Prohibits the sale and use of unsafe cribs.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the general business law, in relation to the manufacture of unsafe cribs
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This legislation requires facilities which use cribs, such as hotels or child care centers to be in compliance with regulations enacted by the Consumer Product Safety Commission by December of 2012.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section One amends Section 399-i of the general business law, as added by chapter 245 of the laws of 2010, adding the requirement that facilities which use cribs may not use drop side cribs, and these facilities must comply with all federal regulations within one year and six months of the effective date of this legislation. Section Two is the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Drop side cribs have been in use for decades but have recently come under scrutiny because of the grave danger they pose to children. Manufacturing or assembly problems can lead to the drop side becoming detached, creating a gap where children can become trapped and potentially suffocated or strangled. In the past decade, over 30 fatalities have resulted from faulty drop side cribs. In December, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) banned the manufacture, sale and resale of these cribs in a unanimous vote. After June of 2011, drop side cribs can no longer be sold legally in the United States. While the CPSC regulation prohibits the use of drop-side cribs in facilities using cribs, such as day care centers and hotels, these facilities have until December 28, 2012 to purchase and institute fixed side cribs. New York State general business law already recognizes crib safety measures as enacted by the CPSC. This legislation adds the requirement that facilities which use drop side cribs must be in compliance by December 28, 2012.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New Bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have become a law. Capital facilities who use cribs must be in compliance within 18 months of the effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4103 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE March 17, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. ZELDIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Consumer Protection AN ACT to amend the general business law, in relation to the manufacture of unsafe cribs THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 399-i of the general business law, as added by chapter 245 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: S 399-i. Prohibit any sale of unsafe cribs. 1. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (a) "Crib" means a bed or containment designated to accommodate an infant. (b) "Distribute" means to deliver to a person other than the purchas- er, for the purpose of retail sale. (c) "Person" shall mean a natural person, firm, corporation, limited liability company, association, or an employee or agent of a natural person or an entity included in this definition. (d) "Unsafe crib" shall mean any crib that does not conform to the standards endorsed or established by the federal Consumer Product Safety Commission including, but not limited to, Title 16 of the Code of Feder- al Regulations and the standards endorsed or established by American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM), as follows: (i) Part
1219 of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations and any regulations adopted to amend or supplement such part; (ii) Part 1220 of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations and any regulations adopted to amend or supplement such part; (iii) Part 1303 of Title 16 of the Code of Federal Regulations and any regulations adopted to amend or supplement such part; and (iv) The following standards and specifications of ASTM International for corner posts of baby cribs and structural integrity of baby cribsEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD09801-02-1 S. 4103 2
and any standards and specifications adopted to amend or supplement such standards: (A) ASTM F 966 (corner post standard), (B) ASTM F 1169 (structural integrity of full-size baby cribs), and (C) ASTM F 406 (non-full-size cribs). 2. (a) No person shall import, manufacture, or distribute an unsafe crib. (b) No retailer, as defined in subdivision eleven of section four hundred ninety-a of this chapter, or secondhand dealer, as defined in subdivision six of section four hundred ninety-a of this chapter, shall sell, lease or otherwise make available an unsafe crib. 3. ON AND AFTER DECEMBER TWENTY-EIGHTH, TWO THOUSAND TWELVE, ANY FACILITY USING CRIBS, OTHER THAN A PRIVATE RESIDENCE, MAY NOT USE AN UNSAFE CRIB. ALL CRIBS WITHIN ANY SUCH FACILITY MUST BE IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL REGULATIONS BY SUCH DATE. 4. Whenever there shall be a violation of this section an application may be made by the attorney general in the name of the people of the state of New York to a court or justice having jurisdiction by a special proceeding to issue an injunction, and upon notice to the defendant of not less than five days, to enjoin and restrain the continuance of such violations; and if it shall appear to the satisfaction of the court or justice that the defendant has, in fact, violated this section, an injunction may be issued by the court or justice, enjoining and restraining any further violations, without requiring proof that any person has, in fact, been injured or damaged thereby. In any such proceeding, the court may make allowances to the attorney general as provided in paragraph six of subdivision (a) of section eighty-three hundred three of the civil practice law and rules, and direct restitu- tion. Whenever the court shall determine that a violation of this section has occurred, the court may impose a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each violation. Each sale of an unsafe crib in violation of this section shall constitute a separate violation. In connection with any such proposed application, the attorney general is authorized to take proof and make a determination of the relevant facts and to issue subpoenas in accordance with the civil practice law and rules.
[4.]5. If any provision of this section or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held unconstitutional, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this section which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this section are severable. S 2. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have become a law.