Increases the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years; provided that in all legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial census year, the terms shall be two years.
TITLE OF BILL: CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution, in relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To create a legislative term of 4 years rather than the current 2 year term.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 amends section 2 of article 3 of the constitution to increase the current legislative term from 2 years to four years commencing in 2016.
JUSTIFICATION: The purpose of this bill is to lessen the difficulties placed on the legislative process by the electoral pressures exerted by the existing two-year legislative terms. The current two-year terms were introduced at a time when people interested in serving in the legislature were not required to marshal anywhere near the amount of resources required today to run for a legislative office. They were also instituted when the role of government in society was not nearly as extensive as it is today.
By instituting four-year terms, this bill would create the space wherein the inherent tension created by needing to balance legislative imperatives with electoral imperatives would lessen significantly. It would thereby allow the legislature to deal with each issue before it in a more deliberate and measured manner.
In addition, such a change will save the tax payers significant sums as a result of not having to fund an election every two years for the state legislature.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2011-12: S.3299
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This amendment would take effect after approval of the voters by referendum.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 725 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sens. AVELLA, KRUEGER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution, in relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the legisla- ture to four years Section 1. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That section 2 of arti- cle 3 of the constitution be amended to read as follows: S 2. The senate shall consist of fifty members, except as hereinafter provided. The senators [elected in the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five shall hold their offices for three years, and their successors] shall be [chosen] ELECTED for TERMS OF two years; PROVIDED, THAT SENATORS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN AND IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES FOR FOUR YEARS. The assembly shall consist of one hundred and fifty members. The assembly members [elected in the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-eight, and their successors,] shall be [chosen] ELECTED for TERMS OF two years; PROVIDED, THAT ASSEMBLY MEMBERS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN AND IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES FOR FOUR YEARS. S 2. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the provisions of the foregoing amendments shall apply only to terms of office commencing after such amendments shall have been adopted pursuant to section 1 of article 19 of the constitution. S 3. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the foregoing amendments be referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the next succeeding general election of the members of the assembly, and, in conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be published for three months previous to the time of such election. EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD89042-01-3