Bill S7452-2013

Relates to production credit for production of biomethane

Relates to biofuel production credit for production of biomethane, a biodiesel fuel.

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  • May 15, 2014: REFERRED TO INVESTIGATIONS AND GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S7452

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the tax law, in relation to biofuel production credit for production of biomethane

PURPOSE: Relates to production credit for production of biomethane

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS:

Section 1 renumbers section 38-a to Section 28 of the tax law, as added by section 1 of part X of chapter 62 of the laws of 2006 that establishes a new credit of twenty-five cents per gallon for production of biomethane after the production of the first forty thousand gallons per year presented to market Section 2 defines the term "biomethane"

Section 3 amends Section 187-c of the tax law, as amended by section 2 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, with regards to the biofuel production credit

Section 4 also amends Section 187-c of the tax law, as amended by section 15 of part S of chapter 59 of the laws of 2014, with regards to the biofuel production credit

Section 5 amends subdivision 38 of section 210 of the tax law, as amended by section 3 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, with regards to the biofuel production credit

Section 6 amends subdivision (jj) of section 606 of the tax law, as amended by section 4 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, with regards to the biofuel production credit

Section 7 amends subdivision 24 of section 210-B of the tax law, as added by section 17 of part A of chapter 59 of the laws of 2014, with regards to the biofuel production credit

Section 8 provides that this act shall take effect immediately.

JUSTIFICATION: Renewable Natural Gas, also known as RNG or biomethane, is chemically identical to fossil natural gas but much cleaner, and the first commercially viable, sustainable transportation fuel that can greatly reduce consumption of diesel fuel. RNG is made from biogases that emit as organic waste that break down in environments with no air. It is produced from many biomass and biogas sources including municipal wastewater, landfill gas, and solid waste. It is a renewable fuel that can be used from light-duty vehicles to heavy-duty freight trucks. Buses and trucks make up just 4% of all vehicles but they use 23% of all highway fuel that is almost all high-carbon diesel produced from foreign sources of oil. With today's technologies, organic wastes thrown away daily in cities and towns in New York State could be turned into fuel. National estimates are that organic wastes could displace 16% of all diesel fuel consumed in the United States.

RNG slashes carbon emissions to near zero. This biomethane production tax credit will help improve the environment by making better use of waste and conserving natural resources. New York State's municipal

waste stream could be reduced by nearly 30% through greater production of RNG.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.

EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 7452 IN SENATE May 15, 2014 ___________
Introduced by Sen. GIPSON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Investigations and Govern- ment Operations AN ACT to amend the tax law, in relation to biofuel production credit for production of biomethane THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Section 28 of the tax law, as added by section 1 of part X of chapter 62 of the laws of 2006, is renumbered section 38-a. S 2. Subdivisions (a) and (b) of section 38-a of the tax law, subdivi- sion (a) as amended by section 1 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, subdivision (b) as added by section 1 of part X of chapter 62 of the laws of 2006, such section as renumbered by section one of this act, are amended to read as follows: (a) General. A taxpayer subject to tax under article nine, nine-A or twenty-two of this chapter shall be allowed a credit against such tax pursuant to the provisions referenced in subdivision (d) of this section. The credit (or pro rata share of earned credit in the case of a partnership) for each gallon of biofuel produced at a biofuel plant on or after January first, two thousand six shall equal fifteen cents per gallon OR TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER GALLON FOR PRODUCTION OF BIOMETHANE after the production of the first forty thousand gallons per year presented to market. The credit under this section shall be capped at two and one-half million dollars per taxpayer per taxable year for up to no more than four consecutive taxable years per biofuel plant. If the taxpayer is a partner in a partnership or shareholder of a New York S corporation, then the cap imposed by the preceding sentence shall be applied at the entity level, so that the aggregate credit allowed to all the partners or shareholders of each such entity in the taxable year does not exceed two and one-half million dollars. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. (b) Definitions. For the purpose of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(1) "Biofuel" means a fuel which includes biodiesel [and], ethanol OR BIOMETHANE. (2) The term "biodiesel" shall mean a fuel comprised exclusively of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, designated B100, which meets the specifications of Amer- ican Society of Testing and Materials designation D 6751-02. (3) The term "ethanol" shall mean ethyl alcohol manufactured in the United States and its territories and sold (i) for fuel use and which has been rendered unfit for beverage use in a manner and which is produced at a facility approved by the federal bureau of alcohol, tobac- co and firearms for the production of ethanol for fuel, or (ii) as dena- tured ethanol used by blenders and refiners which has been rendered unfit for beverage use. The term "biofuel" may also include any other standard approved by the New York state energy and research development authority. [(2)] (4) THE TERM "BIOMETHANE" SHALL MEAN BIOGASES THAT ARE EMITTED AS ORGANIC WASTES THAT BREAK DOWN IN AIRLESS ENVIRONMENTS. BIOMETHANE IS PRODUCED FROM A VARIETY OF BIOMASS AND/OR BIOGAS SOURCES, INCLUDING LANDFILL GAS, SOLID WASTE, MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER AND AGRICULTURAL MANURE VIA AIRLESS TANKS CALLED ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS. IT CAN ALSO BE PRODUCED FROM OTHER SOURCES SUCH AS FORESTRY AND AGRICULTURAL WASTE THROUGH THE PROCESS OF THERMAL GASIFICATION AND METHANATION, ALTHOUGH THESE TECHNOL- OGIES ARE NOT YET WIDELY USED. BIOMETHANE IS A RENEWABLE FUEL, EASILY DISTRIBUTED THROUGH EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE AND IS SUITABLE FOR APPLICA- TIONS FROM LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES TO HEAVY-DUTY FREIGHT TRUCKS. (5) "Biofuel plant" means a commercial facility located in New York state at which one or more biofuels are produced. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, ANY COMMERCIAL FACILITY WHERE BIOMETHANE IS PRODUCED SHALL BE CONSIDERED A SEPARATE BIOFUEL PLANT. S 3. Section 187-c of the tax law, as amended by section 2 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: S 187-c. Biofuel production credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit to be computed as provided in section [twenty-eight] THIRTY-EIGHT-A of this chapter, [as added by part X of chapter sixty-two of the laws of two thousand six,] against the tax imposed by this arti- cle. Provided, however, that the amount of such credit allowed against the tax imposed by section one hundred eighty-four of this article shall be the excess of the amount of such credit over the amount of any credit allowed by this section against the tax imposed by section one hundred eighty-three of this article. In no event shall the credit under this section be allowed in an amount which will reduce the tax payable to less than the applicable minimum tax fixed by section one hundred eight- y-three or one hundred eighty-five of this article. If, however, the amount of the credit allowed under this section for any taxable year reduces the tax to such amount, the excess shall be treated as an over- payment of tax to be credited or refunded in accordance with the provisions of section six hundred eighty-six of this chapter. Provided, however, the provisions of subsection (c) of section one thousand eight- y-eight of this chapter notwithstanding, no interest shall be paid ther- eon. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. S 4. Section 187-c of the tax law, as amended by section 15 of part S of chapter 59 of the laws of 2014, is amended to read as follows: S 187-c. Biofuel production credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit to be computed as provided in section [twenty-eight] THIRTY-EIGHT-A of this chapter, [as added by part X of chapter sixty-two
of the laws of two thousand six,]
against the tax imposed by this arti- cle. Provided, however, that the amount of such credit allowed against the tax imposed by section one hundred eighty-four of this article shall be the excess of the amount of such credit over the amount of any credit allowed by this section against the tax imposed by section one hundred eighty-three of this article. In no event shall the credit under this section be allowed in an amount which will reduce the tax payable to less than the applicable minimum tax fixed by section one hundred eight- y-three of this article. If, however, the amount of the credit allowed under this section for any taxable year reduces the tax to such amount, the excess shall be treated as an overpayment of tax to be credited or refunded in accordance with the provisions of section six hundred eight- y-six of this chapter. Provided, however, the provisions of subsection (c) of section one thousand eighty-eight of this chapter notwithstand- ing, no interest shall be paid thereon. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. S 5. Subdivision 38 of section 210 of the tax law, as amended by section 3 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: 38. Biofuel production credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit, to be computed as provided in section [twenty-eight] THIRTY-EIGHT-A of this chapter, [as added by part X of chapter sixty-two of the laws of two thousand six,] against the tax imposed by this article. The credit allowed under this subdivision for any taxable year shall not reduce the tax due for such year to less than the higher of the amounts prescribed in paragraphs (c) and (d) of subdivision one of this section. However, if the amount of credit allowed under this subdivision for any taxable year reduces the tax to such amount, any amount of credit thus not deductible in such taxable year shall be treated as an overpayment of tax to be credited or refunded in accordance with the provisions of section one thousand eighty-six of this chapter. Provided, however, the provisions of subsection (c) of section one thousand eighty-eight of this chapter notwithstanding, no interest shall be paid thereon. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. S 6. Subsection (jj) of section 606 of the tax law, as amended by section 4 of part K of chapter 59 of the laws of 2012, is amended to read as follows: (jj) Biofuel production credit. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit to be computed as provided in section [twenty-eight] THIRTY-EIGHT-A of this chapter, [as added by part X of chapter sixty-two of the laws of two thousand six,] against the tax imposed by this article. If the amount of the credit allowed under this subsection for any taxable year shall exceed the taxpayer's tax for such year, the excess shall be treated as an overpayment of tax to be credited or refunded in accord- ance with the provisions of section six hundred eighty-six of this arti- cle, provided, however, that no interest shall be paid thereon. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. S 7. Subdivision 24 of section 210-B of the tax law, as added by section 17 of part A of chapter 59 of the laws of 2014, is amended to read as follows: 24. Biofuel production credit. (a) General. A taxpayer shall be allowed a credit, to be computed as provided in section [twenty-eight] THIRTY-EIGHT-A of this chapter [added as part X of chapter sixty-two of
the laws of two thousand six,]
against the tax imposed by this article. The credit allowed under this subdivision for any taxable year shall not reduce the tax due for such year to less than the fixed dollar minimum amount prescribed in paragraph (d) of subdivision one of section two hundred ten of this article. However, if the amount of credit allowed under this subdivision for any taxable year reduces the tax to such amount or if the taxpayer otherwise pays tax based on the fixed dollar minimum amount, any amount of credit thus not deductible in such taxable year shall be treated as an overpayment of tax to be credited or refunded in accordance with the provisions of section one thousand eighty-six of this chapter. Provided, however, the provisions of subsection (c) of section one thousand eighty-eight of this chapter notwithstanding, no interest shall be paid thereon. The tax credit allowed pursuant to this section shall apply to taxable years beginning before January first, two thousand twenty. S 8. This act shall take effect immediately; provided however that the amendments to section 187-c of the tax law made by section four of this act shall take effect on the same date as section 15 of part S of chap- ter 59 of the laws of 2014 takes effect; provided, further, that the amendments to subdivision 38 of section 210 of the tax law made by section five of this act shall not affect the repeal of such subdivision and shall be deemed repealed therewith; provided, further that the amendment to subdivision 24 of section 210-b of the tax law shall take effect on the same date and same manner as section 17 of part A of chap- ter 59 of the laws of 2014, takes effect.

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