Requires the office of alcoholism and substance abuse services, in consultation with the education department, to establish a course of instruction on adolescent problem gambling which may be provided in grades 4 through 12; requires the commissioner to provide such curriculum be posted on the department of education internet website.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the mental hygiene law and the education law, in relation to requiring the office of alcoholism and substance abuse services to establish a curriculum in problem gambling which may be provided in grades four through twelve
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: Requires the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) to develop an adolescent problem gambling curriculum to be available for schools for grades 4-12.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 amends section 19.07 of the mental hygiene law by adding a new subdivision (i) to require the OASAS in consultation with the education department to establish a curriculum for a course of instruction in adolescent problem gambling, which may, at the option of any school, be provided in grades 4-12. Such course should include materials to educate students on the dangers and consequences of problem gambling, and shall be available on the interact website of OASAS.
Section 2 amends section 305 of education law to add new subdivision 43 to require the department to post on their website the curriculum
Section 3 makes the act take effect immediately and section one shall take effect on September 1, 2013.
JUSTIFICATION: A recent study by the New York Council on Problem Gambling highlighted the need for gambling education in New York State: While participation in all forms of gambling is illegal for individuals under the age of 18 in New York State, 86% of the New York adolescent respondents said that they can bet on one or more types of gambling at some time, 75% had gambled in the past year and 15% had bet on one or more types of gambling on a weekly basis.
Despite restrictions on underage gambling in New York State, nearly one-third of the adolescent respondents have been able to purchase lottery tickets, 9% have been able to wager at horse or dog races, 6% have been able to participate in Quick Draw and 5% have been able to gamble at a casino. Despite their substantially lower income, adolescents in New York report spending approximately one-third as much, on average, as adults report spending on all types of gambling.
There is concern that lottery gambling may be an experience that encourages young people to engage in other, less broadly sanctioned types of gambling as well as in other risk-taking behaviors, such as drug use. A significant increase in lottery play at a young age was identified among New York adolescents.
While 20% of 13-year-olds in the sample have purchased lottery products in the past year, 36% of 17-year-olds have done so. The increase in lottery play is correlated with increases in other types of gambling and in the use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana.
In New York, 2.4% 1.09%) of the total sample of adolescent respondents were classified as problem gamblers, the most serious classification of gambling-related difficulties among youth. Another 14.0% (-2.05%) of the total sample of adolescent respondents were classified as gamblers at risk for developing gambling problems. Based on the prevalence rates, it is estimated that there are between 15,400 and 41,000 adolescents in New York who have experienced severe problems with their gambling and between 135,000 and 193,000 whose gambling involvement has caused them difficulties in the past or, more likely, places them at risk for developing gambling-related difficulties in the future.
Problem gamblers are more likely than other adolescents who gamble to have problems with family members or friends due to gambling and to have had trouble at school or work due to their gambling. Problem gamblers are more likely than at-risk or non-problem gamblers to have shoplifted, sold drugs and engaged in other illegal activities to get money to gamble or to pay gambling debts.
Gambling involvement among adolescents in New York is correlated with alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, weekly gamblers are more likely than less frequent gamblers to have ever tried alcohol, tobacco and marijuana and to have gotten into trouble in the past year because of their alcohol or drug use.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2003: A.11639 - Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Committee 2009-10: A.4339 - Referred to Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Committee
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Not applicable.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take on September 1, 2013.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 4885--A 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE April 28, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. KLEIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Mental Health and Develop- mental Disabilities -- recommitted to the Committee on Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities in accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the mental hygiene law and the education law, in relation to requiring the office of alcoholism and substance abuse services to establish a curriculum in problem gambling which may be provided in grades four through twelve THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 19.07 of the mental hygiene law is amended by adding a new subdivision (i) to read as follows: (I) THE OFFICE OF ALCOHOLISM AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES, IN CONSUL- TATION WITH THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT, SHALL ESTABLISH A CURRICULUM FOR A COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN ADOLESCENT PROBLEM GAMBLING WHICH MAY, AT THE OPTION OF ANY SCHOOL, BE PROVIDED IN GRADES FOUR THROUGH TWELVE. SUCH COURSE OF INSTRUCTION SHALL INCLUDE MATERIALS TO EDUCATE STUDENTS ON THE DANGERS AND CONSEQUENCES OF PROBLEM GAMBLING, AND SHALL BE AVAIL- ABLE ON THE INTERNET WEBSITE OF SUCH OFFICE. S 2. Section 305 of the education law is amended by adding a new subdivision 43 to read as follows: 43. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL MAKE AVAILABLE, ON THE DEPARTMENT INTERNET WEBSITE, THE CURRICULUM OF THE COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN ADOLESCENT PROB- LEM GAMBLING ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (I) OF SECTION 19.07 OF THE MENTAL HYGIENE LAW. S 3. This act shall take effect September 1, 2013.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00067-05-2