Relates to the distribution of educational materials regarding the misuse of and addiction to prescription drugs.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the mental hygiene law, in relation to the distribution of educational materials regarding the misuse of and addiction to prescription drugs
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: The purpose of this bill is to help to prevent the misuse or abuse of prescription drugs.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Amends 19.09 of mental hygiene law by requiring the commissioner of the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services in consultation with the Department of Health to create or utilize existing educational materials and make them available to pharmacists who may distribute them with any prescribed controlled substance. Such materials shall include information regarding the dangers misuse and the potential for addiction to prescription drugs, treatment resources available, and the proper way to dispose of unused prescription drugs.
The bill would also require the Commissioner to utilize data that is available to the office in order to identify the counties in New York State where prescription opioid abuse is most prevalent. At the discretion of the commissioner, in collaboration with the department of health, pharmacists may be notified about the prevalence of opioid abuse in the county where the pharmacists are located, and strongly encourage the pharmacy to utilize the educational materials created by this bill.
JUSTIFICATION: Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) taken in 2009 showed that nearly one-third of people age 12 and over that used drugs for the first time began by using a prescription drug non-medically. The same survey found that over 70 percent of people who abused prescription pain relievers obtained them from friends or relatives. Additionally, it was shown in the latest Monitoring the Future Study, the Nation's largest survey of drug use among young people administered by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), of the drugs most often abused, prescription drugs ranked second behind marijuana.
A contributing factor to the rise of prescription drug abuse has been the common misperception that prescription medications are less dangerous than illegal drugs because they are FDA-approved. Many well-meaning parents do not understand the risks associated with giving prescribed medication to a teenager or another family member for whom the medication was not prescribed, or, they are not aware that youth are abusing prescription drugs at all; thus, they frequently leave unused prescription drugs in open medicine cabinets.
In 2011 the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) stated in its Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Plan that a key factor to deterring prescription drug abuse is educating the youth and their parents about the dangers of misuse and abuse of prescription drugs. The ONDCP also recommended that organizations such as local anti-drug coalitions and pharmacies should promote and disseminate public educational materials in order to increase awareness of prescription drug misuse and abuse, and how to safely dispose of unused prescription medications. In 2012, the New York State Department of
Health (DOH) in partnership with the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) and the Pharmacists Society of the State of New York (PSSNY) issued a letter to pharmacies in New York emphasizing the vital role pharmacists play in this goal. Their position gives them a unique opportunity to increase the knowledge of their customers regarding the consequences that result from the misuse of prescription medication.
This bill would help to prevent the misuse or abuse of prescription drugs by providing pharmacists with educational materials that they may distribute to their customers. Such materials would provide information on the dangers of misuse, and the potential for addiction to prescription medications. They would also provide information on how to access treatment services and safely dispose of unused prescription medications.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: Undetermined
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after is shall it have become law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6725 IN SENATE March 4, 2014 ___________Introduced by Sen. GOLDEN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse AN ACT to amend the mental hygiene law, in relation to the distribution of educational materials regarding the misuse of and addiction to prescription drugs THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 19.09 of the mental hygiene law is amended by adding a new subdivision (i) to read as follows: (I) (1) THE COMMISSIONER, IN CONSULTATION WITH THE COMMISSIONER OF HEALTH, SHALL CREATE OR UTILIZE EXISTING EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS WHICH SHALL INCLUDE INFORMATION REGARDING THE DANGERS OF MISUSE AND THE POTEN- TIAL FOR ADDICTION TO PRESCRIPTION DRUGS, TREATMENT RESOURCES AVAILABLE, AND THE PROPER WAY TO DISPOSE OF UNUSED PRESCRIPTION DRUGS. SUCH MATE- RIALS SHALL BE MADE AVAILABLE TO PHARMACISTS AND MAY BE DISTRIBUTED WITH ANY PRESCRIBED DRUG THAT IS A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE BY A PHARMACIST LICENSED BY THE STATE TO DISPENSE PRESCRIPTION DRUGS TO THE PUBLIC PURSUANT TO SECTION SIXTY-EIGHT HUNDRED FIVE OF THE EDUCATION LAW. THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN SUCH MATERIALS SHALL ALSO BE POSTED ON THE WEBSITE OF THE OFFICE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. SUCH MATERIALS SHALL BE PROVIDED IN LANGUAGES OTHER THAN ENGLISH AS DEEMED APPROPRIATE BY THE COMMISSIONERS. (2) UTILIZING DATA THAT IS AVAILABLE TO THE OFFICE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, INFORMATION OBTAINED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION FOUR OF SECTION THIRTY-THREE HUNDRED NINE-A OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, THE COMMISSIONER SHALL IDENTIFY THE COUNTIES IN NEW YORK STATE WHERE PRESCRIPTION OPIOID ABUSE IS MOST PREVALENT. PHARMACISTS LICENSED BY THE STATE TO DISPENSE PRESCRIPTION DRUGS MAY BE NOTIFIED AT THE DISCRETION OF THE COMMISSIONER IN COLLABORATION WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, ABOUT THE PREVALENCE OF OPIOID ABUSE IN THE COUNTY IN WHICH SUCH PHARMACISTS ARE LOCATED AND ENCOURAGE THE FACILITIES WHERE PRESCRIPTION DRUGS ARE DISPENSED TO DISTRIBUTE MATERIALS CREATED OR UTILIZED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH ONE OF THIS SUBDIVISION. S 2. This act shall take effect on the sixtieth day after it shall have become a law.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD11390-01-3