Relates to restrictions on non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals in the absence of any clinical sign of disease in the animals.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the agriculture and markets law, in relation to non-therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals
PURPOSE: To prohibit the nontherapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals raised for human consumption.
SUMMARY OF PROVISIONS: Section 1 of the bill adds a new section 84 to the agriculture and markets law to prohibit the nontherapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals raised for human consumption, including animals that provide non-meat food products such as eggs and milk. The new section 84 defines antimicrobial agent and the nontherapeutic use of antimicrobial agents, prohibits the sale and transport of such animal products, and allows the commissioner of the department of agriculture and markets to promulgate and adopt rules and regulations to give effect to the law. The legislation provides that violation of this section will constitute a class A misdemeanor.
Section 2 of the bill sets forth the effective date.
JUSTIFICATION: The purpose of the bill is to address concerns about antibiotic resistant infections in humans and other potentially adverse effects of routine exposure to antimicrobial agents in the food supply, as well as the resulting increase in health care costs. This legislation would ban the nontherapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in cattle, poultry, sheep, swine, and any other animal raised for human consumption, including animals that provide non-meat food products. Banning the use of antimicrobial agents in healthy animals is important, as excessive use may result in stronger and more drug-resistant strains of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and other microorganisms that endanger human health.
European Union regulation 1831/2003/EC bans antibiotics in livestock outright, while a federal bill, the "Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act," (HR 1549) exemplifies the momentum behind this movement in the United States. Well-known organizations concerned about antibiotic resistance include the Centers for Disease Control, the World Health Organization, and the American Medical Association.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: 2010: S.7949/A.11272
FISCAL IMPACT ON THE STATE: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after it shall have become a law; provided, however, that effective immediately, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or
regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date are authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 80 2011-2012 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 5, 2011 ___________Introduced by Sen. SQUADRON -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Agriculture AN ACT to amend the agriculture and markets law, in relation to non- therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents in animals THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. The agriculture and markets law is amended by adding a new section 84 to read as follows: S 84. NON-THERAPEUTIC USE OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. 1. AS USED IN THIS SECTION: (A) "ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT" SHALL MEAN ANY DRUG OR DERIVATIVE OF A DRUG THAT IS USED IN HUMANS OR INTENDED FOR USE IN HUMANS TO TREAT OR PREVENT DISEASE OR INFECTION, OR ANY SUBSTANCE, WHETHER PRODUCED SYNTHETICALLY OR NATURALLY, USED TO KILL OR INHIBIT THE GROWTH OF BACTERIA, VIRUSES, FUNGI, PARASITES, OR OTHER MICROORGANISMS. (B)"NON-THERAPEUTIC USE OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS" SHALL MEAN ANY USE OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION AS A FEED OR WATER ADDITIVE, FOR AN ANIMAL FOR GROWTH PROMOTION, FEED EFFICIENCY, WEIGHT GAIN, ROUTINE DISEASE PREVENTION, OR OTHER ROUTINE PURPOSE, IN THE ABSENCE OF ANY CLINICAL SIGN OF DISEASE IN THE ANIMAL. 2. (A) NO PERSON SHALL ENGAGE IN THE NON-THERAPEUTIC USE OF ANTIMICRO- BIAL AGENTS IN CATTLE, POULTRY, SHEEP, SWINE, OR ANY ANIMAL RAISED FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION, INCLUDING ANIMALS THAT PROVIDE NON-MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS SUCH AS EGGS AND MILK. (B) NO PERSON SHALL SELL, EXPOSE FOR SALE, OR TRANSPORT FOR SALE WITH- IN THIS STATE, REGARDLESS OF PLACE OF ORIGIN, ANY FOOD PRODUCT DERIVED FROM AN ANIMAL THAT HAS BEEN SUBJECT TO NON-THERAPEUTIC USE OF ANTIMI- CROBIAL AGENTS. 3. VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION SHALL CONSTITUTE A CLASS A MISDEMEANOR.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD00442-01-1 S. 80 2
4. THE COMMISSIONER SHALL PROMULGATE AND ADOPT RULES AND REGULATIONS TO GIVE FULL EFFECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THIS SECTION. S 2. This act shall take effect on the one hundred eightieth day after it shall have become a law; provided, however, that effective immediate- ly, the addition, amendment and/or repeal of any rule or regulation necessary for the implementation of this act on its effective date are authorized and directed to be made and completed on or before such effective date.