Permits agencies, municipalities and public authorities to enter into power purchase agreements.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the energy law, in relation to permitting agencies, municipalities and public authorities to enter into power purchase agreements
PURPOSE: This bill seeks to amend the energy law to clearly provide the statutory authority for agencies, municipalities and public authorities to enter into power purchase agreements.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:
Section 1 of the bill seeks to amend section 9-102 of the Energy Law to provide a definition for the term "power purchase agreement".
Section 2 of the bill seeks to amend section 9-103 in several respects:
1. To permit power purchase agreements of up to 20 years duration.
2. To require that electricity purchased through a solar power purchase agreement at a rate per kilowatt hour that is lower than the rate offered by the electric utility company servicing the area and at a total cost reasonably determined to produce savings over the life of the agreement.
3. To permit excess electricity generated by solar powered generating systems, to be resold through net metering, electricity credits or other means.
Sections 3, provides that the act shall take effect immediately.
EXISTING LAW: Currently, the energy law authorizes agencies, municipalities and public authorities to enter into energy performance contracts, but is silent as to solar power purchase agreements. Other sections of law such as section 103 of the General Municipal Law would appear to be impediments to the use of power purchase agreements by public entities. Without this law school boards would only be able to enter into power purchase agreements of up to one year duration.
JUSTIFICATION: The clearly stated public policy of our nation and our state is to reduce our dependency on energy from fossil fuels and to increase our use of clean or green, renewable sources of energy. In furtherance of this public policy, tax and other incentives are available to solar energy producing companies that make it feasible for them to offer solar powered electricity generating systems to large electricity users with no initial capital outlay by the users, while supplying electricity to such users at a rate per kilowatt hour that as much as 30% or more lower that the rates offered by the existing utility company serving the user.
Current law provides no clear authorization for cities, town, villages, school districts and other public entities to enter into the types of solar power purchase agreements currently being offered due to the requirements for competitive bidding, limitations of contracts to one year and/or restrictions on the use of public property.
In a time of fiscal challenges for all municipal entities, they need all the tools possible to reduce costs, while still delivering the services required by their mission. This bill will allow municipalities to realize savings in the cost of electricity, while improving our environment and helping us meet our state and national goals of reducing our dependence on fossil fuels.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.
EFFECTIVE DATE: Immediately, upon enactment.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 6949 IN SENATE April 7, 2014 ___________Introduced by Sen. MARCHIONE -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Energy and Telecommuni- cations AN ACT to amend the energy law, in relation to permitting agencies, municipalities and public authorities to enter into power purchase agreements THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 9-102 of the energy law is amended by adding a new subdivision 5 to read as follows: 5. "SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT" MEANS AN AGREEMENT FOR THE PURCHASE OF ELECTRICITY, PRODUCED BY SOLAR POWERED ELECTRICITY GENERAT- ING SYSTEMS, IN WHICH A PERSON AGREES TO INSTALL, MAINTAIN AND MANAGE ELECTRICITY GENERATING SYSTEMS OR EQUIPMENT TO PRODUCE SUCH ELECTRICITY WITH NO CAPITAL OUTLAY OR INVESTMENT BY THE AGENCY, MUNICIPALITY OR PUBLIC AUTHORITY, IN EXCHANGE FOR A LONG TERM AGREEMENT TO PURCHASE THE ELECTRICITY PRODUCED BY SUCH SOLAR POWERED ELECTRICITY GENERATING SYSTEMS OR EQUIPMENT AT A CURRENT COST PER KILOWATT HOUR LESS THAN THAT OFFERED BY THE UTILITY COMPANY SERVICING THE AREA OF SUCH AGENCY, MUNI- CIPALITY OR PUBLIC AUTHORITY AND AT A TOTAL COST OVER THE LIFE OF THE AGREEMENT THAT IS REASONABLY DETERMINED BY THE GOVERNING BOARD OF SUCH AGENCY, MUNICIPALITY OR PUBLIC AUTHORITY TO BE LESS THAN IT WOULD OTHER- WISE PAY TO THE UTILITY SERVICING ITS LOCATION. S 2. Section 9-103 of the energy law, as added by chapter 733 of the laws of 1985, subdivision 1 as amended and subdivision 5 as added by chapter 638 of the laws of 1989, subdivision 3 as amended and subdivi- sions 6 and 7 as added by chapter 368 of the laws of 1994, subdivision 4 as amended by chapter 83 of the laws of 1995 and subdivision 8 as added by section 78 of part A of chapter 436 of the laws of 1997, is amended to read as follows: S 9-103. Energy performance contracts AND SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREE- MENTS. 1. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any agency, muni- cipality, or public authority, in addition to existing powers, is authorized to enter into energy performance contracts of up to thirty-EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD14485-01-4 S. 6949 2
five years duration OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS OF UP TO TWENTY YEARS DURATION, provided, that the duration of any such contract shall not exceed the reasonably expected useful life of the energy facilities or equipment subject to such contract. PROVIDING FURTHER THAT WITH RESPECT TO SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS, SUCH AGENCY, MUNICIPALITY OR PUBLIC AUTHORITY IS AUTHORIZED TO RESELL ANY EXCESS ELECTRICITY GENER- ATED BY SUCH SOLAR POWERED ELECTRICITY GENERATING SYSTEMS OR EQUIPMENT THROUGH THE USE OF A NET METERING SYSTEM, ELECTRICITY CREDITS OR OTHER MEANS APPROVED BY NEW YORK STATE ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHOR- ITY, THE NEW YORK INDEPENDENT SYSTEM OPERATORS OR THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION. 2. Any energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT entered into by any agency or municipality shall contain the following clause: "This contract shall be deemed executory only to the extent of the monies appropriated and available for the purpose of the contract, and no liability on account therefor shall be incurred beyond the amount of such monies. It is understood that neither this contract nor any representation by any public employee or officer creates any legal or moral obligation to request, appropriate or make available monies for the purpose of the contract." 3. In the case of a school district or a board of cooperative educa- tional services, an energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT shall be an ordinary contingent expense, and shall in no event be construed as or deemed a lease or lease-purchase of a building or facility, for purposes of the education law. 4. Agencies, municipalities, and public authorities are encouraged to consult with and seek advice and assistance from the New York state energy research and development authority concerning energy performance contracts AND/OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS. 5. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to convey an interest in real property necessary for the construction of facilities or the operation of equipment provided for in an energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT, any agency, municipality or public authority may enter into a lease of such real property to which it holds title or which is under its administrative jurisdiction as is necessary for such construction or operation, with an energy performance contractor, for the same length of time as the term of such energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT, and on such terms and conditions as may be agreeable to the parties thereto and are not otherwise inconsistent with law, and notwithstanding that such real property may remain useful to such agency, municipality or public authority for the purpose for which such real property was originally acquired or devoted or for which such real property is being used. 6. In lieu of any other competitive procurement or acquisition process that may apply pursuant to any other provision of law, an agency, muni- cipality, or public authority may procure an energy performance OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE contractor by issuing and advertising a written request for proposals in accordance with procurement or internal control poli- cies, procedures, or guidelines that the agency, municipality, or public authority has adopted pursuant to applicable provisions of the state finance law, the executive law, the general municipal law, or the public authorities law, as the case may be. 7. Sections one hundred three and one hundred nine-b of the general municipal law shall not apply to an energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT for which a written request for proposals is issued pursuant to subdivision six of this section.S. 6949 3
8. In the case of a school district or a board of cooperative educa- tional services, an energy performance contract OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENT shall be developed and approved pursuant to the requirements of this section and pursuant to regulations promulgated by the commis- sioner of education in consultation with the New York state energy research and development authority. Such regulations shall include, but shall not be limited to: a list of the appropriate type of projects that qualify as energy performance contracts OR SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREE- MENTS; an approval process that includes review of the type and nature of the proposed project, the scope and nature of the work to be performed, and a detailed breakdown of the energy savings to be derived each year and for the duration of the energy performance contract; and IN THE CASE OF ENERGY PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS, a process for ensuring that districts have obtained financing at the lowest cost possible. Such regulations shall require that all energy performance contracts which contain maintenance and monitoring charges as part of the energy performance contract price state such maintenance and monitoring charges separately in the contract in a clear and conspicuous manner. Such regulations shall not apply to energy performance contracts entered into prior to the effective date of such regulations, nor shall they apply to energy performance contracts for which a request for proposals was issued prior to such effective date. SOLAR POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS MAY NOT CONTAIN MAINTENANCE AND MONITORING CHARGES UNLESS THE DISTRICT SPECIFICALLY REQUESTS SPECIAL MONITORING AND DISPLAY OF THE FUNCTIONING OF THE ENERGY SYSTEMS OR EQUIPMENT FOR EDUCATIONAL OR PUBLIC INFORMATION PURPOSES AND THEN, THE MAINTENANCE AND MONITORING CHARGES CAN ONLY APPLY TO SUCH EQUIPMENT AS IS NECESSARY FOR THE ADDITIONAL MONITORING OR DISPLAY. S 3. This act shall take effect immediately.