Requires all text-books approved by this article to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea
PURPOSE OF THE BILL:
To require that the Sea of Japan be referenced as the East Sea in textbooks used in New York.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill amends the education law by adding a section 706 which will require that any text-book approved and issued pursuant to section seven hundred one of this article which refers to the Sea of Japan shall change the name from Sea of Japan to the East Sea, or in the alternative shall note that it is also referred to as the East Sea.
Section 2 of the bill sets an effective date of the July 1, 2016 and the provisions shall apply to books approved and issued after that date.
This bill will facilitate an understanding that the body of water that separates the Korean Peninsula and Japan should be known as the "East Sea" or in the alternative that the "Sea of Japan" is also known as the "East Sea". While the name "Sea of Japan" was introduced sometime during the late 1920's during a time when Japan occupied Korea, both Korea and China have referred to this same body of water as the "East Sea" for well over 2000 years. In addition, there are dozens of world maps predating the 19th century that refer to this body of water as the "East Sea".
Moreover, two separate international resolutions have established the standards of naming a sea area that is shared by multiple countries. The International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution A.4.2.6 (adopted on March 13, 1974) provided that when countries sharing a given geographical feature do not agree on a common name, the names used by each of the countries should be used concurrently. This standard is confirmed by the United Nations Resolution on Geographical Names 111/20 (adopted in 1977), which further stated that accepting only one or some of such names while excluding the rest would be inconsistent in principle as well as inexpedient in practice. Furthermore, the internationally established custom indicates that seas bordering different countries should not be named after one particular nation. Therefore, permanently changing the name to the "East Sea" or in the alternative acknowledging a dual reference of the "Sea of Japan" and the "East Sea" would be in full compliance with this international principle.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:
This act shall take effect on July 1, 2016 and shall apply to text-books approved and issued on or after such date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6599--C Cal. No. 278 IN SENATE February 11, 2014 ___________Introduced by Sen. AVELLA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Education -- committee discharged, bill amended, ordered reprinted as amended and recommitted to said committee -- committee discharged and said bill committed to the Committee on Rules -- ordered to a third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading -- again amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to requiring certain text-books to reference the Sea of Japan as also the East Sea THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The education law is amended by adding a new section 706 to read as follows: S 706. REFERENCE TO SEA OF JAPAN. ANY TEXT-BOOK APPROVED AND ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED ONE OF THIS ARTICLE WHICH REFERS TO THE SEA OF JAPAN SHALL CHANGE THE NAME FROM SEA OF JAPAN TO THE EAST SEA, OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE SHALL NOTE THAT IT IS ALSO REFERRED TO AS THE EAST SEA. S 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2016 and shall apply to text- books approved and issued on or after such date.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD13988-05-4