Requires a study and report on the total cost of student assessments; survey of teachers and administrators on test-prep time for student assessments; prohibits the use of certain assessments to be used for anything other than diagnostic purposes.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to requiring a study and report on the total cost of developing all student assessments
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: This legislation directs the State Education Department to review and analyze the costs associated with statewide assessments in school districts in New York State.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 amends the Education law to direct the commissioner to undertake a study about the costs of developing and administering student assessments. Section 2 directs the commissioner to conduct a survey of school administrators and teachers about the effect of student assessments on teaching and learning.
JUSTIFICATION: This bill calls for a review and analysis of the costs associated with statewide assessments of students in school districts throughout the stare. Testing costs money and time and therefore requires resources. Over the past several years, there has been an increased emphasis on testing to evaluate student progress. The question is: has the increased emphasis on testing captured more state and local resources, has this affected other aspects of education including classroom teaching, college and career preparation and special services to students with special needs and, if so, how? The information collected through the study required by this bill will provide a snapshot about public resources for educational testing and start a conversation about the appropriate distribution of resources for assessments, curriculum and graduation requirements and other essential components of a sound, basic education.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4712 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 19, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. LATIMER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Education AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to requiring a study and report on the total cost of developing all student assessments THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 305 of the education law is amended by adding a new subdivision 43 to read as follows: 43. A. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL UNDERTAKE A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE TOTAL COST OF DEVELOPING ALL STUDENT ASSESSMENTS, INCLUDING THE TOTAL COST OF PREPARING STUDENTS FOR ALL ASSESSMENTS, THE TOTAL COST OF ADMINISTERING ALL ASSESSMENTS, AND THE TOTAL COST OF GRADING AND REVIEWING ALL ASSESS- MENTS IN THE TWO THOUSAND TWELVE -- TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN SCHOOL YEAR. B. THIS STUDY REQUIRED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH A OF THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL RESULT IN A REPORT, WHICH DETAILS ALL SAID COSTS AND SHALL BE FILED WITH THE GOVERNOR, THE DIRECTOR OF THE DIVISION OF THE BUDGET, THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE, THE CHAIR OF THE ASSEMBLY WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, THE CHAIR OF THE SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE AND THE CHAIRS OF THE ASSEMBLY AND SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEES. SUCH REPORT SHALL ALSO BE POSTED ON THE WEBSITE OF THE DEPARTMENT BY DECEMBER THIRTY-FIRST, TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN AND SHALL BE DEEMED A PUBLIC DOCUMENT. C. THE COMMISSIONER'S STUDY SHALL INCLUDE, BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO, THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: (1) THE TOTAL NUMBER OF STUDENT ASSESSMENTS ADMINISTERED IN EACH SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE STATE. THIS SHALL INCLUDE A COUNT OF STATE REQUIRED ASSESSMENTS AND ASSESSMENTS WHICH ARE LOCALLY OR COMMERCIALLY DEVELOPED ASSESSMENTS WHICH ARE ADMINISTERED BY PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICTS AND THE TOTAL NUMBER OF ASSESSMENTS EACH STUDENT COHORT WAS ADMINISTERED ON AVERAGE FROM KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE TWELVE DURING THE TWO THOU- SAND TWELVE -- TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN SCHOOL YEAR;EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD10237-02-3 S. 4712 2
(2) THE TOTAL COST OF STUDENT ASSESSMENTS ADMINISTERED IN EACH SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE STATE. THE TOTAL COST SHALL BE DISAGGREGATED TO DETER- MINE THE AMOUNT OF PUBLIC FUNDS WHICH WERE EXPENDED ON NON-SCHOOL DISTRICT EMPLOYEES, VENDORS, AND OTHER ENTITIES WITH WHICH THE STATE AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS CONTRACT FOR STUDENT ASSESSMENT PURPOSES INCLUDING PURCHASE AND LICENSING COSTS, TEST DEVELOPMENT, TEST BOOKLETS, SCORING SHEETS AND SCORING COSTS; (3) LOGISTICAL, PREPARATION AND ADMINISTRATION COSTS INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, DISTRIBUTING AND COLLECTING ASSESSMENT MATERIALS, ASSESSMENT DIRECTIONS, AND STORING MATERIALS; (4) COST OF TEST PREPARATION MATERIALS; (5) COST OF DATA COACHES; (6) COST OF DATA ANALYSIS OR DASHBOARD SYSTEMS, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MAINTENANCE, PURCHASE, OR UPGRADE; (7) COST OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOCUSED PRIMARILY ON STUDENT ASSESSMENT DATA; (8) COST OF TRAINING FOR TEST ADMINISTRATORS AND PROCTORS; (9) PER-PUPIL COSTS OF ANY ADDITIONAL ASSESSMENTS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENT SUBGROUPS INCLUDING ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS, STUDENTS RECEIV- ING INTERVENTION OR REMEDIATION SERVICES, STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES, AND ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS; AND (10) ANY OTHER COSTS RELATED TO STUDENT ASSESSMENTS. D. IN ADDITION, THE STUDY SHALL DETERMINE THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF TIME SPENT BY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS, AND STUDENTS ON STUDENT ASSESSMENTS AND ASSOCIATED ACTIVITIES DURING THE TWO THOUSAND TWELVE--TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN SCHOOL YEAR. THIS SHALL INCLUDE TIME SPENT BY STUDENTS TAKING ALL STATE AND DISTRICT ASSESSMENTS; TIME SPENT BY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AND TEACHERS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE TASKS SUCH AS DISTRIBUTING AND COLLECTING ANSWERING SHEETS AND GIVING DIRECTIONS, AND THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF TIME SPENT PREPARING STUDENTS TO TAKE THE ASSESS- MENTS. TIME RELATED DATA COLLECTED PURSUANT TO THIS PARAGRAPH SHALL BE DISAGGREGATED BY THE FOLLOWING STUDENT GROUPS: ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEAR- NERS, STUDENTS RECEIVING INTERVENTION OR REMEDIATION SERVICES, STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES, GENERAL EDUCATION STUDENTS, AND ECONOMICALLY DISAD- VANTAGED STUDENTS. E. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL SUBMIT THE METHODOLOGY USED TO CALCULATE THE COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH STUDENT ASSESSMENTS TO THE COMPTROLLER BEFORE THE COMMISSIONER CONDUCTS THE STUDY PURSUANT TO THIS SUBDIVISION. THE COMP- TROLLER SHALL MAKE A WRITTEN ANALYSIS OF THE METHODOLOGY USED BY THE COMMISSIONER TO DETERMINE THE COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH STUDENT ASSESSMENTS. THE COMPTROLLER'S ANALYSIS SHALL INCLUDE A DETERMINATION ABOUT THE QUAL- ITY OF THE METHODOLOGY USED BY THE COMMISSIONER AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE METHODOLOGY WILL RESULT IN AN ANALYSIS THAT PROPERLY ACCOUNTS FOR THE ACTUAL COSTS INCURRED BY SCHOOL DISTRICTS ON STUDENT ASSESSMENTS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES. S 2. Section 305 of the education law is amended by adding a new subdivision 44 to read as follows: 44. A. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL UNDERTAKE A STATE-WIDE SURVEY OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AND TEACHERS ABOUT THE TIME THEY SPEND ON TEST PREPARA- TION FOR EACH STUDENT ASSESSMENT AND THE IMPACT OF TEST PREPARATION ON THE QUALITY OF INSTRUCTION. THE SURVEY SHALL PROVIDE SCHOOL ADMINISTRA- TORS AND TEACHER RESPONDENTS ANONYMITY. THE SURVEY SHALL INCLUDE: THE IMPACT THAT STUDENT ASSESSMENTS HAVE ON CURRICULUM; THE AMOUNT OF TIME A TEACHER SPENDS ON TEST-TAKING STRATEGIES, SIMULATING THE TESTING ENVI- RONMENT, AND ALIGNING CURRICULUM CONTENT TO ASSESSMENTS; THE EXTENT TO WHICH ASSESSMENTS AFFECT INSTRUCTION TIME FOR DIFFERENT STUDENTS. 4712 3
SUBGROUPS; AND ANY OTHER RELEVANT QUESTIONS ABOUT THE IMPACT OF STUDENT ASSESSMENTS ON THE SCHOOL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT. IN ADDITION THE SURVEY SHALL SOLICIT RECOMMENDATIONS FROM SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS AND TEACHERS REGARDING MAKING STUDENT ASSESSMENTS COST EFFECTIVE, TIME EFFICIENT, SUPPORTIVE OF TEACHING AND LEARNING, ALIGNED WITH THE CURRICULUM AND FOCUSED ON STUDENT AND TEACHER GROWTH. B. THIS SURVEY SHALL RESULT IN A REPORT WHICH DETAILS THE RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS FROM THE SURVEY AND SHALL BE FILED WITH THE GOVERNOR, THE DIRECTOR OF THE DIVISION OF THE BUDGET, THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE, THE CHAIR OF THE ASSEMBLY WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, THE CHAIR OF THE SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE AND THE CHAIRS OF THE ASSEMBLY AND SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEES BY DECEMBER THIR- TY-FIRST, TWO THOUSAND THIRTEEN. SUCH REPORT SHALL ALSO BE POSTED ON THE WEBSITE OF THE DEPARTMENT AND SHALL BE DEEMED A PUBLIC DOCUMENT. THE REPORT SHALL NOT INCLUDE ANY INFORMATION WHICH SPECIFICALLY IDENTIFIES ANY INDIVIDUAL SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR, TEACHER OR PUPIL. S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.