Establishes the class A misdemeanor of unlawful procurement of a firearm, for the purchase or acquisition of more that 1 firearm during any period of 30 days.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to the unlawful procurement of a firearm
PURPOSE: The purpose of this act is to prohibit the purchase of more than 1 firearm during any period of 30-days, thus: (a) helping prevent gun traffickers from buying guns in bulk and reselling them to prohibited purchasers; (b) reducing the number of guns entering the illegal market; and (c) stemming the illegal flow of firearms between states.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one amends the Penal law by adding a new section 265.45. The proposed legislation establishes the crime of unlawful procurement of a firearm when: (i) He/She purchases or takes possession of more than one firearm from any dealer in firearms during any 30-day period; or (ii) Being a dealer in firearms, he/she sells or transfers a firearm to any person who has purchased or taken possession of a firearm during the previous 30-days. Unlawful procurement of a firearm is a class A misdemeanor.
Section two amends the Penal law by adding a new subdivision e to Penal law Section 265.45. This section provides exemptions to the crime of unlawful procurement of a firearm.
Section three amends the Penal law by adding a new section 400.15. The proposed legislation requires each dealer in firearms prior to the sale of any firearm to request approval of such sale from the Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS). Upon receipt of the approval, the dealer in firearms shall record and report such sale to DCJS within 24 hours.
Section four establishes that this act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the date on which it shall become a law.
JUSTIFICATION: Federal law does not limit the number of guns a person may buy in any given time period.
Studies show that firearms sold in multiple sales to the same individual purchaser are frequently used in crime. ATF crime gun trace data revealed that 22% of all handguns recovered in 1999 had been transferred to a purchaser involved in a multiple sale. Crime gun trace data from 2000 showed that 20% of all retail handguns recovered in crime were purchased as part of a multiple sale.
The American public strongly supports laws limiting the number of guns that may be purchased at one time. A national poll conducted for Mayors Against Illegal Guns in the spring of 2008 found that 65* of Americans favor limiting the number of handguns an individual is allowed to purchase to 1 gun per month.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2012: Senate Bill
7834 (Gianaris) - Died in Senate Rules Committee
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: The first of January next succeeding the date on which it shall become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 572 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. GIANARIS, ADAMS, ADDABBO, AVELLA, BRESLIN, HASSELL- THOMPSON, KRUEGER, MONTGOMERY, PERKINS, RIVERA, SERRANO, STAVISKY -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to the unlawful procurement of a firearm THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 265.45 to read as follows: S 265.45 UNLAWFUL PROCUREMENT OF A FIREARM. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF UNLAWFUL PROCUREMENT OF A FIREARM WHEN: 1. HE OR SHE PURCHASES OR TAKES POSSESSION OF MORE THAN ONE FIREARM FROM ANY DEALER IN FIREARMS DURING ANY THIRTY DAY PERIOD; OR 2. BEING A DEALER IN FIREARMS, HE OR SHE SELLS OR TRANSFERS A FIREARM TO ANY PERSON WHO HAS PURCHASED OR TAKEN POSSESSION OF A FIREARM DURING THE PREVIOUS THIRTY DAYS. UNLAWFUL PROCUREMENT OF A FIREARM IS A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR. S 2. Section 265.20 of the penal law is amended by adding a new subdi- vision e to read as follows: E. SECTION 265.45 OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL NOT APPLY TO: 1. ANY LAW ENFORCEMENT OR CORRECTIONS AGENCY, OR POLICE OR CORRECTIONS OFFICER ACTING WITHIN THE COURSE AND SCOPE OF HIS OR HER EMPLOYMENT OR OFFICIAL DUTIES; 2. A UNITED STATES MARSHAL, MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES OR THE NATIONAL GUARD, OR A FEDERAL OFFICIAL, WHO IS REQUIRED TO POSSESS A FIREARM IN THE OPERATION OF HIS OR HER OFFICIAL DUTIES; 3. LICENSED FIREARMS MANUFACTURERS, IMPORTERS OR DEALERS, WHILE ENGAGED IN THE COURSE AND SCOPE OF THEIR ACTIVITIES AS LICENSEES,EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01836-01-3 S. 572 2
PROVIDED THAT THE TRANSFERS ARE BETWEEN LICENSEES AND ALL SUCH LICENSEES ARE PROPERLY LICENSED UNDER FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL LAW; 4. A GUNSMITH ACQUIRING FIREARMS SOLELY FOR THE PURPOSES OF SERVICE OR REPAIR, OR THE LAWFUL OWNER OF THE FIREARMS RETRIEVING THE FIREARMS BACK FROM SUCH A GUNSMITH; 5. A COMMON CARRIER, WAREHOUSEMAN, OR OTHER PERSON ENGAGED IN THE BUSINESS OF TRANSPORTING OR STORING GOODS, TO THE EXTENT THAT THE POSSESSION OR RECEIPT OF ANY FIREARM IS IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSI- NESS, AND NOT FOR THE PERSONAL USE OF ANY SUCH PERSON; 6. A PERSON ACQUIRING FIREARMS BY OPERATION OF LAW UPON THE DEATH OF THE FORMER OWNER OF THE FIREARMS; OR 7. A PERSON WHOSE FIREARM WAS STOLEN OR IRRETRIEVABLY LOST AND WHO CONSIDERS IT ESSENTIAL THAT THE FIREARM BE REPLACED IMMEDIATELY, IF: (A) THE PERSON PROVIDES THE SELLER OR TRANSFEROR WITH A COPY OF AN OFFICIAL POLICE REPORT DESCRIBING THE LOSS OR THEFT OF THE FIREARM. THE OFFICIAL POLICE REPORT MUST CONTAIN THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE FIREARM OWNER, A DESCRIPTION OF THE FIREARM, THE LOCATION OF THE LOSS OR THEFT, THE DATE OF THE LOSS OR THEFT, AND THE DATE THE LOSS OR THEFT WAS REPORTED TO THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY; AND (B) THE LOSS OR THEFT OCCURRED WITHIN THIRTY DAYS OF THE PERSON'S ATTEMPT TO REPLACE THE FIREARM, AS REFLECTED BY THE DATE OF LOSS OR THEFT ON THE OFFICIAL POLICE REPORT. S 3. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 400.15 to read as follows: S 400.15 DUTIES OF DEALERS IN FIREARMS. 1. EACH DEALER IN FIREARMS SHALL PRIOR TO THE SALE OF ANY FIREARM TO A PERSON REQUEST APPROVAL OF SUCH SALE TO SUCH PERSON FROM THE DIVISION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SERVICES. 2. UPON RECEIPT OF THE APPROVAL OF THE DIVISION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SERVICES OF A SALE OF A FIREARM, THE DEALER IN FIREARMS SHALL RECORD AND REPORT SUCH SALE TO THE DIVISION OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SERVICES WITHIN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS. S 4. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.