Bill S725A-2013

Increases the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years

Increases the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years; provided that in all legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial census year, the terms shall be two years.

Details

Actions

  • Jun 11, 2014: referred to governmental operations
  • Jun 11, 2014: DELIVERED TO ASSEMBLY
  • Jun 11, 2014: PASSED SENATE
  • Jun 2, 2014: AMENDED ON THIRD READING 725A
  • Mar 11, 2014: ORDERED TO THIRD READING CAL.276
  • Mar 11, 2014: COMMITTEE DISCHARGED AND COMMITTED TO RULES
  • Feb 21, 2014: OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • Feb 19, 2014: OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • Jan 13, 2014: TO ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR OPINION
  • Jan 8, 2014: REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • Feb 6, 2013: OPINION REFERRED TO JUDICIARY
  • Jan 11, 2013: TO ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR OPINION
  • Jan 9, 2013: REFERRED TO JUDICIARY

Calendars

Votes

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S725A

TITLE OF BILL: CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution, in relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the legislature to four years

PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To create a legislative term of 4 years, provided that in all legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial census year, the term shall be two years.

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 amends section 2 of article 3 of the constitution to increase the current legislative term from 2 years to four years commencing in 2016.

JUSTIFICATION:

The purpose of this bill is to lessen the difficulties placed on the legislative process by the electoral pressures exerted by the existing two-year legislative terms. The current two-year terms were introduced at a time when people interested in serving in the legislature were not required to marshal anywhere near the amount of resources required today to run for a legislative office. They were also instituted when the role of government in society was not nearly as extensive as it is today.

By instituting four-year terms, this bill would create the space wherein the inherent tension created by needing to balance legislative imperatives with electoral imperatives would lessen significantly. It would thereby allow the legislature to deal with each issue before it in a more deliberate and measured manner.

In addition, such a change will save the tax payers significant sums as a result of not having to fund an election every two years for the state legislature.

It should be noted that provisions have been made in the legislation to deal with the issue of decennial redistricting which follows the decennial census. The legislation specifically provides for a four-year legislative term, except that in all legislative terms that commence immediately following a decennial census year the term will be shortened to two years. This provision addresses those situations where an elected official's term could be interrupted with district changes in the midst of a term as a result of redistricting.

PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

None

FISCAL IMPLICATIONS FOR STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS:

None

EFFECTIVE DATE:

These amendments shall apply only to terms of office commencing after such amendments shall have been adopted pursuant to section 1 of article 19 of the constitution. Such amendments will be referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the next succeeding general election of the members of the assembly, and, in conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be published for three months previous to the time of such election.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 725--A Cal. No. 276 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________
Introduced by Sens. AVELLA, KRUEGER -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Judiciary -- recommitted to the Committee on Judiciary in accordance with Senate Rule 6, sec. 8 -- committee discharged and said bill committed to the Committee on Rules -- ordered to a third reading, amended and ordered reprinted, retaining its place in the order of third reading CONCURRENT RESOLUTION OF THE SENATE AND ASSEMBLY proposing an amendment to section 2 of article 3 of the constitution, in relation to increasing the terms of office of members of the legisla- ture to four years Section 1. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That section 2 of arti- cle 3 of the constitution be amended to read as follows: S 2. The senate shall consist of fifty members, except as hereinafter provided. The senators [elected in the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five shall hold their offices for three years, and their successors] shall be [chosen] ELECTED for TERMS OF two years; PROVIDED, THAT SENATORS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN AND IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES FOR FOUR YEARS; PROVIDED, FURTHER, THAT IN ALL LEGISLATIVE TERMS THAT COMMENCE IMMEDIATELY FOLLOW- ING A DECENNIAL CENSUS YEAR, THE TERM SHALL BE TWO YEARS. The assembly shall consist of one hundred and fifty members. The assembly members [elected in the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-eight, and their successors,] shall be [chosen] ELECTED for TERMS OF two years; PROVIDED, THAT ASSEMBLY MEMBERS ELECTED IN THE YEAR TWO THOUSAND SIXTEEN AND IN SUBSEQUENT YEARS THEREAFTER SHALL HOLD THEIR OFFICES FOR FOUR YEARS; PROVIDED, FURTHER, THAT IN ALL LEGISLATIVE TERMS THAT COMMENCE IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING A DECENNIAL CENSUS YEAR, THE TERM SHALL BE TWO YEARS. S 2. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the provisions of the foregoing amendments shall apply only to terms of office commencing EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD89042-02-4 S. 725--A 2 after such amendments shall have been adopted pursuant to section 1 of article 19 of the constitution. S 3. Resolved (if the Assembly concur), That the foregoing amendments be referred to the first regular legislative session convening after the next succeeding general election of the members of the assembly, and, in conformity with section 1 of article 19 of the constitution, be published for three months previous to the time of such election.

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