Requires the department to draft guidelines for the transition of patients from substances with a high risk of addiction to those with a low risk.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the public health law, in relation to creating medicinal guidelines to aid in the administration of prescription drugs to patients with high risks of addiction
PURPOSE: This bill requires the Department of Health to draft guidelines for the transition of patients from substances with a high risk of addiction to those with a low risk of addiction.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 defines the bill as Michael David Israel Addiction Transition Law.
Section 2 directs the Department of Health to promulgate guidelines for transitioning patients from high risk of addiction pain management solutions to low risk of addiction pain management solutions.
Section 3 is the enacting clause.
JUSTIFICATION: Michael David Israel, the son of Avi and Julie Israel, was one of many young people across New York State who battled with prescription drug abuse. On June 4, 2011 Michael David Israel tragically took his own life.
Michael's story is not a unique one. Nationally deaths from prescription opiates have tripled since 1999, and overdoses from prescription opiates now hospitalize more people each year than cocaine or heroin. Additionally, in a recent University at Buffalo study of 75 addicts, 41 percent reported their addiction began with medicine prescribed legally by their doctors.
The rate at which doctors are prescribing opiates is also alarming. In New York State 37 prescriptions are written for hydrocodone, fentanyl, and oxycodone for every 100 New Yorkers. In Western New York that rate is almost double, with 65 prescriptions being written for every 100 residents. These statistics are concerning, and in some regards alarming.
This bill would require the Department of Health develop a set of guidelines to help doctors transition patients from high risk of addiction pain management solutions to low risk of addiction pain management solutions. In some cases, long-term use of opiate pain killers is necessary, but in many cases alternative methods can be used to manage the patients pain while avoiding the potential for a damaging addiction to develop.
This bill does not require doctors to implement these strategies and still leaves the decision for how best to care for the patient up to their doctor, but it does provide doctors with an important resource.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2012: S.6181/A.9093 Referred to Health
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Minimal fiscal implications.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 480 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. KENNEDY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Health AN ACT to amend the public health law, in relation to creating medicinal guidelines to aid in the administration of prescription drugs to patients with high risks of addiction THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Michael David Israel addiction transition law". S 2. The public health law is amended by adding a new section 3351-a to read as follows: S 3351-A. GUIDELINES. THE DEPARTMENT SHALL PROMULGATE MEDICAL GUIDE- LINES AND REGULATIONS FOR PERSONS AUTHORIZED UNDER THIS TITLE TO DISTRIBUTE OR DISPENSE SUBSTANCES CONTROLLED UNDER THIS TITLE FOR THE PURPOSE OF HELPING SUCH PERSONS TRANSITION PATIENTS FROM PAIN MANAGEMENT SUBSTANCES WITH A HIGH RISK OF ADDICTION TO PAIN MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS THAT PRESENT A LOW RISK OF ADDICTION OR DO NOT INVOLVE SUBSTANCES REGU- LATED UNDER THIS TITLE. S 3. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become a law, provided, however, that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date are authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD03077-01-3