Bill S4194-2013

Authorizes a school district in the village of Tuckahoe, by resolution, to limit transportation of students to 7 miles

Authorizes a school district in the village of Tuckahoe, by resolution, to limit transportation of students to 7 miles.

Details

Actions

  • Jan 8, 2014: REFERRED TO EDUCATION
  • Mar 14, 2013: REFERRED TO EDUCATION

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S4194

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to the transportation of children residing in a school district in the village of Tuckahoe

PURPOSE: The purpose of this bill is to give the school district of the village of Tuckahoe additional flexibility in shaping their own school transportation plans to transport children to public or private schools.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1: Amends Education Law section 3635(1) to authorize the school district in the village of Tuckahoe to reduce their obligation to transport school children from home to school from the current state mandated 15 miles to 7 miles. Such mileage restriction in the scope of transporting school district children must be adopted pursuant to a school board resolution.

JUSTIFICATION: Current law establishes an obligation for school districts to transport children at least 15 miles each way from home to school and then back to home again. While this requirement may be sound for school districts of large geographical size, it may be a burden to smaller school districts such the village of Tuckahoe which is only 2.25 sq/miles in size.

This bill merely. authorizes the school district of the village of Tuckahoe to reduce their responsibility of transporting pupils to a distance that more accurately reflects the size of the district. Such mileage reduction may only occur after the school board adopts a resolution to authorize this change.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New Bill

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined but minimal.

LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined minimal.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 1st, next succeeding the date on which it shall have become law.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4194 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE March 14, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sen. LATIMER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to the transportation of children residing in a school district in the village of Tuckahoe THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Paragraphs a, b and e of subdivision 1 of section 3635 of the education law, paragraph a as amended by section 11 of part A of chapter 97 of the laws of 2011, paragraph b as amended by chapter 718 of the laws of 1990, subparagraph (i) of paragraph b as amended by chapter 571 of the laws of 1994 and paragraph e as amended by chapter 665 of the laws of 1990, are amended to read as follows: a. Sufficient transportation facilities (including the operation and maintenance of motor vehicles) shall be provided by the school district for all the children residing within the school district to and from the school they legally attend, who are in need of such transportation because of the remoteness of the school to the child or for the promotion of the best interest of such children. Such transportation shall be provided for all children attending grades kindergarten through eight who live more than two miles from the school which they legally attend and for all children attending grades nine through twelve who live more than three miles from the school which they legally attend and shall be provided for each such child up to a distance of fifteen miles, EXCEPT UPON THE ADOPTION OF A RESOLUTION, LIMITING SUCH TRANSPORTATION TO SEVEN MILES, BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF A SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE VILLAGE OF TUCKAHOE, the distances in each case being measured by the nearest available route from home to school. The cost of providing such transportation between two or three miles, as the case may be, and SEVEN OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, shall be considered for the purposes of this chapter to be a charge upon the district and an ordi- nary contingent expense of the district. Transportation for a lesser
distance than two miles in the case of children attending grades kinder- garten through eight or three miles in the case of children attending grades nine through twelve and for a greater distance than SEVEN OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, may be provided by the district with the approval of the qualified voters, and, if provided, shall be offered equally to all children in like circumstances residing in the district; provided, however, that this requirement shall not apply to transporta- tion offered pursuant to section thirty-six hundred thirty-five-b of this [article] PART. b. (i) School districts providing transportation to a nonpublic school for pupils living within a specified distance from such school shall designate one or more public schools as centralized pick-up points and shall provide transportation between such points and such nonpublic schools for students residing in the district who live too far from such nonpublic schools to qualify for transportation between home and school. The district shall not be responsible for the provision of transporta- tion for pupils between their home and such pick-up points. The district may provide school bus transportation to a pupil if the resi- dence of the pupil is located on an established route for the transpor- tation of pupils to the centralized pick-up point provided such trans- portation does not result in additional costs to the district. The cost of providing transportation between such pick-up points and such nonpub- lic schools shall be an ordinary contingent expense. (ii) A board of education may, at its discretion, provide transporta- tion for pupils residing within the district to a nonpublic school located more than fifteen miles from the home of any such pupil provided that such transportation has been provided to such nonpublic school pursuant to this subdivision in at least one of the immediately preced- ing three school years and such transportation is provided from one or more centralized pick-up points designated pursuant to this paragraph and that the distance from such pick-up points to the nonpublic school is not more than fifteen miles. PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT IN A SCHOOL DISTRICT THAT HAS ADOPTED A RESOLUTION PROVIDING THAT THE MAXIMUM DISTANCE FOR TRANSPORTATION IS SEVEN MILES, PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH A OF THIS SUBDIVISION, THE BOARD OF EDUCATION MAY, AT ITS DISCRETION, PROVIDE TRANSPORTATION FOR PUPILS RESIDING WITHIN THE DISTRICT TO A NONPUBLIC SCHOOL LOCATED MORE THAN SEVEN MILES FROM THE HOME OF ANY SUCH PUPIL PROVIDED THAT SUCH TRANSPORTATION HAS BEEN PROVIDED TO SUCH NONPUBLIC SCHOOL PURSUANT TO THIS SUBDIVISION IN AT LEAST ONE OF THE IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING THREE SCHOOL YEARS AND SUCH TRANSPORTATION IS PROVIDED FROM ONE OR MORE CENTRALIZED PICK-UP POINTS DESIGNATED PURSUANT TO THIS PARA- GRAPH AND THAT DISTANCE FROM SUCH PICK-UP POINTS TO THE NONPUBLIC SCHOOL IS NOT MORE THAN SEVEN MILES. The district shall not be responsible for the provision of transportation for pupils between pupils homes and such pick-up points. The cost of providing transportation between such pick- up points and such nonpublic schools shall be an ordinary contingent expense. e. In lieu of the transportation provided pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this subdivision, a board of education may, at its discretion, provide transportation to any child attending grades kinder- garten through eight between the school such child legally attends and before-and/or-after-school child care locations. For the purposes of this subdivision, a before-and/or-after-school child care location shall mean a place, other than the child's home, where care for less than twenty-four hours a day is provided on a regular basis for a child who attends school within the school district, provided that such place is
situated within the school district. This definition includes, but is not limited to, a variety of child care services such as day care centers, family day care homes and in-home care by non-relatives. Such transportation may be provided for children attending grades kindergar- ten through eight where the distance between the school they legally attend and before-and/or-after-school child care locations is more than two miles, and may be provided for up to a distance of fifteen miles, EXCEPT UPON THE ADOPTION OF A RESOLUTION, LIMITING SUCH TRANSPORTATION TO SEVEN MILES, BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF A SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE VILLAGE OF TUCKAHOE, the distance in each case being measured by the nearest available route from before-and/or-after-school child care locations to the school they legally attend, except that transportation for a lesser distance than two miles or a greater distance than FIVE OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, may be provided if transportation for such distances is provided to students between home and school. Where a child receives transportation from a before-school child care location to the school he or she legally attends, such child shall be entitled to receive transportation from the school he or she legally attends to his or her home or to an after-school child care location in accordance with this subdivision. Where a child receives transportation from the school he or she legally attends to an after-school child care location, such child shall be entitled to receive transportation from home to the school he or she legally attends in accordance with this subdivision. Transportation may be provided to any child attending grades kindergar- ten through eight between the school the child legally attends and before-and/or-after-school child care locations upon written request of the parent or legal guardian submitted not later than the first day of April preceding the next school year, provided, however, a parent or guardian of a child not residing in the district on such date shall submit a written request within thirty days after establishing residence in the district and provided further that in order to be considered eligible for such transportation in the nineteen hundred eighty-seven-- eighty-eight school year, such request must be submitted by August first, nineteen hundred eighty-seven. The provision of transportation to or from before-and/or-after-school child care locations, if provided, shall be offered equally to all children in like circumstances residing in the district, provided that a board of education furnishing transpor- tation pursuant to this paragraph may limit the provision of such trans- portation to child care locations located within the attendance zone of the school the child attends, and to child day care centers and school age child care programs licensed or registered pursuant to section three hundred ninety of the social services law located anywhere within the school district. The cost of providing such transportation between two or three miles, as the case may be, and SEVEN OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, shall be considered for the purposes of this chapter to be a charge upon the district. Such substitute transportation expense shall be eligible for state aid in accordance with [clause] SUBPARAGRAPH one of paragraph b of subdivision seven of section thirty-six hundred two of this [chapter] ARTICLE. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to impose a duty upon boards of education to provide transportation to or from before-and/or-after-school child care locations. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to authorize boards of education to provide to any child transportation between a before-and/or-after-school day care location and that child's home.
S 2. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 3635 of the education law, as amended by chapter 69 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as follows: a. Sufficient transportation facilities (including the operation and maintenance of motor vehicles) shall be provided by the school district for all the children residing within the school district to and from the school they legally attend, who are in need of such transportation because of the remoteness of the school to the child or for the promotion of the best interest of such children. Such transportation shall be provided for all children attending grades kindergarten through eight who live more than two miles from the school which they legally attend and for all children attending grades nine through twelve who live more than three miles from the school which they legally attend and shall be provided for each such child up to a distance of fifteen miles, EXCEPT UPON THE ADOPTION OF A RESOLUTION, LIMITING SUCH TRANSPORTATION TO SEVEN MILES, BY THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF A SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE VILLAGE OF TUCKAHOE, the distances in each case being measured by the nearest available route from home to school. The cost of providing such transportation between two or three miles, as the case may be, and SEVEN OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, shall be considered for the purposes of this chapter to be a charge upon the district and an ordi- nary contingent expense of the district. Transportation for a lesser distance than two miles in the case of children attending grades kinder- garten through eight or three miles in the case of children attending grades nine through twelve and for a greater distance than SEVEN OR fifteen miles, AS THE CASE MAY BE, may be provided by the district, and, if provided, shall be offered equally to all children in like circum- stances residing in the district; provided, however, that this require- ment shall not apply to transportation offered pursuant to section thir- ty-six hundred thirty-five-b of this [article] PART. S 3. This act shall take effect on the first of July next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law, provided that the amend- ments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 3635 of the education law made by section one of this act shall be subject to the expiration and reversion of such paragraph pursuant to section 13 of part A of chapter 97 of the laws of 2011 when upon such date the provisions of section two of this act shall take effect.

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