Increases penalties for criminal conviction of drunk or drugged driving in those cases where a child, under the age of seventeen, is a passenger in the vehicle being operated in violation of the law.
BILL NUMBER: S40
TITLE OF BILL : An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to additional penalties for certain drunk driving convictions
PURPOSE : Increases the penalties for criminal convictions of drunk or drugged driving where a child, under the age of 17, is a passenger.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS : Section 1: Amends subdivision 1 of section 1193 of the vehicle and traffic law by adding a new paragraph (g) that increases the penalties for driving intoxicated with a child in the vehicle. The additional penalties for a person convicted of drunk driving with a child under the age of 17 in the vehicle are: for the first such offense, an additional fine of between 2,000 and 5,000 dollars and 48-hours of consecutive imprisonment; for any subsequent offense, an additional fine of between 5,000 and 10,000 dollars and an additional term of imprisonment of not less than one year nor more than 4 years.
JUSTIFICATION : According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's National Center for Statistics and Analysis in 2004 a total of 442 (21 %) of all fatalities among children 14 and younger occurred in crashes involving alcohol. Of those 442, approximately half of those killed were passengers in vehicles with drivers who had been drinking with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels of .01 grams per deciliter of higher. On average 500 children are killed annually in alcohol-related traffic crashes where the adult driver was responsible for their safety. Between 1985 and 1996 more than 5,500 children passengers died as a result of alcohol related traffic crashes. In 64 percent of those deaths, the child was riding as a passenger with he drunk driver, and almost two-thirds of those fatalities involved a parent-aged driver. From 1994 - 2000 there where 12,409 alcohol-related deaths involving children under the age of 14. Since the early 1990's, 27 states have passed laws directly addressing this issue in an attempt to protect children and severely punish those drunk drivers who put children at risk. Of the 27 states, 21 have adopted additional penalties in addition to their current drunk driving laws and 4 (Arizona, Georgia, Idaho and Ohio have adopted separate legislation to deal with the issue.
Drunken Driving is a pervasive blight on our society which may have far reaching negative effects on those lives it touches. Death, parilization amputation, head trauma and disfigurement are common when a car driven by a drunk driver is involved in an accident. As a society we have already determined this to be a significant crime. When an adult who is responsible for the care of a child violates their obligation to protect that child and drives while intoxicated they are committing a crime that should be held as particularly despicable by society. For this reason, it is imperative that we pass strict laws proclaiming that this state will have no tolerance for such behavior and will punish those offenders appropriately both for what they have done and to discourage others.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY : 2007-2008 Passed the Senate (S.5315/A.9093)
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS : None.
LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS : None.
EFFECTIVE DATE : This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 40 2009-2010 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 7, 2009 ___________Introduced by Sen. FUSCHILLO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to additional penalties for certain drunk driving convictions THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivision 1 of section 1193 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new paragraph (g) to read as follows: (G) DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED WITH A CHILD IN THE VEHICLE. A PERSON CONVICTED OF A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION TWO, TWO-A, THREE, FOUR OR FOUR-A OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS ARTICLE, WHERE A CHILD UNDER THE AGE OF SEVENTEEN WAS A PASSENGER IN THE VEHICLE BEING OPERATED, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING PENALTIES IN ADDITION TO THE CURRENT PENALTIES: (1) FOR A FIRST SUCH OFFENSE, AN ADDITIONAL FINE OF NOT LESS THAN TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS AND FORTY-EIGHT CONSECUTIVE HOURS OF IMPRISONMENT; (2) FOR ANY SUBSEQUENT OFFENSE, AN ADDITIONAL FINE OF NOT LESS THAN FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS NOR MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS AND AN ADDI- TIONAL TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF NOT LESS THAN ONE YEAR NOR MORE THAN FOUR YEARS. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00944-01-9