Authorizes the board of education of the city school district of the city of New York to require minors who are five years old to attend kindergarten instruction.
Ayes (15): Flanagan, Farley, Lanza, LaValle, Marcellino, Maziarz, Ranzenhofer, Robach, Saland, Seward, Oppenheimer, Addabbo, Breslin, Serrano, Stavisky
Ayes W/R (3): Avella, Montgomery, Huntley
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the education law, in relation to authorizing the board of education of the city school district of the city of New York to require minors who are five years old to attend kindergarten instruction
PURPOSE: The bill allows the school district of the City of New York to require minors who are five years old on or before December 1st to attend kindergarten.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 amends Education Law § 3205 to authorize the school district of the city of New York to require children five years of age to attend kindergarten.
Section 2 sets forth the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Early childhood education has a lasting impact on children's academic and social outcomes. Research has shown that children who receive early educational interventions are more likely to graduate from high school, find a job, and stay out of jail. Early childhood education also makes economic sense: the return on investment for early education programs is 12%.
Currently, in New York State, kindergarten is not mandatory. In the past five years, there are, on average, 7% more children who attend first grade than kindergarten at New York City public schools. This means that annually, approximately 2500 children are not attending kindergarten and getting the early start on education that is so critical in New York City. Districts with the largest difference in enrollment tend to be mostly Black and Latino and have over 75% of students eligible for free and reduced lunch; many have high percentages of English language learners. Community based organizations report that some of the City's most vulnerable children - including English language learners, children with special needs, and foster children - are sometimes told that five-yearolds are not required to go to school and are turned away. This indicates that some of the city's neediest children may not be getting the early start they need for success.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: To be determined.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on July 1 next succeeding the date on which it shall become law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 7015 IN SENATE April 20, 2012 ___________Introduced by Sens. FLANAGAN, GOLDEN, LANZA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Educa- tion AN ACT to amend the education law, in relation to authorizing the board of education of the city school district of the city of New York to require minors who are five years old to attend kindergarten instruc- tion THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Paragraph c of subdivision 2 of section 3205 of the educa- tion law, as added by chapter 546 of the laws of 1987, is amended to read as follows: c. The board of education of the Syracuse city school district AND THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK
[is]ARE hereby authorized to require minors who are five years of age on or before December first to attend kindergarten instruction. However, the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to: (i) Minors whose parents elect not to enroll their children in school until the following September. (ii) Students enrolled in non-public schools or in home instruction. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of July next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD15317-01-2