Relates to substance abuse disorder and involuntary treatment services for minors.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the family court act, in relation to involuntary treatment services for minors
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: To address the concern of substance abuse in minors by amending the family court act to allow for assessment and treatment services for substance abuse disorders.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:
Section 1 amends and adds three new subdivisions of section 712 of the family court act, to include persons under eighteen years old who have substance use disorders, as those who can be adjudicated under the family court act and creates an assessment for substance use disorder and can recommend substance abuse treatment services, provided that the designated lead agency is not required to pay cost of such treatment services. Sets definitions for "substance use disorder," "assessment of substance use disorder," and "substance use treatment services."
Section 2 amends subdivision (b) of the family court act to authorize the designated lead agency to determine whether an assessment for substance use disorder is necessary.
Section 3 amends subdivision 3 of section 720 of the family court act to authorize the court to direct the respondent to any available substance use treatment service as deemed appropriate.
Section 4 amends subdivision 1 of section 754 of the family court act for consistency with existing procedures.
Section 5 amends subdivisions (a) and (b) of the section 756 of the family court act to provide reasonable time limits for substance abuse treatment services.
Section 6 creates new section 756-b of the family court act to allow for a petition for extension of placement for substance abuse treatment services.
Section 7 amends section 764 of the family court act authorizes the parents of the respondent minor to terminate such placement, consistent with existing procedures.
Section 8 amends section 765 of the family court act for answers to petitions, consistent with existing procedures.
Section 9 amends section 767 of the family court act for orders on hearings, consistent with existing procedures.
Section 10 sets the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: Family courts have seen a rise in substance abuse among young people, especially with the recent escalation of the heroin and opioid abuse being reported in New York State. As a result, juveniles are coming into the courts struggling with addictions that can be complex and often require substance abuse treatment services.
Because the stress of addiction can often be compounded by the pressures of school and peers during adolescence, diversion of drug abuse is especially important for young people and it needs to be approached comprehensively by the courts.
Under this proposal, children under the age of 18 who are in Family Court and who are determined to suffer from a substance abuse problem can be placed by the court in a substance abuse treatment services program.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: This is a new bill.
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None to the State.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the 90th day. Effective immediately, any rules or regulations necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date may be promulgated prior to such effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 7652 IN SENATE May 23, 2014 ___________Introduced by Sens. MARTINS, BALL, BONACIC, BOYLE, CARLUCCI, FELDER, GALLIVAN, GOLDEN, GRIFFO, HANNON, LANZA, LARKIN, LITTLE, MARCELLINO, MARCHIONE, MAZIARZ, NOZZOLIO, O'MARA, RANZENHOFER, RITCHIE, ROBACH, SAVINO, SEWARD, VALESKY, YOUNG -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Children and Families AN ACT to amend the family court act, in relation to involuntary treat- ment services for minors THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Subdivisions (a) and (i) of section 712 of the family court act, subdivision (a) as amended by section 7 of part G of chapter 58 of the laws of 2010 and subdivision (i) as added by section 1 of part E of chapter 57 of the laws of 2005, are amended and three new subdivisions (j), (k) and (l) are added to read as follows: (a) "Person in need of supervision". A person less than eighteen years of age who does not attend school in accordance with the provisions of part one of article sixty-five of the education law or who is incorrigi- ble, ungovernable or habitually disobedient and beyond the lawful control of a parent or other person legally responsible for such child's care, or other lawful authority, or who violates the provisions of section 221.05 or 230.00 of the penal law, or HAS A SUBSTANCE USE DISOR- DER, OR who appears to be a sexually exploited child as defined in para- graph (a), (c) or (d) of subdivision one of section four hundred forty- seven-a of the social services law, but only if the child consents to the filing of a petition under this article. (i) "Diversion services". Services provided to children and families pursuant to section seven hundred thirty-five of this article for the purpose of avoiding the need to file a petition or direct the detention of the child. Diversion services shall include: efforts to adjust cases pursuant to this article before a petition is filed, or by order of the court, after the petition is filed but before fact-finding is commenced; and preventive services provided in accordance with section four hundred nine-a of the social services law to avert the placement of the child into foster care, including crisis intervention and respite services.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. S LBD15365-02-4 S. 7652 2
DIVERSION SERVICES MAY ALSO INCLUDE, IN CASES WHERE ANY PERSON IS SEEK- ING TO FILE A PETITION THAT ALLEGES THAT THE CHILD HAS A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER OR IS IN NEED OF IMMEDIATE TREATMENT DUE TO A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER, AN ASSESSMENT FOR SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE DESIGNATED LEAD AGENCY SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED TO PAY FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE COSTS OF SUCH ASSESSMENT OR SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER OR DETOXIFICATION SERVICES, EXCEPT IN CASES WHERE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY PERSONS MAY BE USED TO PAY FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE COSTS OF SUCH ASSESSMENT OR SERVICES. (J) "SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER". THE MISUSE OF, DEPENDENCE ON, OR ADDICTION TO LEGAL OR ILLEGAL DRUGS LEADING TO EFFECTS THAT ARE DETRI- MENTAL TO THE PERSON'S PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH OR THE WELFARE OF OTHERS. (K) "ASSESSMENT FOR SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER". ASSESSMENT BY A PROVIDER THAT HAS BEEN CERTIFIED BY THE OFFICE OF ALCOHOLISM AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES OF A PERSON LESS THAN EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE WHERE IT IS ALLEGED THAT THE YOUTH IS SUFFERING FROM A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER WHICH COULD MAKE A YOUTH A DANGER TO HIMSELF OR HERSELF OR OTHERS. (L) "SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES". SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES SHALL INCLUDE PARTICIPATION IN AN AVAILABLE CHEMICAL DEPENDENCE PROGRAM OR FACILITY ESTABLISHED IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTIONS 19.09 AND 32.05 OF THE MENTAL HYGIENE LAW, AND ANY HOSPITAL AS DEFINED BY ARTICLE TWENTY-EIGHT OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH LAW, THAT ADMITS PERSONS FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT. S 2. Subdivision (b) of section 735 of the family court act, as added by section 7 of part E of chapter 57 of the laws of 2005, is amended to read as follows: (b) The designated lead agency shall: (i) confer with any person seeking to file a petition, the youth who may be a potential respondent, his or her family, and other interested persons, concerning the provision of diversion services before any peti- tion may be filed; and (ii) diligently attempt to prevent the filing of a petition under this article or, after the petition is filed, to prevent the placement of the youth into foster care; and (iii) assess whether the youth would benefit from residential respite services; and (iv) determine whether alternatives to detention are appropriate to avoid remand of the youth to detention; AND (V) DETERMINE WHETHER AN ASSESSMENT OF THE YOUTH FOR SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER BY AN OFFICE OF ALCOHOLISM AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES CERTI- FIED PROVIDER IS NECESSARY WHEN A PERSON SEEKING TO FILE A PETITION ALLEGES IN SUCH PETITION THAT THE YOUTH IS SUFFERING FROM A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER WHICH COULD MAKE THE YOUTH A DANGER TO HIMSELF OR HERSELF OR OTHERS. PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE DESIGNATED LEAD AGENCY SHALL NOT BE REQUIRED TO PAY FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE COSTS OF SUCH ASSESSMENT OR FOR ANY SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER OR DETOXIFICATION SERVICES, EXCEPT IN CASES WHERE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY PERSONS MAY BE USED TO PAY FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE COSTS OF SUCH ASSESSMENT OR SERVICES. THE OFFICE OF ALCO- HOLISM AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE SERVICES SHALL MAKE A LIST OF ITS CERTIFIED PROVIDERS AVAILABLE TO THE DESIGNATED LEAD AGENCY. S 3. Subdivision 3 of section 720 of the family court act, as amended by section 9 of subpart B of part Q of chapter 58 of the laws of 2011, is amended and a new subdivision 6 is added to read as follows:S. 7652 3
3. Detention of a person alleged to be or adjudicated as a person in need of supervision shall, except as provided in
[subdivision]SUBDIVI- SIONS four AND SIX of this section, be authorized only in a foster care program certified by the office of children and family services, or a certified or approved family boarding home, or a non-secure detention facility certified by the office and in accordance with section seven hundred thirty-nine of this article. The setting of the detention shall take into account (a) the proximity to the community in which the person alleged to be or adjudicated as a person in need of supervision lives with such person's parents or to which such person will be discharged, and (b) the existing educational setting of such person and the proximi- ty of such setting to the location of the detention setting. 6. IF THE RESPONDENT IS ALLEGED TO BE OR ADJUDICATED AS A PERSON IN NEED OF SUPERVISION DUE TO A SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER AS DEFINED BY SUBDI- VISION (J) OF SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED TWELVE OF THIS ARTICLE, THE COURT MAY DIRECT SUCH RESPONDENT TO ANY AVAILABLE SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICE AS DEFINED BY SUBDIVISION (L) OF SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED TWELVE OF THIS ARTICLE, PROVIDED, NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF LAW TO THE CONTRARY, THE COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH TREATMENT SHALL NOT BE THE RESPONSIBILITY OF A LOCAL SOCIAL SERVICES DISTRICT, EXCEPT IN CASES WHERE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY PERSONS MAY BE USED TO PAY FOR ALL OR ANY PORTION OF THE COSTS OF SUCH ASSESSMENT OR SERVICES. S 4. Paragraph (c) of subdivision 1 of section 754 of the family court act, as amended by section 4 of part V of chapter 383 of the laws of 2001, is amended to read as follows: (c) Continuing the proceeding and placing the respondent in accord with section seven hundred fifty-six OF THIS PART; provided, however, that the court shall not place the respondent in accord with section seven hundred fifty-six OF THIS PART where the respondent is sixteen years of age or older, unless the court determines and states in its order that special circumstances exist to warrant such placement WHICH COULD INCLUDE PLACEMENT IN SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES AS DEFINED BY SUBDIVISION (L) OF SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED TWELVE OF THIS ARTICLE; or S 5. Subdivisions (a) and (b) of section 756 of the family court act, subdivision (a) as amended by chapter 920 of the laws of 1982, paragraph (i) of subdivision (a) as amended by chapter 309 of the laws of 1996, the opening paragraph of paragraph (ii) of subdivision (a) as amended by section 11 of part G of chapter 58 of the laws of 2010 and subdivision (b) as amended by chapter 7 of the laws of 1999, are amended to read as follows: (a) (i) For purposes of section seven hundred fifty-four OF THIS PART, the court may place the child in its own home or in the custody of a suitable relative or other suitable private person or a commissioner of social services OR IN A SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROGRAM AS DEFINED BY SUBDIVISION (L) OF SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED TWELVE OF THIS ARTI- CLE, subject to the orders of the court. (ii) Where the child is placed with the commissioner of the local social services district, the court may direct the commissioner to place the child with an authorized agency or class of authorized agencies, including, if the court finds that the respondent is a sexually exploited child as defined in subdivision one of section four hundred forty-seven-a of the social services law, an available long-term safe house. Unless the dispositional order provides otherwise, the court so directing shall include one of the following alternatives to apply in the event that the commissioner is unable to so place the child:S. 7652 4
(1) the commissioner shall apply to the court for an order to stay, modify, set aside, or vacate such directive pursuant to the provisions of section seven hundred sixty-two or seven hundred sixty-three OF THIS ARTICLE; or (2) the commissioner shall return the child to the family court for a new dispositional hearing and order. (III) WHERE THE CHILD IS PLACED IN A SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROGRAM, THE COURT MAY ORDER THE CHILD TO UNDERGO TREATMENT FOR A PERIOD NOT TO EXCEED SIXTY DAYS. IF THE COURT FINDS IT NECESSARY, IT MAY DIRECT THE COUNTY SHERIFF TO TAKE THE CHILD INTO CUSTODY AND DELIVER HIM OR HER TO THE SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES SPECIFIED IN THE COURT ORDER, OR TO THE NEAREST APPROPRIATE SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROGRAM FOR TREATMENT. THE COURT MAY EXTEND PLACEMENT BEYOND SIXTY DAYS, PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY-SIX-B OF THIS PART. (b) Placements under this section may be for an initial period of twelve months, EXCEPT WHEN PLACEMENT IS MADE PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (III) OF SUBDIVISION (A) OF THIS SECTION. The court may extend a placement pursuant to section seven hundred fifty-six-a OR SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY-SIX-B OF THIS PART. In its discretion, the court may recommend restitution or require services for public good pursuant to section seven hundred fifty-eight-a OF THIS PART in conjunction with an order of placement. For the purposes of calculating the initial period of place- ment, such placement shall be deemed to have commenced sixty days after the date the child was removed from his or her home in accordance with the provisions of this article. If the respondent has been in detention pending disposition, the initial period of placement ordered under this section shall be credited with and diminished by the amount of time spent by the respondent in detention prior to the commencement of the placement unless the court finds that all or part of such credit would not serve the best interests of the respondent. S 6. The family court act is amended by adding a new section 756-b to read as follows: S 756-B. EXTENSION OF PLACEMENT RELATED TO SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES. (A) WHENEVER A SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER BELIEVES THAT A CHILD WHO IS NEARING THE SCHEDULED DATE OF RELEASE FROM TREATMENT SERVICES CONTINUES TO NEED SUCH SERVICES, A PETITION FOR AN EXTENSION OF PLACEMENT MAY BE FILED AT LEAST TEN DAYS BEFORE THE EXPIRA- TION OF THE COURT-ORDERED TREATMENT PERIOD. THE COURT SHALL IMMEDIATELY SCHEDULE A HEARING TO BE HELD FIVE DAYS AFTER THE FILING OF THE PETI- TION. THE COURT SHALL PROVIDE A COPY OF THE PETITION FOR EXTENSION OF PLACEMENT AND THE NOTICE OF THE HEARING TO ALL PARTIES TO THE PROCEED- ING. (B) IF THE COURT FINDS THAT THE PETITION FOR AN EXTENSION OF PLACEMENT SHOULD BE GRANTED, IT MAY ORDER THE CHILD TO UNDERGO SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES FOR A PERIOD NOT TO EXCEED AN ADDITIONAL NINETY DAYS. WHEN THE CONDITIONS JUSTIFYING SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES ARE NO LONGER NECESSARY, THE CHILD MUST BE RELEASED TO THE CUSTODY OF HIS OR HER PARENT OR OTHER PERSON LEGALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS OR HER CARE. (C) SUCCESSIVE EXTENSIONS OF PLACEMENT PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION MAY BE GRANTED, BUT UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL SUCH EXTENSION BE CONTINUED BEYOND THE CHILD'S EIGHTEENTH BIRTHDAY WITHOUT HIS OR HER CONSENT. S 7. Section 764 of the family court act, as amended by chapter 920 of the laws of 1982, is amended to read as follows: S 764. Petition to terminate placement. Any parent or
[guardian]PERSON LEGALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CHILD'S CARE or duly authorized agen- cy [or next friend of a person placed under section seven hundredmay petitionS. 7652 5
[to]the court for an order terminating the placement MADE PURSUANT TO SECTION SEVEN HUNDRED FIFTY-SIX OF THIS ARTI- CLE. The petition must be verified and must show: (a) that an application for release of the respondent was made to the duly authorized agency OR THE SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVID- ER with which the child was placed; (b) that the application was denied or was not granted within thirty days from the day application was made; and (c) the grounds for the petition. S 8. Section 765 of the family court act is amended to read as follows: S 765. Service of petition; answer. A copy of a petition under section seven hundred sixty-four OF THIS PART shall be served promptly upon the duly authorized agency or the institution having custody of the person OR THE SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER, whose duty it is to file an answer to the petition within five days from the day of service. S 9. Section 767 of the family court act, as amended by chapter 283 of the laws of 1977, is amended to read as follows: S 767. Orders on hearing. (a) If the court determines after hearing that continued placement serves the purposes of this article, it shall deny the petition. The court may, on its own motion, reduce the duration of the placement, change the agency OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER in which the child is placed, or direct the agency OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER to make such other arrange- ments for the person's care and welfare as the facts of the case may require. (b) If the court determines after hearing that continued placement does not serve the purposes of this article, the court shall discharge the person from the custody of the agency OR SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER and may place the person on probation or under the supervision of the court, EXCEPT THAT IT SHALL NOT PLACE SUCH PERSON WHEN SUCH PERSON WAS PREVIOUSLY PLACED WITH A SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT SERVICES PROVIDER. S 10. This act shall take effect on the ninetieth day after it shall have become law. Effective immediately, any rules or regulations neces- sary for the implementation of this act on its effective date may be promulgated prior to such effective date.