Establishes the nurse practitioners modernization act which allows the practice of registered professional nursing by a certified nurse practitioner to include diagnosis and performance without collaboration of a licensed physician.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to establishing the nurse practitioners modernization act; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon the expiration thereof
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:
Enacts the "nurse practitioners modernization act," thereby limiting the need for a written practice agreement, while continuing to respect the relationship between nurse practitioners, physicians, and other healthcare practitioners.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
The bill amends the nurse practice act in Education law to limit the requirements for written collaboration agreements and practice protocols between nurse practitioners (NPs) and physicians to NPs who axe practicing for less than 3,600 hours with exceptions for good cause approved by the Education Department. Under the exceptions allowed, a collaborating physician may be substituted by a collaborating NP who is past his or her written-collaboration term and is qualified to collaborate in the specialty involved.
NPs who have successfully practiced for more than 3,600 hours shall not be required to have a written practice agreement with a physician. These NPs will, however, continue to collaborate with physicians or Article 28 hospitals, in addition to other healthcare providers. Additionally, these NPs will be required to complete and execute a form to be created by the State Education Department that will include, among other things, a summary of the NP's written practice protocols and the manner in which the NP will collaborate with other providers. Although this form does not need, to be filed with SED, it will be subject to review of the Department. Failure to comply with this requirement will be considered misconduct.
Finally, the bill will require the Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Health, to issue a report summarizing the implementation of this law, and any recommendations for further revisions to the NP's statute. The report shall be submitted to the legislature by September 1, 2017.
Nurse Practitioners practice in a variety of primary and specialty care settings including ambulatory, acute, long term care, and primary care. Nurse practitioners are licensed and certified by the State Education Department to diagnose illness and physical conditions and perform therapeutic and corrective measures, order tests, prescribe medications, medical devices and immunizing agents and, when appropriate, refer patients to other health care providers, without direct supervision. In addition to their advance certification by the Nursing Board, many NPs are certified by national accrediting agencies in one or more practice specialty.
Currently, New York mandates that NPs maintain a signed written collaborative agreement with MD. That relationship can be as narrow or
as broad as the MD is willing. Elsewhere, NPs practice with complete independence in 18 states (AK, AZ, CO, HI, ID, IA, ME, MD, MT, ND, NH, NM, OR, RI, UT, VT, WA, WY) and the District of Columbia. Given the education, training and advanced certification of NPs, statutorily mandated collaborative agreements no longer serve a clinical purpose. Instead, the signed written practice agreement serves as a barrier to practice and a disincentive to advanced certification, and it restricts access to primary health care for individuals and families in underserved areas of the state.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
Similar to S.3289: referred to Higher Education in 2011 and 2012. A.:5308-A passed the Assembly in 2012.
Reduces administrative costs for the State Education Department.
This act shall take effect on the first day of January after it shall have become a law and shall expire June 30 of the sixth year after it shall have become a law, when upon such date the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; provided, however, that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date is authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4611--A 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 15, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. YOUNG, AVELLA, ESPAILLAT, MONTGOMERY, PARKER, RITCHIE, ROBACH, SAVINO -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Higher Education -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to establishing the nurse practitioners modernization act; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon the expiration thereof THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Short title. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "nurse practitioners modernization act". S 2. Subdivision 3 of section 6902 of the education law, as added by chapter 257 of the laws of 1988, is amended to read as follows: 3. (a) (I) The practice of registered professional nursing by a nurse practitioner, certified under section six thousand nine hundred ten of this article, may include the diagnosis of illness and physical condi- tions and the performance of therapeutic and corrective measures within a specialty area of practice, in collaboration with a licensed physician qualified to collaborate in the specialty involved, provided such services are performed in accordance with a written practice agreement and written practice protocols EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION. The written practice agreement shall include explicit provisions for the resolution of any disagreement between the collab- orating physician and the nurse practitioner regarding a matter of diag- nosis or treatment that is within the scope of practice of both. To the extent the practice agreement does not so provide, then the collaborat- ing physician's diagnosis or treatment shall prevail. (II) IN THE EVENT THAT (A) AN EXISTING WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT WITH A COLLABORATING PHYSICIAN TERMINATES AS A RESULT OF: THE COLLABORATING PHYSICIAN MOVING, RETIRING, NO LONGER NEEDING THE SERVICES OF THE NURSEEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD10172-02-3 S. 4611--A 2
PRACTITIONER, NO LONGER BEING QUALIFIED TO PRACTICE; OR THE WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT TERMINATING DUE TO NO FAULT ON THE PART OF THE NURSE PRACTITIONER; AND (B) THE NURSE PRACTITIONER DEMONSTRATES THAT HE OR SHE HAS MADE A GOOD FAITH EFFORT TO ENTER INTO A NEW WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREE- MENT WITH A COLLABORATING PHYSICIAN AND HAS BEEN UNABLE TO DO SO, THEN UPON APPROVAL BY THE DEPARTMENT, SUCH NURSE PRACTITIONER MAY CONTINUE TO PRACTICE PURSUANT TO THIS PARAGRAPH WITHIN A SPECIALTY AREA OF PRACTICE FOR A PERIOD OF UP TO SIX MONTHS, IN COLLABORATION WITH A NURSE PRACTI- TIONER WHO HAS BEEN CERTIFIED UNDER SECTION SIX THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED TEN OF THIS ARTICLE, WHO HAS BEEN PRACTICING FOR MORE THAN THREE THOU- SAND SIX HUNDRED HOURS AND WHO IS QUALIFIED TO COLLABORATE IN THE SPECIALTY INVOLVED, PROVIDED THAT SERVICES ARE PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH A WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT AND WRITTEN PRACTICE PROTOCOLS; SUCH SIX MONTH TIME PERIOD FOR COLLABORATION BETWEEN NURSE PRACTITIONERS MAY BE EXTENDED FOR A PERIOD OF TIME NOT TO EXCEED AN ADDITIONAL SIX MONTHS UPON A SHOWING OF GOOD CAUSE SUBJECT TO THE APPROVAL OF THE DEPARTMENT.
[(b)](III) Prescriptions for drugs, devices and immunizing agents may be issued by a nurse practitioner, under this [subdivision]PARAGRAPH and section six thousand nine hundred ten of this article, in accordance with the practice agreement and practice protocols EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY PARAGRAPH (B) OF THIS SUBDIVISION. The nurse practitioner shall obtain a certificate from the department upon successfully completing a program including an appropriate pharmacology component, or its equiv- alent, as established by the commissioner's regulations, prior to prescribing under this [subdivision]PARAGRAPH. The certificate issued under section six thousand nine hundred ten of this article shall state whether the nurse practitioner has successfully completed such a program or equivalent and is authorized to prescribe under this [subdivision]PARAGRAPH. [(c)](IV) Each practice agreement shall provide for patient records review by the collaborating physician OR, WHERE APPLICABLE, THE COLLAB- ORATING NURSE PRACTITIONER, in a timely fashion but in no event less often than every three months. The names of the nurse practitioner and the collaborating physician OR, WHERE APPLICABLE, THE COLLABORATING NURSE PRACTITIONER shall be clearly posted in the practice setting of the nurse practitioner. [(d)](V) The practice protocol shall reflect current accepted medical and nursing practice, OR FOR COLLABORATING WITH ANOTHER NURSE PRACTI- TIONER PURSUANT TO SUBPARAGRAPH (II) OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE CURRENT ACCEPTED NURSING PRACTICE. The protocols shall be filed with the department within ninety days of the commencement of the practice and may be updated periodically. The commissioner shall make regulations establishing the procedure for the review of protocols and the disposi- tion of any issues arising from such review. [(e)](VI) No physician OR, WHERE APPLICABLE, NURSE PRACTITIONER, shall enter into practice agreements with more than four nurse practi- tioners who are not located on the same physical premises as the collab- orating physician OR COLLABORATING NURSE PRACTITIONER. [(f)](B) NOTWITHSTANDING SUBPARAGRAPH (I) OF PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, A NURSE PRACTITIONER, CERTIFIED UNDER SECTION SIXTY-NINE HUNDRED TEN OF THIS ARTICLE AND PRACTICING FOR MORE THAN THREE THOUSAND SIX HUNDRED HOURS MAY COMPLY WITH THIS PARAGRAPH IN LIEU OF COMPLYING WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION RELATING TO COLLABORATION WITH A PHYSICIAN, A WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT AND WRITTEN PRACTICE PROTOCOLS. A NURSE PRACTITIONER COMPLYING WITH THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL HAVE COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIPS WITH ONE OR MORE LICENSED PHYSI-S. 4611--A 3
CIANS QUALIFIED TO COLLABORATE IN THE SPECIALTY INVOLVED OR A HOSPITAL, LICENSED UNDER ARTICLE TWENTY-EIGHT OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, THAT PROVIDES SERVICES THROUGH LICENSED PHYSICIANS QUALIFIED TO COLLABORATE IN THE SPECIALTY INVOLVED AND HAVING PRIVILEGES AT SUCH INSTITUTION. AS EVIDENCE THAT THE NURSE PRACTITIONER MAINTAINS COLLABORATIVE RELATION- SHIPS, THE NURSE PRACTITIONER SHALL COMPLETE AND MAINTAIN A FORM, CREATED BY THE DEPARTMENT, WHICH THE NURSE PRACTITIONER SHALL ATTEST TO, THAT IDENTIFIES WRITTEN PRACTICE PROTOCOLS AND THE METHODS BY WHICH THE NURSE PRACTITIONER WILL COLLABORATE SUCH AS: THE CRITERIA TO BE USED REGARDING CONSULTATION, INCLUDING METHODS AND FREQUENCY OF HOW CONSULTA- TION SHALL BE PROVIDED; COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT AND REFERRAL; AND EMER- GENCY REFERRAL PLANS. SUCH FORMS SHALL BE UPDATED AS NEEDED AND MAY BE SUBJECT TO REVIEW BY THE DEPARTMENT. THE NURSE PRACTITIONER SHALL MAKE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS FORM AVAILABLE TO HIS OR HER PATIENTS UPON REQUEST. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THE REQUIREMENTS FOUND IN THIS PARAGRAPH BY A NURSE PRACTITIONER WHO IS NOT COMPLYING WITH SUCH PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT PROVISIONS AS SET FORTH IN ARTICLE ONE HUNDRED THIRTY OF THIS TITLE. (C) Nothing in this subdivision shall be deemed to limit or diminish the practice of the profession of nursing as a registered professional nurse under this article or any other law, rule, regulation or certif- ication, nor to deny any registered professional nurse the right to do any act or engage in any practice authorized by this article or any other law, rule, regulation or certification.
[(g)](D) The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to any activity authorized, pursuant to statute, rule or regulation, to be performed by a registered professional nurse in a hospital as defined in article twenty-eight of the public health law. (E) THE COMMISSIONER, IN CONSULTATION WITH THE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH, SHALL ISSUE A REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION, ALONG WITH INFORMATION THAT INCLUDES, BUT IS NOT LIMITED TO: THE NUMBER OF NURSE PRACTITIONERS PRACTICING FOR FEWER THAN THREE THOU- SAND SIX HUNDRED HOURS THAT PRACTICE PURSUANT TO A WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT WITH A PHYSICIAN; THE NUMBER OF NURSE PRACTITIONERS THAT PRAC- TICE PURSUANT TO A WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT WITH A NURSE PRACTITIONER FOR SIX MONTHS AND THE NUMBER OF THESE NURSE PRACTITIONERS THAT EXTEND A WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENT FOR AN ADDITIONAL SIX MONTHS UPON A SHOWING OF GOOD CAUSE SUBJECT TO THE APPROVAL OF THE DEPARTMENT; THE NUMBER OF NURSE PRACTITIONERS THAT PRACTICE PURSUANT TO COLLABORATIVE RELATION- SHIPS WITH PHYSICIANS; AND OTHER INFORMATION THE DEPARTMENT DEEMS RELE- VANT, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE CONTIN- UATION OF OR AMENDMENTS TO THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION RELATING TO WRITTEN PRACTICE AGREEMENTS OR COLLABORATIVE RELATIONSHIPS. THE COMMIS- SIONER SHALL SUBMIT THIS REPORT TO THE GOVERNOR, THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE, AND THE CHAIRS OF THE ASSEMBLY AND SENATE HIGHER EDUCATION COMMITTEES BY SEPTEMBER FIRST, TWO THOUSAND SEVENTEEN. S 3. This act shall take effect on the first day of January after it shall have become a law and shall expire June 30 of the sixth year after it shall have become a law, when upon such date the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; provided, however, that effective imme- diately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date is authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.