Provides that when a driving under the influence of alcohol offender is sentenced to probation, a condition thereof shall be alcohol and controlled substance monitoring by the probation department; such monitoring shall be by means of the use of a secure continuous remote alcohol monitor.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the executive law, in relation to the imposition of a sentence of alcohol and controlled substance monitoring upon conviction of an alcohol-related offense
PURPOSE: Provides that when a driving under the influence of alcohol offender is sentenced to probation, a condition shall be alcohol and controlled substance monitoring.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 adds subsections to the executive law entitled the Sobriety Pilot Program which requires the use of a Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitor (SCRAM) System as a condition of pre-trial release for those accused of DWI/DWAI and as a condition of probation for those sentenced to probation.
JUSTIFICATION: Currently, judges as part of probation, may require certain persons convicted of driving while intoxicated or under the influence of a controlled substance to use a chemical testing interlocking device which prohibits the participant from using their vehicle if the device registers the presence of a alcohol or a controlled substance. This program has met with some success but offenders have found creative ways to subvert these systems. On more than one occasion, people have been arrested for driving while intoxicated even with interlocking devices because another person has breathed in the device for them. The Secure Continuous Remote Alcohol Monitor (SCRAM) System, which involves an ankle bracelet that monitors an offender's alcohol content, would offer an alternative to the interlocking device program and act as a second line of testing in the arsenal in managing particular criminals.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2012: Senate Bill 2516 (Gianaris) - Died in Senate Transportation Committee 2012: Assembly Bill 3997 (Gabryszak) - Died in Assembly Transportation Committee 2010: Assembly Bill 9650 (Gianaris) Died in Assembly Transportation Committee
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately, except that section two of this act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the date on which this act shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 611 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. GIANARIS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the executive law, in relation to the imposition of a sentence of alcohol and controlled substance monitoring upon conviction of an alcohol-related offense THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 1193 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new subdivision 1-b to read as follows: 1-B. ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE MONITORING. (A) IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER SANCTIONS PROVIDED BY THIS SECTION, THE COURT SHALL UPON CONVICTION OF A PERSON OF A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION TWO, TWO-A OR THREE OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-TWO OF THIS ARTICLE, OR VEHICULAR ASSAULT IN THE SECOND DEGREE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 120.03 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR VEHICULAR ASSAULT IN THE FIRST DEGREE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 120.04 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR AGGRAVATED VEHICULAR ASSAULT AS DEFINED IN SECTION 120.04-A OF THE PENAL LAW, OR VEHICULAR MANSLAUGHTER IN THE SECOND DEGREE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 125.12 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR VEHICU- LAR MANSLAUGHTER IN THE FIRST DEGREE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 125.13 OF THE PENAL LAW, OR AGGRAVATED VEHICULAR HOMICIDE AS DEFINED IN SECTION 125.14 OF THE PENAL LAW, WHEN SUCH COURT SENTENCES SUCH PERSON TO A PERIOD OF PROBATION, MAKE A CONDITION OF SUCH PROBATION THE WEARING OF A SECURE CONTINUOUS REMOTE ALCOHOL MONITOR FOR THE DETECTION OF THE USE OF ALCO- HOL OR A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE BY THE SENTENCED PERSON; PROVIDED, HOWEV- ER, SUCH COURT SHALL NOT AUTHORIZE THE OPERATION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE BY ANY SUCH PERSON WHOSE LICENSE OR PRIVILEGE TO OPERATE A MOTOR VEHICLE HAS BEEN SUSPENDED OR REVOKED. (B) A COURT SHALL CONDITION ANY BOND OR PRE-TRIAL RELEASE FOR A CHARGE OF ANY OF THE OFFENSES LISTED IN PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION UPON THE WEARING OF A SECURE CONTINUOUS REMOTE ALCOHOL MONITOR, AND THEEXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01538-01-3 S. 611 2
PAYMENT OF THE ASSOCIATED COSTS AND EXPENSES. FURTHERMORE, THE COURT SHALL CONDITION THE SUSPENDED IMPOSITION OF SENTENCE OR SUSPENDED EXECUTION OF SENTENCE UPON SUCH WEARING, AND THE PAYMENT OF THE ASSOCI- ATED COSTS AND EXPENSES. A COURT MAY WAIVE A FINE OR BOND IN LIEU OF PARTICIPATION IN THE ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE MONITORING ESTAB- LISHED PURSUANT TO THIS SUBDIVISION. IN ADDITION, A COURT MAY WAIVE THE PAYMENT OF THE ASSOCIATED COST AND EXPENSE OF SUCH PROGRAM WHERE THE PROBATIONER OR DEFENDANT MEETS THE ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR A PUBLIC DEFENDER. (C) THE FAILURE OF ANY PERSON TO COMPLY WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE MONITORING PROGRAM SHALL RESULT IN THE ISSUANCE OF A REVOCATION ORDER. NO PROVISION OF THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL AUTHORIZE A COURT TO SENTENCE ANY PERSON TO A PERIOD OF PROBATION FOR SUBJECTING HIM OR HER TO THE PROGRAM ESTABLISHED BY THIS SUBDIVISION, UNLESS SUCH PERSON WOULD OTHERWISE HAVE BEEN ELIGIBLE TO BE SENTENCED TO PROBATION. (D) EVERY PERSON SENTENCED PURSUANT TO THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL PROVIDE PROOF OF COMPLIANCE TO THE SENTENCING COURT IN SUCH MANNER AND AT SUCH TIMES AS THE COURT SHALL REQUIRE. (E) ALL COSTS AND EXPENSES COLLECTED PURSUANT TO THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL BE PAID IN THE TREASURY OF THE COUNTY OR CITY OF NEW YORK, THE PROCEEDS OF WHICH SHALL BE USED SOLELY FOR THE PURPOSE OF DEFRAYING RECURRING COSTS INCLUDING MAINTAINING EQUIPMENT, FUNDING SUPPORT SERVICES AND ENSURING COMPLIANCE. S 2. Section 243 of the executive law is amended by adding a new subdivision 5 to read as follows: 5. THE DIRECTOR SHALL PROMULGATE RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE ADMIN- ISTRATION OF ALCOHOL AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE MONITORING PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE-B OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-THREE OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW. SUCH RULES AND REGULATIONS SHALL: (A) PROVIDE FOR PROCEDURES AND APPARATUS FOR TESTING THE ELECTRONIC MONITORING DEVICES; (B) SET PARTICIPATION AND USER FEES, PROVIDED, THAT SUCH USER FEES SHALL NOT BE LESS THAN THE PRO RATA COST OF THE PURCHASE AND USE OF THE SECURE CONTINUOUS REMOTE ALCOHOL MONITOR; AND (C) REQUIRE THE SUBMISSION OF REPORTS AND INFORMATION BY LOCAL PROBATION DEPARTMENTS. S 3. This act shall take effect immediately, except that section two of this act shall take effect on the first of January next succeeding the date on which this act shall have become a law.