Prohibits the sale, possession or transportation of feral pigs.
Ayes (13): Grisanti, Johnson, LaValle, Little, Maziarz, O'Mara, Young, Avella, Espaillat, Oppenheimer, Perkins, Serrano, Stewart-Cousins
Excused (1): Marcellino
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to prohibiting the sale, possession or transportation of feral pigs
PURPOSE: This bill will aid the Department of Environmental Conservation in its goal or removing sus scrofa (pl. sues scrofae) from the New York state landscape by making the possession of any live feral pig illegal, as well as forbid the sale or transportation of live feral pigs.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 of the bill amends the environmental conservation law, adding a new section, § 11-0514 prohibiting the live possession, sale or transport of wild pigs by any person or entity and imposes criminal redress for violations of the law's provisions to a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail, or a fine of five hundred dollars, or both.
Section 2 addresses the effective date, allocating time to the Department of Environmental Conservation to promulgate any regulations necessary and authorizes regulatory activation in order to achieve the full enforcement of the bill's provisions.
JUSTIFICATION: Sus scrofa, (commonly known as feral pigs, feral hogs, wild boar, wild hogs, razorbacks, Eurasian wild boar, and Russian wild boar) are non-indigenous species of New York State, with a presence that poses a serious threat to an individual's personal safety and the agricultural economy.
The majority of these animals are Russian boars, the largest grow to be in excess of 400 pounds, have razor sharp tusks, and react aggressively towards people and companion animals and other wild life.
Sues scrofae are able to breed several times a year with yields ranging from 2-12 offspring per litter enabling the animals to triple their population within the span of one year. The population then competes with other game and water fowl for hard mast (nuts and acorns). These animals threaten the survival of other species by invading and consuming ground nests and eggs, as well as being known to kill fawns and domestic livestock.
The species carry and transmit a variety of serious diseases including: swine brucellosis, E. can, trichinosis and pseudorabies. Exposure to these diseases places both people and domestic livestock at risk of infection.
The Department of Environmental Conservation maintains a goal of complete removal of sues scrofae from the New York landscape. Budget restraints have caused the department to cease their trapping and killing of these animals and have instead relied upon an overall, unlimited and non-regulated taking of sues scrofae. This legislation will aid the department in its goal by codifying a prohibition of possessing any live sus scrofa, as well as forbidding the live imp0l1, sale, or transportation of the same within New York State. This legislation does not codify any prohibition of the lifeless taking of sues scrofae by any duly licensed individual, which is consistent with the department's administration.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: New Bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None to the state.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date is authorized to be made on or before such date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6825 IN SENATE March 27, 2012 ___________Introduced by Sen. LITTLE -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Environmental Conservation AN ACT to amend the environmental conservation law, in relation to prohibiting the sale, possession or transportation of feral pigs THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The environmental conservation law is amended by adding a new section 11-0514 to read as follows: S 11-0514. FERAL PIGS PROHIBITED. 1. IT SHALL BE UNLAWFUL FOR ANY PERSON, FIRM, PARTNERSHIP OR CORPO- RATION TO KNOWINGLY POSSESS, IMPORT, SELL, OFFER FOR SALE, DISTRIBUTE, TRANSPORT OR OTHERWISE MARKET OR TRADE IN LIVING FERAL PIGS, FERAL HOGS, WILD BOAR, WILD HOGS, RAZORBACKS, EURASIAN WILD BOAR, RUSSIAN WILD BOAR OR FERAL SWINE (SUS SCROFA). 2. A VIOLATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION IS A MISDEMEANOR, PUNISHABLE BY IMPRISONMENT FOR NOT MORE THAN ONE YEAR, OR BY A FINE OF NOT MORE THAN FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS, OR BY BOTH SUCH FINE AND IMPRISON- MENT. S 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred twentieth day after it shall have become a law. Effective immediately, the addition, amend- ment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implemen- tation of this act on its effective date is authorized to be made on or before such date.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD14731-03-2