Bill S7481-2011

Establishes demonstration program to enforce maximum speed limits by means of speed limit photo devices in city of New York

Authorizes the city of New York to establish a demonstration program imposing liability on owners of motor vehicles found to be in violation of the maximum speed limit or the maximum school speed limit of the city through the use of a speed limit photo device which combines speed sensing technology which determines the speed of a vehicle and captures/records that date by photographic, microphotographic, video tape or other recording system and produces an image of a motor vehicle at the moment that it exceeds the speed limit; provides for the expiration of this demonstration program five years after the effective date.

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  • May 24, 2012: REFERRED TO TRANSPORTATION

Memo

BILL NUMBER:S7481

TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the public officers law, in relation to establishing in each city with a population of one million or more a demonstration program to enforce maximum speed limits by means of speed limit photo devices; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof

SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: This bill amends the Vehicle and Traffic Law and the Public Officers Law to authorize the City of New York to establish a demonstration program imposing liability on the owners of motor vehicles found to be in violation of the maximum speed limit or the maximum school speed limit in the City. Violations would be determined through the use of a speed limit photo device, which combines speed sensing technology that determines the speed of a vehicle and captures/records that data by photographic, micro-graphic, video tape or other recording system and produces an image of a motor vehicle at the moment that it exceeds the speed limit. The City would be authorized to operate between twenty and forty cameras.

REASONS FOR SUPPORT: Speeding motorists are a pervasive problem in some areas of New York City. The New York City Police Department issues more than 70,000 summonses each year for speeding violations. Speeding is often a significant factor in accidents that result in death or injury to motorists and pedestrians, including many children and the elderly. Studies have shown that if a driver strikes a child at 40 miles per hour (MPH), there is a 70% chance the child will be killed; if, however, a driver strikes a child at 30 MPH, there is an 80% chance the child will survive. Reducing the number of speeding violations is, therefore, a life-saving endeavor.

Currently, a police officer must be present at the scene of a speeding violation to observe the violation and to serve the operator of the vehicle with a summons. Police officers are notable to observe every speeding violation. In fact, a motorist can rely on the odds that a speeding violation will not be detected.

The purpose of this legislation is to develop a system that would supplement the police effort by using recent technology to record speeding violations on film or another recording device. The program would operate in the same manner as the Red Light Camera Program, which has successfully reduced the incidence of red light violations in the City, ultimately preventing accidents and saving lives.

Technology presently exists that will capture vehicles that exceed the maximum speed limit without the presence of a police officer. This combines speed-sensing technology that determines the speed of a vehicle and captures that data by a photographic, micro-graphic, videotape or

other recording system and produces an image of the motor vehicle at the moment that it exceeds the speed limit. The image can then be used as evidence in a proceeding to impose liability on the owner of the vehicle for the speeding violation.

This technology is presently in use in Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, the District of Columbia, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington, Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Accordingly, the Mayor urges the earliest possible favorable consideration of this proposal by the Legislature.


Text

STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 7481 IN SENATE May 24, 2012 ___________
Introduced by Sen. LANZA -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Transportation AN ACT to amend the vehicle and traffic law and the public officers law, in relation to establishing in each city with a population of one million or more a demonstration program to enforce maximum speed limits by means of speed limit photo devices; and providing for the repeal of such provisions upon expiration thereof THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivision 1 of section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 1 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which heretofore or hereafter is authorized to establish an administrative tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions consti- tuting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap- ter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section, OR TO ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, such tribunal and
the rules and regulations pertaining thereto shall be constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections. S 1-a. Section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 1-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: S 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which heretofore or hereafter is authorized to establish an administrative tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen- ty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or to adju- dicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section, OR TO ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, such tribunal and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto shall be constituted in substantial conformance with the follow- ing sections. S 1-b. Section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 1-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: S 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which heretofore or hereafter is authorized to establish an administrative tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord- ance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty- five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or to adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section, OR TO ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, such tribunal and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto shall be constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections.
S 1-c. Section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 1-c of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: S 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which heretofore or hereafter is authorized to establish an administrative tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or to adju- dicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section, OR TO ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, such tribunal and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto shall be constituted in substantial conformance with the follow- ing sections. S 1-d. Section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and chapter 379 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as follows: S 235. Jurisdiction. Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any general, special or local law or administrative code to the contrary, in any city which heretofore or hereafter is authorized to establish an administrative tribunal to hear and determine complaints of traffic infractions constituting parking, standing or stopping violations, or to adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, OR TO ADJU- DICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, such tribunal and the rules and regulations pertaining thereto shall be constituted in substantial conformance with the following sections. S 2. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 2 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such tribunal when created shall be known as the parking violations bureau and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) of section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, shall adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev- en of this chapter in accordance with such section eleven hundred eleven-a or such sections eleven hundred eleven-b as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine and shall adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accord-
ance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty- five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty and shall adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section AND SHALL ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. Such tribunal, except in a city with a population of one million or more, shall also have jurisdic- tion of abandoned vehicle violations. For the purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehi- cle. In addition for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner. S 2-a. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 2-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such tribunal when created shall be known as the parking violations bureau and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation and, where authorized by local law adopted pursuant to subdivisions (a) of sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, shall adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred elev- en of this chapter in accordance with such sections eleven hundred eleven-b as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine; and shall adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section AND SHALL ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAP- TER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. For the purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle. In addition for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traf- fic of the city or an official possessing authority as such a commis- sioner. S 2-b. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 2-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such tribunal when created shall be known as the parking violations bureau and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation and shall adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section AND SHALL ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. For the purposes of this arti- cle, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehi- cle. In addition for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean
and include the commissioner of traffic of the city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner. S 2-c. Subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, is amended to read as follows: 1. Creation. In any city as hereinbefore or hereafter authorized such tribunal when created shall be known as the parking violations bureau and shall have jurisdiction of traffic infractions which constitute a parking violation AND SHALL ADJUDICATE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. For the purposes of this article, a parking violation is the violation of any law, rule or regulation providing for or regulating the parking, stopping or standing of a vehicle. In addition for purposes of this article, "commissioner" shall mean and include the commissioner of traffic of the city or an official possessing authority as such a commissioner. S 3. Subdivision 12 of section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by section 3 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended and a new subdivision 13 is added to read as follows: 12. To adjudicate liability of owners in accordance with section elev- en hundred eleven-c of this chapter for violations of bus lane restrictions as defined in such section[.]; 13. TO ADJUDICATE THE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVI- SIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. S 3-a. Subdivision 11 of section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by chapter 379 of the laws of 1992, is amended and a new subdi- vision 12 is added to read as follows: 11. To adjudicate the liability of owners for violations of toll collection regulations as defined in and in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty[.]; 12. TO ADJUDICATE THE LIABILITY OF OWNERS FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVI- SIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. S 4. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 4 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of violation as defined in subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article, but shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eight- y-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nine- teen hundred fifty and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter AND SHALL NOT BE DEEMED TO INCLUDE A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER.
S 4-a. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 4-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of violation as defined in subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article but shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to authorization set forth in sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter AND SHALL NOT BE DEEMED TO INCLUDE A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. S 4-b. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 4-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of violation as defined in subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article and shall not be deemed to include a notice of liability issued pursuant to section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter AND SHALL NOT BE DEEMED TO INCLUDE A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. S 4-c. Paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law, as added by chapter 180 of the laws of 1980, is amended to read as follows: f. "Notice of violation" means a notice of violation as defined in subdivision nine of section two hundred thirty-seven of this article AND SHALL NOT BE DEEMED TO INCLUDE A NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER. S 5. Subdivision 4 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by chapter 379 of the laws of 1992, is amended to read as follows: 4. Applicability. The provisions of paragraph b of subdivision two and subdivision three of this section shall not be applicable to determi- nations of owner liability for the failure of an operator to comply with subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter and shall not be applicable to determinations of owner liability imposed pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law and sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chap- ter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty AND SHALL NOT BE APPLICABLE TO DETERMINATIONS OF OWNER LIABILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER. S 5-a. Section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new subdivision 4 to read as follows: 4. APPLICABILITY. THE PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPH B OF SUBDIVISION TWO AND SUBDIVISION THREE OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE APPLICABLE TO DETERMI- NATIONS OF OWNER LIABILITY FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER. S 6. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 5 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. Notice of hearing. Whenever a person charged with a parking violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections
sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty two of the laws of two thousand nine, for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter contests such allegation, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section contests such allegation, OR A PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER CONTESTS SUCH ALLEGATION, the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading or contesting that failure to appear on the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered thereon. 1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a plea of not guilty has been entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or an allega- tion of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing. S 6-a. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf- fic law, as amended by section 5-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. Notice of hearing. Whenever a person charged with a parking violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter, or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section contests such allegation, OR A PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER CONTESTS SUCH ALLEGATION, the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading or contesting that
failure to appear on the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered thereon. 1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a plea of not guilty has been entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHT- Y-B OF THIS CHAPTER is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing. S 6-b. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf- fic law, as amended by section 5-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. Notice of hearing. Whenever a person charged with a parking violation enters a plea of not guilty or a person alleged to be liable in accordance with the provisions of section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, contests such allegation, OR A PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEV- EN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER CONTESTS SUCH ALLEGATION, the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on which he or she must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that failure to appear on the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned date, shall be deemed an admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther- eon. 1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a plea of not guilty has been entered, or the bureau has been notified that an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHT- Y-B OF THIS CHAPTER is being contested, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing. S 6-c. Subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traf- fic law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and subdivision 1-a as added by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended to read as follows: 1. Notice of hearing. Whenever a person charged with a parking violation enters a plea of not guilty, OR A PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEV- EN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER CONTESTS SUCH ALLEGATION, the bureau shall advise such person personally by such form of first class mail as the director may direct of the date on which he OR SHE must appear to answer the charge at a hearing. The form and content of such notice of hearing shall be prescribed by the director, and shall contain a warning to advise the person so pleading that failure to appear on the date designated, or on any subsequent adjourned date, shall be deemed an
admission of liability, and that a default judgment may be entered ther- eon. 1-a. Fines and penalties. Whenever a plea of not guilty has been entered, OR THE BUREAU HAS BEEN NOTIFIED THAT AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, IS BEING CONTESTED, by a person in a timely fashion and a hearing upon the merits has been demanded, but has not yet been held, the bureau shall not issue any notice of fine or penalty to that person prior to the date of the hearing. S 7. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 6 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen- ty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or an allegation of liability in accord- ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGA- TION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau. g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen- ty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine is contested or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty is contested or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR A HEARING AT WHICH LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER is contested. Recording devices may be used for the making of the record. S 7-a. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi- cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation or an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen- ty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau. g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twen- ty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR A HEARING AT WHICH LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER is contested. Recording devices may be used for the making of the record. S 7-b. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi- cle and traffic law, as amended by section 6-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation or an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau. g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty or of a hearing at which liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR A HEARING AT WHICH LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER is contested. Recording devices may be used for the making of the record. S 7-c. Paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehi- cle and traffic law, as added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972, are amended to read as follows: a. Every hearing for the adjudication of a charge of parking violation OR AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER shall be held before a hearing examiner in accordance with rules and regulations promulgated by the bureau. g. A record shall be made of a hearing on a plea of not guilty OR A HEARING AT WHICH LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER IS CONTESTED. Recording devices may be used for the making of the record. S 8. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 7 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. The hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter- mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either the prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty- five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, OR THE RECORD OF LIABILITIES INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, as applicable prior to rendering a final determination. Final determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll main- tained by the bureau together with records showing payment and nonpay- ment of penalties. 2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a parking violation or contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the
public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty, or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR FAILS TO CONTEST AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHT- Y-B OF THIS CHAPTER or fails to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to plead or contest, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged, or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine alleged or liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty alleged or liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER ALLEGED, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter or in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authorities law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR CONTESTING AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, as appropriate, or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered and allegations contested within that period shall be in the manner prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering a plea or contesting an allegation. When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged.
S 8-a. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 7-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. The hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter- mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine either the prior parking violations record or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, OR THE RECORD OF LIABILITIES INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, as applicable prior to rendering a final determination. Final determi- nations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with records show- ing payment and nonpayment of penalties. 2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a parking violation or contest an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, OR FAILS TO CONTEST AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, or fails to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to plead, contest, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged, or liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, as added by sections sixteen of chapters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or liability in accord- ance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER alleged, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with sections eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter as added by sections sixteen of chap- ters twenty, twenty-one, and twenty-two of the laws of two thousand nine, or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR CONTESTING AN ALLEGA- TION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER as appropriate, or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered and allegations contested within that period shall be in the manner prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of impending
default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering a plea or contesting an allegation. When a person has demanded a hear- ing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make a determi- nation on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no great- er penalty or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged. S 8-b. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 7-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: 1. The hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter- mines that the charges have been sustained he or she may examine the prior parking violations record of the person charged, or the record of liabilities incurred in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, OR THE RECORD OF LIABILITIES INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, as applicable, prior to rendering a final determination. Final determinations sustain- ing or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties. 2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a parking violation, or fails to contest an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter, OR FAILS TO CONTEST AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, or fails to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regulation of the bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged or alleged liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR ALLEGED LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdic- tion or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea or contesting an allegation of liability in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter OR CONTESTING AN ALLEGA- TION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered within that period shall be in the manner prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who
are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining them, he or she shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged. S 8-c. Subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehicle and traffic law, subdivision 1 as added by chapter 715 of the laws of 1972 and subdivision 2 as amended by chapter 365 of the laws of 1978, are amended to read as follows: 1. The hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, either sustaining or dismissing them. Where the hearing examiner deter- mines that the charges have been sustained he may examine EITHER the prior parking violations record of the person charged, OR THE RECORD OF LIABILITIES INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, AS APPLICABLE, prior to rendering a final determi- nation. Final determinations sustaining or dismissing charges shall be entered on a final determination roll maintained by the bureau together with records showing payment and nonpayment of penalties. 2. Where an operator or owner fails to enter a plea to a charge of a parking violation OR FAILS TO CONTEST AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY INCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER or fails to appear on a designated hearing date or subsequent adjourned date or fails after a hearing to comply with the determination of a hearing examiner, as prescribed by this article or by rule or regu- lation of the bureau, such failure to plead, appear or comply shall be deemed, for all purposes, an admission of liability and shall be grounds for rendering and entering a default judgment in an amount provided by the rules and regulations of the bureau. However, after the expiration of the original date prescribed for entering a plea and before a default judgment may be rendered, in such case the bureau shall pursuant to the applicable provisions of law notify such operator or owner, by such form of first class mail as the commission may direct; (1) of the violation charged OR LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER ALLEGED, (2) of the impending default judgment, (3) that such judgment will be entered in the Civil Court of the city in which the bureau has been established, or other court of civil jurisdiction or any other place provided for the entry of civil judgments within the state of New York, and (4) that a default may be avoided by entering a plea OR CONTESTING AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER or making an appearance within thirty days of the sending of such notice. Pleas entered within that period shall be in the manner prescribed in the notice and not subject to additional penalty or fee. Such notice of impending default judgment shall not be required prior to the rendering and entry thereof in the case of operators or owners who are non-residents of the state of New York. In no case shall a default judgment be rendered or, where required, a notice of impending default judgment be sent, more than two years after the expiration of the time prescribed for entering a plea. When a person has demanded a hearing, no fine or penalty shall be imposed for any reason, prior to the holding of the hearing. If the hearing examiner shall make a determination on the charges, sustaining them, he shall impose no greater penalty or fine than those upon which the person was originally charged.
S 9. Subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 1 of part SS of chapter 57 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: (i) If at the time of application for a registration or renewal there- of there is a certification from a court, parking violations bureau, traffic and parking violations agency or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his or her representative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to a total of three or more summonses or other process in the aggregate, issued within an eigh- teen month period, charging either that: (i) such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chap- ter or section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR (IV) THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAP- TER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court, traffic and parking violations agency or adminis- trative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivi- sion. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 9-a. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 8-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his or her represen- tative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis- trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to a total of three or more summonses or other process in the aggregate, issued within an eighteen month period, charging either that: (i) such
motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehi- cle was operated for hire by the registrant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority; or (ii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter; or (iii) the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chap- ter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section; OR (IV) THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commis- sioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal appli- cation until the applicant provides proof from the court or administra- tive tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivi- sion. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 9-b. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 8-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his or her represen- tative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an adminis- trative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to three or more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period, charging that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the regis- trant or his or her agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appropriate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority or the registrant was liable in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAP- TER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commissioner or his or her agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he or she has complied with the rules and
regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such regis- trant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 9-c. Paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapters 339 and 592 of the laws of 1987, is amended to read as follows: a. If at the time of application for a registration or renewal thereof there is a certification from a court or administrative tribunal of appropriate jurisdiction that the registrant or his representative failed to appear on the return date or any subsequent adjourned date or failed to comply with the rules and regulations of an administrative tribunal following entry of a final decision in response to three or more summonses or other process, issued within an eighteen month period, charging that such motor vehicle was parked, stopped or standing, or that such motor vehicle was operated for hire by the registrant or his agent without being licensed as a motor vehicle for hire by the appro- priate local authority, in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of any law, ordinance, rule or regulation made by a local authority, OR THE REGISTRANT WAS LIABLE IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEV- EN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER FOR VIOLATIONS OF SUBDIVISIONS (C) AND (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER, the commis- sioner or his agent shall deny the registration or renewal application until the applicant provides proof from the court or administrative tribunal wherein the charges are pending that an appearance or answer has been made or in the case of an administrative tribunal that he has complied with the rules and regulations of said tribunal following entry of a final decision. Where an application is denied pursuant to this section, the commissioner may, in his discretion, deny a registration or renewal application to any other person for the same vehicle and may deny a registration or renewal application for any other motor vehicle registered in the name of the applicant where the commissioner has determined that such registrant's intent has been to evade the purposes of this subdivision and where the commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that such registration or renewal will have the effect of defeating the purposes of this subdivision. Such denial shall only remain in effect as long as the summonses remain unanswered, or in the case of an administrative tribunal, the registrant fails to comply with the rules and regulations following entry of a final decision. S 10. The vehicle and traffic law is amended by adding a new section 1180-b to read as follows: S 1180-B. OWNER LIABILITY FOR FAILURE OF OPERATOR TO COMPLY WITH APPLICABLE MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT. 1. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW, EACH CITY WITH A POPULATION OF ONE MILLION OR MORE IS HEREBY AUTHORIZED AND EMPOWERED TO ESTABLISH A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM IMPOSING MONETARY LIABILITY ON THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE FOR FAILURE OF AN OPERATOR THEREOF TO COMPLY WITH THE APPLICABLE MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT IN SUCH CITY
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION. SUCH CITY, FOR PURPOSES OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUCH PROGRAM, SHALL OPERATE SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES WITHIN SUCH CITY AT NO MORE THAN FORTY AND NO FEWER THAN TWENTY LOCATIONS AT ANY ONE TIME DURING ANY YEAR OF SUCH PROGRAM. SUCH SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES MAY BE STATIONARY OR MOBILE AND SHALL BE ACTIVATED AT LOCATIONS SELECTED BY SUCH CITY, EXCEPT THAT NO MORE THAN TWENTY LOCATIONS SHALL BE ACTIVATED WITH MOBILE SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES AT ANY ONE TIME DURING ANY YEAR OF SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM. SUCH SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES SHALL BE INSTALLED BASED ON A DEMON- STRATED NEED, WHICH SHALL BE DETERMINED BY A NUMBER OF CRITERIA, INCLUD- ING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPEEDING DATA, ACCIDENT HISTORY AND ROADWAY GEOM- ETRY. 2. IN ANY CITY THAT HAS ESTABLISHED A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION, THE OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IF SUCH VEHICLE WAS USED OR OPERATED WITH THE PERMISSION OF THE OWNER, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, AND SUCH VIOLATION IS EVIDENCED BY INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM A SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICE; PROVIDED HOWEVER THAT NO OWNER OF A VEHICLE SHALL BE LIABLE FOR A PENALTY IMPOSED PURSU- ANT TO THIS SECTION WHERE THE OPERATOR OF SUCH VEHICLE HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF THE UNDERLYING VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. 3. SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL UTILIZE NECESSARY TECHNOLOGIES TO ENSURE, TO THE EXTENT PRACTICABLE, THAT PHOTOGRAPHS PRODUCED BY SUCH SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES SHALL NOT INCLUDE IMAGES THAT IDENTIFY THE DRIVER, THE PASSENGERS OR THE CONTENTS OF THE VEHICLE, PROVIDED, HOWEV- ER, THAT NO NOTICE OF LIABILITY ISSUED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL BE DISMISSED SOLELY BECAUSE A PHOTOGRAPH OR PHOTOGRAPHS ALLOW FOR THE IDEN- TIFICATION OF THE DRIVER, THE PASSENGERS OR OTHER CONTENTS OF A VEHICLE, PROVIDED THAT SUCH CITY HAS MADE A REASONABLE EFFORT TO COMPLY WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SUBDIVISION. 4. SUCH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM SHALL INCLUDE A PROHIBITION ON THE USE OR DISSEMINATION OF VEHICLES' LICENSE PLATE INFORMATION AND OTHER INFOR- MATION AND IMAGES CAPTURED BY SPEED CAMERAS EXCEPT AS REQUIRED TO ESTAB- LISH LIABILITY UNDER THIS SECTION OR COLLECT PAYMENT OF PENALTIES; EXCEPT AS REQUIRED TO RESPOND TO A REQUEST BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIALS PERTAINING TO A SPECIFIC ACCIDENT OR SPECIFIC INCIDENT OF ALLEGED CRIMI- NAL CONDUCT; OR EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE REQUIRED BY LAW. 5. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "OWNER" SHALL HAVE THE MEANING PROVIDED IN SECTION TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-NINE OF THIS CHAPTER. FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, "SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICE" SHALL MEAN EQUIP- MENT THAT TAKES A FILM OR DIGITAL CAMERA-BASED PHOTOGRAPH, MICROPHOTO- GRAPH, VIDEO, OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGE WHICH IS LINKED WITH A VIOLATION DETECTION SYSTEM THAT SYNCHRONIZES THE TAKING OF SUCH IMAGE OF A VEHICLE AT THE TIME THE VEHICLE IS USED OR OPERATED IN VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. 6. A CERTIFICATE, SWORN TO OR AFFIRMED BY A TECHNICIAN EMPLOYED BY THE CITY IN WHICH THE CHARGED VIOLATION OCCURRED OR ITS VENDOR OR CONTRAC- TOR, OR A FACSIMILE THEREOF, BASED UPON INSPECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY A SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICE, SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. ANY PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES EVIDENCING SUCH A VIOLATION SHALL BE AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION IN ANY PROCEEDING TO ADJUDICATE THE LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION.
7. AN OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL BE LIABLE FOR MONE- TARY PENALTIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH A SCHEDULE OF FINES AND PENALTIES PROMULGATED BY THE PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU OF SUCH CITY; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT THE MONETARY PENALTY FOR DRIVING AT A SPEED IN EXCESS OF THE MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT BY TEN OR MORE MILES PER HOUR AND LESS THAN THIRTY MILES PER HOUR SHALL NOT EXCEED FIFTY DOLLARS, AND THE MONETARY PENALTY FOR DRIVING IN EXCESS OF THE MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT BY THIRTY OR MORE MILES PER HOUR SHALL NOT EXCEED ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS; PROVIDED, FURTHER, THAT AN OWNER SHALL BE LIABLE FOR AN ADDITIONAL PENALTY NOT TO EXCEED TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS FOR EACH VIOLATION FOR THE FAILURE TO RESPOND TO A NOTICE OF LIABILITY WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME PERIOD. 8. AN IMPOSITION OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A CONVICTION AS AN OPERATOR AND SHALL NOT BE MADE PART OF THE OPERATING RECORD OF THE PERSON UPON WHOM SUCH LIABILITY IS IMPOSED NOR SHALL IT BE USED FOR INSURANCE PURPOSES IN THE PROVISION OF MOTOR VEHI- CLE INSURANCE COVERAGE. 9. (A) A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS SECTION TO EACH PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. PERSONAL DELIVERY ON THE OWNER SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED. A MANUAL OR AUTOMATIC RECORD OF MAILING PREPARED IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSINESS SHALL BE PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE FACTS CONTAINED THEREIN. (B) A NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN THE NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE PERSON ALLEGED TO BE LIABLE AS AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, THE REGIS- TRATION NUMBER OF THE VEHICLE INVOLVED IN SUCH VIOLATION, THE LOCATION WHERE SUCH VIOLATION TOOK PLACE, THE DATE AND TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION AND THE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER OF THE SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICE WHICH RECORDED THE VIOLATION OR OTHER DOCUMENT LOCATOR NUMBER. (C) THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL CONTAIN INFORMATION ADVISING THE PERSON CHARGED OF THE MANNER AND THE TIME IN WHICH HE OR SHE MAY CONTEST THE LIABILITY ALLEGED IN THE NOTICE. SUCH NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL ALSO CONTAIN A WARNING TO ADVISE THE PERSONS CHARGED THAT FAILURE TO CONTEST IN THE MANNER AND TIME PROVIDED SHALL BE DEEMED AN ADMISSION OF LIABIL- ITY AND THAT A DEFAULT JUDGMENT MAY BE ENTERED THEREON. (D) THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY SHALL BE PREPARED AND MAILED BY THE AGENCY OR AGENCIES DESIGNATED BY SUCH CITY. 10. IF AN OWNER OF A VEHICLE RECEIVES A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION FOR ANY TIME PERIOD DURING WHICH SUCH VEHICLE WAS REPORTED TO THE POLICE DEPARTMENT AS HAVING BEEN STOLEN, IT SHALL BE A VALID DEFENSE TO AN ALLEGATION OF LIABILITY FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVI- SION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE THAT THE VEHICLE HAD BEEN REPORTED TO THE POLICE AS STOLEN PRIOR TO THE TIME THE VIOLATION OCCURRED AND HAD NOT BEEN RECOVERED BY SUCH TIME. FOR PURPOSES OF ASSERTING THE DEFENSE PROVIDED BY THIS SUBDIVISION IT SHALL BE SUFFICIENT THAT AN ORIGINAL INCIDENT FORM ISSUED BY THE POLICE ON THE STOLEN VEHICLE BE SENT BY FIRST CLASS MAIL TO THE PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU OF SUCH CITY. 11. (A) AN OWNER WHO IS A LESSOR OF A VEHICLE TO WHICH A NOTICE OF LIABILITY WAS ISSUED PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION NINE OF THIS SECTION SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR THE VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED THAT:
(I) PRIOR TO THE VIOLATION, THE LESSOR HAS FILED WITH SUCH PARKING VIOLATIONS BUREAU IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-NINE OF THIS CHAPTER; AND (II) WITHIN THIRTY-SEVEN DAYS AFTER RECEIVING NOTICE FROM SUCH BUREAU OF THE DATE AND TIME OF A LIABILITY, TOGETHER WITH THE OTHER INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE ORIGINAL NOTICE OF LIABILITY, THE LESSOR SUBMITS TO SUCH BUREAU THE CORRECT NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE LESSEE OF THE VEHICLE IDENTIFIED IN THE NOTICE OF LIABILITY AT THE TIME OF SUCH VIOLATION, TOGETHER WITH SUCH OTHER ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THE RENTAL, LEASE OR OTHER CONTRACT DOCUMENT, AS MAY BE REASONABLY REQUIRED BY SUCH BUREAU PURSUANT TO REGULATIONS THAT MAY BE PROMULGATED FOR SUCH PURPOSE. (B) FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH SUBPARAGRAPH (II) OF PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION SHALL RENDER THE OWNER LIABLE FOR THE PENALTY PRESCRIBED IN THIS SECTION. (C) WHERE THE LESSOR COMPLIES WITH THE PROVISIONS OF PARAGRAPH (A) OF THIS SUBDIVISION, THE LESSEE OF SUCH VEHICLE ON THE DATE OF SUCH VIOLATION SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE THE OWNER OF SUCH VEHICLE FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, SHALL BE SUBJECT TO LIABILITY FOR SUCH VIOLATION PURSU- ANT TO THIS SECTION AND SHALL BE SENT A NOTICE OF LIABILITY PURSUANT TO SUBDIVISION NINE OF THIS SECTION. 12. IF THE OWNER LIABLE FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION WAS NOT THE OPERATOR OF THE VEHICLE AT THE TIME OF THE VIOLATION, THE OWNER MAY MAINTAIN AN ACTION FOR INDEMNIFICATION AGAINST THE OPERATOR. 13. NOTHING IN THIS SECTION SHALL BE CONSTRUED TO LIMIT THE LIABILITY OF AN OPERATOR OF A VEHICLE FOR ANY VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS ARTICLE. 14. ANY CITY THAT ADOPTS A DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM PURSUANT TO SUBDIVI- SION ONE OF THIS SECTION SHALL SUBMIT A REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF THE USE OF SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES TO THE GOVERNOR, THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE AND THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY BY APRIL FIRST, TWO THOUSAND FIFTEEN. SUCH REPORT SHALL INCLUDE, BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO: (A) A DESCRIPTION OF THE LOCATIONS WHERE SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICES WERE USED; (B) THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS RECORDED AT EACH SUCH LOCATION AND IN THE AGGREGATE ON A DAILY, WEEKLY AND MONTHLY BASIS; (C) THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NOTICES OF LIABILITY ISSUED; (D) THE NUMBER OF FINES AND TOTAL AMOUNT OF FINES PAID AFTER FIRST NOTICE OF LIABILITY; (E) THE NUMBER OF VIOLATIONS ADJUDICATED AND RESULTS OF SUCH ADJUDI- CATIONS INCLUDING BREAKDOWNS OF DISPOSITIONS MADE; (F) THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF REVENUE REALIZED BY SUCH CITY; AND (G) QUALITY OF THE ADJUDICATION PROCESS AND ITS RESULTS. S 11. The opening paragraph and paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10 of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, are amended to read as follows: Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of
an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee and a mandatory surcharge, in addi- tion to any sentence required or permitted by law, in accordance with the following schedule: (c) Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for an offense under this chapter other than a crime pursuant to section eleven hundred ninety-two of this chapter, or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, or parking or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an infraction pursuant to article nine of this chapter or other than an adjudication of liabil- ity of an owner for a violation of toll collection regulations pursuant to section two thousand nine hundred eighty-five of the public authori- ties law or sections sixteen-a, sixteen-b and sixteen-c of chapter seven hundred seventy-four of the laws of nineteen hundred fifty or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a crime victim assistance fee in the amount of five dollars and a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of fifty-five dollars. S 11-a. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10-a of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter, or a local law, ordinance, rule or regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equip- ment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adju- dication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-a of this chapter, or other than an adjudication of liability of an owner for a violation of subdivision (d) of section eleven hundred eleven of this chapter in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-b of this chapter, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDI-
VISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of twenty-five dollars. S 11-b. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as amended by section 10-b of part II of chapter 59 of the laws of 2010, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, or other than an adjudication in accordance with section eleven hundred eleven-c of this chapter for a violation of a bus lane restriction as defined in such section, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDI- VISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a mandatory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. S 11-c. Subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law, as separately amended by chapter 16 of the laws of 1983 and chapter 62 of the laws of 1989, is amended to read as follows: 1. Whenever proceedings in an administrative tribunal or a court of this state result in a conviction for a crime under this chapter or a traffic infraction under this chapter other than a traffic infraction involving standing, stopping, parking or motor vehicle equipment or violations by pedestrians or bicyclists, OR OTHER THAN AN ADJUDICATION OF LIABILITY OF AN OWNER FOR A VIOLATION OF SUBDIVISION (C) OR (D) OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY OF THIS CHAPTER IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THIS CHAPTER, there shall be levied a manda- tory surcharge, in addition to any sentence required or permitted by law, in the amount of seventeen dollars. S 12. Subdivision 2 of section 87 of the public officers law is amended by adding a new paragraph (m) to read as follows: (M) ARE PHOTOGRAPHS, MICROPHOTOGRAPHS, VIDEOTAPE OR OTHER RECORDED IMAGES PRODUCED BY A SPEED LIMIT PHOTO DEVICE PREPARED UNDER AUTHORITY OF SECTION ELEVEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-B OF THE VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC LAW. S 13. This act shall take effect on the thirtieth day after it shall have become a law and shall expire 5 years after such effective date when upon such date the provisions of this act shall be deemed repealed; and provided further that any rules necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date shall be promulgated on or before such date, provided that: (a) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one of this act shall not affect the expira- tion of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-a of this act shall take effect; (b) the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-b of this act shall take effect; (c) the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-c of this act shall take effect;
(d) the amendments to section 235 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section one-c of this act shall not affect the expiration of such section and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section one-d of this act shall take effect; (e) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section two of this act shall not affect the expira- tion of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section two-a of this act shall take effect; (f) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section two-a of this act shall not affect the expi- ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section two-b of this act shall take effect; (g) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 236 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section two-b of this act shall not affect the expi- ration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section two-c of this act shall take effect; (h) the amendments to subdivision 12 of section 237 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section three of this act shall not affect the repeal of such subdivision and shall be deemed to be repealed therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section three-a of this act shall take effect; (i) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-a of this act shall take effect; (j) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-b of this act shall take effect; (k) the amendments to paragraph f of subdivision 1 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section four-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section four-c of this act shall take effect; (l) the amendments to subdivision 4 of section 239 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section five of this act shall not affect the repeal of such subdivision and shall be deemed to be repealed therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section five-a of this act shall take effect; (m) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire there- with, when upon such date the provisions of section six-a of this act shall take effect; (n) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-b of this act shall take effect; (o) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 1-a of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section six-b of this act shall not
affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section six-c of this act shall take effect; (p) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section seven of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-a of this act shall take effect; (q) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-b of this act shall take effect; (r) the amendments to paragraphs a and g of subdivision 2 of section 240 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section seven-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraphs and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section seven-c of this act shall take effect; (s) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehi- cle and traffic law made by section eight of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire there- with, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-a of this act shall take effect; (t) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehi- cle and traffic law made by section eight-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire there- with, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-b of this act shall take effect; (u) the amendments to subdivisions 1 and 2 of section 241 of the vehi- cle and traffic law made by section eight-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivisions and shall be deemed to expire there- with, when upon such date the provisions of section eight-c of this act shall take effect; (v) the amendments to subparagraph (i) of paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section nine of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subparagraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section nine-a of this act shall take effect; (w) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section nine-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section nine-b of this act shall take effect; (x) the amendments to paragraph a of subdivision 5-a of section 401 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section nine-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such paragraph and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section nine-c of this act shall take effect; (y) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-a of this act shall take effect; (z) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven-a of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire therewith,
when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-b of this act shall take effect; and (aa) the amendments to subdivision 1 of section 1809 of the vehicle and traffic law made by section eleven-b of this act shall not affect the expiration of such subdivision and shall be deemed to expire there- with, when upon such date the provisions of section eleven-c of this act shall take effect.

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