Relates to the requirements of proof for certain licenses.
TITLE OF BILL:
An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to requirements of proof for certain licenses
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
Require the commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to obtain certain proof from any applicant for a driver's license or nondriver identification card who cannot provide a social security number that they are ineligible for such social security number.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section one of the bill amends subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of subdivision 3 of §490 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law to require the commissioner to obtain proof from any applicant for a nondriver identification card who cannot provide a social security number that they are ineligible for such social security number. This proof shall be any documents issued by the United States Department of Homeland Security, which specify that the applicant is legally not eligible for a social security number.
Section two of the bill amends subdivision 1 of §502 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law to require the commissioner to obtain proof from any applicant for a driver's license who cannot provide a social security number that they are ineligible for such social security number. This proof shall be documents issued by the United States Department of Homeland Security, which specify that the applicant is legally not eligible for a social security number.
Section three of the bill amends paragraph (a) of subdivision 6 of 502 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law to require the commissioner to obtain proof from any applicant for renewal of a driver's license who cannot provide a social security number that they are legally ineligible for such social security number. This proof shall be documents issued by the United States Department of Homeland Security, which specify that the applicant is legally not eligible for a social security number.
The New York State Department of Motor Vehicles has long required driver's license applicants who don't have Social Security numbers to submit a Social Security Administration (SSA) letter stating the person wasn't eligible to work in the US and so wasn't issued a Social Security number, but was present in the country legally. On September 6, 2001, the Commissioner further clarified the Department's requirements making immigrants provide more proof. In addition to the SSA letter, applicants who do not have a SSN would be required to submit the DHS documents used to obtain the SSA letter. The Department then pursued the formal State Administrative
Procedure Act process to formally adopt this procedure as Department regulation.
The new rule instituted five days before terrorists attacked the World Trade Center requires driver's license applicant to provide federal immigration documents to prove they are in the country legally. Some of the September 11 hijackers had obtained driver's licenses. Seven of the terrorists exploited loopholes in other states that allowed people to obtain driver's licenses and 10 cards by submitting sworn statements instead of proof of residency or identity.
A lawsuit was filed in 2004, after the state started cracking down. Advocates for illegal aliens claimed the crackdown was expected to result in the loss of driver's licenses for 300,000 illegal aliens.
In 2005, a state Supreme Court justice in Manhattan ordered the state to stop seizing the driver's licenses of immigrants without Social Security cards, arguing in part that the DMV couldn't enforce immigration law. But in July 2006, the appellate division overturned that ruling and allowed the state to require that immigrants prove they are in the United States legally to get a driver's license. The DMV defended the rules, saying they were put in place to combat fraud and terrorism.
The Court of Appeals ruled June 7, 2007, by a vote of 5-2 that DMV regulations are constitutional. The Court further upheld regulations that provide that the only exception to this rule is if the applicant is ineligible to obtain such a number as determined by immigration documents issued by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The case is
CUBAS V. MARTINEZ, (2007 NY Slip Op 04723).
The decision is to be welcomed. Preventing the issuance of drivers' licenses to individuals who cannot establish their identity and legal presence deters not only fraudulent use but also the employ of such documentation as needed proof to obtain other "legal" credentials or to ease travel, purchase goods and/or perform other acts with illegal or terrorist inspired intentions.
The Executive and new Commissioner have rescinded this policy in violation of the State Administrative Procedure Act, the Vehicle and Traffic Law and common sense. Utilizing an Automobile Association of America (AAA) study completed in 2003, based on 10 year old data, the Executive claims that New York roads will be safer and New York car insurance premiums will go down. These claims do not hold up under scrutiny, and in fact, the AAA study contained no data from New York.
As was consistently revealed in Senate hearings, the driver's license is a "gateway credential", a "breeder document". A document which opens the door to other legitimate documents which will enable illegal aliens to imbed themselves in New York. Access to legal identification credentials allow illegal aliens and those who would do our nation and state harm to hide in plain site.
Since the processing and verification of foreign documents will now be integral to the drivers license application procedure, New York will be forced to acquire millions of dollars of new equipment and hire and train hundreds of new Motor Vehicle employees. This equipment has not been thoroughly tested nor certified.
This legislation is necessary to prevent New York from voluntarily disarming itself in the battle to protect its citizens from those who would come to our shores with the intention of doing us harm. The rationale for this policy change does not withstand close examination and any potential benefits are far outweighed by the likely consequences.
2009-10: S.3669 Transportation Cmte. 2008: S.6502 Transportation Cmte./A.9636 Transportation Cmte.
This act shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4408 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 4, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. FLANAGAN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to requirements of proof for certain licenses THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of subdivision 3 of section 490 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 235 of the laws of 2002, is amended to read as follows: (i) The commissioner shall upon submission of an appropriate applica- tion, upon payment of the prescribed fee, and upon being satisfied that the person described is the applicant and that such applicant meets the requirements set forth in subdivision two of this section, issue to such applicant a nontransferable identification card. In addition, the commissioner also shall require that an applicant for an identification card or renewal thereof provide his or her social security number, OR PROVIDE PROOF THAT HE OR SHE IS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. SUCH PROOF MAY INCLUDE ANY DOCUMENTS SUBMITTED BY AN APPLICANT TO THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING WHETHER SUCH APPLICANT IS ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE A SOCIAL SECU- RITY NUMBER. S 2. Subdivision 1 of section 502 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 639 of the laws of 2006, is amended to read as follows: 1. Application for license. Application for a driver's license shall be made to the commissioner. The fee prescribed by law may be submitted with such application. The applicant shall furnish such proof of identi- ty, age, and fitness as may be required by the commissioner. The commis- sioner may also provide that the application procedure shall include the taking of a photo image or images of the applicant in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the commissioner. In addition, theEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD10636-01-1 S. 4408 2
[also]shall require that the applicant provide his or her social security number [and], OR PROVIDE PROOF THAT HE OR SHE IS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. SUCH PROOF MAY INCLUDE ANY DOCU- MENTS SUBMITTED BY AN APPLICANT TO THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOME- LAND SECURITY FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING WHETHER SUCH APPLICANT IS ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL ALSO provide space on the application so that the applicant may register in the New York state organ and tissue donor registry under section forty-three hundred ten of the public health law. In addition, an appli- cant for a commercial driver's license who will operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce shall certify that such applicant meets the requirements to operate a commercial motor vehicle, as set forth in public law 99-570, title XII, and title 49 of the code of federal regulations, and all regulations promulgated by the United States secretary of transportation under the hazardous materials trans- portation act. Upon a determination that the holder of a commercial driver's license has made any false statement, with respect to the application for such license, the commissioner shall revoke such license. S 3. Paragraph (a) of subdivision 6 of section 502 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 3 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2009, is amended to read as follows: (a) A license issued pursuant to subdivision five of this section shall be valid until the expiration date contained thereon, unless such license is suspended, revoked or cancelled. Such license may be renewed by submission of an application for renewal, the fee prescribed by law, proofs of prior licensing, fitness and acceptable vision prescribed by the commissioner, AND the applicant's social security number [, and if required by the commissioner]OR PROVIDE PROOF THAT HE OR SHE IS NOT ELIGIBLE FOR A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. SUCH PROOF MAY INCLUDE ANY DOCU- MENTS SUBMITTED BY AN APPLICANT TO THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOME- LAND SECURITY FOR THE PURPOSE OF DETERMINING WHETHER SUCH APPLICANT IS ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. THE COMMISSIONER MAY ALSO REQUIRE SUBMISSION OF a photo image of the applicant in such numbers and form as the commissioner shall prescribe. In addition, an applicant for renewal of a license containing a hazardous material endorsement shall pass an examination to retain such endorsement. The commissioner shall, with respect to the renewal of a hazardous materials endorsement, comply with the requirements imposed upon states by sections 383.141 and 1572.13 of title 49 of the code of federal regulations. A renewal of such license shall be issued by the commissioner upon approval of such application, except that no such license shall be issued if its issuance would be inconsistent with the provisions of section five hundred sixteen of this title, and except that the commissioner may refuse to renew such license if the applicant is the holder of a currently valid or renewable license to drive issued by another state or foreign country unless the applicant surrenders such license. S 4. This act shall take effect immediately.