Relates to the testing of certain criminal defendants for HIV.
Ayes (54): Adams, Addabbo, Avella, Ball, Bonacic, Boyle, Breslin, Carlucci, DeFrancisco, Diaz, Dilan, Farley, Felder, Flanagan, Fuschillo, Gallivan, Gianaris, Gipson, Golden, Griffo, Grisanti, Hannon, Kennedy, Klein, Krueger, Lanza, Larkin, Latimer, LaValle, Libous, Little, Marcellino, Marchione, Martins, Maziarz, Nozzolio, O'Brien, O'Mara, Peralta, Ranzenhofer, Ritchie, Robach, Sampson, Sanders, Savino, Seward, Skelos, Smith, Stavisky, Stewart-Cousin, Tkaczyk, Valesky, Young, Zeldin
Nays (9): Espaillat, Hassell-Thomps, Hoylman, Montgomery, Parker, Perkins, Rivera, Serrano, Squadron
BILL NUMBER:S4487 REVISED 04/03/13
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to the testing of certain criminal defendants for human immunodeficiency virus
Purpose of Bill:
This bill would amend the Criminal Procedure Law to authorize a court to order a defendant to submit to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing within 48 hours of the filing of an indictment or superior court information charging the defendant with certain enumerated sex offenses.
Summary of Provisions:
Section one of the bill would amend Criminal Procedure Law § 210.16 to require that, upon a victim's request, a post-indictment HIV test be conducted within 48 hours of the filing of the indictment that charges a defendant with a crime involving sexual intercourse, anal sexual conduct or oral sexual conduct. Results of such testing would be provided to the victim and the defendant as soon as practicable, and the victim may request that the defendant submit to any medically appropriate follow-up tests. The county would be responsible for paying any fee assessed for conducting the test.
Section two of the bill provides that it shall take effect immediately.
Criminal Procedure Law § 210.16 allows the victim of a sex offense to petition for an order requiring that the defendant be tested for HIV within six months of the date that the crime occurred. The court may order the testing only on a finding that the result would provide a medical benefit to the victim. Follow-up tests may be ordered within six months of the date that the crime occurred.
Prior Legislative History:
This is a new bill.
Statement in Support:
This bill will allow sex crime victims to request information about their abuser's HIV status at a much earlier time than now permitted under law. By obtaining test results earlier, victims may make more intelligent medical choices with respect to prophylaxis treatments and the likelihood of their exposure to HIV.
Moreover, this bill is necessary to obtain the full amount of federal Grants to Encourage Arrest Policies (GTEAP). The existing New York State law authorizing the HIV testing of certain defendants, Criminal Procedure Law § 210.16, has been determined by the federal government to be insufficient because the victim is not entitled to request an HIV test within 48 hours of the filing of an indictment. This failure resulted in a loss of 5% of GTEAP funds in the 2009/2010 grant period,
for a total of $533,555 statewide. In 2011, New York State entities lost over $150,000. The failure to enact a compliant statute will cause the State to again lose 5% of GTEAP funds in the 2013/2014 grant period and in future years. In the past, New York State has received grant amounts ranging from $700,000 to $1,500,000. Other entities in New York State, including District Attorneys, also are eligible to apply for GTEAP funds. These entities also will be affected if this law is not enacted.
This bill will have a negligible fiscal impact on counties, which would be required to pay any fee assessed for the court-ordered HIV testing. This testing is relatively inexpensive.
This bill would take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4487 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 3, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. NOZZOLIO -- (at request of the Division of Criminal Justice Services) -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes AN ACT to amend the criminal procedure law, in relation to the testing of certain criminal defendants for human immunodeficiency virus THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 210.16 of the criminal procedure law, as added by chapter 571 of the laws of 2007, is amended to read as follows: S 210.16 Requirement of HIV related testing in certain cases. 1. (a) In a case where an indictment or a superior court information has been filed with a superior court which charges the defendant with a felony offense enumerated in any section of article one hundred thirty of the penal law where an act of "sexual intercourse", "oral sexual conduct" or "anal sexual conduct," as those terms are defined in section 130.00 of the penal law, is required as an essential element for the commission thereof, the court shall, upon a request of the victim, with- in
[six months of the date of the crimes charged,]FORTY-EIGHT HOURS order that the defendant submit to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related testing. [Testing of a defendant shall be ordered when the result would provide medical benefit to the victim or a psychological benefit to the victim. Medical benefit shall be found when the following elements are satisfied: (i) a decision is pending about beginning, continuing, or discontinuing a medical intervention for the victim; and (ii) the result of an HIV test of the accused could affect that deci- sion, and could provide relevant information beyond that which would be provided by an HIV test of the victim. If testing the defendant would provide medical benefit to the victim or a psychological benefit to the victim, then the]THE testing is to be conducted by a state, county, or local public health officer designated by the order. ANY FEE ASSESSED FOR CONDUCTING THE TEST SHALL BE PAID FOR BY THE COUNTY. Test results,EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD09339-01-3 S. 4487 2
which shall not be disclosed to the court, shall be communicated to the defendant and the victim named in the order AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE in accordance with the provisions of section twenty-seven hundred eighty- five-a of the public health law. (b) For the purposes of this section, the terms "victim" and "appli- cant" mean the person with whom the defendant is charged to have engaged in an act of "sexual intercourse", "oral sexual conduct" or "anal sexual conduct", as those terms are defined in section 130.00 of the penal law, where such conduct with such victim was the basis for charging the defendant with an offense specified in paragraph (a) of this subdivi- sion. 2. Any request made by the victim pursuant to this section must be in writing
[, filed with the court within six months of the date of the crimes charged,]and provided by the court to the defendant or his or her counsel. The request [must]MAY be filed with the court prior to or within forty-eight hours after the indictment or superior court informa- tion has been filed with the superior court; provided however that, for good cause shown, the court may permit such request to be filed at a later stage of the action [within six months of the date of the crimes charged]. IF THE REQUEST IS FILED PRIOR TO THE FILING OF AN INDICTMENT OR SUPERIOR COURT INFORMATION, THE COURT SHALL NOT ACT ON THE REQUEST UNTIL SUCH INDICTMENT OR SUPERIOR COURT INFORMATION IS FILED. 3. At any stage in the action [within six months of the date of the crimes charged,]prior to the final disposition of the indictment or superior court information and while the defendant is charged with an offense specified in paragraph (a) of subdivision one of this section, the victim may request that the defendant submit to a follow-up HIV related test AS MAY BE MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE. Such request must be in writing, filed with the court and provided by the court to the defendant or his or her counsel. Upon a finding that the follow-up HIV related test is medically appropriate the court must order that the defendant submit to such test. [The court shall not make such finding of medical appropriateness unless the follow-up HIV related test is to be adminis- tered a sufficient time after the charged offense to be consistent with guidelines that may be issued by the commissioner of health. There shall be no more than one follow-up HIV related test absent a showing of extraordinary circumstances.]4. Any requests, related papers and orders made or filed pursuant to this section, together with any papers or proceedings related thereto, shall be sealed by the court and not made available for any purpose, except as may be necessary for the conduct of judicial proceedings directly related to the provisions of this section. All proceedings on such requests shall be held in camera. 5. The application for an order to compel a defendant to undergo an HIV related test may be made by the victim but, if the victim is an infant or incompetent person, the application may also be made by a representative as defined in section twelve hundred one of the civil practice law and rules. The application must state that: (a) the appli- cant was the victim of the offense enumerated in paragraph (a) of subdi- vision one of this section of which the defendant is charged; and (b) the applicant has been offered pre-HIV test counseling and post-HIV test counseling by a public health officer in accordance with article twen- ty-seven-F of the public health law and has been advised, in accordance with any guidelines that may be issued by the commissioner of health, of (i) the limitations on the information to be obtained through an HIV test on the proposed subject; (ii) current scientific assessments of theS. 4487 3
risk of transmission of HIV from the exposure he or she may have experi- enced; and (iii) the need for the applicant to undergo HIV related test- ing to definitively determine his or her HIV status. 6. The court shall conduct a hearing only if necessary to determine if the applicant is the victim of the offense of which the defendant is charged or to determine whether a follow-up test is medically appropri- ate. The court ordered test must be performed within forty-eight hours of the date on which the court ordered the test, provided, however, that whenever the defendant is not tested within the period prescribed by the court, the court must again order that the defendant undergo an HIV related test. The defendant shall be advised of information as to HIV testing and medical treatment in accordance with any guidelines that may be issued by the commissioner of health. 7. (a) Test results shall be disclosed AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE subject to the following limitations, which shall be specified in any order issued pursuant to this section: (i) disclosure of confidential HIV related information shall be limit- ed to that information which is necessary to fulfill the purpose for which the order is granted; and (ii) disclosure of confidential HIV related information shall be made to the defendant upon his or her request, and disclosure to a person other than the defendant shall be limited to the person making the application; redisclosure shall be permitted only to the victim, the victim's immediate family, guardian, physicians, attorneys, medical or mental health providers and to his or her past and future contacts to whom there was or is a reasonable risk of HIV transmission and shall not be permitted to any other person or the court. (b) Unless inconsistent with this section, the court's order shall direct compliance with and conform to the provisions of article twenty- seven-F of the public health law. Such order shall include measures to protect against disclosure to others of the identity and HIV status of the applicant and of the person tested and may include such other meas- ures as the court deems necessary to protect confidential information. 8. Any failure to comply with the provisions of this section or section twenty-seven hundred eighty-five-a of the public health law shall not impair or affect the validity of any proceeding upon the indictment or superior court information. 9. No information obtained as a result of a consent, hearing or court order for testing issued pursuant to this section nor any information derived therefrom may be used as evidence in any criminal or civil proceeding against the defendant which relates to events that were the basis for charging the defendant with an offense enumerated in paragraph (a) of subdivision one of this section, provided however that nothing in this section shall prevent prosecution of a witness testifying in any court hearing held pursuant to this section for perjury pursuant to article two hundred ten of the penal law. S 2. This act shall take effect immediately and shall permit court- ordered testing of persons against whom an indictment or superior court information has been filed on or after such effective date.