to try to beat the traffic light. This accident occurred within blocks of Clarente's school. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently released a report that says that motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children ages 3 to 6 and 8 to 14.

The report also says that in 2007, there were a total of 41,059 traffic fatalities in the united States. The 14-and-younger age group accounted for 4 percent (1,670) of those traffic fatalities. This age group accounted for 4 percent (1,248) of all vehicle occupant fatalities, 8 percent (200,000) of all the people injured in motor vehicle crashes, and 7 percent (174,000) of all the vehicle occupants injured in crashes.

Young children are especially at risk in school zones due to their underdeveloped motor skills, coordination, sensory stimulation, and balance. With the high concentration of children in and around public schools, our state needs to take necessary steps to deter potential traffic violations in school safety zones.

Establishing a mandatory surcharge in school safety zones will act as an effective deterrent of potential traffic violations near schools, decrease senseless tragedies, and create a safer environment. The revenue generated will also aid our state in covering the costs of emergency services, traffic precautions, and any other public services related to the protection and care of children involved in vehicle related accidents.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12: S.1327/A.4410 - Reported and Committed to Codes in

Assembly 2009-10: S.5567A/A.8083A Reported and Committed to Codes in Senate and Assembly Ways and Means

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law and shall apply to violations occurring on and after such effective date.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 399 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sen. DILAN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to surcharges for moving violations in school traffic safety and speed zones THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as "Clarente's Law". S 2. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 2 of part DD of chapter 56 of the laws of 2008, the opening paragraph and paragraph (c) as amended by section 10 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in accordance with the following schedule:
(a) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a traffic infraction pursuant to article nine of this chapter, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee in the amount of five dollars and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars. (b) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a misdemeanor or felony pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, there shall be levied, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, a crime victim assistance fee in the amount of twenty-five dollars and a mandatory surcharge in accordance with the following schedule: (i) a person convicted of a felony shall pay a mandatory surcharge of three hundred dollars; (ii) a person convicted of a misdemeanor shall pay a mandatory surcharge of one hundred seventy-five dollars. (c) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an infraction pursuant to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil- ity of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authori- ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR OTHER THAN A CONVICTION FOR WHICH A MANDATORY SURCHARGE AND CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE ARE LEVIED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (D) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee in the amount of five dollars and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of fifty-five dollars. (D)(I) WHENEVER: (A) PROCEEDINGS IN AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OR A COURT OF THIS STATE RESULT IN A CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENSE UNDER THIS CHAPTER (OTHER THAN A CRIME PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS CHAPTER) OR FOR A TRAFFIC INFRACTION UNDER THIS CHAPTER OR UNDER A LOCAL LAW, ORDI- NANCE, RULE OR REGULATION ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS CHAPTER; AND (B) SUCH OFFENSE OR INFRACTION OCCURS WITHIN A SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, THERE SHALL BE LEVIED A CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE IN THE AMOUNT OF FIVE DOLLARS AND A MANDATORY SURCHARGE IN THE AMOUNT OF SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, IN ADDITION TO ANY SENTENCE REQUIRED OR PERMITTED BY LAW.
(II) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL NOT APPLY TO: (A) TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS INVOLVING STANDING, STOPPING, OR PARKING; (B) VIOLATIONS BY PEDESTRIANS OR BICYCLISTS; (C) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN-A OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) AN INFRACTION PURSUANT TO ARTICLE NINE OF THIS CHAPTER; OR (E) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF TOLL COLLECTION REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES LAW OR SECTIONS SIXTEEN-A, SIXTEEN-B AND SIXTEEN-C OF CHAPTER SEVEN HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE LAWS OF NINETEEN HUNDRED FIFTY. (III) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE TERM "SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE" SHALL MEAN A DISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED TWENTY FEET ON A HIGHWAY PASSING A SCHOOL BUILDING, ENTRANCE OR EXIT OF A SCHOOL ABUTTING ON THE HIGHWAY FOR WHICH A MAXIMUM SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AS AUTHORIZED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY-TWO, SIXTEEN HUNDRED THIRTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED FORTY-THREE OR SIXTEEN HUNDRED SIXTY-TWO-A OF THIS CHAP- TER. S 3. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. (A) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip- ment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adju- dication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN A CONVICTION FOR WHICH A MANDATORY SURCHARGE AND CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE ARE LEVIED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, or other than an adjudi- cation of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars. (B)(I) WHENEVER: (A) PROCEEDINGS IN AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OR A COURT OF THIS STATE RESULT IN A CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENSE UNDER THIS CHAPTER (OTHER THAN A CRIME PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS CHAPTER) OR FOR A TRAFFIC INFRACTION UNDER THIS CHAPTER OR UNDER A LOCAL LAW, ORDI- NANCE, RULE OR REGULATION ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS CHAPTER; AND (B) SUCH OFFENSE OR INFRACTION OCCURS WITHIN A SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, THERE SHALL BE LEVIED A CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE IN THE AMOUNT OF FIVE DOLLARS AND A MANDATORY SURCHARGE IN THE AMOUNT OF SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, IN ADDITION TO ANY SENTENCE REQUIRED OR PERMITTED BY LAW. (II) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL NOT APPLY TO: (A) TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS INVOLVING STANDING, STOPPING, OR PARKING; (B) VIOLATIONS BY PEDESTRIANS OR BICYCLISTS; (C) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER
FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN-A OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) AN INFRACTION PURSUANT TO ARTICLE NINE OF THIS CHAPTER; OR (E) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF TOLL COLLECTION REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES LAW OR SECTIONS SIXTEEN-A, SIXTEEN-B AND SIXTEEN-C OF CHAPTER SEVEN HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE LAWS OF NINETEEN HUNDRED FIFTY. (III) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE TERM "SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE" SHALL MEAN A DISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED TWENTY FEET ON A HIGHWAY PASSING A SCHOOL BUILDING, ENTRANCE OR EXIT OF A SCHOOL ABUTTING ON THE HIGHWAY FOR WHICH A MAXIMUM SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AS AUTHORIZED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY-TWO, SIXTEEN HUNDRED THIRTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED FORTY-THREE OR SIXTEEN HUNDRED SIXTY-TWO-A OF THIS CHAP- TER. S 4. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. (A) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, OR OTHER THAN A CONVICTION FOR WHICH A MANDATORY SURCHARGE AND CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE ARE LEVIED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, or other than an adjudi- cation in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap- ter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. (B)(I) WHENEVER: (A) PROCEEDINGS IN AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OR A COURT OF THIS STATE RESULT IN A CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENSE UNDER THIS CHAPTER (OTHER THAN A CRIME PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS CHAPTER) OR FOR A TRAFFIC INFRACTION UNDER THIS CHAPTER OR UNDER A LOCAL LAW, ORDI- NANCE, RULE OR REGULATION ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS CHAPTER; AND (B) SUCH OFFENSE OR INFRACTION OCCURS WITHIN A SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, THERE SHALL BE LEVIED A CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE IN THE AMOUNT OF FIVE DOLLARS AND A MANDATORY SURCHARGE IN THE AMOUNT OF SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, IN ADDITION TO ANY SENTENCE REQUIRED OR PERMITTED BY LAW. (II) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL NOT APPLY TO: (A) TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS INVOLVING STANDING, STOPPING, OR PARKING; (B) VIOLATIONS BY PEDESTRIANS OR BICYCLISTS; (C) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN-A OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) AN INFRACTION PURSUANT TO ARTICLE NINE OF THIS CHAPTER; OR (E) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF TOLL COLLECTION REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES LAW OR SECTIONS SIXTEEN-A, SIXTEEN-B AND SIXTEEN-C OF CHAPTER SEVEN HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE LAWS OF NINETEEN HUNDRED FIFTY.
(III) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE TERM "SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE" SHALL MEAN A DISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED TWENTY FEET ON A HIGHWAY PASSING A SCHOOL BUILDING, ENTRANCE OR EXIT OF A SCHOOL ABUTTING ON THE HIGHWAY FOR WHICH A MAXIMUM SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AS AUTHORIZED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY-TWO, SIXTEEN HUNDRED THIRTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED FORTY-THREE OR SIXTEEN HUNDRED SIXTY-TWO-A OF THIS CHAP- TER. S 5. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and chapter 62 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows: 1. (A) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, OR OTHER THAN A CONVICTION FOR WHICH A MANDATORY SURCHARGE AND CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE ARE LEVIED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. (B)(I) WHENEVER: (A) PROCEEDINGS IN AN ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OR A COURT OF THIS STATE RESULT IN A CONVICTION FOR AN OFFENSE UNDER THIS CHAPTER (OTHER THAN A CRIME PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS CHAPTER) OR FOR A TRAFFIC INFRACTION UNDER THIS CHAPTER OR UNDER A LOCAL LAW, ORDI- NANCE, RULE OR REGULATION ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THIS CHAPTER; AND (B) SUCH OFFENSE OR INFRACTION OCCURS WITHIN A SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, THERE SHALL BE LEVIED A CRIME VICTIM ASSISTANCE FEE IN THE AMOUNT OF FIVE DOLLARS AND A MANDATORY SURCHARGE IN THE AMOUNT OF SEVENTY-FIVE DOLLARS, IN ADDITION TO ANY SENTENCE REQUIRED OR PERMITTED BY LAW. (II) THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL NOT APPLY TO: (A) TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS INVOLVING STANDING, STOPPING, OR PARKING; (B) VIOLATIONS BY PEDESTRIANS OR BICYCLISTS; (C) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED ELEVEN-A OF THIS CHAPTER; (D) AN INFRACTION PURSUANT TO ARTICLE NINE OF THIS CHAPTER; OR (E) AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF TOLL COLLECTION REGULATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION TWO THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FIVE OF THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES LAW OR SECTIONS SIXTEEN-A, SIXTEEN-B AND SIXTEEN-C OF CHAPTER SEVEN HUNDRED SEVENTY-FOUR OF THE LAWS OF NINETEEN HUNDRED FIFTY. (III) FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE TERM "SCHOOL TRAFFIC SAFETY AND SPEED ZONE" SHALL MEAN A DISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED TWENTY FEET ON A HIGHWAY PASSING A SCHOOL BUILDING, ENTRANCE OR EXIT OF A SCHOOL ABUTTING ON THE HIGHWAY FOR WHICH A MAXIMUM SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED AS AUTHORIZED IN SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED TWENTY-TWO, SIXTEEN HUNDRED THIRTY, SIXTEEN HUNDRED FORTY-THREE OR SIXTEEN HUNDRED SIXTY-TWO-A OF THIS CHAP- TER. S 6. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law and shall apply to violations occurring on and after such effective date; provided that:
a. the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section two of this act shall be subject to the expiration of such subdivision when upon such date the provisions of section three of this act shall take effect; b. the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three of this act shall be subject to the expiration of such subdivision when upon such date the provisions of section four of this act shall take effect; and c. the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four of this act shall be subject to the expiration of such subdivision when upon such date the provisions of section five of this act shall take effect.

Comments

Open Legislation comments facilitate discussion of New York State legislation. All comments are subject to moderation. Comments deemed off-topic, commercial, campaign-related, self-promotional; or that contain profanity or hate speech; or that link to sites outside of the nysenate.gov domain are not permitted, and will not be published. Comment moderation is generally performed Monday through Friday.

By contributing or voting you agree to the Terms of Participation and verify you are over 13.

Discuss!

blog comments powered by Disqus