Creates the class E felony of aggravated criminal conduct; provides that a person is guilty of aggravated criminal conduct when such person commits a class A misdemeanor and has been convicted of five or more qualifying misdemeanors or felony convictions within the preceding five years.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the penal law, in relation to creating the crime of aggravated criminal conduct
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: The bill would amend the penal law by creating a criminal offense designed to punish and deter persistent criminal offenders.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1 of the bill amends the penal law by creating the criminal offense of aggravated criminal conduct and is punishable as a class E felony.
EFFECTS OF PRESENT LAW WHICH THIS BILL WOULD ALTER: The bill amends the penal law by creating a criminal offense designed to provide significant punishment to persistent misdemeanor offenders. The current law does not have any like provisions.
JUSTIFICATION: This bill will create a criminal offense that will provide an additional punishment to criminal offenders that have been repeatedly convicted of five or more misdemeanors within five years.
By enacting, the criminal offense of aggravated criminal conduct, the safety of the public will be further protected by requiring chronic misdemeanor offenders to serve an additional felony prison sentence. This additional sentence will not only provide additional punishment to repeat misdemeanor offenders, but it will also provide a deterrent to those who have yet committed the prerequisite number of misdemeanor offenses.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.2497 of 2008 02/06/08 Referred to Codes S.1621 of 2011 01/10/11 Referred to Codes 01/04/12 Referred to Codes 05/01/12 Referred to Codes 05/02/12 1st Report Cal. 640 05/02/12 2nd Report Cal. 05/07.12 Advanced to Third Reading 05/08/12 Passed Senate 05/08/12 Delivered to Assembly 05/08/12 Referred to Codes
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This bill shall take effect on the first of November next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 702 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. SAMPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Codes AN ACT to amend the penal law, in relation to creating the crime of aggravated criminal conduct THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The penal law is amended by adding a new section 240.74 to read as follows: S 240.74 AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT. 1. A PERSON IS GUILTY OF AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT WHEN SUCH PERSON COMMITS A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR AND HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF FIVE OR MORE QUALIFYING MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY CONVICTIONS WITHIN THE IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING FIVE YEARS. 2. THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 200.60 OF THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE LAW SHALL APPLY TO ANY PROSECUTION UNDER THIS SECTION. 3. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, IN DETERMINING WHETHER A PERSON HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY CONVICTED OF FIVE OR MORE QUALIFYING MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY CONVICTIONS WITHIN THE IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING FIVE YEARS, THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA SHALL APPLY: (A) EACH CONVICTION SHALL HAVE BEEN FOR A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR; A FELO- NY; OR OF A CRIME IN ANOTHER JURISDICTION FOR WHICH A SENTENCE TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT OF AT LEAST ONE YEAR IS AUTHORIZED IN THIS STATE IRRE- SPECTIVE OF WHETHER SUCH SENTENCE WAS IMPOSED; (B) SENTENCE UPON EACH SUCH PRIOR CONVICTION SHALL HAVE BEEN IMPOSED BEFORE COMMISSION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR; (C) SUSPENDED SENTENCE, SUSPENDED EXECUTION OF SENTENCE, SENTENCE OF PROBATION, SENTENCE OF PAROLE SUPERVISION, AND SENTENCE OF CONDITIONAL DISCHARGE OR OF UNCONDITIONAL DISCHARGE SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE A SENTENCE;EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD01800-01-3 S. 702 2
(D) EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN PARAGRAPH (E) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, EACH SENTENCE SHALL HAVE BEEN IMPOSED NOT MORE THAN FIVE YEARS BEFORE COMMIS- SION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR; (E) AN OFFENSE FOR WHICH THE DEFENDANT HAS BEEN PARDONED ON THE GROUND OF INNOCENCE SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A PREVIOUS MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY CONVICTION; (F) IN CALCULATING THE FIVE YEAR PERIOD UNDER SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION, ANY PERIOD OF TIME DURING WHICH THE DEFENDANT WAS INCARCERATED FOR ANY REASON BETWEEN THE TIME OF COMMISSION OF ANY OF THE PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS AND THE TIME OF THE COMMISSION OF THE PRESENT MISDEMEANOR SHALL BE EXCLUDED AND SUCH FIVE YEAR PERIOD SHALL BE EXTENDED BY A PERI- OD OR PERIODS EQUAL TO THE TIME SERVED; (G) WHEN MULTIPLE SENTENCES FOR TWO OR MORE CONVICTIONS WERE IMPOSED AT THE SAME TIME, ALL CONVICTIONS SHALL BE DEEMED TO CONSTITUTE ONLY ONE CONVICTION. AGGRAVATED CRIMINAL CONDUCT IS A CLASS E FELONY. S 2. This act shall take effect on the first of November next succeed- ing the date on which it shall have become a law.