Creates the New York title guaranty authority to initiate and operate a program which shall offer guaranties of real property titles in this state.
TITLE OF BILL: An act to amend the public authorities law, in relation to creating the New York title guaranty authority
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL: It creates the New York Title Guaranty Authority.
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS: Section 1: Article 10-D of the public authorities law is amended by adding a new title 4.
º3975. Section 2: The authority may issue bonds only to finance costs. including the funding of bonds issued by the authority to finance costs, and fund reserves to secure such bonds.
º3975, Section 3: The authority and its corporate existence shall continue until terminated by law, but not so long as the authority shall have bonds or other outstanding obligations in less adequate provisions for repayment have been made.
º3976, Section 1: The authority shall be administered by seven directors appointed by the governor, of whom two members shall be recommended by the president of the senate, and two members shall be recommended by the speak of the assembly.
º3976, Section 2: The members of the authority board shall receive no compensation for their services.
º3976, Section 3: Outlines conflicts that would prevent an individual from becoming a director, officer. or employee of the authority.
º3976, Section 4: Four directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business or the exercise of any power of the authority.
º3976, Section 5: The authority shall appoint a treasurer and may appoint other offices.
º3977. Sections 1-11: The authority shall have the powers to do the following, in addition to those conferred elsewhere in the title. subject only to agreement with bondholders:
1.) to sue and be sued; to make and alter by-laws; 2.) to have a seal and alter it; 3.) to make and execute contracts and other agreements; 4.) to act to protects any right conferred to it by law or contract; 5.) to borrow money and issue bonds; 7.) to pledge all or any of its revenues or assets for the payment of principal and interest on bonds; 8.) to accept gifts, grants. loans and aid from the county state or federal government; 9.) to invest any funds held in reserves or sinking funds. or those not required for immediate use in approved financial instruments; 10.) to appoint officers and employees as required, and determine
duties, qualifications, and compensation; 11.) to do all things necessary to carry out its purposes, but the authority may not hold legal title, or have any interest in real property.
º3978, The authority shall offer guaranties of real property titles in New York State and shall fix a price for that guarantee.
º3979, Section 1: A title guaranty fund shall be created.
º3979, Section 2: A title guaranty is an obligation of the authority only and payable solely out of the authorities funds. The state cannot be liable for such obligations.
º3979, Section 3: The authority shall consult with the insurance department in developing guaranty contracts.
º3980, Section 1; Participating attorneys may be required to pay an annual fee set by the authority.
º3980, Section 2: The participation of abstractors and attorneys shall be in accordance with rules set by the board. participants shall maintain liability insurance, and shall own or lease an up to date abstract title plant. The authority may waive these requirements upon a showing of hardship.
º3980, Section 3; Prior to the issuance of a title guaranty, the authority shall require evidence that an abstract of title to the property in question is up to date.
º3980, Section 4: The attorney rendering the title opinion shall be authorized to issue a title guaranty certificate subject to the rules of the authority.
JUSTIFICATION: Title insurance guarantees homebuyers against claims of prior liens against property they intend to purchase. Like other forms of insurance, it is regulated by New York State. Currently, title insurance is available only through private entities and costs citizens an average of $1.2 billion, in order to guarantee payments of $50 million, according to 2007 statistics. Because title insurance is a requirement of home purchase, citizens must accept the prices set by private industry, but that require the approval of the New York State Insurance Department. New York State should take a greater interest in protecting citizens from the overpricing of something the state requires of home buyers. For example, the State of Iowa has prohibited the private sale of title insurance, allowing the government to set rates and ensure that its citizens are offered standard price. Reform of the current New York State system, and the establishment of a public authority to continuously research, administer, and oversee title insurance issuance and rates, could preserve the legal and social benefits of guaranteed title while saving New Yorkers hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
PRIOR LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: S.3569 2011: Held in Authorities, Corporations, and Commissions S.6290 2010: Held in Authorities, Corporations, and Commissions
FISCAL IMPLICATIONS: None.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This act shall take effect immediately.
STATE OF NEW YORK ________________________________________________________________________ 809 2013-2014 Regular Sessions IN SENATE (PREFILED) January 9, 2013 ___________Introduced by Sen. ADAMS -- read twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Committee on Corporations, Authorities and Commissions AN ACT to amend the public authorities law, in relation to creating the New York title guaranty authority THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, REPRESENTED IN SENATE AND ASSEM- BLY, DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: Section 1. Article 10-D of the public authorities law is amended by adding a new title 4 to read as follows: TITLE 4 NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY SECTION 3974. SHORT TITLE. 3975. NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY. 3976. ADMINISTRATION OF THE AUTHORITY. 3977. GENERAL POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY. 3978. SPECIAL POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY. 3979. NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY FUND. 3980. PARTICIPATING ATTORNEYS. S 3974. SHORT TITLE. THIS ACT SHALL BE KNOWN AND MAY BE CITED AS THE "NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY ACT". S 3975. NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY. 1. THERE IS HEREBY CREATED THE NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY, TO INITIATE AND OPERATE A PROGRAM WHICH SHALL OFFER GUARANTIES OF REAL PROPERTY TITLES IN THIS STATE. THE AUTHORITY SHALL BE A CORPORATE GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY AND INSTRUMENTALITY OF THE STATE CONSTITUTING A PUBLIC BENEFIT CORPORATION. 2. IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS TITLE, THE AUTHORITY MAY ISSUE BONDS ONLY TO FINANCE COSTS, INCLUDING THE FUNDING OF BONDS ISSUED BY THE AUTHORITY TO FINANCE COSTS, AND FUND RESERVES TO SECURE SUCH BONDS.EXPLANATION--Matter in ITALICS (underscored) is new; matter in brackets [ ] is old law to be omitted. LBD02920-01-3 S. 809 2
3. THE AUTHORITY AND ITS CORPORATE EXISTENCE SHALL CONTINUE UNTIL TERMINATED BY LAW, PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT NO SUCH TERMINATION SHALL TAKE EFFECT SO LONG AS THE AUTHORITY SHALL HAVE BONDS OR OTHER OBLI- GATIONS OUTSTANDING UNLESS ADEQUATE PROVISION HAS BEEN MADE FOR THE PAYMENT THEREOF. S 3976. ADMINISTRATION OF THE AUTHORITY. 1. THE AUTHORITY SHALL BE ADMINISTERED BY SEVEN DIRECTORS APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNOR, OF WHOM TWO MEMBERS SHALL BE APPOINTED UPON THE RECOMMENDATION OF THE TEMPORARY PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE AND TWO MEMBERS SHALL BE APPOINTED UPON THE RECOMMENDATION OF THE SPEAKER OF THE ASSEMBLY. THE POWERS AS SET FORTH IN THE BY-LAWS OF THE BOARD SHALL BE ESTABLISHED AND VESTED IN AND BE EXERCISED BY THE MEMBERS OF THE AUTHORITY AT AN INITIAL MEETING DULY CALLED AND HELD AND FOUR MEMBERS SHALL CONSTITUTE A QUORUM. 2. THE MEMBERS OF THE NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY BOARD SHALL RECEIVE NO COMPENSATION FOR THEIR SERVICES BUT SHALL BE REIMBURSED FOR ACTUAL AND NECESSARY EXPENSES INCURRED IN THE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR DUTIES. 3. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY INCONSISTENT PROVISION OF ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL OR LOCAL LAW, ORDINANCE, RESOLUTION OR CHARTER, NO OFFICER, MEMBER OR EMPLOYEE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, ANY CITY, COUNTY, TOWN OR VILLAGE, ANY GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY OPERATING ANY PUBLIC SCHOOL OR COLLEGE, ANY SCHOOL DISTRICT OR ANY OTHER PUBLIC AGENCY OR INSTRUMENTALITY WHICH EXERCISES GOVERNMENTAL POWERS UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE, SHALL FORFEIT HIS OR HER OFFICE OR EMPLOYMENT BY REASON OF HIS OR HER ACCEPTANCE OF APPOINTMENT AS A DIRECTOR, OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE OF THE AUTHORITY, NOR SHALL SERVICE AS SUCH DIRECTOR, OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE OF THE AUTHORITY BE DEEMED INCOMPATIBLE OR IN CONFLICT WITH SUCH OFFICE OR EMPLOYMENT. 4. FOUR DIRECTORS SHALL CONSTITUTE A QUORUM FOR THE TRANSACTION OF ANY BUSINESS OR THE EXERCISE OF ANY POWER OF THE AUTHORITY. NO ACTION SHALL BE TAKEN BY THE AUTHORITY EXCEPT PURSUANT TO A FAVORABLE VOTE OF AT LEAST FOUR DIRECTORS PARTICIPATING IN A MEETING AT WHICH SUCH ACTION IS TAKEN. 5. THE AUTHORITY SHALL APPOINT A TREASURER AND MAY APPOINT OFFICERS AND AGENTS AS IT MAY REQUIRE AND PRESCRIBE THEIR DUTIES. S 3977. GENERAL POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY. EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE LIMITED BY THIS TITLE, THE AUTHORITY SHALL HAVE THE FOLLOWING POWERS IN ADDITION TO THOSE SPECIALLY CONFERRED ELSEWHERE IN THIS TITLE, SUBJECT ONLY TO AGREEMENTS WITH BONDHOLDERS: 1. TO SUE AND BE SUED; 2. TO HAVE A SEAL AND ALTER THE SAME AT PLEASURE; 3. TO MAKE AND ALTER BY-LAWS FOR ITS ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT AND, SUBJECT TO AGREEMENTS WITH ITS BONDHOLDERS, TO MAKE AND ALTER RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE EXERCISE OF ITS POWERS AND FULFILLMENT OF ITS PURPOSES UNDER THIS TITLE; 4. TO MAKE AND EXECUTE CONTRACTS AND ALL OTHER INSTRUMENTS OR AGREE- MENTS NECESSARY OR CONVENIENT TO CARRY OUT ANY POWERS AND FUNCTIONS EXPRESSLY GIVEN IN THIS TITLE; 5. TO COMMENCE ANY ACTION TO PROTECT OR ENFORCE ANY RIGHT CONFERRED UPON IT BY ANY LAW, CONTRACT OR OTHER AGREEMENT; 6. TO BORROW MONEY AND ISSUE BONDS, OR TO REFUND THE SAME, AND TO PROVIDE FOR THE RIGHTS OF THE HOLDERS OF ITS BONDS; 7. AS SECURITY FOR THE PAYMENT OF THE PRINCIPAL OF AND INTEREST ON ANY BONDS ISSUED BY IT PURSUANT TO THIS TITLE AND ANY AGREEMENTS MADE IN CONNECTION THEREWITH AND FOR ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER BOND FACILITIES, TO PLEDGE ALL OR ANY PART OF ITS REVENUES OR ASSETS;S. 809 3
8. TO ACCEPT GIFTS, GRANTS, LOANS OR CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS OR FINAN- CIAL OR OTHER AID IN ANY FORM FROM THE COUNTY, STATE OR FEDERAL GOVERN- MENT OR ANY AGENCY OR INSTRUMENTALITY THEREOF, OR FROM ANY OTHER SOURCE AND TO EXPEND THE PROCEEDS FOR ANY OF ITS CORPORATE PURPOSES IN ACCORD- ANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THIS TITLE; 9. SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF ANY CONTRACT WITH BONDHOLDERS, TO INVEST ANY FUNDS HELD IN RESERVES OR SINKING FUNDS, OR ANY FUNDS NOT REQUIRED FOR IMMEDIATE USE OR DISBURSEMENT, AT THE DISCRETION OF THE AUTHORITY, IN (A) OBLIGATIONS OF THE STATE OR THE UNITED STATES GOVERN- MENT, (B) OBLIGATIONS THE PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST OF WHICH ARE GUARANTEED BY THE STATE OR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, (C) CERTIFICATES OF DEPOS- IT, WHETHER NEGOTIABLE OR NON-NEGOTIABLE, AND BANKER'S ACCEPTANCES OF ANY OF THE FIFTY LARGEST BANKS IN THE UNITED STATES WHICH BANK, AT THE TIME OF INVESTMENT, HAS AN OUTSTANDING UNSECURED, UNINSURED AND UNGUAR- ANTEED DEBT ISSUE RANKED IN EITHER OF THE TWO HIGHEST RATING CATEGORIES OF TWO NATIONALLY RECOGNIZED INDEPENDENT RATING AGENCIES, (D) COMMERCIAL PAPER OF ANY BANK OR CORPORATION CREATED UNDER THE LAWS OF EITHER THE UNITED STATES OR ANY STATE OF THE UNITED STATES WHICH COMMERCIAL PAPER, AT THE TIME OF THE INVESTMENT, HAS RECEIVED THE HIGHEST RATING OF TWO NATIONALLY RECOGNIZED INDEPENDENT RATING AGENCIES, (E) BONDS, DEBEN- TURES, OR OTHER EVIDENCES OF INDEBTEDNESS, ISSUED OR GUARANTEED AT THE TIME OF THE INVESTMENT BY THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION, STUDENT LOAN MARKETING ASSOCI- ATION, FEDERAL FARM CREDIT SYSTEM, OR ANY OTHER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT SPONSORED AGENCY, PROVIDED THAT AT THE TIME OF THE INVESTMENT SUCH AGEN- CY RECEIVES, OR ITS OBLIGATIONS RECEIVE, ANY OF THE THREE HIGHEST RATING CATEGORIES OF TWO NATIONALLY RECOGNIZED INDEPENDENT RATING AGENCIES, (F) ANY BONDS OR OTHER OBLIGATIONS OF ANY STATE OR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OR OF ANY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION THEREOF OR ANY AGENCY, INSTRU- MENTALITY OR LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL UNIT OF ANY SUCH STATE OR POLITICAL SUBDIVISION WHICH BONDS OR OTHER OBLIGATIONS, AT THE TIME OF THE INVEST- MENT, HAVE RECEIVED ANY OF THE THREE HIGHEST RATINGS OF TWO NATIONALLY RECOGNIZED INDEPENDENT RATING AGENCIES, (G) ANY REPURCHASE AGREEMENT WITH ANY BANK OR TRUST COMPANY ORGANIZED UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY STATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OR ANY NATIONAL BANKING ASSOCIATION OR GOVERNMENT BOND DEALER REPORTING TO, TRADING WITH, AND RECOGNIZED AS A PRIMARY DEALER BY THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK, WHICH AGREEMENT IS SECURED BY ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE SECURITIES DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH (A), (B) OR (E) OF THIS SUBDIVISION WHICH SECURITIES SHALL AT ALL TIMES HAVE A MARKET VALUE OF NOT LESS THAN THE FULL AMOUNT OF THE REPURCHASE AGREEMENT AND BE DELIVERED TO ANOTHER BANK OR TRUST COMPANY ORGANIZED UNDER THE LAWS OF NEW YORK STATE OR ANY NATIONAL BANKING ASSOCIATION DOMICILED IN NEW YORK STATE, AS CUSTODIAN, AND (H) REVERSE REPURCHASE AGREEMENTS WITH ANY BANK OR TRUST COMPANY ORGANIZED UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY STATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OR ANY NATIONAL BANKING ASSO- CIATION OR GOVERNMENT BOND DEALER REPORTING TO, TRADING WITH, AND RECOG- NIZED AS A PRIMARY DEALER BY THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK, WHICH AGREEMENT IS SECURED BY ANY ONE OR MORE OF THE SECURITIES DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH (A), (B) OR (E) OF THIS SUBDIVISION WHICH SECURITIES SHALL AT ALL TIMES HAVE A MARKET VALUE OF NOT LESS THAN THE FULL AMOUNT OF THE REPURCHASE AGREEMENT AND BE DELIVERED TO ANOTHER BANK OR TRUST COMPANY ORGANIZED UNDER THE LAWS OF NEW YORK STATE OR ANY NATIONAL BANKING ASSO- CIATION DOMICILED IN NEW YORK STATE, AS CUSTODIAN; 10. TO APPOINT SUCH OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES AS IT MAY REQUIRE FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF ITS DUTIES AND TO FIX AND DETERMINE THEIR QUALIFICATIONS, DUTIES, AND COMPENSATION, AND TO RETAIN OR EMPLOY COUNSEL, AUDITORS ANDS. 809 4
PRIVATE FINANCIAL CONSULTANTS AND OTHER SERVICES ON A CONTRACT BASIS OR OTHERWISE FOR RENDERING PROFESSIONAL, BUSINESS OR TECHNICAL SERVICES AND ADVICE; AND, IN TAKING SUCH ACTIONS, THE AUTHORITY SHALL CONSIDER THE FINANCIAL IMPACT ON THE COUNTY; AND 11. TO DO ANY AND ALL THINGS NECESSARY OR CONVENIENT TO CARRY OUT ITS PURPOSES AND EXERCISE THE POWERS EXPRESSLY GIVEN AND GRANTED IN THIS TITLE; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, SUCH AUTHORITY SHALL UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES ACQUIRE, HOLD OR TRANSFER TITLE TO, LEASE, OWN BENEFICIALLY OR OTHER- WISE, MANAGE, OPERATE OR OTHERWISE EXERCISE CONTROL OVER ANY REAL PROP- ERTY, ANY IMPROVEMENT TO REAL PROPERTY OR ANY INTEREST THEREIN OTHER THAN A LEASE OR SUBLEASE OF OFFICE SPACE DEEMED NECESSARY OR DESIRABLE BY THE AUTHORITY. S 3978. SPECIAL POWERS OF THE AUTHORITY. THE NEW YORK STATE TITLE GUARANTY AUTHORITY BOARD SHALL OFFER GUARANTIES OF REAL PROPERTY TITLES IN THIS STATE. THE TERMS, CONDITIONS AND FORM OF THE GUARANTY CONTRACTS SHALL BE FORMS APPROVED BY THE AUTHORITY. THE AUTHORITY SHALL FIX A CHARGE FOR THE GUARANTY IN AN AMOUNT SUFFICIENT TO PERMIT THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE ON A SELF-SUSTAINING BASIS, INCLUDING PAYMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AND THE MAINTENANCE OF AN ADEQUATE RESERVE AGAINST CLAIMS UNDER THE TITLE GUARANTY PROGRAM. S 3979. NEW YORK TITLE GUARANTY FUND. 1. A TITLE GUARANTY FUND IS CREATED. FUNDS COLLECTED UNDER THIS PROGRAM SHALL BE PLACED IN THE TITLE GUARANTY FUND AND ARE AVAILABLE TO PAY ALL CLAIMS, NECESSARY RESERVES AND ALL ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS OF THE TITLE GUARANTY PROGRAM. MONEYS IN THE FUND SHALL NOT REVERT TO THE GENERAL FUND AND INTEREST ON THE MONEYS IN THE FUND SHALL REQUIRE COSTS OF TITLE INSURANCE TO BE SUFFICIENT ENOUGH TO INCLUDE FIFTY MILLION DOLLARS ANNUALLY FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING, FIFTY MILLION DOLLARS ANNUALLY TO ENSURE THAT THE STATE'S ROADS AND BRIDGES ARE IN A STATE OF GOOD REPAIR, FIFTY MILLION DOLLARS ANNUALLY FOR THE PURPOSE OF A STAR REBATE PROGRAM AND OTHER SUCH PURPOSES AS MAY BE REQUIRED BY THE LEGISLATURE AND THE GOVERNOR. 2. A TITLE GUARANTY, CLOSING PROTECTION LETTER, OR GAP COVERAGE ISSUED UNDER THIS PROGRAM IS AN OBLIGATION OF THE AUTHORITY ONLY AND CLAIMS ARE PAYABLE SOLELY AND ONLY OUT OF THE MONEYS, ASSETS, AND REVENUES OF THE TITLE GUARANTY FUND AND ARE NOT AN INDEBTEDNESS OR LIABILITY OF THE STATE. THE STATE IS NOT LIABLE ON ANY GUARANTY, CLOSING PROTECTION LETTER, OR GAP COVERAGE. 3. THE AUTHORITY SHALL CONSULT WITH THE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT IN DEVEL- OPING A GUARANTY CONTRACT ACCEPTABLE TO THE SECONDARY MARKET AND DEVEL- OPING ANY OTHER FEATURE OF THE PROGRAM WITH WHICH THE INSURANCE DIVISION MAY HAVE SPECIAL EXPERTISE. THE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT SHALL ESTABLISH THE AMOUNT FOR A LOSS RESERVE FUND. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN THIS SECTION, THE TITLE GUARANTY PROGRAM IS NOT SUBJECT TO THE JURISDICTION OF OR REGU- LATION BY THE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT. S 3980. PARTICIPATING ATTORNEYS. 1. EACH PARTICIPATING ATTORNEY AND ABSTRACTOR MAY BE REQUIRED TO PAY AN ANNUAL PARTICIPATION FEE TO BE ELIGIBLE TO PARTICIPATE IN THE TITLE GUARANTY PROGRAM. THE FEE, IF ANY, SHALL BE SET BY THE AUTHORITY, SUBJECT TO THE APPROVAL OF THE BOARD. 2. THE PARTICIPATION OF ABSTRACTORS AND ATTORNEYS SHALL BE IN ACCORD- ANCE WITH RULES ESTABLISHED BY THE BOARD. A. (1) EACH PARTICIPANT SHALL AT ALL TIMES MAINTAIN LIABILITY COVERAGE IN AMOUNTS APPROVED BY THE AUTHORITY. UPON PAYMENT OF A CLAIM BY THE AUTHORITY THE AUTHORITY SHALL BE SUBROGATED TO THE RIGHTS OF THE CLAIM- ANT AGAINST ALL PERSONS RELATING TO THE CLAIM. (2) ADDITIONALLY, EACH PARTICIPATING ABSTRACTOR IS REQUIRED TO OWN OR LEASE, AND MAINTAIN AND USE IN THE PREPARATION OF ABSTRACTS, ANS. 809 5
UP-TO-DATE ABSTRACT TITLE PLANT INCLUDING TRACT INDICES FOR REAL ESTATE FOR EACH COUNTY IN WHICH ABSTRACTS ARE PREPARED FOR REAL PROPERTY TITLES GUARANTEED BY THE DIVISION. THE TRACT INDICES SHALL CONTAIN A REFERENCE TO ALL INSTRUMENTS AFFECTING THE REAL ESTATE WHICH ARE RECORDED IN THE OFFICE OF THE COUNTY RECORDER, AND SHALL COMMENCE NOT LESS THAN FORTY YEARS PRIOR TO THE DATE THE ABSTRACTOR COMMENCES PARTICIPATION IN THE TITLE GUARANTY PROGRAM. HOWEVER, A PARTICIPATING ATTORNEY PROVIDING ABSTRACT SERVICES CONTINUOUSLY FROM NOVEMBER TWELFTH, NINETEEN HUNDRED EIGHTY-SIX, TO THE DATE OF APPLICATION, EITHER PERSONALLY OR THROUGH PERSONS UNDER THE ATTORNEY'S SUPERVISION AND CONTROL IS EXEMPT FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SUBPARAGRAPH. B. THE AUTHORITY MAY WAIVE THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION PURSUANT TO AN APPLICATION OF AN ATTORNEY OR ABSTRACTOR WHICH SHOWS THAT THE REQUIREMENTS IMPOSE A HARDSHIP TO THE ATTORNEY OR ABSTRACTOR AND THAT THE WAIVER CLEARLY IS IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST OR IS ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY TO ENSURE AVAILABILITY OF TITLE GUARANTIES THROUGHOUT THE STATE. 3. PRIOR TO THE ISSUANCE OF A TITLE GUARANTY, THE AUTHORITY SHALL REQUIRE EVIDENCE THAT AN ABSTRACT OF TITLE TO THE PROPERTY IN QUESTION HAS BEEN BROUGHT UP-TO-DATE AND CERTIFIED BY A PARTICIPATING ABSTRACTOR IN A FORM APPROVED BY AUTHORITY RULES AND A TITLE OPINION ISSUED BY A PARTICIPATING ATTORNEY IN THE FORM APPROVED IN THE RULES STATING THE ATTORNEY'S OPINION AS TO THE TITLE. THE AUTHORITY SHALL REQUIRE EVIDENCE OF THE ABSTRACT BEING BROUGHT UP-TO-DATE AND THE ABSTRACTOR SHALL RETAIN EVIDENCE OF THE ABSTRACT AS DETERMINED BY THE BOARD. 4. THE ATTORNEY RENDERING A TITLE OPINION SHALL BE AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE A TITLE GUARANTY CERTIFICATE SUBJECT TO THE RULES OF THE AUTHORITY. S 2. This act shall take effect immediately.