Requires schools to provide instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to requiring schools to provide instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
PURPOSE: This bill requires training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) be given as a part of the high school health curriculum.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1: Sets forth the instructions for Cardiopulmonary resuscitation instruction (CPR).
Section 2: Sets for the instructions for external defibrillators.
Section 3: This act shall take effect immediately.
EXISTING LAW: Currently, CPR may be offered as a voluntary addition to the health curriculum.
JUSTIFICATION: EMS treats nearly 300,000 victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest each suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital survive to make it home from the hospital. Effective bystander CPR, provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest, can double or triple a victim's chance of survival.
Sudden cardiac arrest can happen to anyone at any time. About 5,920 children 18 years old and under suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest each year from all causes - including trauma, cardiovascular causes and sudden infant death syndrome.
The American Heart Association recommends that hands-on CPR training be a requirement for graduation. Several studies have demonstrated that trainees, including school children, can achieve acceptable levels of skills proficiency in adult CPR in 30 minutes or less. This legislation does not require all students to become certified in CPR.
The American Heart Association's 2010 revised CPR guidelines make it even easier for more people to perform CPR. A greater emphasis is now placed on the simplest step - chest compressions. And hands-only CPR is easier for a bystander to perform and survival rates are similar to that of conventional CPR (with both compressions and breaths).
This legislation does not require all students to become certified in CPR just to learn the basic skills - thereby making learning CPR easy and affordable.
Due to the increased percentages of people diagnosed with heart disease each year, learning CPR can provide students with the knowledge necessary to save lives. This bill will ensure that all lessons meet the established standards of professional organizations such as the American Heart Association and the American Red Cross. Adding CPR training as part of a student's health curriculum, will increase awareness of important life saving techniques and could ultimately save lives.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12: Passed the Senate/Died in Education
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4524 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 8, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. FUSCHILLO, PARKER, AVELLA, KENNEDY, LARKIN, MARTINS, MAZIARZ, MONTGOMERY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when print- ed to be committed to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to requiring schools to provide instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 804-c of the education law, as added by chapter 269 of the laws of 1999, is amended to read as follows: S 804-c. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation instruction. 1. Instructions regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation
[may]SHALL be [offered for voluntary admission as]a part of the health education OR PHYSICAL EDUCATION curriculum in all senior high schools, WHETHER PUBLIC, PRIVATE, OR CHARTER. INSTRUCTION IN CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION SHALL INCLUDE PSYCHOMOTOR SKILL INSTRUCTION AND MAY INCLUDE THE COMPLETION OF A CERTIFIED COURSE, HOWEVER STUDENT CERTIFICATION SHALL NOT BE MANDATORY TO MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION. In addition to the requirement that all teachers of health education shall be certified to teach health, persons instructing pupils in cardiopulmonary resuscitation shall possess valid certification by an agency offering such certif- ication in the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation [and in its instruction]. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "PSYCHOMOTOR SKILL" SHALL MEAN THE USE OF HANDS-ON PRACTICING TO SUPPORT COGNITIVE LEARNING. 2. The commissioner [may]SHALL prescribe regulations governing such health education AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION courses which shall include instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Such regulations shall in no event prescribe a course of study in cardiopulmonary resuscitation which sets forth standards for PSYCHOMOTOR SKILL instruction of a lesser quality than [the requirements of the programs adopted by the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross]ACCEPTED STANDARDS IN THE UNITED STATES.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02883-07-3 S. 4524 2
3. School authorities
[that choose to offer such course]shall provide the needed facilities, time and place for the instruction set forth herein and shall provide learning aids and curriculum resource materials to support such course of study. S 2. Section 804-d of the education law, as added by chapter 315 of the laws of 2005, is amended to read as follows: S 804-d. Automated external defibrillator instruction. Instructions regarding the correct use of an automated external defibrillator shall be included as a part of the health education OR PHYSICAL EDUCATION curriculum in all senior high schools when cardiopulmonary resuscitation instruction is being provided as authorized by section eight hundred four-c of this article. In addition to the requirement that all teach- ers of health education shall be certified to teach health, persons instructing pupils in the correct use of automated external defibrilla- tors shall possess valid certification by a nationally recognized organ- ization or the state emergency medical services council offering certif- ication in the operation of an automated external defibrillator [and in its instruction]. S 3. This act shall take effect June 30, 2014. Effective immediately, the commissioner of education is authorized to promulgate any rule or regulation necessary for the timely implementation of this act on its effective date.