Bill S6918-2013

Relates to establishing in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk a demonstration program implementing speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones by means of photo devices

Relates to establishing in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk a demonstration program implementing speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones by means of photo devices; relates to photo speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones in the city of NY; provides for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof.

Details

Actions

  • Apr 30, 2014: SUBSTITUTED BY A9206
  • Apr 30, 2014: ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.488
  • Mar 31, 2014: REFERRED TO RULES

Meetings

Calendars

Votes

VOTE: COMMITTEE VOTE: - Rules - Apr 30, 2014
Ayes (23): Skelos, Libous, Bonacic, Carlucci, Farley, Flanagan, Hannon, Larkin, Marcellino, Maziarz, Nozzolio, Seward, Valesky, Little, Stewart-Cousins, Breslin, Dilan, Hassell-Thompson, Krueger, Montgomery, Perkins, Espaillat, Gianaris
Ayes W/R (1): LaValle
Excused (1): Parker

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S6918

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law, the public officers law and the general municipal law, in relation to establishing in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk a demonstration program implementing speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones by means of photo devices, and in relation to photo speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones in the city of New York; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To reduce incidents of speeding in school zones in order to better protect schoolchildren.

SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

The bill would authorize the counties of Nassau and Suffolk to each establish a four-year pilot program to impose monetary liability on vehicle owners for the failure of vehicle operators to comply with maximum posted speed limits in school speed zones during school days and school activities. These counties would be authorized to use photo speed violation monitoring systems within one school speed zone per school district in the counties.

Additionally, the bill would expand the number of school speed zones in which the City of New York would be authorized to use speed cameras in its demonstration program by an additional 120, for a total of 140.

JUSTIFICATION:

The safety of schoolchildren around our schools is of paramount importance. In an effort to assess the effectiveness and impact in New York of automated enforcement systems on deterring drivers from speeding on streets where schools are located and thereby increase the safety of schoolchildren, the Legislature last year authorized the City of New York to implement a pilot program for the use of photo speed enforcement in up to twenty school zones. This bill would expand the size of this pilot program by expanding the number of school speed zones eligible for automated speed enforcement to a total of 140. The bill also would authorize the counties of Nassau and Suffolk to implement pilot programs for the use of photo speed violation monitoring systems in one school speed zone per school district in each county (69 in Suffolk County and 56 in Nassau County). While there have been a variety of studies over the years on automated enforcement, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has found that only a few studies were "well-controlled." By authorizing a greater number of cameras in New York City as well as pilot programs in Nassau and Suffolk Counties, this bill is intended to provide New York-specific information on speed camera performance and to reduce incidents of speeding at locations targeted to protect some of our most vulnerable residents, our schoolchildren.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

New bill.

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS:

None to the State.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

30th day after enactment, to expire and be deemed repealed four years after such date.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6918 IN SENATE March 31, 2014 ___________
Introduced by Sen. KLEIN -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Rules AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law, the public officers law and the general municipal law, in relation to establishing in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk a demonstration program implementing speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones by means of photo devices, and in relation to photo speed violation monitoring systems in school speed zones in the city of New York; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 9 of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: (i) If at the time of application for a registration or renewal there- of there is a certification from a court, parking violations bureau, traffic and parking violations agency or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction [or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction] that the registrant or his or her representative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to a total of three or more summonses or other process in the aggregate, issued within an eigh- teen month period, charging either that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter or section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane
restriction as defined in such section, or (iv) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chap- ter for a violation of subdivision (c) or (d) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter, OR (V) THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court, traffic and parking violations agency or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 1-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 9-a of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his or her represen- tative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis- trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to a total of three or more summonses or other process in the aggregate, issued within an eighteen month period, charging either that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehi- cle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap- ter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section; or (iv) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap- ter; OR (V) THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appear- ance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribu- nal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said
tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivi- sion. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 1-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 9-b of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his or her represen- tative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis- trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to three or more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period, charging that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis- trant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority or the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chap- ter for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter, OR THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final deci- sion. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision.
S 1-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 9-c of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his representative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to three or more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period, charging that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appro- priate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority, or the registrant was liable in accordance with section elev- en hundred eighty-b of this chapter for violations of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter, OR THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commis- sioner or his agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 1-d. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapters 339 and 592 of the laws of 1987, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his representative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to three or more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period, charging that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appro- priate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority, OR THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEV- EN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER,
the commissioner or his agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or admin- istrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal follow- ing entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his discretion, deny a regis- tration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 2. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section 1180-c to read as follows: S 1180-C. OWNER LIABILITY FOR FAILURE OF OPERATOR TO COMPLY WITH CERTAIN POSTED MAXIMUM SPEED LIMITS. (A) 1. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW, THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU AND SUFFOLK ARE HEREBY AUTHOR- IZED TO ESTABLISH A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM IMPOSING MONETARY LIABILITY ON THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE FOR FAILURE OF AN OPERATOR THEREOF TO COMPLY WITH POSTED MAXIMUM SPEED LIMITS IN A SCHOOL SPEED ZONE WITHIN THE COUNTIES (I) WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE OR (II) WHEN OTHER SPEED LIMITS ARE IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION (B), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE DURING THE FOLLOWING TIMES: (A) ON SCHOOL DAYS DURING SCHOOL HOURS AND ONE HOUR BEFORE AND ONE HOUR AFTER THE SCHOOL DAY, AND (B) A PERIOD DURING STUDENT ACTIVITIES AT THE SCHOOL AND UP TO THIRTY MINUTES IMMEDIATELY BEFORE AND UP TO THIRTY MINUTES IMMEDIATELY AFTER SUCH STUDENT ACTIVITIES. SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL EMPOWER THE COUNTIES TO INSTALL PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEMS WITHIN NO MORE THAN ONE SCHOOL SPEED ZONE PER SCHOOL DISTRICT WITHIN EACH COUNTY AT ANY ONE TIME AND TO OPERATE SUCH SYSTEMS WITHIN SUCH ZONES (III) WHEN A SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT IS IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPHS ONE AND TWO OF SUBDIVISION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE OR (IV) WHEN OTHER SPEED LIMITS ARE IN EFFECT AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION (B), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE DURING THE FOLLOWING TIMES: (A) ON SCHOOL DAYS DURING SCHOOL HOURS AND ONE HOUR BEFORE AND ONE HOUR AFTER THE SCHOOL DAY, AND (B) A PERIOD DURING STUDENT ACTIVITIES AT THE SCHOOL AND UP TO THIRTY MINUTES IMME- DIATELY BEFORE AND UP TO THIRTY MINUTES IMMEDIATELY AFTER SUCH STUDENT ACTIVITIES. IN SELECTING A SCHOOL SPEED ZONE IN WHICH TO INSTALL AND OPERATE A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM, THE COUNTIES SHALL CONSIDER CRITERIA INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE SPEED DATA, CRASH HISTORY, AND THE ROADWAY GEOMETRY APPLICABLE TO SUCH SCHOOL SPEED ZONE. 2. NO PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL BE USED IN A SCHOOL SPEED ZONE UNLESS (I) ON THE DAY IT IS TO BE USED IT HAS SUCCESS- FULLY PASSED A SELF-TEST OF ITS FUNCTIONS; AND (II) IT HAS UNDERGONE AN ANNUAL CALIBRATION CHECK PERFORMED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH FOUR OF THIS SUBDIVISION. THE COUNTIES MAY INSTALL SIGNS GIVING NOTICE THAT A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM IS IN USE TO BE MOUNTED ON ADVANCE WARNING SIGNS NOTIFYING MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATORS OF SUCH UPCOMING SCHOOL
SPEED ZONE AND/OR ON SPEED LIMIT SIGNS APPLICABLE WITHIN SUCH SCHOOL SPEED ZONE, IN CONFORMANCE WITH STANDARDS ESTABLISHED IN THE MUTCD. 3. OPERATORS OF PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEMS SHALL HAVE COMPLETED TRAINING IN THE PROCEDURES FOR SETTING UP, TESTING, AND OPER- ATING SUCH SYSTEMS. EACH SUCH OPERATOR SHALL COMPLETE AND SIGN A DAILY SET-UP LOG FOR EACH SUCH SYSTEM THAT HE OR SHE OPERATES THAT (I) STATES THE DATE AND TIME WHEN, AND THE LOCATION WHERE, THE SYSTEM WAS SET UP THAT DAY, AND (II) STATES THAT SUCH OPERATOR SUCCESSFULLY PERFORMED, AND THE SYSTEM PASSED, THE SELF-TESTS OF SUCH SYSTEM BEFORE PRODUCING A RECORDED IMAGE THAT DAY. THE COUNTIES SHALL RETAIN EACH SUCH DAILY LOG UNTIL THE LATER OF THE DATE ON WHICH THE PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITOR- ING SYSTEM TO WHICH IT APPLIES HAS BEEN PERMANENTLY REMOVED FROM USE OR THE FINAL RESOLUTION OF ALL CASES INVOLVING NOTICES OF LIABILITY ISSUED BASED ON PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEO OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY SUCH SYSTEM. 4. EACH PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL UNDERGO AN ANNU- AL CALIBRATION CHECK PERFORMED BY AN INDEPENDENT CALIBRATION LABORATORY WHICH SHALL ISSUE A SIGNED CERTIFICATE OF CALIBRATION. THE COUNTIES SHALL KEEP EACH SUCH ANNUAL CERTIFICATE OF CALIBRATION ON FILE UNTIL THE FINAL RESOLUTION OF ALL CASES INVOLVING A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED DURING SUCH YEAR WHICH WERE BASED ON PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY SUCH PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM. 5. (I) SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL UTILIZE NECESSARY TECHNOLOGIES TO ENSURE, TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE, THAT PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTO- GRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY SUCH PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEMS SHALL NOT INCLUDE IMAGES THAT IDENTIFY THE DRIVER, THE PASSENGERS, OR THE CONTENTS OF THE VEHICLE. PROVIDED, HOWEV- ER, THAT NO NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL BE DISMISSED SOLELY BECAUSE SUCH A PHOTOGRAPH, MICROPHOTOGRAPH, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGE ALLOWS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE DRIVER, THE PASSENGERS, OR THE CONTENTS OF VEHICLES WHERE EITHER COUNTY, AS APPLICA- BLE, SHOWS THAT IT MADE REASONABLE EFFORTS TO COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH IN SUCH CASE. (II) PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR ANY OTHER RECORDED IMAGE FROM A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL BE FOR THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF EACH SUCH COUNTY FOR THE PURPOSE OF THE ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION AND OF THE OWNER RECEIVING A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, AND SHALL BE DESTROYED BY EACH SUCH COUNTY UPON THE FINAL RESOLUTION OF THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY TO WHICH SUCH PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES RELATE, OR ONE YEAR FOLLOWING THE DATE OF ISSUANCE OF SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY, WHICHEVER IS LATER. NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF ANY OTHER LAW, RULE OR REGULATION TO THE CONTRARY, PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTO- GRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR ANY OTHER RECORDED IMAGE FROM A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM SHALL NOT BE OPEN TO THE PUBLIC, NOR SUBJECT TO CIVIL OR CRIMINAL PROCESS OR DISCOVERY, NOR USED BY ANY COURT OR ADMINISTRATIVE OR ADJUDICATORY BODY IN ANY ACTION OR PROCEEDING THEREIN EXCEPT THAT WHICH IS NECESSARY FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, AND NO PUBLIC ENTITY OR EMPLOYEE, OFFICER OR AGENT THEREOF SHALL DISCLOSE SUCH INFORMATION, EXCEPT THAT SUCH PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR ANY OTHER RECORDED IMAGES FROM SUCH SYSTEMS: (A) SHALL BE AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION AND COPYING AND USE BY THE MOTOR VEHICLE OWNER AND OPERATOR FOR SO LONG AS SUCH PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTO-
GRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES ARE REQUIRED TO BE MAINTAINED OR ARE MAINTAINED BY SUCH PUBLIC ENTITY, EMPLOYEE, OFFICER OR AGENT; AND (B) (1) SHALL BE FURNISHED WHEN DESCRIBED IN A SEARCH WARRANT ISSUED BY A COURT AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE SUCH A SEARCH WARRANT PURSUANT TO ARTICLE SIX HUNDRED NINETY OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW OR A FEDERAL COURT AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE SUCH A SEARCH WARRANT UNDER FEDERAL LAW, WHERE SUCH SEARCH WARRANT STATES THAT THERE IS REASONABLE CAUSE TO BELIEVE SUCH INFORMATION CONSTITUTES EVIDENCE OF, OR TENDS TO DEMONSTRATE THAT, A MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY OFFENSE WAS COMMITTED IN THIS STATE OR ANOTHER STATE, OR THAT A PARTICULAR PERSON PARTICIPATED IN THE COMMISSION OF A MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY OFFENSE IN THIS STATE OR ANOTHER STATE, PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT IF SUCH OFFENSE WAS AGAINST THE LAWS OF ANOTHER STATE, THE COURT SHALL ONLY ISSUE A WARRANT IF THE CONDUCT COMPRISING SUCH OFFENSE WOULD, IF OCCURRING IN THIS STATE, CONSTITUTE A MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY AGAINST THE LAWS OF THIS STATE; AND (2) SHALL BE FURNISHED IN RESPONSE TO A SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM SIGNED BY A JUDGE OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION AND ISSUED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE SIX HUNDRED TEN OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW OR A JUDGE OR MAGISTRATE OF A FEDERAL COURT AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE SUCH A SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM UNDER FEDERAL LAW, WHERE THE JUDGE FINDS AND THE SUBPOENA STATES THAT THERE IS REASONABLE CAUSE TO BELIEVE SUCH INFORMATION IS RELEVANT AND MATERIAL TO THE PROSECUTION, OR THE DEFENSE, OR THE INVESTIGATION BY AN AUTHORIZED LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIAL, OF THE ALLEGED COMMISSION OF A MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY IN THIS STATE OR ANOTHER STATE, PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT IF SUCH OFFENSE WAS AGAINST THE LAWS OF ANOTHER STATE, SUCH JUDGE OR MAGISTRATE SHALL ONLY ISSUE SUCH SUBPOENA IF THE CONDUCT COMPRISING SUCH OFFENSE WOULD, IF OCCURRING IN THIS STATE, CONSTITUTE A MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY IN THIS STATE; AND (3) MAY, IF LAWFULLY OBTAINED PURSUANT TO THIS CLAUSE AND CLAUSE (A) OF THIS SUBPARAGRAPH AND OTHERWISE ADMISSIBLE, BE USED IN SUCH CRIMINAL ACTION OR PROCEEDING. (B) IF THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU AND SUFFOLK ESTABLISH A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION, THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IF SUCH VEHICLE WAS USED OR OPERATED WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE OWNER, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITHIN A SCHOOL SPEED ZONE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVI- SION (C) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE OR DURING THE TIMES AUTHORIZED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, SUCH VEHICLE WAS TRAVELING AT A SPEED OF MORE THAN TEN MILES PER HOUR ABOVE THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT IN EFFECT WITHIN SUCH SCHOOL SPEED ZONE, AND SUCH VIOLATION IS EVIDENCED BY INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM; PROVIDED HOWEV- ER THAT NO OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH VEHICLE HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF THE UNDERLYING VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. (C) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE FOLLOWING TERMS SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING MEANINGS: 1. "MANUAL ON UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES" OR "MUTCD" SHALL MEAN THE MANUAL AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR A UNIFORM SYSTEM OF TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES MAINTAINED BY THE COMMISSIONER OF TRANSPORTATION PURSUANT TO SECTION SIXTEEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER; 2. "OWNER" SHALL HAVE THE MEANING PROVIDED IN ARTICLE TWO-B OF THIS CHAPTER.
3. "PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM" SHALL MEAN A VEHICLE SENSOR INSTALLED TO WORK IN CONJUNCTION WITH A SPEED MEASURING DEVICE WHICH AUTOMATICALLY PRODUCES TWO OR MORE PHOTOGRAPHS, TWO OR MORE MICRO- PHOTOGRAPHS, A VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES OF EACH VEHICLE AT THE TIME IT IS USED OR OPERATED IN A SCHOOL SPEED ZONE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION; AND 4. "SCHOOL SPEED ZONE" SHALL MEAN A DISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED ONE THOU- SAND THREE HUNDRED TWENTY FEET ON A HIGHWAY PASSING A SCHOOL BUILDING, ENTRANCE OR EXIT OF A SCHOOL ABUTTING ON THE HIGHWAY. (D) A CERTIFICATE, SWORN TO OR AFFIRMED BY A TECHNICIAN EMPLOYED BY THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU OR SUFFOLK AS APPLICABLE, OR A FACSIMILE THEREOF, BASED UPON INSPECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM, SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. ANY PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES EVIDENCING SUCH A VIOLATION SHALL INCLUDE AT LEAST TWO DATE AND TIME STAMPED IMAGES OF THE REAR OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE THAT INCLUDE THE SAME STATIONARY OBJECT NEAR THE MOTOR VEHICLE AND SHALL BE AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION REASONABLY IN ADVANCE OF AND AT ANY PROCEEDING TO ADJUDICATE THE LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION. (E) AN OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL BE LIABLE FOR MONETARY PENALTIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH A SCHEDULE OF FINES AND PENALTIES TO BE PROMULGATED BY THE TRAFFIC AND PARKING VIOLATIONS AGEN- CIES OF THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU AND SUFFOLK. THE LIABILITY OF THE OWNER PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTY DOLLARS FOR EACH VIOLATION; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT EACH SUCH TRAFFIC AND PARKING VIOLATIONS AGENCY MAY PROVIDE FOR AN ADDITIONAL PENALTY NOT IN EXCESS OF TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS FOR EACH VIOLATION FOR THE FAILURE TO RESPOND TO A NOTICE OF LIABILITY WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME PERIOD. (F) AN IMPOSITION OF LIABILITY UNDER THE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM ESTAB- LISHED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A CONVICTION AS AN OPERATOR AND SHALL NOT BE MADE PART OF THE OPERATING RECORD OF THE PERSON UPON WHOM SUCH LIABILITY IS IMPOSED NOR SHALL IT BE USED FOR INSURANCE PURPOSES IN THE PROVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE COVERAGE. (G) 1. A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL TO EACH PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTI- CLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, WITHIN FOURTEEN BUSINESS DAYS IF SUCH OWNER IS A RESIDENT OF THIS STATE AND WITHIN FORTY-FIVE BUSINESS DAYS IF SUCH OWNER IS A NON-RESIDENT. PERSONAL DELIVERY ON THE OWNER SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED. A MANUAL OR AUTOMATIC RECORD OF MAILING PREPARED IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSINESS SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. 2. A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTI- CLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION, THE REGISTRATION NUMBER OF THE VEHICLE INVOLVED IN SUCH VIOLATION, THE LOCATION WHERE SUCH VIOLATION TOOK PLACE, THE DATE AND TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION, THE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE CAMERA WHICH RECORDED THE VIOLATION OR OTHER DOCUMENT LOCATOR NUMBER, AT LEAST TWO DATE AND TIME STAMPED IMAGES OF THE REAR OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE THAT INCLUDE THE SAME STATIONARY OBJECT NEAR THE MOTOR VEHICLE, AND THE CERTIFICATE CHARGING THE LIABILITY.
3. THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN INFORMATION ADVISING THE PERSON CHARGED OF THE MANNER AND THE TIME IN WHICH HE OR SHE MAY CONTEST THE LIABILITY ALLEGED IN THE NOTICE. SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL ALSO CONTAIN A PROMINENT WARNING TO ADVISE THE PERSON CHARGED THAT FAIL- URE TO CONTEST IN THE MANNER AND TIME PROVIDED SHALL BE DEEMED AN ADMIS- SION OF LIABILITY AND THAT A DEFAULT JUDGMENT MAY BE ENTERED THEREON. 4. THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE PREPARED AND MAILED BY THE COUNTY OF NASSAU OR SUFFOLK, AS APPLICABLE, OR BY ANY OTHER ENTITY AUTHORIZED BY SUCH COUNTIES TO PREPARE AND MAIL SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY. (H) ADJUDICATION OF THE LIABILITY IMPOSED UPON OWNERS OF THIS SECTION SHALL BE BY THE COURT HAVING JURISDICTION OVER TRAFFIC INFRACTIONS. (I) IF AN OWNER RECEIVES A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION FOR ANY TIME PERIOD DURING WHICH THE VEHICLE OR THE NUMBER PLATE OR PLATES OF SUCH VEHICLE WAS REPORTED TO THE POLICE DEPARTMENT AS HAVING BEEN STOLEN, IT SHALL BE A VALID DEFENSE TO AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION THAT THE VEHICLE OR THE NUMBER PLATE OR PLATES OF SUCH VEHICLE HAD BEEN REPORTED TO THE POLICE AS STOLEN PRIOR TO THE TIME THE VIOLATION OCCURRED AND HAD NOT BEEN RECOVERED BY SUCH TIME. FOR PURPOSES OF ASSERTING THE DEFENSE PROVIDED BY THIS SUBDIVISION, IT SHALL BE SUFFI- CIENT THAT A CERTIFIED COPY OF THE POLICE REPORT ON THE STOLEN VEHICLE OR NUMBER PLATE OR PLATES OF SUCH VEHICLE BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL TO THE COURT HAVING JURISDICTION IN SUCH COUNTIES. (J) AN OWNER WHO IS A LESSOR OF A VEHICLE TO WHICH A NOTICE OF LIABIL- ITY WAS ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT HE OR SHE SENDS TO THE COURT HAVING JURISDICTION A COPY OF THE RENTAL, LEASE OR OTHER SUCH CONTRACT DOCUMENT COVERING SUCH VEHICLE ON THE DATE OF THE VIOLATION, WITH THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE LESSEE CLEARLY LEGIBLE, WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING NOTICE FROM THE COURT OF THE DATE AND TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF LIABILITY. FAILURE TO SEND SUCH INFORMATION WITHIN SUCH THIRTY-SEVEN DAY TIME PERIOD SHALL RENDER THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE PENALTY PRESCRIBED BY THIS SECTION. WHERE THE LESSOR COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS PARAGRAPH, THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON THE DATE OF SUCH VIOLATION SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO LIABILITY FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION AND SHALL BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION (G) OF THIS SECTION. (K) 1. IF THE OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WAS NOT THE OPERATOR OF THE VEHICLE AT THE TIME OF THE VIOLATION, THE OWNER MAY MAINTAIN AN ACTION FOR INDEMNIFICATION AGAINST THE OPERATOR. 2. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF THIS SECTION, NO OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A MONETARY FINE IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IF THE OPERATOR OF SUCH VEHICLE WAS OPERATING SUCH VEHICLE WITH- OUT THE CONSENT OF THE OWNER AT THE TIME SUCH OPERATOR OPERATED SUCH VEHICLE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SUBDIVISION THERE SHALL BE A PRESUMPTION THAT THE OPERATOR OF SUCH VEHICLE WAS OPER- ATING SUCH VEHICLE WITH THE CONSENT OF THE OWNER AT THE TIME SUCH OPERA-
TOR OPERATED SUCH VEHICLE IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. (L) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT THE LIABILITY OF AN OPERATOR OF A VEHICLE FOR ANY VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. (M) NOTWITHSTANDING ANY LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE NET PROCEEDS OF ANY PENALTY AFTER EXPENSES OF ADMINISTRATION, RESULTING FROM A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM USED IN THE COURSE OF THIS PROGRAM LOCATED ON A VILLAGE MAINTAINED STREET OR HIGHWAY WITHIN THE COUNTY OF NASSAU SHALL INURE TO SAID VILLAGE. (N) IF EITHER COUNTY ADOPTS A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IT SHALL CONDUCT A STUDY AND SUBMIT A REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF THE USE OF PHOTO DEVICES TO THE GOVERNOR, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE AND THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY. SUCH REPORT SHALL INCLUDE: 1. THE LOCATIONS WHERE AND DATES WHEN PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEMS WERE USED; 2. THE AGGREGATE NUMBER, TYPE AND SEVERITY OF CRASHES, FATALITIES, INJURIES AND PROPERTY DAMAGE REPORTED WITHIN ALL SCHOOL SPEED ZONES WITHIN SUCH COUNTY, TO THE EXTENT THE INFORMATION IS MAINTAINED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES OF THIS STATE; 3. THE AGGREGATE NUMBER, TYPE AND SEVERITY OF CRASHES, FATALITIES, INJURIES AND PROPERTY DAMAGE REPORTED WITHIN SCHOOL SPEED ZONES WHERE PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEMS WERE USED, TO THE EXTENT THE INFORMATION IS MAINTAINED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES OF THIS STATE; 4. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED WITHIN ALL SCHOOL SPEED ZONES WITHIN SUCH COUNTY, IN THE AGGREGATE ON A DAILY, WEEKLY AND MONTHLY BASIS; 5. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED WITHIN EACH SCHOOL SPEED ZONE WHERE A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM IS USED, IN THE AGGRE- GATE ON A DAILY, WEEKLY AND MONTHLY BASIS; 6. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED WITHIN ALL SCHOOL SPEED ZONES WITHIN SUCH COUNTY THAT WERE: (I) MORE THAN TEN BUT NOT MORE THAN TWENTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; (II) MORE THAN TWENTY BUT NOT MORE THAN THIRTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; (III) MORE THAN THIRTY BUT NOT MORE THAN FORTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; AND (IV) MORE THAN FORTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; 7. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED WITHIN EACH SCHOOL SPEED ZONE WHERE A PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM IS USED THAT WERE: (I) MORE THAN TEN BUT NOT MORE THAN TWENTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; (II) MORE THAN TWENTY BUT NOT MORE THAN THIRTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; (III) MORE THAN THIRTY BUT NOT MORE THAN FORTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; AND (IV) MORE THAN FORTY MILES PER HOUR OVER THE POSTED SPEED LIMIT; 8. THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NOTICES OF LIABILITY ISSUED FOR VIOLATIONS RECORDED BY SUCH SYSTEMS; 9. THE NUMBER OF FINES AND TOTAL AMOUNT OF FINES PAID AFTER THE FIRST NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED FOR VIOLATIONS RECORDED BY SUCH SYSTEMS; 10. THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS ADJUDICATED AND THE RESULTS OF SUCH ADJU- DICATIONS INCLUDING BREAKDOWNS OF DISPOSITIONS MADE FOR VIOLATIONS RECORDED BY SUCH SYSTEMS;
11. THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF REVENUE REALIZED BY SUCH COUNTY IN CONNECTION WITH THE PROGRAM; 12. THE EXPENSES INCURRED BY SUCH COUNTY IN CONNECTION WITH THE PROGRAM; AND 13. THE QUALITY OF THE ADJUDICATION PROCESS AND ITS RESULTS. (O) IT SHALL BE A DEFENSE TO ANY PROSECUTION FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDI- VISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION THAT SUCH PHOTO SPEED VIOLATION MONITORING SYSTEM WAS MALFUNCTIONING AT THE TIME OF THE ALLEGED VIOLATION. S 3. The opening paragraph and paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 11 of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, are amended to read as follows: Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chap- ter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHT- Y-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in accordance with the following schedule: (c) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an infraction pursuant to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil- ity of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authori- ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in
such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee in the amount of five dollars and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of fifty-five dollars. S 3-a. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 11-a of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip- ment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adju- dication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi- vision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars. S 3-b. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 11-b of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdi- vision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars.
S 3-c. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 11-c of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accord- ance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAP- TER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. S 3-d. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and chapter 62 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORD- ANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. S 4. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 12-a of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in a court or an administrative tribunal of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu- ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf- fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, and except an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter of a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, and [expect] EXCEPT an adjudication of liabil- ity of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, AND EXCEPT AN ADJUDI- CATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred
eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars. S 4-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 12-b of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in a court or an administrative tribunal of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu- ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf- fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter, and except an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter of a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eighty-b of this chapter, AND EXCEPT AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAP- TER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars. S 4-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 12-c of chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in a court or an administrative tribunal of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu- ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf- fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (b), (c), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eight- y-b of this chapter, AND EXCEPT AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THIS CHAPTER, and except an adjudication of liabil- ity of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authori-
ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars. S 4-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by section 5 of part C of chapter 55 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever proceedings in a court or an administrative tribunal of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter, except a conviction pursu- ant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or for a traf- fic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, except a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter, AND EXCEPT AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHT- Y-C OF THIS CHAPTER, and except an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, there shall be levied in addition to any sentence, penalty or other surcharge required or permitted by law, an additional surcharge of twenty-eight dollars. S 5. Subdivision 2 of section 87 of the public officers law is amended by adding a new paragraph (n) to read as follows: (N) ARE PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PREPARED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW. S 6. Subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by section 21 of part G of chapter 58 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: 2. The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab- lished, may be authorized to assist the Nassau county district court in the disposition and administration of infractions of traffic and parking laws, ordinances, rules and regulations and the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of such law[,] AND THE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF SUCH LAW, except that such agency shall not have jurisdic- tion over (a) the traffic infraction defined under subdivision one of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law; (b) the traffic infraction defined under subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law; (c) the violation defined under paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation law and the violation defined under clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of subdivision two of section one hundred forty of the transportation law; (d) the traffic infraction defined under section three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law and the traffic infraction defined under subdivision (g) of
section eleven hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law; (e) any misdemeanor or felony; or (f) any offense that is part of the same crim- inal transaction, as that term is defined in subdivision two of section 40.10 of the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation law, a violation of clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph d of subdivision two of section one hundred forty of the transportation law, a violation of section three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of subdivision (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony. S 7. Subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by chapter 388 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: 2. The Nassau county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab- lished, may be authorized to assist the Nassau county district court, and the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency, as estab- lished, may be authorized to assist the Suffolk county district court, in the disposition and administration of infractions of traffic and parking laws, ordinances, rules and regulations and the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev- en of the vehicle and traffic law in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of such law[,] AND THE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-C OF SUCH LAW, except that such agencies shall not have jurisdiction over (a) the traffic infraction defined under subdivi- sion one of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law; (b) the traffic infraction defined under subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law; (c) the violation defined under paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation law and the violation defined under clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of subdivision two of section one hundred forty of the transportation law; (d) the traffic infraction defined under section three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law and the traffic infraction defined under subdi- vision (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law; (e) any misdemeanor or felony; or (f) any offense that is part of the same criminal transaction, as that term is defined in subdivision two of section 40.10 of the criminal procedure law, as a violation of subdivision one of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of subdivision five of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of paragraph (b) of subdivision four of section fourteen-f of the transportation law, a violation of clause (b) of subparagraph (iii) of paragraph c of subdivi- sion two of section one hundred forty of the transportation law, a violation of section three hundred ninety-seven-a of the vehicle and traffic law, a violation of subdivision (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of the vehicle and traffic law or any misdemeanor or felony. S 8. Subdivision 3 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by chapter 496 of the laws of 1990, is amended to read as follows: 3. A person charged with an infraction which shall be disposed of by either a traffic violations bureau or the Nassau county traffic and
parking violations agency, may be permitted to answer, within a speci- fied time, at the traffic violations bureau, and in Nassau county at the traffic and parking violations agency, either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed in the ordinance or local law creating the bureau or agency, by paying a prescribed fine and, in writing, waiving a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge or admitting liability as an owner for the violation of subdivi- sion (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law, OR ADMITTING LIABILITY AS AN OWNER FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHI- CLE AND TRAFFIC LAW, as the case may be, and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau or agency to enter such a plea or admission and accept payment of said fine. Acceptance of the prescribed fine and power of attorney by the bureau or agency shall be deemed complete satisfac- tion for the violation or of the liability, and the violator or owner liable for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law OR OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW shall be given a receipt which so states. If a person charged with a traffic violation does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau or agency may cause a complaint to be entered against him forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his arrest and appearance before the court, such summons to be predicated upon the personal service of said summons upon the person charged with the infraction. Any person who shall have been, within the preceding twelve months, guilty of a number of parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of three or more violations other than parking violations, shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic violations bureau or agency, but must appear in court at a time specified by the bureau or agency. Such bureau or agency shall not be authorized to deprive a person of his right to counsel or to prevent him from exercising his right to appear in court to answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordinance, rule or regulation. S 9. Subdivision 3 of section 371 of the general municipal law, as amended by chapter 388 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: 3. A person charged with an infraction which shall be disposed of by either a traffic violations bureau, the Nassau county traffic and park- ing violations agency, or the Suffolk county traffic and parking violations agency may be permitted to answer, within a specified time, at the traffic violations bureau, in Nassau county at the traffic and parking violations agency and in Suffolk county at the traffic and park- ing violations agency, either in person or by written power of attorney in such form as may be prescribed in the ordinance or local law creating the bureau or agency, by paying a prescribed fine and, in writing, waiv- ing a hearing in court, pleading guilty to the charge or admitting liability as an owner for the violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law, OR ADMITTING LIABILITY AS AN OWNER FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW, as the case may be, and authorizing the person in charge of the bureau or agency to enter such a plea or admission and accept payment of said fine. Acceptance of the prescribed fine and power of attorney by the bureau or agency shall be deemed complete satisfaction for the
violation or of the liability, and the violator or owner liable for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of the vehicle and traffic law OR OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (B), (C), (D), (F) OR (G) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THE VEHI- CLE AND TRAFFIC LAW shall be given a receipt which so states. If a person charged with a traffic violation does not answer as hereinbefore prescribed, within a designated time, the bureau or agency may cause a complaint to be entered against him forthwith and a warrant to be issued for his arrest and appearance before the court, such summons to be pred- icated upon the personal service of said summons upon the person charged with the infraction. Any person who shall have been, within the preced- ing twelve months, guilty of a number of parking violations in excess of such maximum number as may be designated by the court, or of three or more violations other than parking violations, shall not be permitted to appear and answer to a subsequent violation at the traffic violations bureau or agency, but must appear in court at a time specified by the bureau or agency. Such bureau or agency shall not be authorized to deprive a person of his right to counsel or to prevent him from exercis- ing his right to appear in court to answer to, explain, or defend any charge of a violation of any traffic law, ordinance, rule or regulation. S 10. The purchase or lease of equipment for a demonstration program pursuant to section 1180-c of the vehicle and traffic law shall be subject to the provisions of section 103 of the general municipal law. S 11. Paragraph 1 of subdivision (a) of section 1180-b of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by chapter 189 of the laws of 2013, is amended to read as follows: 1. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the city of New York is hereby authorized to establish a demonstration program imposing monetary liability on the owner of a vehicle for failure of an operator thereof to comply with posted maximum speed limits in a school speed zone within the city (i) when a school speed limit is in effect as provided in para- graphs one and two of subdivision (c) of section eleven hundred eighty of this article or (ii) when other speed limits are in effect as provided in subdivision (b), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this article during the following times: (A) on school days during school hours and one hour before and one hour after the school day, and (B) a period during student activities at the school and up to thirty minutes immediately before and up to thirty minutes immediately after such student activities. Such demonstration program shall empower the city to install photo speed violation monitoring systems within no more than [twenty] ONE HUNDRED FORTY school speed zones within the city at any one time and to operate such systems within such zones (iii) when a school speed limit is in effect as provided in paragraphs one and two of subdivision (c) of section eleven hundred eighty of this article or (iv) when other speed limits are in effect as provided in subdivision (b), (d), (f) or (g) of section eleven hundred eighty of this article during the following times: (A) on school days during school hours and one hour before and one hour after the school day, and (B) a period during student activities at the school and up to thirty minutes imme- diately before and up to thirty minutes immediately after such student activities. In selecting a school speed zone in which to install and operate a photo speed violation monitoring system, the city shall consider criteria including, but not limited to the speed data, crash history, and the roadway geometry applicable to such school speed zone. S 12. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have become a law and shall expire 4 years after such effective date
when upon such date the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; and provided further that any rules necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date shall be promulgated on or before such effective date, provided that: (a) the amendments to subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-a of this act shall take effect; (b) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-b of this act shall take effect; (c) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-c of this act shall take effect; (d) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-c of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-d of this act shall take effect; (e) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three of this act shall not affect the expi- ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section three-a of this act shall take effect; (f) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section three-b of this act shall take effect; (g) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section three-c of this act shall take effect; (h) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three-c of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section three-d of this act shall take effect; (i) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-a of this act shall take effect; (j) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-b of this act shall take effect; (k) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 1 of section 1809-e of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-b of this act shall
not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-c of this act shall take effect; (l) the amendments to subdivision 2 of section 371 of the general municipal law made by section seven of this act shall take effect only in the event that the county of Suffolk shall have by local law estab- lished a traffic and parking violations agency; (m) the amendments to subdivision 3 of section 371 of the general municipal law made by section nine of this act shall take effect only in the event that the county of Suffolk shall have by local law established a traffic and parking violations agency; (n) the amendments to section 371 of the general municipal law made by sections six, seven, eight and nine of this act shall not affect the expiration of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith; and (o) the amendments to subdivision (a) of section 1180-b of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven of this act shall not affect the repeal of such section and shall be deemed repealed therewith.

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