Provides for the care of pupils with diabetes in schools in accordance with a diabetes medical management plan provided by the pupil's parent or guardian and signed by the pupil's physician or health care provider and authorizes school personnel to volunteer for training to be trained diabetes care personnel in schools who may assist pupils with diabetes in accordance with the pupil's diabetes medical management plan.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to care for pupils with diabetes
This bill provides school staff with the option of volunteering to be trained to provide diabetes care for students when a school nurse is not available, and ensures that students with diabetes are able to independently self-manage their diabetes with parent and clinician authorization.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 amends Article 19 of the education law to create a new Section 921 to provide for the following:
(1) Students with diabetes shall receive diabetes care as specified in their Diabetes Medical Management Plan, which is developed by the student's health care provider and sets out the health services needed by the child during the school day to remain healthy and safe.
(2) Upon the request of the student's parent or guardian, and as authorized by the student's health care provider pursuant to the Diabetes Medical Management Plan, the student shall be allowed to attend to the care and management of his or her diabetes when and where necessary.
(3) Upon the request of the student's parent or guardian and authorization of the Diabetes Medical Management Plan, trained diabetes personnel may perform diabetes care functions.
(4) Trained diabetes personnel are school staff who volunteers to complete diabetes care training. They need not be a health care provider, and they are permitted to provide diabetes care for which they have been trained. School employees shall not be subject to a penalty or disciplinary action for refusing to serve as trained diabetes personnel.
(5) The Commissioner of Education, in conjunction with the Commissioner of Health and other interested parties, shall develop training guide-lines for the training of school employees in the care needed for students with diabetes. Training shall be provided by a licensed health care professional, and training and supervision of such school employees shall be lawful.
(6) No licensed health care professional or school employee shall be subject to disciplinary action under professional licensing regulations or school disciplinary policies as a result of the activities authorized by this legislation. School personnel shall receive the protections from liability for civil damages provided by section 3000a of the public health law.
(7) The Commissioner of Education may promulgate any rules or regulations necessary. Section 2. Provides for the effective date.
According to the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet, about 215,000 people younger than 20 years have diabetes (type 1 or type 2). This represents approximately 1 in 400 under the age of 20. The care of students with diabetes requires management throughout the school day. Diabetes must be managed because high and low blood glucose (sugar) levels can be dangerous, and because good management is needed to prevent the devastating long-term complications of diabetes, including blindness, amputation, kidney failure and heart disease. Well-managed diabetes is also crucial for the students' ability to learn. While many schools do a good job providing diabetes care and permitting students to self manage their diabetes where able, parents and clinicians in New York have reported problems with gaps in nursing coverage available to students with diabetes, and with some schools creating needless barriers to students independently and appropriately managing their diabetes when needed.
To address these concerns, the legislation would provide the option for school staff to volunteer to be trained by a licensed health care professional to provide diabetes care, and would ensure that students could independently manage their diabetes when authorized by the parent and the child's clinician. As can be seen in the National Diabetes Education Program's publication helping the Student with Diabetes Succeed: A Guide for School Personnel (2010), which includes detailed information on non-medical school staff providing care, this approach has received broad support from national medical and educational organizations. Currently, nonmedical staff in daycare settings in New York are permitted to provide diabetes care to children under their care.
This act shall take effect one year after it shall have become a law, provided, however, that effective immediately, the commissioner may promulgate any rules or regulations necessary for the timely implementation of this act on such effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4473 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 3, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. MARCELLINO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to care for pupils with diabetes THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The education law is amended by adding a new section 921 to read as follows: S 921. CARE FOR PUPILS WITH DIABETES. 1. EACH ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE OR SECONDARY SCHOOL SHALL ENSURE THAT ALL PUPILS WHO HAVE BEEN DIAGNOSED BY A PHYSICIAN OR OTHER DULY AUTHORIZED HEALTH CARE PROVIDER WITH DIABETES RECEIVE APPROPRIATE AND NEEDED DIABETES CARE AS SPECIFIED IN THE DIABETES MEDICAL MANAGEMENT PLAN SUBMITTED BY THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF SUCH PUPILS WITH DIABETES. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS ARTICLE, "DIABETES MEDICAL MANAGEMENT PLAN" SHALL MEAN A DOCUMENT DEVELOPED BY A PUPIL'S PHYSICIAN OR OTHER DULY AUTHORIZED HEALTH CARE PROVIDER THAT SETS OUT THE HEALTH SERVICES NEEDED BY THE PUPIL WHILE AT SCHOOL AND IS SIGNED BY THE PUPIL'S PHYSICIAN OR OTHER DULY AUTHORIZED HEALTH CARE PROVIDER AND PARENT OR GUARDIAN. 2. UPON WRITTEN REQUEST OF THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN AND AUTHORIZATION BY THE PUPIL'S DIABETES MEDICAL MANAGEMENT PLAN, EACH ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE OR SECONDARY SCHOOL SHALL ALLOW PUPILS WITH DIABETES TO PERFORM BLOOD GLUCOSE CHECKS, ADMINISTER INSULIN THROUGH AN INSULIN DELIVERY SYSTEM, TREAT HYPOGLYCEMIA AND HYPERGLYCEMIA, AND OTHERWISE ATTEND TO THE CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF HIS OR HER DIABETES IN THE CLASSROOM, IN ANY AREA OF THE SCHOOL OR SCHOOL GROUNDS, AND AT ANY SCHOOL-RELATED ACTIVITY, AND TO POSSESS AT ALL TIMES ALL NECESSARY SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT TO PERFORM SUCH FUNCTIONS. PUPILS SHALL HAVE ACCESS TO A PRIVATE AREA FOR PERFORM- ING DIABETES CARE TASKS IF THE PARENT OR PUPIL REQUESTS ONE. 3. UPON WRITTEN REQUEST OF THE PARENT OR GUARDIAN AND AUTHORIZATION BY THE PUPIL'S DIABETES MEDICAL MANAGEMENT PLAN, TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL, AS DEFINED IN SUBDIVISION FOUR OF THIS SECTION, MAY PERFORM DIABETES CARE FUNCTIONS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: CHECKING AND RECORDING BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS AND KETONE LEVELS OR ASSISTING A PUPILEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD08865-01-3 S. 4473 2
WITH SUCH CHECKING AND RECORDING SUCH LEVELS; RESPONDING TO BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS THAT ARE OUTSIDE THE PUPIL'S TARGET RANGE; ADMINISTERING GLUCAGON AND OTHER EMERGENCY TREATMENTS, AS PRESCRIBED; ADMINISTERING INSULIN OR ASSISTING A PUPIL IN ADMINISTERING INSULIN THROUGH THE INSU- LIN DELIVERY SYSTEM THE PUPIL USES; PROVIDING ORAL DIABETES MEDICATIONS; AND FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING MEALS, SNACKS, AND PHYSICAL ACTIV- ITY. 4. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL" SHALL MEAN SCHOOL PERSONNEL WHO VOLUNTEER TO BE TRAINED IN THE CARE NEEDED FOR PUPILS WITH DIABETES AND WHO COMPLETE TRAINING PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION FIVE OF THIS SECTION. TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL NEED NOT BE LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW, THE ACTIVITIES OF TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL SET FORTH IN SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT CONSTITUTE THE PRACTICE OF NURSING AND SHALL BE EXEMPTED FROM ALL APPLICABLE STATUTORY AND/OR REGULATORY PROVISIONS THAT RESTRICT THE ACTIVITIES THAT CAN BE PERFORMED BY A PERSON WHO IS NOT A LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL. SCHOOL PERSONNEL SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY PENALTY OR DISCIPLINARY ACTION FOR REFUSING TO SERVE AS TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL, NOR SHALL A SCHOOL OR SCHOOL DISTRICT DISCOURAGE SCHOOL PERSONNEL FROM VOLUNTEERING FOR TRAINING. 5. NO LATER THAN ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY DAYS FROM THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION, THE COMMISSIONER IN CONSULTATION WITH THE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH, SHALL PROMULGATE FINAL REGULATIONS WITH THE GUIDELINES FOR TRAINING SCHOOL PERSONNEL IN THE CARE NEEDED FOR PUPILS WITH DIABETES. THE GUIDELINES SHALL BE DEVELOPED IN CONSULTATION WITH STATE AND NATIONALLY RECOGNIZED ORGANIZATIONS WITH EXPERTISE IN THE CARE OF PEOPLE WITH DIABETES AND IN THE TRAINING THEREOF INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION, THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF DIABETES EDUCATORS, AND THE NEW YORK STATE ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOL NURSES. THE TRAINING SHALL BE COORDINATED BY THE SCHOOL PRINCIPAL OR THE PRINCIPAL'S DESIGNEE, AND SHALL BE PROVIDED BY A SCHOOL NURSE AND/OR ANOTHER LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL WITH EXPERTISE IN DIABETES. NOTWITH- STANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW, IT SHALL BE LAWFUL FOR A LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL TO PROVIDE TRAINING TO SCHOOL PERSONNEL IN THE ACTIVITIES SET FORTH IN SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION OR TO SUPER- VISE SUCH SCHOOL PERSONNEL IN PERFORMING THESE TASKS. 6. NO LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL OR SCHOOL PERSONNEL SHALL BE SUBJECT TO DISCIPLINARY ACTION UNDER PROFESSIONAL LICENSING REGULATIONS OR SCHOOL DISCIPLINARY POLICIES AS A RESULT OF TRAINING AND PERFORMANCE OF DIABETES CARE TASKS BY TRAINED DIABETES PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED BY THIS LEGISLATION. A LICENSED HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL, SCHOOL PERSONNEL OR ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE OR SECONDARY SCHOOL SHALL BE PROTECTED FROM LIABILITY FOR CIVIL DAMAGES AS PROVIDED IN SECTION THREE THOUSAND-A OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW WHEN PERFORMING THE ACTIVITIES DESCRIBED BY THIS SECTION. 7. AN ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE OR SECONDARY SCHOOL OR SCHOOL DISTRICT MAY NOT RESTRICT A STUDENT WHO HAS DIABETES FROM ATTENDING ANY SCHOOL ON THE BASIS THAT THE STUDENT HAS DIABETES, THAT THE SCHOOL DOES NOT HAVE A FULL-TIME SCHOOL NURSE, OR THAT THE SCHOOL DOES NOT HAVE TRAINED DIABETES CARE PERSONNEL. S 2. This act shall take effect on the three hundred sixty-fifth day after it shall have become a law; provided, however, that effective immediately, the commissioner of education may promulgate any rules or regulations necessary for the timely implementation of this act on or after such effective date.