Provides that no person sixteen years of age or over shall be a passenger in a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt; further requires all persons four or older but under the age of eight to be restrained by a safety belt when such persons are occupants of a school bus.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to mandatory seat belt use
PURPOSE: Provides that no person sixteen years of age or over shall be a passenger in a motor vehicle unless such person is retrained by a safety belt.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section one amends section 1229-c of the vehicle and traffic law to require all passengers' in a vehicle to be restrained by safety belt.
EXISTING LAW: Existing law requires all passengers in the front to be restrained, but only those under the age of 16 must be restrained in the rear.
JUSTIFICATION: In 2003, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) traffic crashes were the number one cause of death for people 4 to 35 years old. From 1975 to 2002, safety belts prevented an estimated 164,753 fatalities. According to NHTSA's The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000, the use of safety belts saved society $585 billion in medical care, lost productivity, and other injury-related economic costs (since 1975). Ejection from the vehicle is one of the most harmful events that can happen to a person in a crash. In passenger vehicle crashes in which someone died in 2002, 73 percent of occupants who were completely ejected were killed. Safety belts are effective in preventing total ejection's. In 2002, in crashes in which someone was killed, only 1 percent of the occupants reported to have been using restraints were totally ejected, compared with 30 percent of unrestrained occupants (in passenger vehicles).
Currently, 19 other states (Arkansas, California, Delaware, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming and the District of Columbia) have laws which require all passengers in a vehicle to wear a seat restraint. In states that use restraints for all passengers the number of deaths and injuries caused by ejection and side-impact have been reduced.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2009-10: Referred to Transportation (S.42) 2008: Referred to Transportation (S.5689/A.9594)
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
LOCAL FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the date on which it shall have become law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 599--A 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 5, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sens. FUSCHILLO, DILAN, LARKIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Trans- portation -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, in relation to mandatory seat belt use THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivisions 3 and 13 of section 1229-c of the vehicle and traffic law, subdivision 3 as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1984 and subdivision 13 as amended by chapter 20 of the laws of 2008, are amended to read as follows: 3. No person shall operate a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner. No person sixteen years of age or over shall be a passenger in
[the front seat of]a motor vehicle unless such person is restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner. 13. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision four of this section, no person shall operate a school bus for which there are no applicable federal school bus safety standards unless all occupants are restrained by a safety belt approved by the commissioner or, regarding occupants age four or older but under age [seven]EIGHT, are restrained pursuant to subdivision one or two of this section. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of January next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00470-02-1